The following words and phrases when used in this chapter shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meanings respectively ascribed to them.
1. "Agricultural hazardous material" means a hazardous material, other than hazardous waste, whose end use directly supports the production of an agricultural commodity, including, but not limited to, a fertilizer, pesticide, soil conditioner, or fuel. "Agricultural hazardous material" is limited to material in class 3, 8, or 9, division 2.1, 2.2, 5.1, or 6.1, or an ORM-D material as defined in 49 C.F.R. § 171.8.
1A. "Alcohol concentration" means the number of grams of alcohol per any of the following:
a. One hundred milliliters of blood.
b. Two hundred ten liters of breath.
c. Sixty-seven milliliters of urine.
2. "Alcoholic beverage" includes alcohol, wine, spirits, beer, or any other beverage which contains ethyl alcohol and is fit for human consumption.
3. "Alley" means a thoroughfare laid out, established, and platted as such, by constituted authority.
4. "All-terrain vehicle" means a motor vehicle designed to travel on three or more wheels and designed primarily for off- road recreational use but not including farm tractors or equipment, construction equipment, forestry vehicles, or lawn and grounds maintenance vehicles.
5. "Ambulance" means a motor vehicle which is equipped with life support systems and used to transport sick and injured persons who require emergency medical care to medical facilities.
6. "Authorized emergency vehicle" means vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles, ambulances and emergency vehicles owned by the United States, this state or any subdivision of this state or any municipality of this state, and privately owned ambulances, and fire, rescue, or disaster vehicles as are designated or authorized by the director of transportation under section 321.451.
7. "Business district" means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when fifty percent or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
8. "Chauffeur" means a person who operates a motor vehicle, including a school bus, in the transportation of persons for wages, compensation, or hire, or a person who operates a truck tractor, road tractor, or a motor truck which has a gross vehicle weight rating exceeding sixteen thousand pounds. A person is not a chauffeur when the operation of the motor vehicle, other than a truck tractor, by the owner or operator is occasional and merely incidental to the owner's or operator's principal business.
A person is not a chauffeur when the operation is by a volunteer fire fighter operating fire apparatus, or is by a volunteer ambulance or rescue squad attendant operating ambulance or rescue squad apparatus. If a volunteer fire fighter or ambulance or rescue squad operator receives nominal compensation not based upon the value of the services performed, the fire fighter or operator shall be considered to be receiving no compensation and classified as a volunteer.
If authorized to transport inmates, probationers, parolees, or work releasees by the director of the Iowa department of corrections or the director's designee, an employee of the Iowa department of corrections or a district department of correctional services is not a chauffeur when transporting the inmates, probationers, parolees, or work releasees.
A farmer or the farmer's hired help is not a chauffeur when operating a truck, other than a truck tractor, owned by the farmer and used exclusively in connection with the transportation of the farmer's own products or property.
If authorized to transport patients or clients by the director of the department of human services or the director's designee, an employee of the department of human services is not a chauffeur when transporting the patients or clients in an automobile.
A person is not a chauffeur when the operation is by a home care aide in the course of the home care aide's duties.
If authorized to transport students or clients by the superintendent of the Iowa braille and sight saving school or of the Iowa school for the deaf, or the superintendent's respective designee, an employee of the Iowa braille and sight saving school or the Iowa school for the deaf is not a chauffeur when transporting the students or clients.
9. "Combination" or "combination of vehicles" shall be construed to mean a group consisting of two or more motor vehicles, or a group consisting of a motor vehicle and one or more trailers, semitrailers or vehicles, which are coupled or fastened together for the purpose of being moved on the highways as a unit.
10. a. "Combined gross weight" means the gross weight of a combination of vehicles.
b. "Gross combination weight rating" means the combined gross vehicle weight ratings for each vehicle in a combination of vehicles. In the absence of a weight specified by the manufacturer for a towed vehicle, the gross vehicle weight rating of the towed vehicle is its gross weight.
11. For purposes of administering and enforcing the commercial driver's license provisions:
a. "Commercial driver" means the operator of a commercial motor vehicle.
b. "Commercial driver's license" means a driver's license valid for the operation of a commercial motor vehicle.
c. "Commercial driver's license information system" means the national information system established to serve as a clearinghouse for locating information related to the licensing and identification of commercial motor vehicle drivers.
d. "Commercial motor carrier" means a person responsible for the safe operation of a commercial motor vehicle.
e. "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles used to transport passengers or property if any of the following apply:
(1) The combination of vehicles has a gross combination weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds provided the towed vehicle or vehicles have a gross weight rating or gross combination weight rating of ten thousand one or more pounds.
(2) The motor vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds.
(3) The motor vehicle is designed to transport sixteen or more persons, including the operator, or is of a size and design to transport sixteen or more persons, including the operator, but is redesigned or modified to transport less than sixteen persons with disabilities.
(4) The motor vehicle is used in the transportation of hazardous material of a type or quantity requiring vehicle placarding.
f. "Foreign jurisdiction" means a jurisdiction outside the fifty United States, the District of Columbia, and Canada.
g. "Nonresident commercial driver's license" means a commercial driver's license issued to a person who is not a resident of the United States or Canada.
h. "Tank vehicle" means a commercial motor vehicle that is designed to transport liquid or gaseous materials within a tank having a rated capacity of one thousand one or more gallons that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or chassis.
12. "Commercial vehicle" means a vehicle or combination of vehicles designed principally to transport passengers or property of any kind if any of the following apply:
a. The vehicle or any combination of vehicles has a gross weight or combined gross weight of ten thousand one or more pounds.
b. The vehicle or any combination of vehicles has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of ten thousand one or more pounds.
c. The vehicle is designed to transport sixteen or more persons, including the driver.
d. The vehicle is used in the transportation of hazardous material of a type or quantity requiring vehicle placarding.
13. "Component part" means any part of a vehicle, other than a tire, having a component part number.
14. "Component part number" means the vehicle identification derivative consisting of numerical and alphabetical designations affixed to a component part by the manufacturer or the department or affixed by, or caused to be affixed by, the owner pursuant to rules promulgated by the department as a means of identifying the component part.
15. "Conviction" means a final conviction or an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure a person's appearance in court.
15A. "Crane" means a machine for raising, shifting, and lowering heavy weights by means of a projecting swinging arm.
16. "Crosswalk" means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
17. "Dealer" means every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles of a type required to be registered hereunder and who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state.
18. "Demolisher" means any agency or person whose business is to convert a vehicle to junk, processed scrap, or scrap metal, or otherwise to wreck or dismantle vehicles.
19. "Department" means the state department of transportation. "Commission" means the state transportation commission.
20. "Director" means the director of the state department of transportation or the director's designee.
20A. "Driver's license" means any license or permit issued to a person to operate a motor vehicle on the highways of this state, including but not limited to a temporary restricted or temporary license and an instruction, chauffeur's instruction, commercial driver's instruction, temporary restricted, or temporary permit.
For purposes of license suspension, revocation, bar, disqualification, cancellation, or denial under this chapter and chapters 321A, 321C, and 321J, "driver's license" includes any privilege to operate a motor vehicle.
21. "Endorsement" means an authorization to a person's driver's license required to permit the person to operate certain types of motor vehicles or to transport certain types or quantities of hazardous materials.
22. "Essential parts" mean all integral and body parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder, the removal, alteration, or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter its appearance, model, type, or mode of operation.
23. "Established place of business" means the place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by a dealer or manufacturer where the dealer's or manufacturer's books and records are kept and a large share of the dealer's or manufacturer's business is transacted.
24. "Farm tractor" means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
24A. "Financial liability coverage" means any of the following:
a. An owner's policy of liability insurance which is issued by an insurance carrier authorized to do business in Iowa to or for the benefit of the person named in the policy as insured, and insuring the person named as insured and any person using an insured motor vehicle with the express or implied permission of the named insured against loss from liability imposed by law for damages arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of an insured motor vehicle within the United States of America or Canada, but subject to minimum limits, exclusive of interest and costs, in the amounts specified in section 321A.21 or specified in another provision of the Code, whichever is greater.
b. A bond filed with the department pursuant to section 321A.24.
c. A valid certificate of deposit of money or security issued by the treasurer of state pursuant to section 321A.25.
d. A valid certificate of self-insurance issued by the department pursuant to section 321A.34.
25. "Fire vehicle" means a motor vehicle which is equipped with pumps, tanks, hoses, nozzles, ladders, generators, or other fire apparatus used to transport fire personnel, fight fires, and respond to emergencies.
26. "Foreign vehicle" means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder brought into this state from another state, territory, or country other than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and not registered in this state.
27. The linear measure of the plot of ground upon which the building is located abutting upon the highway shall be deemed "frontage occupied by the building," and the phrase "frontage on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more" shall mean the total frontage on both sides of the highway for such distance.
28. "Garage" means every place of business where motor vehicles are received for housing, storage, or repair for compensation.
29. a. "Gross weight" means the empty weight of a vehicle plus the maximum load to be carried by the vehicle. The maximum load to be carried by a passenger- carrying vehicle shall be determined by multiplying one hundred fifty pounds by the number of passenger seats carried by such vehicle.
b. "Unladen weight" means the weight of a vehicle or vehicle combination without load.
c. "Gross vehicle weight rating" means the weight specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle.
30. "Guaranteed arrest bond certificate" means any printed, unexpired certificate issued by an automobile club or association to any of its members, or any printed, unexpired certificate issued by an insurance company authorized to write automobile liability insurance within this state, which said certificate is signed by such member or insured and contains a printed statement that such automobile club, association, or insurance company and a surety company which is doing business in this state under the provisions of section 515.48, subsection 2, guarantee the appearance of the person whose signature appears on the certificate and that they will, in the event of failure of such person to appear in court at the time of trial, pay any fine or forfeiture imposed on such person in an amount not to exceed two hundred dollars. If such insurance company is itself qualified under the provisions of section 515.48, subsection 2, then it may be its own surety. Bail in this form shall be subject to the forfeiture and enforcement provisions with respect to bail bonds in criminal cases as provided by law.
31. "Hazardous material" means a substance or material which has been determined by the United States secretary of transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce, and which has been so designated.
32. "Implement of husbandry" means every vehicle which is designed for agricultural purposes and exclusively used, except as herein otherwise provided, by the owner thereof in the conduct of the owner's agricultural operations. Implements of husbandry shall also include:
a. Portable livestock loading chutes without regard to whether such chutes are used by the owner in the conduct of the owner's agricultural operations, provided that such chutes are not used as a vehicle on the highway for the purpose of transporting property.
b. Any vehicle which is principally designed for agricultural purposes and which is moved during daylight hours for a distance not to exceed one hundred miles by a person in any of the following ways:
(1) From a place at which the vehicles are manufactured, fabricated, repaired, or sold to a farm site or a retail seller or from a retail seller to a farm site.
(2) To a place at which the vehicles are manufactured, fabricated, repaired, or sold from a farm site or a retail seller or to a retail seller from a farm site.
(3) From a place where the vehicles are housed, maintained, or stored to a farm site, retail seller, place of repair, or marketplace.
(4) From a farm site, retail seller, place of repair, or marketplace to a place where the vehicles are housed, maintained, or stored.
(5) From one farm site to another farm site.
(6) From a farm site to market or from a market to a farm site.
For the purpose of this subsection and sections 321.383 and 321.453, "farm site" means a place or location at which vehicles principally designed for agricultural purposes are used or intended to be used in agricultural operations or for the purpose of exhibiting, demonstrating, testing, or experimenting with the vehicles.
c. Any semitrailer converted to a full trailer by the use of a dolly used by the owner in the conduct of the owner's agricultural operations to transport agricultural products being towed by a farm tractor provided the vehicle is operated in compliance with the following requirements:
(1) The towing unit is equipped with a braking device which can control the movement of and stop the vehicles. When the semitrailer is being towed at a speed of twenty miles per hour, the braking device shall be adequate to stop the vehicles within fifty feet from the point the brakes are applied. The semitrailer shall be equipped with brakes upon all wheels.
(2) The towing vehicle shall be equipped with a rear view mirror to permit the operator a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear.
(3) The semitrailer shall be equipped with a turn signal device which operates in conjunction with or separately from the rear taillight and shall be plainly visible from a distance of one hundred feet.
(4) The semitrailer shall be equipped with two flashing amber lights one on each side of the rear of the vehicle and be plainly visible for a distance of five hundred feet in normal sunlight or at night.
(5) The semitrailer shall be operated in compliance with sections 321.123 and 321.463.
d. All-terrain vehicles.
e. (1) Portable tanks, nurse tanks, trailers, and bulk spreaders which are not self- propelled and which have gross weights of not more than twelve tons and are used for the transportation of fertilizer and chemicals used for farm crop production.
(2) Other types of equipment than those listed in subparagraph (1) which are used primarily for the application of fertilizers and chemicals in farm fields or for farm storage.
f. Self-propelled machinery operated at speeds of less than thirty miles per hour or machinery towed by a motor vehicle or farm tractor. The machinery must be specifically designed for, or especially adapted to be capable of, incidental over-the-road and primary off-road usage. In addition, the machinery must be used exclusively for the mixing and dispensing of nutrients to bovine animals fed at a feedlot, or the application of organic or inorganic plant food materials, agricultural limestone, or agricultural chemicals. However, the machinery shall not be specifically designed or intended for the transportation of such nutrients, plant food materials, agricultural limestone, or agricultural chemicals.
Notwithstanding the other provisions of this subsection any vehicle covered thereby if it otherwise qualifies may be registered as special mobile equipment, or operated or moved under the provisions of sections 321.57 to 321.63, if the person in whose name such vehicle is to be registered or to whom a special plate or plates are to be issued elects to do so and under such circumstances the provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable to such vehicle, nor shall such vehicle be required to comply with the provisions of sections 321.384 to 321.429, when such vehicle is moved during daylight hours, provided however, the provisions of section 321.383 shall remain applicable to such vehicle.
33. "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
34. "Laned highway" means a highway the roadway of which is divided into three or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
35. "Light delivery truck," "panel delivery truck" or "pickup" means any motor vehicle designed to carry merchandise or freight of any kind, not to exceed two thousand pounds.
36. "Local authorities" means every county, municipal, and other local board or body having authority to adopt local police regulations under the Constitution and laws of this state.
37. "Manufacturer" means every person engaged in the business of fabricating or assembling vehicles of a type required to be registered. It does not include a person who converts, modifies, or alters a completed motor vehicle manufactured by another person. It includes a person who uses a completed motor vehicle manufactured by another person to construct a class "B" motor home as defined in section 321.124.
"Completed motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle which does not require any additional manufacturing operations to perform its intended function except the addition of readily attachable equipment, components, or minor finishing operations.
"Final stage manufacturer" means a person who performs such manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle that it becomes a completed vehicle. A final stage manufacturer shall furnish to the department a document which identifies that the vehicle was incomplete prior to that manufacturing operation. The identification shall include the name of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer, the date of manufacture, and the vehicle identification number to ascertain that the document applies to a particular incomplete vehicle.
"Incomplete vehicle" means an assemblage, as a minimum, consisting of a frame and chassis structure, power train, steering system, suspension system, and braking system, to the extent that those systems are to be a part of the completed vehicle, that requires further manufacturing operations, other than the addition of readily attachable equipment, components, or minor finishing operations.
38. "Metal tire" means every tire the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material.
39. a. "Mobile home" means any vehicle without motive power used or so manufactured or constructed as to permit its being used as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and so designed, constructed, or reconstructed as will permit the vehicle to be used as a place for human habitation by one or more persons.
b. "Travel trailer" means a vehicle without motive power used, manufactured, or constructed to permit its use as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and designed to permit its use as a place of human habitation by one or more persons. The vehicle may be up to eight feet six inches in width and its overall length shall not exceed forty feet. The vehicle shall be customarily or ordinarily used for vacation or recreational purposes and not used as a place of permanent habitation. If the vehicle is used in this state as a place of human habitation for more than ninety consecutive days in one location it shall be classed as a mobile home regardless of the size limitations provided in this paragraph.
c. "Fifth-wheel travel trailer" means a type of travel trailer which is towed by a pickup by a connecting device known as a fifth wheel. However, this type of travel trailer may have an overall length which shall not exceed forty feet.
d. "Motor home" means a motor vehicle designed as an integral unit to be used as a conveyance upon the public streets and highways and for use as a temporary or recreational dwelling and having at least four, two of which shall be systems specified in subparagraphs (1), (4), or (5) of this paragraph, of the following permanently installed systems which meet American national standards institute and national fire protection association standards in effect on the date of manufacture:
(1) Cooking facilities.
(2) Ice box or mechanical refrigerator.
(3) Potable water supply including plumbing and a sink with faucet either self-contained or with connections for an external source, or both.
(4) Self-contained toilet or a toilet connected to a plumbing system with connection for external water disposal, or both.
(5) Heating or air conditioning system or both, separate from the vehicle engine or the vehicle engine electrical system.
(6) A one hundred ten-one hundred fifteen volt alternating current electrical system separate from the vehicle engine electrical system either with its own power supply or with a connection for an external source, or both, or a liquefied petroleum system and supply.
40. a. "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle having a saddle or seat for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground including a motor scooter but excluding a tractor and a motorized bicycle.
b. "Motorized bicycle" or "motor bicycle" means a motor vehicle having a saddle or a seat for the use of a rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, with an engine having a displacement no greater than fifty cubic centimeters and not capable of operating at a speed in excess of twenty-five miles per hour on level ground unassisted by human power.
c. "Bicycle" means a device having two wheels and having at least one saddle or seat for the use of a rider which is propelled by human power.
41. "Motor truck" means every motor vehicle designed primarily for carrying livestock, merchandise, freight of any kind, or over nine persons as passengers.
42. a. "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle which is self-propelled, but not including vehicles known as trackless trolleys which are propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires and are not operated upon rails.
b. "Used motor vehicle" or "secondhand motor vehicle" or "used car" means a motor vehicle of a type subject to registration under the laws of this state which has been sold "at retail" as defined in chapter 322 and previously registered in this or any other state.
c. "New motor vehicle or new car" means a motor vehicle subject to registration which has not been sold "at retail" as defined in chapter 322.
d. "Car" or "automobile" means a motor vehicle designed primarily for carrying nine passengers or less, excluding motorcycles and motorized bicycles.
44. "Multipurpose vehicle" means a motor vehicle designed to carry not more than ten people, and constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.
45. "Nonresident" means every person who is not a resident of this state.
46. "Official traffic-control devices" means all signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
47. "Official traffic-control signal" means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
48. "Operator" or "driver" means every person who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle upon a highway.
49. "Owner" means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle, or in the event a vehicle is the subject of a security agreement with an immediate right of possession vested in the debtor, then such debtor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this chapter.
50. "Peace officer" means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations in addition to its meaning in section 801.4.
51. "Pedestrian" means any person afoot.
52. "Person" means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. Where the term "person" is used in connection with the registration of a motor vehicle, it shall include any corporation, association, copartnership, company, firm, or other aggregation of individuals which owns or controls such motor vehicle as actual owner, or for the purpose of sale or for renting, whether as agent, salesperson, or otherwise.
53. "Pneumatic tire" means every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.
54. "Private road" or "driveway" means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons.
54A. "Proof of financial liability coverage card" means either a liability insurance card issued under section 321.20B, a bond insurance card issued under section 321A.24, a security insurance card issued under section 321A.25, or a self-insurance card issued under section 321A.34.
55. "Railroad" means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails.
56. "Railroad corporation" means any corporation organized under the laws of this state or any other state for the purpose of operating the railroad within this state.
57. "Railroad sign" or "signal" means any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
58. "Railroad train" means an engine or locomotive with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails.
59. "Reconstructed vehicle" means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition, or substitution of essential parts, new or used.
60. "Registration year" means the period of twelve consecutive months beginning on the first day of the month following the month of the birth of the owner of the vehicle for vehicles registered by the county treasurer and the calendar year for vehicles registered by the department or motor trucks and truck tractors with a combined gross weight exceeding five tons which are registered by the county treasurer.
61. "Remanufactured vehicle" means every vehicle of a type required to be registered and having a gross vehicle weight rating of at least thirty thousand pounds that has been disassembled, resulting in the total separation of the major integral parts and which has been reassembled with those parts being replaced with new or rebuilt parts. In every instance, a new diesel engine and all new tires shall be installed and shall carry manufacturers' warranties.
Every vehicle shall include, but not be limited to, new or rebuilt component parts consisting of steering gear, clutch, transmission, differential, engine radiator, engine fan hub, engine starter, alternator, air compressor, and cab. For purposes of this subsection, "rebuilt" means the replacement of any element of a component part which appears to limit the serviceability of the part. A minimum of twenty thousand dollars shall be expended on each vehicle and the expense must be verifiable by invoices, work orders, or other documentation as required by the department.
The department may establish equipment requirements and a vehicle inspection procedure for remanufactured vehicles. The department may establish a fee for the inspection of remanufactured vehicles not to exceed one hundred dollars for each vehicle inspected.
62. "Rescue vehicle" means a motor vehicle which is equipped with rescue, fire, or life support equipment used to assist and rescue persons in emergencies or support emergency personnel in the performance of their duties.
63. "Residence district" means the territory within a city contiguous to and including a highway, not comprising a business, suburban, or school district, where forty percent or more of the frontage on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business.
63A. "Retractable axle" means an axle designed with the capability of manipulation or adjustment of the weight on the axle.
64. "Right-of-way" means the privilege of the immediate use of the highway.
64A. "Road tractor" means every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
65. "Roadway" means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
66. "Road work zone" means the portion of a highway which is identified by posted or moving signs as the site of construction, maintenance, survey, or utility work. The zone starts upon meeting the first sign identifying the zone and continues until a posted or moving sign indicates that the work zone has ended.
67. "Rural residence district" means an unincorporated area established by a county board of supervisors which is contiguous to and including a secondary highway, not comprising a business district, where forty percent or more of the frontage of the highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more is occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business. For purposes of this subsection, farm houses and farm buildings are not to be considered.
68. "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
68A. "Salvage pool" means the business of selling at auction wrecked or salvage vehicles, as defined in section 321.52.
69. "School bus" means every vehicle operated for the transportation of children to or from school, except vehicles which are:
a. Privately owned and not operated for compensation;
b. Used exclusively in the transportation of the children in the immediate family of the driver;
c. Operated by a municipally or privately owned urban transit company for the transportation of children as part of or in addition to their regularly scheduled service; or
d. Designed to carry not more than nine persons as passengers, either school owned or privately owned, which are used to transport pupils to activity events in which the pupils are participants or used to transport pupils to their homes in case of illness or other emergency situations. The vehicles operated under the provisions of this paragraph shall be operated by employees of the school district who are specifically approved by the local superintendent of schools for the assignment.
70. "School district" means the territory contiguous to and including a highway for a distance of two hundred feet in either direction from a schoolhouse in a city.
71. "Semitrailer" means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
Wherever the word "trailer" is used in this chapter, same shall be construed to also include "semitrailer".
A "semitrailer" shall be considered in this chapter separately from its power unit.
72. "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
73. "Solid tire" means every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.
74. "Specially constructed vehicle" means every vehicle of a type required to be registered hereunder not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model, or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles and not materially altered from its original construction.
75. "Special mobile equipment" means every vehicle not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property and incidentally operated or moved over the highways, including road construction or maintenance machinery and ditch-digging apparatus. This description does not exclude other vehicles which are within the general terms of this subsection.
76. "Special truck" means a motor truck or truck tractor not used for hire with a gross weight registration of six through thirty-two tons used by a person engaged in farming to transport commodities produced only by the owner, or to transport commodities purchased by the owner for use in the owner's own farming operation or occasional use for charitable purposes. "Special truck" also means a motor truck or truck tractor not used for hire with a gross weight registration of six through thirty-two tons used by a person engaged in farming who assists another person engaged in farming through an exchange of services. A "special truck" does not include a truck tractor operated more than seventy- five hundred miles annually.
77. "Stinger-steered automobile transporter" means any vehicle combination designed and used specifically for the transport of assembled highway vehicles, recreational vehicles, or boats in which the fifth wheel is located on a drop frame located below and behind the rearmost axle of the power unit.
78. "Street" or "highway" means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular traffic.
79. "Suburban district" means all other parts of a city not included in the business, school, or residence districts.
80. "Tandem axle" means any two or more consecutive axles whose centers are more than forty inches but not more than ninety-six inches apart.
81. "Through (or thru) highway" means every highway or portion thereof at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to stop before entering or crossing the same and when stop signs are erected as provided in this chapter or such entrances are controlled by a peace officer or traffic-control signal. The term "arterial" is synonymous with "through" or "thru" when applied to highways of this state.
82. "Tourist attraction" means a business, activity, service, or site where a major portion of the product or service provided is tourist oriented.
83. "Tourist-oriented directional sign" means a sign providing identification and directional information for a tourist attraction.
84. "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.
85. "Trailer" means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
86. "Trailer coach" means either a trailer or semitrailer designed for carrying persons.
87. "Transporter" means a person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles of a type required to be registered or titled in this state who has received authority to make delivery as specified by rules adopted by the department.
88. "Truck tractor" means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.
89. "Used vehicle parts dealer" means a person engaged in the business of selling bodies, parts of bodies, frames, or component parts of used vehicles subject to registration under this chapter.
90. "Vehicle" means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway. "Vehicle" does not include:
a. Any device moved by human power.
b. Any device used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
c. Any integral part of a truck tractor or road tractor which is mounted on the frame of the truck tractor or road tractor immediately behind the cab and which may be used to transport persons and property but which cannot be drawn upon the highway by the truck tractor or another motor vehicle.
d. Any steering axle, dolly, auxiliary axle, or other integral part of another vehicle which in and of itself is incapable of commercially transporting any person or property but is used primarily to support another vehicle.
91. "Vehicle identification number" or the initials VIN mean the numerical and alphabetical designations affixed to a vehicle or a component part of a vehicle by the manufacturer or the department or affixed by, or caused to be affixed by, the owner pursuant to rules promulgated by the department as a means of identifying the vehicle.
92. "Vehicle rebuilder" means a person engaged in the business of rebuilding or restoring to operating condition vehicles subject to registration under this chapter, which have been damaged or wrecked.
93. "Vehicle salvager" means a person engaged in the business of scrapping vehicles, dismantling or storing wrecked or damaged vehicles or selling reusable parts of vehicles or storing vehicles not currently registered which vehicles are subject to registration under this chapter.
94. "Where a vehicle is kept" shall refer to the county of residence of the owner or to the county where the vehicle is mainly kept if said owner is a nonresident of the state.
[S13, § 1571-m1, -m20; C24, 27, § 4863, 5030, 13012; C31, 35, § 4863, 4960-d1, 5030, 13012; C39, § 5000.01; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 321.1; 81 Acts, ch 101, § 1; 81 Acts 2d Ex, ch 2, § 5; 82 Acts, ch 1056, § 1, ch 1122, § 1, ch 1254, § 1]
82 Acts, ch 1062, § 1, 2, 38; 83 Acts, ch 9, § 3, 8; 83 Acts, ch 24, § 1, 12; 84 Acts, ch 1219, § 21; 84 Acts, ch 1252, § 1; 84 Acts, ch 1292, § 2; 85 Acts, ch 21, § 41; 85 Acts, ch 35, § 1, 2; 85 Acts, ch 37, § 1; 85 Acts, ch 40, § 1; 86 Acts, ch 1056, § 1; 86 Acts, ch 1071, § 1; 86 Acts, ch 1210, § 1, 2; 86 Acts, ch 1237, § 19; 86 Acts, ch 1238, § 13; 87 Acts, ch 170, § 2-4; 87 Acts, ch 186, § 1, 2; 87 Acts, ch 189, § 1; 88 Acts, ch 1047, § 1; 88 Acts, ch 1083, § 1, 2; 89 Acts, ch 34, § 1; 89 Acts, ch 83, § 40, 41; 89 Acts, ch 118, § 1; 90 Acts, ch 1183, § 3; 90 Acts, ch 1230, § 6-14; 91 Acts, ch 56, § 1; 91 Acts, ch 219, § 14; 92 Acts, ch 1048, § 1; 92 Acts, ch 1104, § 1; 92 Acts, ch 1175, § 19, 28; 93 Acts, ch 114, § 1; 93 Acts, ch 139, § 7; 94 Acts, ch 1087, §1; 95 Acts, ch 10, § 1; 95 Acts, ch 55, § 1, 2; 95 Acts, ch 56, §1; 95 Acts, ch 118, §1, 2; 96 Acts, ch 1005, § 1; 96 Acts, ch 1129, § 113; 97 Acts, ch 100, § 1; 97 Acts, ch 104, §5; 97 Acts, ch 108, § 1, 2; 97 Acts, ch 139, § 1, 17; 97 Acts, ch 148, § 7, 9; 98 Acts, ch 1073, §1-4; 98 Acts, ch 1075, §20
Referred to in § 123.48, 307.31, 319.12, 321.20B, 321.24, 321.121, 321.126, 321.285, 321.449, 321.453, 321.463, 321.471, 321.474, 321.486, 321A.1, 321A.32, 321E.7, 321E.14, 321E.34, 321G.6, 321G.9, 321G.20, 321G.24, 321J.4, 321J.6, 321J.8, 322.3, 322.4, 322.27A, 322.35, 322D.1, 325A.2, 326.2, 327F.39, 422B.2, 423.1, 423.4, 452A.74A, 452A.76, 455B.301, 462A.34A, 481A.54, 537B.2, 537B.4, 669.14, 670.4, 707.6A, 714.2, 714.8, 805.8(2A), 805.9, 805.16, 811.9
Rules implementing 1997 amendments; 97 Acts, ch 139, §17
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