When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
1. "Administrator" means the commissioner of insurance or the deputy appointed pursuant to section 502.601.
2. An "affiliate" of, or a person "affiliated" with, a specified person, means a person who directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the person specified.
3. "Agent" means any individual other than a broker-dealer who represents a broker-dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities. "Agent" does not include an individual who represents:
a. An issuer in doing any of the following:
(1) Effecting transactions in a security exempted by section 502.202, subsection 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, or 16, or a security issued by an industrial loan company licensed under chapter 536A.
(2) Effecting transactions exempted by section 502.203.
(3) Effecting transactions in a federal covered security as described in sections 18(b)(3) and 18(b)(4)(D) of the Securities Act of 1933 as amended in Pub. L. No. 104-290.
(4) Effecting transactions with an existing employee, member, manager, partner, or director of the issuer if no commission or other remuneration is paid or given directly or indirectly for soliciting any person in this state.
b. A broker-dealer in effecting a transaction in this state which is limited to a transaction provided in section 15(h)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
"Agent" also does not include any other individual who is not within the intent of this subsection whom the administrator by rule or order designates. A partner, member, manager, officer, or director of a broker-dealer or issuer, or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, is an agent only if such person otherwise comes within this definition.
4. "Agricultural cooperative association" means any one of the following:
a. An association of persons organized pursuant to chapter 497 for purposes of conducting an agricultural or dairy business on a cooperative plan, as described in section 497.1.
b. A cooperative association organized pursuant to chapter 498 for purposes of conducting an agricultural, livestock, horticultural, or dairy business on a cooperative plan and acting as a cooperative selling agency, as described in section 498.2.
c. An agricultural association as defined in section 499.2, and organized pursuant to chapter 499.
d. Any other entity which is organized on a cooperative basis under the laws of this state for the purpose of engaging in the activities of an agricultural association as defined in section 499.2.
5. "Broker-dealer" means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others or for such person's own account. "Broker-dealer" does not include:
a. An agent;
b. An issuer;
c. A bank when acting on its own account or when exercising trust or fiduciary powers permitted for banks under applicable state or federal laws and regulations providing for the organization, operation, supervision, and examination of such banks;
d. An insurance company which effects transactions in its own accounts;
e. Other persons not within the intent of this subsection whom the administrator by rule or order designates.
6. "Federal covered adviser" means a person who is registered under section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, 15 U.S.C. § 80(b) et seq. "Federal covered adviser" does not include a person who is excluded from the definition of "investment adviser" as provided in subsection 11, paragraph "c", subparagraphs (1) through (7).
7. "Federal covered security" means any security that is a covered security under section 18(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 or rules or regulations adopted under the Securities Act of 1933.
8. "Fraud", "deceit" and "defraud" are not limited to common law deceit.
9. "Guaranteed" means guaranteed as to payment of principal, interest or dividends.
10. "Interest at the legal rate" means the interest rate for judgments specified in section 535.3.
11. a. "Investment adviser" means any person who, for compensation, does any of the following:
(1) Engages in the business of providing investment advisory services by advising others, either directly or through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of investing in, purchasing, or selling securities.
(2) As a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates analyses or reports concerning securities.
b. "Investment adviser" includes a financial planner or other person who, as an integral component of other financially related services, does either of the following:
(1) Provides investment advisory services to others for compensation and as part of a business.
(2) Holds oneself out as providing investment advisory services to others for compensation.
c. "Investment adviser" does not include a person who is any of the following:
(1) An investment adviser representative.
(2) A bank, savings institution, or trust company.
(3) An attorney licensed to practice law in this state, a certified public accountant licensed pursuant to chapter 542C, a professional engineer licensed pursuant to chapter 542B, or a certified teacher, if the person's performance of these services is solely incidental to the practice of the person's profession.
(4) An attorney licensed to practice law in this state or a certified public accountant licensed pursuant to chapter 542C who does not do any of the following:
(a) Exercise investment discretion regarding the assets of a client or maintain custody of the assets of a client for the purpose of investing the assets, except when the person is acting as a bona fide fiduciary in a capacity such as an executor, administrator, trustee, estate or trust agent, guardian, or conservator.
(b) Accept or receive directly or indirectly any commission, fee, or other remuneration contingent upon the purchase or sale of any specific security by a client of such person.
(c) Provide advice regarding the purchase or sale of specific securities. However, this subparagraph subdivision (c) shall not apply when the advice about specific securities is based on a financial statement analysis or tax considerations that are reasonably related to and in connection with the person's profession.
(5) A broker-dealer or its agent whose performance of these services is solely incidental to the conduct of its business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special compensation for them.
(6) A publisher of any bona fide newspaper, news column, newsletter, news magazine, or business or financial publication or service, whether communicated in hard copy form, or by electronic means, or otherwise, that does not consist of the rendering of advice on the basis of the specific investment situation of each client.
(7) A person who is excluded from the definition of "investment adviser" under section 202(a)(11) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
(8) A person who is a federal covered adviser.
(9) A person not within the intent of this subsection as the administrator may by rule or order designate.
d. As used in this subsection, "compensation" does not include a commission, fee, or a combination of a commission and a fee, which is paid to an insurance agent licensed under chapter 522, if the insurance agent receives the commission, fee, or the combination of a commission and a fee, for the sale of insurance as regulated pursuant to Title XIII, subtitle 1.
12. a. "Investment adviser representative" means an individual including but not limited to a partner, officer, director, or an individual occupying a similar status or performing similar functions as a partner, officer, or director, except clerical or ministerial personnel, if both of the following apply:
(1) The individual is employed by or associated with an investment adviser that is registered or required to be registered under this chapter, or who is employed by or associated with a federal covered adviser.
(2) The individual does any of the following:
(a) Makes any recommendations or otherwise renders advice regarding securities.
(b) Manages accounts or portfolios of clients.
(c) Determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given.
(d) Solicits, offers, or negotiates for the sale of or sells investment advisory services.
(e) Supervises employees who perform any of the functions in subparagraphs (a) through (d).
b. "Investment adviser representative" does not include any other person not within the intent of this subsection as the administrator may by rule or order designate.
13. "Issuer" means any person who issues or proposes to issue any security, except that
a. With respect to certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, or collateral trust certificates, or with respect to certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors or persons performing similar functions or of the fixed, restricted management, or unit type, the term "issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument under which the security is issued; and
b. With respect to a fractional undivided interest in an oil, gas, or other mineral lease or in payments out of production under a lease, right, or royalty, the term "issuer" means the owner of an interest in the lease or payments out of production under a lease, right, or royalty, whether whole or fractional, who creates fractional interests for the purpose of sale.
c. With respect to a viatical settlement contract, "issuer" means a person involved in creating, transferring, or selling to an investor any interest in such a contract, including but not limited to fractional or pooled interests, but does not include an agent or a broker-dealer.
14. "Nonissuer" means not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer.
15. "Person" means an individual, a corporation, a limited liability company, a partnership, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, a fiduciary, an unincorporated organization, a government, or a political subdivision of a government.
16. a. "Sale" or "sell" includes every contract of sale of, contract to sell, or disposition or exchange of, a security or interest in a security for value.
b. "Offer" or "offer to sell" includes every attempt or offer to exchange or dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value.
c. A security given or delivered with, or as a bonus on account of, a purchase of a security or any other thing is offered and sold for value as part of the subject of the purchase.
d. A purported gift of assessable stock is considered to involve an offer and sale.
e. Except to the extent that the administrator provides otherwise by rule or order, an offer or sale of a security that is convertible into or entitles its holder to acquire another security of the same or another issuer is an offer also of the other security, whether the right to convert or acquire is exercisable immediately or in the future.
f. The terms defined in this subsection do not include:
(1) Any bona fide pledge or loan; or
(2) Any stock split, other than a reverse stock split, or security dividend payable with respect to the securities of a corporation in the same or any other class of securities of such corporation, provided nothing of value, including the surrender of a right or an option to receive a cash or property dividend, is given by security holders for the security dividend.
17. "Securities Act of 1933", "Securities Exchange Act of 1934", "Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935", "Investment Advisers Act of 1940", "Investment Company Act of 1940", "Internal Revenue Code", and "Agricultural Marketing Act" mean the federal statutes of those names.
18. "Securities and exchange commission" means the United States securities and exchange commission as established pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 78(d).
19. "Security" means any note; stock; treasury stock; bond; debenture; evidence of indebtedness; certificate of interest or participation in a profit sharing agreement; collateral trust certificate; preorganization certificate or subscription; transferable share; investment contract; viatical settlement contract, or any fractional or pooled interest in such contract; voting trust certificate; certificate of deposit for a security; fractional undivided interest in an oil, gas, or other mineral lease or in payments out of production under such a lease, right, or royalty; an interest in a limited liability company or in a limited liability partnership or any class or series of such interest, including any fractional or other interest in such interest; or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a "security", or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. "Security" does not include an insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract under which an insurance company promises to pay money either in a lump sum or periodically for life or for some other specified period. "Security" also does not include an interest in a limited liability company or a limited liability partnership if the person claiming that such an interest is not a security proves that all of the members of the limited liability company or limited liability partnership are actively engaged in the management of the limited liability company or limited liability partnership; provided that the evidence that members vote or have the right to vote, or the right to information concerning the business and affairs of the limited liability company or limited liability partnership, or the right to participate in management, shall not establish, without more, that all members are actively engaged in the management of the limited liability company or limited liability partnership.
20. "State" means any state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
21. "Viatical settlement contract" means an agreement for the purchase, sale, assignment, transfer, devise, or bequest of any portion of the death benefit or ownership of a life insurance policy or contract, for consideration which is less than the expected death benefit of the life insurance policy or contract.
22. For the purposes of sections 502.211 through 502.218, unless the context otherwise requires:
a. "Associate" means a person acting jointly or in concert with another for the purpose of acquiring, holding or disposing of, or exercising any voting rights attached to the equity securities of a target company.
b. "Beneficial owner" includes, but is not limited to, any person who directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, or relationship, has or shares the power to vote or direct the voting of a security or has or shares the power to dispose of or otherwise direct the disposition of the security. A person is the beneficial owner of securities beneficially owned by any relative or spouse or relative of the spouse residing in the home of the person, any trust or estate in which the person owns ten percent or more of the total beneficial interest or serves as trustee or executor, any corporation or entity in which the person owns ten percent or more of the equity, and any affiliate or associate of the person.
c. "Beneficial ownership" includes, but is not limited to, the right, exercisable within sixty days, to acquire securities through the exercise of options, warrants, or rights or the conversion of convertible securities. The securities subject to these options, warrants, rights, or conversion privileges held by a person are outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of outstanding securities of the class owned by the person, but are not outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage of the class owned by any other person.
d. "Equity security" means any stock or similar security, and includes the following:
(1) Any security convertible, with or without consideration, into a stock or similar security.
(2) Any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase a stock of similar security.
(3) Any security carrying a warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase a stock or similar security.
(4) Any other security which the administrator deems to be of a similar nature and considers necessary or appropriate, according to rules prescribed by the administrator for the public interest and protection of investors, to be treated as an equity security.
e. "Offeree" means the beneficial owner, who is a resident of this state, of equity securities which an offeror offers to acquire in connection with a takeover offer.
f. "Offeror" means a person who makes or in any manner participates in making a takeover offer. It does not include a supervised financial institution or broker-dealer loaning funds to an offeror in the ordinary course of its business, or any supervised financial institution, broker-dealer, attorney, accountant, consultant, employee, or other person furnishing information or advice to or performing ministerial duties for an offeror, and who does not otherwise participate in the takeover offer.
g. "Takeover offer":
(1) Means the offer to acquire any equity securities of a target company from a resident of this state pursuant to a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders, if after the acquisition of all securities acquired pursuant to the offer either of the following are true:
(a) The offeror would be directly or indirectly a beneficial owner of more than ten percent of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company.
(b) The beneficial ownership by the offeror of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company would be increased by more than five percent. However, this provision does not apply if after the acquisition of all securities acquired pursuant to the offer, the offeror would not be directly or indirectly a beneficial owner of more than ten percent of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company.
(2) Does not include the following:
(a) An offer in connection with the acquisition of a security which, together with all other acquisitions by the offeror of securities of the same class of equity securities of the target company, would not result in the offeror having acquired more than two percent of this class of securities during the preceding twelve-month period.
(b) An offer by the target company to acquire its own equity securities if such offer is subject to section 13(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
(c) An offer in which the target company is an insurance company or insurance holding company subject to regulation by the commissioner of insurance, a financial institution subject to regulation by the superintendent of banking or the superintendent of savings and loan associations, or a public utility subject to regulation by the utilities division of the department of commerce.
h. "Target company" means an issuer of publicly traded equity securities which has at least twenty percent of its equity securities beneficially held by residents of this state and has substantial assets in this state. For the purposes of this chapter, an equity security is publicly traded if a trading market exists for the security. A trading market exists if the security is traded on a national securities exchange, whether or not registered pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or on the over-the-counter market.
[C31, 35, § 8581-c3; C39, § 8581.03; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, 71, 73, 75, § 502.3; C77, 79, 81, § 502.102; 81 Acts, ch 163, § 1; 82 Acts, ch 1100, § 24]
83 Acts, ch 169, § 2; 85 Acts, ch 155, §23; 87 Acts, ch 53, § 1, 2; 87 Acts, ch 181, § 1; 91 Acts, ch 40, §3-5; 91 Acts, ch 230, §4, 5; 94 Acts, ch 1031, §6; 96 Acts, ch 1025, § 1; 97 Acts, ch 114, §1-4; 98 Acts, ch 1106, §1, 2, 24; 99 Acts, ch 134, §1-3
Referred to in § 252I.1, 421.17A, 508.31A, 508.32, 508.32A, 521A.14, 633.801
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Last update: Mon Jan 22 17:13:42 CST 2001