A person shall not operate an all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile upon roadways or highways, as defined in section 321.1, except as provided in section 321.234A and this chapter.
1. An all- terrain vehicle or snowmobile shall not be operated at any time within the right of way of any interstate highway or freeway within this state except under either of the following circumstances:
a. As provided in section 321.234A.
b. When using an underpass located on an interstate highway or freeway if all of the following apply:
(1) The underpass has been abandoned and is no longer being used by motor vehicles or trains.
(2) Use of the underpass is the only alternative to the use of a traveled roadway.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 321, use of the underpass does not conflict with any rules or regulations adopted by a federal governmental entity or this state or a political subdivision of this state.
2. An all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile may make a direct crossing of a street or highway provided:
a. The crossing is made at an angle of approximately ninety degrees to the direction of the highway and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing; and
b. The all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile is brought to a complete stop before crossing the shoulder or main traveled way of the highway; and
c. The driver yields the right of way to all oncoming traffic which constitutes an immediate hazard; and
d. In crossing a divided highway, the crossing is made only at an intersection of such highway with another public street or highway.
3. An all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile shall not be operated on public highways:
a. On the roadway portion of a highway and adjacent shoulder, or at least five feet on either side of the roadway, except as provided in subsection 4 of this section, and
b. On limited access highways and approaches, and
c. For racing any moving object, and
d. Abreast with one or more other all-terrain vehicles or snowmobiles on a city highway.
4. A registered all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile may be operated under the following conditions:
a. Upon city highways which have not been plowed during the snow season or on such highways as designated by the governing body of a municipality.
b. On that portion of county roadways that have not been plowed during the snow season or not maintained or utilized for the operation of conventional two-wheel drive motor vehicles.
c. On highways in an emergency during the period of time when and at locations where snow upon the roadway renders travel by conventional motor vehicles impractical.
d. On the roadways of that portion of county highways designated by the county board of supervisors for such use during a specified period. The county board of supervisors shall evaluate the traffic conditions on all county highways and designate roadways on which all-terrain vehicles or snowmobiles may be operated for the specified period without unduly interfering with or constituting an undue hazard to conventional motor vehicle traffic. Signs warning of the operation of all-terrain vehicles or snowmobiles on the roadway shall be placed and maintained on the portions of highway thus designated during the period specified for the operation.
e. On the roadway or shoulder when necessary to cross a bridge or culvert, or avoid an obstruction which makes it impossible to travel on the portion of the highway not intended for motor vehicles, if the snowmobile is brought to a complete stop before entering onto the roadway or shoulder and the driver yields the right of way to any approaching vehicle on the roadway.
f. All-terrain vehicles shall not be operated on snowmobile trails except where designated by the controlling authority and the primary snowmobile trail sponsor.
g. Snowmobiles shall not be operated on all-terrain vehicle trails except where designated by the controlling authority and the primary all-terrain vehicle trail sponsor.
5. The headlight and taillight shall be lighted during the operation on a public highway at any time from sunset to sunrise, and at such other times when conditions such as fog, snow, sleet or rain provide insufficient lighting to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles at a distance of five hundred feet ahead.
6. a. An all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile shall not be operated on or across a public highway by a person under sixteen years of age who does not have in the person's possession a safety certificate issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.
b. A person twelve to fifteen years of age and possessing a valid safety certificate must be under the direct supervision of a parent, guardian, or another adult authorized by the parent or guardian, who is experienced in all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile operation, and who possesses a valid driver's license as defined in section 321.1, or a safety certificate issued under this chapter.
7. An all-terrain vehicle or snowmobile shall not be operated within the right of way of a primary highway between the hours of sunset and sunrise except on the right- hand side of the right of way and in the same direction as the motor vehicular traffic on the nearest lane of traveled portion of the right of way.
[C71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 321G.9]
89 Acts, ch 244, § 14-21; 90 Acts, ch 1230, § 80; 92 Acts, ch 1168, § 1; 98 Acts, ch 1073, §9
Referred to in § 331.362, 805.8(4b)
Previous Section 321G.8
Next Section 321G.10
© 2001 Cornell College and League of Women Voters of Iowa
Comments about this site or page?
Please remember that the person listed above does not vote on bills. Direct all comments concerning legislation to State Legislators.
Last update: Mon Jan 22 17:13:42 CST 2001