1. The medium of instruction in all secular subjects taught in both public and nonpublic schools shall be the English language, except when the use of a foreign language is deemed appropriate in the teaching of any subject or when the student is limited English proficient. When the student is limited English proficient, both public and nonpublic schools shall provide special instruction, which shall include but need not be limited to either instruction in English as a second language or transitional bilingual instruction until the student is fully English proficient or demonstrates a functional ability to speak, read, write, and understand the English language. As used in this section, "limited English proficient" means a student's language background is in a language other than English, and the student's proficiency in English is such that the probability of the student's academic success in an English-only classroom is below that of an academically successful peer with an English language background. "Fully English proficient" means a student who is able to read, understand, write, and speak the English language and to use English to ask questions, to understand teachers and reading materials, to test ideas, and to challenge what is being asked in the classroom.
2. The department of education shall adopt rules relating to the identification of limited English proficient students who require special instruction under this section and to application procedures for funds available under this section.
3. In order to provide funds for the excess costs of instruction of limited English proficient students above the costs of instruction of pupils in a regular curriculum, students identified as limited English proficient shall be assigned an additional weighting that shall be included in the weighted enrollment of the school district of residence for a period not exceeding three years. However, the school budget review committee may grant supplemental aid or modified allowable growth to a school district to continue funding a program for students after the expiration of the three-year period. The school budget review committee shall calculate the additional amount for the weighting to the nearest one- hundredth of one percent so that to the extent possible the moneys generated by the weighting will be equivalent to the moneys generated by the two-tenths weighting provided prior to July 2, 1991.
[C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 4254; C46, 50, 54, 58, 62, 66, 71, 73, § 280.5; C75, 77, 79, 81, § 280.4; 82 Acts, ch 1260, § 48]
87 Acts, ch 224, § 52; 89 Acts, ch 135, §80; 91 Acts, ch 193, § 2; 93 Acts, ch 127, § 3
Referred to in § 257.31, 282.18
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