232.117  Termination--findings--disposition.

1.  After the hearing is concluded the court shall make and file written findings.

2.  If the court concludes that facts sufficient to terminate parental rights have not been established by clear and convincing evidence, the court shall dismiss the petition.

3.  If the court concludes that facts sufficient to sustain the petition have been established by clear and convincing evidence, the court may order parental rights terminated. If the court terminates the parental rights of the child's parents, the court shall transfer the guardianship and custody of the child to one of the following:

a.  The department of human services.

b.  A child placing agency or other suitable private agency, facility or institution which is licensed or otherwise authorized by law to receive and provide care for the child.

c.  A parent who does not have physical care of the child, other relative, or other suitable person.

3A.  The court shall not order group foster care placement of the child which is a charge upon the state if that placement is not in accordance with the regional plan for group foster care established pursuant to section 232.143 for the departmental region in which the court is located.

4.  If after a hearing the court does not order the termination of parental rights but finds that there is clear and convincing evidence that the child is a child in need of assistance, under section 232.2, subsection 6, due to the acts or omissions of one or both of the child's parents the court may adjudicate the child to be a child in need of assistance and may enter an order in accordance with the provisions of section 232.100, 232.101, 232.102, or 232.104.

5.  If the court orders the termination of parental rights and transfers guardianship and custody under subsection 3, the guardian shall submit a case permanency plan to the court and shall make every effort to establish a stable placement for the child by adoption or other permanent placement. Within forty-five days of receipt of the termination order, and every forty-five days thereafter until the court determines such reports are no longer necessary, the guardian shall report to the court regarding efforts made to place the child for adoption or providing the rationale as to why adoption would not be in the child's best interest.

6.  The guardian of each child whose guardianship and custody has been transferred under subsection 3 and who has not been placed for adoption shall file a written report with the court every six months concerning the child's placement. The court shall hold a hearing to review the placement at intervals not to exceed six months after the date of the termination of parental rights or the last placement review hearing.

7.  The guardian of each child whose guardianship and custody has been transferred under subsection 3 and who has been placed for adoption and whose adoption has not been finalized shall file a written report with the court every six months concerning the child's placement. The court shall hold a hearing to review the placement at intervals not to exceed twelve months after the date of the adoptive placement or the last placement review hearing.

8.  Hearings held under this division are open to the public unless the court, on the motion of any of the parties or upon the court's own motion, excludes the public. The court shall exclude the public from a hearing if the court determines that the possibility of damage or harm to the child outweighs the public's interest in having a public hearing. Upon closing the hearing, the court may admit persons who have a direct interest in the case or in the work of the court.

Section History: Early form

  [C79, § 232.115; C81, § 232.117]

Section History: Recent form

  83 Acts, ch 96, § 157, 159; 84 Acts, ch 1279, § 21; 87 Acts, ch 159, § 5, 7; 89 Acts, ch 229, § 13; 89 Acts, ch 230, § 19; 92 Acts, ch 1229, § 6; 94 Acts, ch 1046, §3; 98 Acts, ch 1190, §24, 25

Internal References

  Referred to in § 232.116, 232.118, 232.119, 237.20


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