910.1  Definitions.

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

1.  "Criminal activities" means any crime for which there is a plea of guilty, verdict of guilty, or special verdict upon which a judgment of conviction is rendered and any other crime committed after July 1, 1982, which is admitted or not contested by the offender, whether or not prosecuted. However, "criminal activities" does not include simple misdemeanors under chapter 321.

2.  "Local anticrime organization" means an entity organized for the primary purpose of crime prevention which has been officially recognized by the chief of police of the city in which the organization is located or the sheriff of the county in which the organization is located.

3.  "Pecuniary damages" means all damages to the extent not paid by an insurer, which a victim could recover against the offender in a civil action arising out of the same facts or event, except punitive damages and damages for pain, suffering, mental anguish, and loss of consortium. Without limitation, "pecuniary damages" includes damages for wrongful death and expenses incurred for psychiatric or psychological services or counseling or other counseling for the victim which became necessary as a direct result of the criminal activity.

4.  "Restitution" means payment of pecuniary damages to a victim in an amount and in the manner provided by the offender's plan of restitution. "Restitution" also includes fines, penalties, and surcharges, the contribution of funds to a local anticrime organization which provided assistance to law enforcement in an offender's case, the payment of crime victim compensation program reimbursements, payment of restitution to public agencies pursuant to section 321J.2, subsection 9, paragraph "b", court costs including correctional fees approved pursuant to section 356.7, court-appointed attorney's fees, or the expense of a public defender, and the performance of a public service by an offender in an amount set by the court when the offender cannot reasonably pay all or part of the court costs including correctional fees approved pursuant to section 356.7, court- appointed attorney's fees, or the expense of a public defender.

5.  "Victim" means a person who has suffered pecuniary damages as a result of the offender's criminal activities. However, for purposes of this chapter, an insurer is not a victim and does not have a right of subrogation. The crime victim compensation program is not an insurer for purposes of this chapter, and the right of subrogation provided by section 915.92 does not prohibit restitution to the crime victim compensation program.

Section History: Early form

  [C75, 77, § 789A.8; C79, 81, § 907.12; 82 Acts, ch 1162, § 2]

Section History: Recent form

  83 Acts, ch 15, § 1, 3; 90 Acts, ch 1251, § 73, 74; 91 Acts, ch 181, §2, 16; 94 Acts, ch 1142, §15; 96 Acts, ch 1091, § 1, 2; 97 Acts, ch 140, § 2; 97 Acts, ch 177, § 34; 98 Acts, ch 1090, § 83, 84

Internal References

  Referred to in § 321.40, 602.8107, 910.3B, 915.100

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