Whenever a taxpayer who is liable to pay a tax imposed by subchapter II refuses or neglects to pay such tax, the amount, including any interest, penalty, or addition to such tax, together with the costs that may accrue, shall be a lien in favor of the chief financial officer of the city or the county treasurer to which the tax is owed upon all property and rights to property, whether real or personal, belonging to the taxpayer. The lien shall be prior to and superior over all subsequent liens upon any personal property within this state, or right to such personal property, belonging to the taxpayer, without the necessity of recording the lien. The requirement for recording, as applied to the tax imposed by subchapter II, shall apply only to a lien upon real property. The lien may be preserved against subsequent mortgagees, purchasers, or judgment creditors, for value and without notice of the lien, on any real property situated in a county, by the county treasurer to which replacement tax is owed by filing with the recorder of the county in which the real property is located a notice of the lien. For purposes of the replacement tax collected by a city, the lien may be preserved against subsequent mortgagees, purchasers, or judgment creditors, for value and without notice of the lien, on any real property situated in the county, by the chief financial officer of the city to which replacement tax is owed by filing with the recorder of the county in which the real property is located a notice of the lien.
The county recorder of each county shall prepare and keep in the recorder's office a book to be known as the index of replacement tax liens, so ruled as to show in appropriate columns under the names of taxpayers arranged alphabetically, all of the following:
1. The name of the taxpayer.
2. The name of the county treasurer and county or the name of the chief financial officer and city as claimant.
3. Time the notice of lien was received.
4. Date of notice.
5. Amount of lien then due.
6. Date of assessment.
7. Date when the lien is satisfied.
The recorder shall endorse on each notice of lien the day, hour, and minute when received and preserve such notice, and shall promptly record the lien in the manner provided for recording real estate mortgages. The lien is effective from the time of the indexing of the lien.
The county treasurer or chief financial officer of the city shall pay a recording fee as provided in section 331.604, for the recording of the lien, or for its satisfaction.
Upon the payment of the replacement tax as to which a county treasurer or chief financial officer of a city has filed notice with a county recorder, the county treasurer or chief financial officer of the city shall promptly file with the recorder a satisfaction of the replacement tax. The recorder shall enter the satisfaction on the notice on file in the recorder's office and indicate that fact on the index.
Section 445.3 applies with respect to the replacement taxes and penalties imposed by this chapter, except for the provisions limiting the commencement of actions.
98 Acts, ch 1194, §12, 40
Referred to in § 437A.15
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Last update: Thu Mar 18 15:00:31 CST 1999