1. The taxes imposed under this division, less the credits allowed under sections 422.11A, 422.11B, 422.12, and 422.12B shall be reduced by a child and dependent care credit equal to the following percentages of the federal child and dependent care credit provided in section 21 of the Internal Revenue Code:
a. For a taxpayer with net income of less than ten thousand dollars, seventy-five percent.
b. For a taxpayer with net income of ten thousand dollars or more but less than twenty thousand dollars, sixty-five percent.
c. For a taxpayer with net income of twenty thousand dollars or more but less than twenty-five thousand dollars, fifty-five percent.
d. For a taxpayer with net income of twenty-five thousand dollars or more but less than thirty-five thousand dollars, fifty percent.
e. For a taxpayer with net income of thirty-five thousand dollars or more but less than forty thousand dollars, forty percent.
f. For a taxpayer with net income of forty thousand dollars or more, zero percent.
2. Any credit in excess of the tax liability shall be refunded. In lieu of claiming a refund, a taxpayer may elect to have the overpayment shown on the taxpayer's final, completed return credited to the tax liability for the following taxable year.
3. Married taxpayers who have filed joint federal returns electing to file separate returns or to file separately on a combined return form must determine the child and dependent care credit under subsection 1 based upon their combined net income and allocate the total credit amount to each spouse in the proportion that each spouse's respective net income bears to the total combined net income. Nonresidents or part-year residents of Iowa must determine their Iowa child and dependent care credit in the ratio of their Iowa source net income to their all source net income. Nonresidents or part-year residents who are married and elect to file separate returns or to file separately on a combined return form must allocate the Iowa child and dependent care credit between the spouses in the ratio of each spouse's Iowa source net income to the combined Iowa source net income of the taxpayers.
90 Acts, ch 1248, §10; 91 Acts, ch 159, §15; 93 Acts, ch 172, §44, 56; 97 Acts, ch 23, §44
Referred to in § 422.16
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