1. A certificate of title shall not be issued for a motor vehicle unless a damage disclosure statement has been made by the transferor of the vehicle and is furnished with the application for certificate of title. A damage disclosure statement must be provided by the transferor to the transferee in a transfer of ownership of a motor vehicle. The new certificate of title and registration receipt shall state on the face of the title the total cumulative dollar amount of damage reported by owners prior to the owner listed on the front of the title.
2. The damage disclosure statement required by this section shall, at a minimum, state the total retail dollar amount of all damage to the vehicle during the period of the transferor's ownership of the vehicle and whether the transferor knows if the vehicle was titled as a salvage or flood vehicle in this or any other state prior to the transferor's ownership of the vehicle. For the purposes of this section, "damage" refers to damage to the vehicle caused by fire, vandalism, collision, weather, falling objects, submersion in water, or flood, where the cost of repair is five thousand dollars or more per incident, but does not include normal wear and tear, glass damage, mechanical repairs or electrical repairs that have not been caused by fire, vandalism, collision, weather, falling objects, submersion in water, or flood. "Damage" does not include the cost of repairing, replacing, or reinstalling tires, lights, batteries, windshields, windows, a sound system, or an inflatable restraint system. A determination of the amount of damage to a vehicle shall be based on estimates of the retail cost of repairing the vehicle, including labor, parts, and other materials, if the vehicle has not been repaired or on the actual retail cost of repair, including labor, parts, and other materials, if the vehicle has been repaired. Only individual incidents in which the retail cost of repairs is five thousand dollars or more are required to be disclosed by this section. If the vehicle has incurred damage of five thousand dollars or more per incident in more than one incident, the damage amounts must be combined and disclosed as the total of all separate incidents.
3. The damage disclosure statement shall be provided by the transferor to the transferee at or before the time of sale. However, if the transferor has a salvage certificate of title for the vehicle, the transferor is not required to disclose under this section the total retail cost of repairs to the vehicle during the period of the transferor's ownership of the vehicle. If the transferor is not a resident of this state the transferee shall not be required to submit a damage disclosure statement from the transferor with the transferee's application for title unless the state of the transferor's residence requires a damage disclosure statement. However, the transferee shall submit a damage disclosure statement with the transferee's application for title indicating whether a salvage or rebuilt title had ever existed for the vehicle, whether the vehicle had incurred prior damage of five thousand dollars or more per incident, and the year, make, and vehicle identification number of the motor vehicle. The transferee shall not be required to indicate whether the vehicle had incurred prior damage of five thousand dollars or more per incident under this subsection if the transferor's certificate of title is from another state and if it indicates that the vehicle is salvaged and not rebuilt or is another state's salvage certificate of title.
4. A lessee who has executed a lease as defined in section 321F.1 shall provide a damage disclosure statement to the lessor at the termination of the lease. The damage disclosure statement shall be made on a separate disclosure document and shall state the total dollar amount of all damage to the vehicle which occurred during the term of the lease. The lessee's damage disclosure statement shall not be submitted with the application for title, but the lessor shall retain the lessee's damage disclosure statement for five years following the date of the statement.
5. The department shall retain each damage disclosure statement received and copies shall be available to the public and the attorney general upon request.
6. Authorized vehicle recyclers licensed under chapter 321H and motor vehicle dealers licensed under chapter 322 shall maintain copies of all damage disclosure statements where the recycler or dealer is either the transferor or the transferee for five years following the date of the statement. The copies shall be made available to the department or the attorney general upon request.
7. The damage disclosure statements shall be made on the back of the certificate of title if the title is available to the transferor at the time of sale. If the title is not available at the time of sale or if the face of the transferor's Iowa title contains no indication that the vehicle was previously salvaged or titled as salvaged or rebuilt and the transferor knows or reasonably should know that the vehicle was previously salvaged or titled as salvaged or rebuilt in another state, the transferor shall make the disclosure on a separate disclosure document. The damage disclosure statement forms shall be as approved by the department. The treasurer shall not accept a damage disclosure statement and issue a title unless the back of the title or separate disclosure document has been fully completed and signed and dated by the transferee and the transferor, if applicable.
8. A person, authorized vehicle recycler licensed under chapter 321H, or motor vehicle dealer licensed under chapter 322 shall not be liable to a subsequent owner of a vehicle because a prior owner or lessee gave a false or inaccurate damage disclosure statement or failed to disclose that the vehicle had previously been damaged and repaired or had been titled on a salvage or rebuilt certificate of title unless the person, recycler, or dealer knew or reasonably should have known that the prior owner or lessee gave a false or inaccurate damage disclosure statement or failed to disclose that the vehicle had been damaged and repaired or had been titled on a salvage or rebuilt certificate of title.
9. This section does not apply to new motor vehicles with a true mileage, as defined in section 321.71, of one thousand miles or less, motor trucks and truck tractors with a gross vehicle weight rating of sixteen thousand pounds or more, vehicles more than nine model years old, motorcycles, motorized bicycles, and special mobile equipment. The section does apply to motor homes.
10. A person who knowingly makes a false damage disclosure statement commits a fraudulent practice. Failure of a person, authorized vehicle recycler licensed under chapter 321H, or motor vehicle dealer licensed under chapter 322, to comply with any duty imposed by this section constitutes a violation of section 714.16, subsection 2, paragraph "a".
11. The department shall adopt rules as necessary to implement this section.
92 Acts, ch 1104, § 4; 95 Acts, ch 45, §4, 5; 96 Acts, ch 1152, § 3; 97 Acts, ch 108, §8; 98 Acts, ch 1034, §1
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© 1999 Cornell College and League of Women Voters of Iowa
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Last update: Thu Mar 18 15:00:31 CST 1999