1. An application for admission to a public or private hospital for observation, diagnosis, care, and treatment as a voluntary patient may be made by any person who is mentally ill or has symptoms of mental illness.
In the case of a minor, the parent, guardian, or custodian may make application for admission of the minor as a voluntary patient.
a. Upon receipt of an application for voluntary admission of a minor, the chief medical officer shall provide separate prescreening interviews and consultations with the parent, guardian or custodian and the minor to assess the family environment and the appropriateness of the application for admission.
b. During the interview and consultation the chief medical officer shall inform the minor orally and in writing that the minor has a right to object to the admission. If the chief medical officer of the hospital to which application is made determines that the admission is appropriate but the minor objects to the admission, the parent, guardian or custodian must petition the juvenile court for approval of the admission before the minor is actually admitted.
c. As soon as is practicable after the filing of a petition for juvenile court approval of the admission of the minor, the juvenile court shall determine whether the minor has an attorney to represent the minor in the hospitalization proceeding, and if not, the court shall assign to the minor an attorney. If the minor is financially unable to pay for an attorney, the attorney shall be compensated in substantially the manner provided by section 815.7.
d. The juvenile court shall determine whether the admission is in the best interest of the minor and is consistent with the minor's rights.
e. The juvenile court shall order hospitalization of a minor, over the minor's objections, only after a hearing in which it is shown by clear and convincing evidence that:
(1) The minor needs and will substantially benefit from treatment.
(2) No other setting which involves less restriction of the minor's liberties is feasible for the purposes of treatment.
f. Upon approval of the admission of a minor over the minor's objections, the juvenile court shall appoint an individual to act as an advocate representing the interests of the minor in the same manner as an advocate representing the interests of patients involuntarily hospitalized pursuant to section 229.19.
2. Upon receiving an application for admission as a voluntary patient, made pursuant to subsection 1:
a. The chief medical officer of a public hospital shall receive and may admit the person whose admission is sought, subject in cases other than medical emergencies to availability of suitable accommodations and to the provisions of sections 229.41 and 229.42.
b. The chief medical officer of a private hospital may receive and may admit the person whose admission is sought.
[R60, § 1480; C73, § 1399; C97, § 2264; C24, 27, 31, 35, 39, § 3544; C46, § 229.1; C50, 54, 58, 62, 66, 71, 73, 75, § 229.1, 229.41; C77, 79, 81, § 229.2]
87 Acts, ch 90, § 2
Referred to in § 222.55, 229.4, 229.6A, 229.41
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