1. A person or governmental unit acting severally or jointly with any other person or governmental unit shall not establish or operate a health care facility in this state without a license for the facility. A community, supervised apartment living arrangement, as defined in section 225C.21, is not required to be licensed under this chapter, but is subject to approval under section 225C.21 in order to receive public funding.
2. A health care facility suitable for separation and operation with distinct parts may, where otherwise qualified in all respects, be issued multiple licenses authorizing various parts of such facilities to be operated as health care facilities of different license categories.
3. No change in a health care facility, its operation, program, or services, of a degree or character affecting continuing licensability shall be made without prior approval thereof by the department. The department may by rule specify the types of changes which shall not be made without its prior approval.
4. No department, agency, or officer of this state or of any of its political subdivisions shall pay or approve for payment from public funds any amount or amounts to a health care facility under any program of state aid in connection with services provided or to be provided an actual or prospective resident in a health care facility, unless the facility has a current license issued by the department and meets such other requirements as may be in effect pursuant to law.
5. No health care facility established and operated in compliance with law prior to January 1, 1976, shall be required to change its corporate or business name by reason of the definitions prescribed in section 135C.1, provided that no health care facility shall at any time represent or hold out to the public or to any individual that it is licensed as, or provides the services of, a health care facility of a type offering a higher grade of care than such health care facility is licensed to provide. Any health care facility which, by virtue of this section, operates under a name not accurately descriptive of the type of license which it holds shall clearly indicate in any printed advertisement, letterhead, or similar material, the type of license or licenses which it has in fact been issued. No health care facility established or renamed after January 1, 1976, shall use any name indicating that it holds a different type of license than it has been issued.
6. A health care facility operated by and for the exclusive use of members of a religious order, which does not admit more than two individuals to the facility from the general public, may be operated without obtaining a license under this chapter and shall not be deemed to be licensed by the state.
7. A freestanding hospice facility which operates a hospice program in accordance with 42 C.F.R. § 418 may be operated without obtaining a license under this chapter and shall not be deemed to be licensed by the state.
8. The following residential programs to which the department of human services applies accreditation, certification, or standards of review shall not be required to be licensed as a health care facility under this chapter:
a. A residential program which provides care to not more than three individuals and receives moneys appropriated to the department of human services under provisions of a federally approved home and community-based services waiver or other medical assistance program under chapter 249A.
b. A residential program which serves not more than four individuals and is operating under provisions of a federally approved home and community-based waiver for persons with mental retardation, if all individuals residing in the program receive on-site staff supervision during the entire time period the individuals are present in the program's living unit. The need for the on-site supervision shall be reflected in each individual's program plan developed pursuant to the department of human services' rules relating to case management for persons with mental retardation. In approving a residential program under this paragraph, the department of human services shall consider the geographic location of the program so as to avoid an overconcentration of such programs in an area.
c. A total of twenty residential care facilities for persons with mental retardation which are licensed to serve no more than five individuals may be authorized by the department of human services to convert to operation as a residential program under the provisions of a medical assistance home and community-based services waiver for persons with mental retardation. A converted residential program is subject to the conditions stated in paragraph "b" except that the program shall not serve more than five individuals. The department of human services shall allocate conversion authorizations to provide for four conversions in each of the department's five service regions. If a conversion authorization allocated to a region is not used for conversion by January 1, 1998, the department of human services may reallocate the unused conversion authorization to another region. The department of human services shall study the cost effectiveness of the conversions and provide an initial report to the general assembly no later than January 2, 1998, and a final report no later than December 15, 1998.
9. Contingent upon the department of human services receiving federal approval, a residential program which serves not more than eight individuals and is licensed as an intermediate care facility for persons with mental retardation may surrender the facility license and continue to operate under a federally approved medical assistance home and community-based services waiver for persons with mental retardation, if the department of human services has approved a plan submitted by the residential program.
10. Notwithstanding section 135C.9, nursing facilities which are accredited by the joint commission on accreditation of health care organizations shall be licensed without inspection by the department, if the nursing facility has chosen to be inspected by the joint commission on accreditation of health care organizations in lieu of inspection by the department.
[C50, 54, § 135C.2; C58, 62, 66, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, § 135C.6]
85 Acts, ch 141, §2; 86 Acts, ch 1245, § 1113; 90 Acts, ch 1107, § 2; 92 Acts, ch 1043, § 3; 96 Acts, ch 1053, § 2; 97 Acts, ch 169, §18, 26
Referred to in § 135.63, 135C.9
Subsection 10 is effective contingent upon passage of federal legislation; see 96 Acts, ch 1053, § 3
© 1998 Cornell College and League of Women Voters of Iowa
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Last update: Fri Jun 5 16:07:06 CDT 1998