CHAPTER 276COMMUNITY EDUCATIONReferred to in 274.3, 300.4
276.4State consultant.
276.5Local director.
276.6and 276.7 Repealed by 86 Acts, ch 1245, §1499A.
276.8Duties of district-wide advisory council.
276.9Duties of local advisory council.
276.10Establishment of program.
276.11Funding of community education concept.
276.12Use of special tax levy.
276.1Title.Sections 276.1 to 276.11 of this chapter shall be known and may be cited as the “Iowa Community Education Act”.[C79, 81, §276.1]Referred to in 276.3276.2Purpose.It is the purpose of this chapter to provide educational, recreational, cultural, and other community services and programs through the establishment of the concept of community education with the community school serving as the center for such activity. In cooperation with other community agencies and groups, it is the purpose of the community education Act to mobilize community resources to solve identified community concerns and to promote a more efficient and expanded use of existing school buildings and equipment, to provide leadership in working with other entities, to mobilize the human and financial resources of a community, and to provide a wide range of opportunities for all socioeconomic, ethnic, and age groups. A related purpose of this chapter is to develop a sense of community in which the citizenry cooperates with the school and community agencies and groups to resolve their school and community concerns and to recognize that the schools belong to the people, and that as the entity located in every neighborhood, the schools are available for use by the community day and night, year-round or any time when the programming will not interfere with the elementary and secondary program.[C79, 81, §276.2]Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.3Definitions.As used in sections 276.1 to 276.11 unless the context otherwise requires:1.  “Board” means the local board of directors of school districts.2.  “Community” means the area located within the boundaries of the local school district.3.  “Community education” means a lifelong education process concerning itself with every facet that affects the well-being of all citizens within a given community and serves all of the following purposes: a.  To extend the role of the school from one of teaching children through an elementary and secondary program to one of providing for citizen participation in identifying the wants, needs, and concerns of the neighborhood community and coordinating all educational, recreational, and cultural opportunities within the community with community education being the catalyst for providing for citizen participation in the development and implementation of programs toward the goal of improving the entire community.b.   To energize people to strive for the achievement of determined goals and stimulate capable persons to assume leadership responsibilities.c.  To welcome and work with all groups without drawing any lines. d.  To serve as the one institution in the entire community that has the opportunity to reach all people and groups and to gain their cooperation.4.  “Community school” means any elementary or secondary school.5.  “Department” means the department of education.6.  “Director” means the local community school director who assumes responsibility for making the process function effectively.7.  “District-wide advisory council” means a broadly representative group of persons selected from the entire school district with at least one representative from each of the local advisory councils after they are formed. At least one member of the council shall be a representative from the local public recreation department or agency, if one exists.8.  “Local advisory council” means a broadly representative group of persons living within the attendance boundaries of an individual neighborhood school.9.  “State consultant” means the state community education consultant.[C79, 81, §276.3]86 Acts, ch 1245, §1466, 2010 Acts, ch 1069, §77Referred to in 276.1276.4State consultant.The state consultant of community education shall serve district and local advisory councils in accordance with rules promulgated by the director of the department of education and in compliance with Pub. L. No. 93-380.[C79, 81, §276.4]1985 Acts, ch 212, §21Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.5Local director.The local community education director shall:1.  Serve as staff person to district-wide and local advisory councils.2.  Promote, publicize, and interpret the community education programs to the schools and community.3.  Facilitate community needs and resources after adequate assessment.4.  Seek ideas, promote people involvement in the process, and open lines of communication and coordination.5.  Stimulate planning to meet needs.6.  Schedule community-use hours available in school-plant facilities and related equipment and coordinate such use with building principals or designated representatives.7.  Prepare the community education budget in concert and with approval of the district-wide advisory council, and administer the budget after final approval by the board of directors.[C79, 81, §276.5]Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.6 and 276.7 276.8Duties of district-wide advisory council.The district-wide advisory council shall:1.  Provide guidance to local advisory councils, training and orientation for community persons, evaluation and assessment of needs and delivery systems for school districts.2.  Develop a “sense of total community” and promote democratic thinking and action.3.  Promote meaningful involvement of total community in the identifying, prioritizing, and resolving of school-community concerns.4.  Serve as an advocate of community education and foster community cooperation.5.  Provide an annual budget recommendation and annual report to the local board of education.6.  Mobilize available human and financial resources of the community to meet needs, interests, and concerns of people in the total community.7.  Make school facilities and resources available to all age groups from the total community, day and night, year round.8.  Facilitate the assessment of community-wide needs with the understanding that local advisory councils will manage their own assessments of needs.9.  Provide support and act as a resource group for local advisory councils and the community education director.10.  Help plan and recommend a community education budget for approval by the local board of education.11.  Recommend to the board, regulations, guidelines, and fees, if any, for facility usage.12.  Define short and long-range community education goals and objectives.13.  Communicate through inquiring, informing, suggesting, recommending and evaluating community education for the community.14.  Cooperate with other agencies and organizations including the community colleges and institutions under the control of the state board of regents toward common goals.15.  Perform the functions of the local advisory council in the event that the board determines that the size of the district does not warrant the establishment of a local advisory council.[C79, 81, §276.8]Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.9Duties of local advisory council.The local advisory council shall:1.  Determine needs and priorities and provide programs to serve the needs of the community located within the attendance boundaries of an individual school.2.  Provide programming which is available to any community resident.3.  Promote meaningful involvement of the total neighborhood community in its identification and resolution of school and community concerns.4.  Mobilize available human and financial resources of the community to meet the wants and needs in that neighborhood community.5.  Use existing programs and community resources for delivery of services whenever feasible.6.  Use funds as allocated by district-wide advisory council after budget approval by board.7.  Evaluate the success of programs in meeting needs, interests, and concerns and in resolving responsible needs and concerns.[C79, 81, §276.9]Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.10Establishment of program.1.  The board of directors of a local school district may establish a community education program for schools in the district and provide for the general supervision of the program. Financial support for the program shall be provided from funds raised pursuant to chapter 300 and from any private funds and any federal funds made available for the purpose of implementing this chapter. The program which recognizes that the schools belong to the people and which shall be centered in the schools may include but shall not be limited to the use of the school facilities day and night, year round including weekends and regular school vacation periods for educational, recreational, cultural, and other community services and programs for all age, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups residing in the community.2.  If a community education program is established, the board shall appoint a community education director who shall have professional training in the field of community education, recreation, or comparable experience.3.  Upon establishment of a community education program, the board shall provide for the selection of a district-wide advisory council which shall be responsible to the board and shall cooperate with and assist the board and the local community education director. The board shall also provide for the selection of local advisory councils.4.  The board shall receive an annual report and budget recommendation from the district-wide advisory council and may request supplementary reports as needed.5.  The school districts may cooperate with community colleges, institutions under the control of the state board of regents, and area education agencies in providing community education programs.6.  The board may use opportunities available under Pub. L. No. 93-380.7.  The board may approve cooperation and pooling of funds with other school districts.[C79, 81, §276.10]1990 Acts, ch 1253, §121; 2006 Acts, ch 1010, §81Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.11Funding of community education concept.Residents of the affected school district shall determine if community education will function in their community by providing for funding pursuant to chapter 300.[C79, 81, §276.11]Referred to in 276.1, 276.3276.12Use of special tax levy.If the voters of a school district have approved the levying of a tax pursuant to section 300.2 prior to July 7, 1978, moneys collected pursuant to the voted tax levy after said date may be used for community education programs.[C79, 81, §276.12]