House Study Bill 196 - IntroducedA Bill ForAn Act 1relating to human trafficking and providing penalties.
2BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA:
1   Section 1.  Section 710A.2, subsections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
28, and 9, Code 2023, are amended to read as follows:
   31.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking is
4guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except that if the victim is
5under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty of a class “C”
6
 “B” felony.
   72.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
8causing or threatening to cause serious physical injury to
9another person is guilty of a class “C” “B” felony, except
10that if the victim is under the age of eighteen, the person is
11guilty of a class “B” felony
.
   123.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
13physically restraining or threatening to physically restrain
14another person is guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except
15that if the victim is under the age of eighteen, the person is
16guilty of a class “C” “B” felony.
   174.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
18soliciting services or benefiting from the services of a victim
19is guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except that if the victim
20is under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty of a class
21“C” “B” felony.
   225.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
23abusing or threatening to abuse the law or legal process is
24guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except that if the victim is
25under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty of a class “C”
26
 “B” felony.
   276.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
28knowingly destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, or
29possessing any actual or purported government identification of
30another person is guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except if
31that other person is under the age of eighteen, the person is
32guilty of a class “C” “B” felony.
   337.  A person who benefits financially or by receiving
34anything of value from knowing participation in human
35trafficking is guilty of a class “D” “C” felony, except that if
-1-1the victim is under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty
2of a class “C” “B” felony.
   38.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking
4by knowingly providing or facilitating the provision of a
5forged, altered, or fraudulent license purportedly issued
6pursuant to chapter 152C or 157, or a forged, altered, or
7fraudulent government identification to another person, to
8force, coerce, entice, assist, facilitate, or permit the other
9person to perform labor or services is guilty of an aggravated
10misdemeanor
 a class “D” felony, except if that other person is
11under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty of a class “D”
12
 “C” felony.
   139.  A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking
14by knowingly forcing, coercing, enticing, assisting,
15facilitating, or permitting another person in possession of
16a forged, altered, or fraudulent license purportedly issued
17pursuant to chapter 152C or 157, or a forged, altered, or
18fraudulent government identification, to produce such license
19or government identification upon request of a peace officer
20pursuant to section 152C.5B or 157.4A, is guilty of an
21aggravated misdemeanor
 a class “D” felony, except if that other
22person is under the age of eighteen, the person is guilty of a
23class “D” “C” felony.
24EXPLANATION
25The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with
26the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly.
   27This bill relates to human trafficking.
   28Current law provides for penalties for a human trafficking
29crime listed in Code section 710A.2 ranging from an aggravated
30misdemeanor to a class “C” felony depending on the elements of
31the crime alleged and the age of the victim.
   32The bill increases the penalties imposed for a human
33trafficking crime listed in Code section 710A.2. The penalties
34imposed range from a class “D” felony to a class “B” felony.
   35The bill provides that a person who knowingly engages in
-2-1human trafficking is guilty of a class “C” felony, except
2that if the victim is under the age of 18, the person is
3guilty of a class “B” felony. If the offense involves causing
4or threatening to cause serious physical injury to another
5person, the person is guilty of a class “B” felony. A person
6who knowingly engages in human trafficking by physically
7restraining or threatening to physically restrain another
8person is guilty of a class “C” felony, except that if the
9victim is under the age of 18, the person is guilty of a class
10“B” felony.
   11The bill provides that a person who knowingly engages in
12human trafficking who solicits services or benefits from the
13services of a victim is guilty of a class “C” felony, except
14that if the victim is under the age of 18, the person is guilty
15of a class “B” felony. A person who knowingly engages in
16human trafficking who abuses or threatens to abuse the law or
17legal process is guilty of a class “C” felony, except that if
18the victim is under the age of 18, the person is guilty of a
19class “B” felony. A person who knowingly engages in human
20trafficking by destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating,
21or possessing any actual or purported government identification
22of another person is guilty of a class “C” felony, except that
23if the other person is under the age of 18, the person is guilty
24of a class “B” felony. A person who benefits financially or by
25receiving anything of value from knowing participation in human
26trafficking is guilty of a class “C” felony, except that if the
27victim is under the age of 18, the person is guilty of a class
28“B” felony.
   29A person who knowingly engages in human trafficking by
30knowingly providing or facilitating the provision of a forged,
31altered, or fraudulent license, or a forged, altered, or
32fraudulent government identification to another person, to
33force, coerce, entice, assist, facilitate, or permit the other
34person to perform labor or services or to produce such license
35or government identification upon request of a peace officer is
-3-1guilty of a class “D” felony, except that if the other person
2is under the age of 18, the person is guilty of a class “C”
3felony.
   4A class “B” felony is punishable by confinement for no more
5than 25 years. A class “C” felony is punishable by confinement
6for no more than 10 years and a fine of at least $1,370 but
7not more than $13,660. A class “D” felony is punishable by
8confinement for no more than five years and a fine of at least
9$1,025 but not more than $10,245.
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