Senate File 376 - IntroducedA Bill ForAn Act 1establishing an agriculture climate adaptation advisory
2task force and providing for an agriculture climate
3adaptation report.
4BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA:
1   Section 1.  AGRICULTURE CLIMATE ADAPTATION ADVISORY TASK
2FORCE.
   31.  a.  The general assembly expressly recognizes the
4impact of climatic change on ecosystem processes that support
5agricultural productivity, including an increase in the
6frequency, duration, and intensity of floods and droughts,
7pest infestations, and extreme temperatures that compromise
8this state’s soil, water resources, the health of crops and
9livestock, and the health and well-being of human populations.
   10b.  It is the objective of this state to reduce the impact of
11factors associated with climatic change on ecosystem processes
12that support agricultural productivity and adopt strategies
13to ameliorate the effects of such climate change factors on a
14short-term and long-term basis.
   152.  There is created an agriculture climate adaptation
16advisory task force within the department of agriculture and
17land stewardship.
   18a.  The voting members of the task force shall include all
19of the following:
   20(1)  The secretary of agriculture or a designee appointed by
21the secretary of agriculture.
   22(2)  The director of the department of natural resources or a
23designee appointed by the director.
   24(3)  A person appointed by the president of the university of
25northern Iowa who shall represent the Iowa center for energy
26and environmental education.
   27(4)  A person appointed by the president of Iowa state
28university of science and technology who is associated with the
29Iowa water center.
   30(5)  A person appointed by the president of Iowa state
31university of science and technology who is associated with the
32college of agriculture and life sciences.
   33(6)  A person appointed by the president of Iowa state
34university of science and technology who is associated with
35extension and outreach programs as part of the agriculture and
-1-1natural resources department.
   2(7)  A person appointed by the president of the university of
3Iowa who is associated with the Iowa flood center.
   4(8)  A person appointed by the president of the university of
5Iowa who is associated with the center for global and regional
6environmental research.
   7(9)  The director of the Leopold center or a designee
8appointed by the director. The director or the director’s
9designee shall serve as the chairperson of the task force.
   10(10)  (a)  The following persons interested in agriculture
11and the effects of climate change, or their designees, shall
12be appointed by the governor:
   13(i)  The chair of the Iowa chapter of the sierra club.
   14(ii)  The executive director of the practical farmers of
15Iowa.
   16(iii)  The executive director of the women, food and
17agriculture network.
   18(iv)  The executive director to the Iowa organic
19association.
   20(v)  The president of the Iowa farmers union.
   21(vi)  The executive director of the Izaak Walton league.
   22(vii)  The executive director of the Iowa environmental
23council.
   24(viii)  The executive director of the center for rural
25affairs.
   26(ix)  The executive director of the Iowa interfaith power and
27light.
   28(x)  The president of the environmental law and policy
29center.
   30(xi)  The president of the Iowa farm bureau federation.
   31(xii)  The president of the Iowa soybean association.
   32(xiii)  The president of the Iowa corn growers association.
   33(xiv)  The president of the Iowa pork producers.
   34(xv)  The president of the Iowa poultry association.
   35(xvi)  The president of the Iowa cattlemen’s association.
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   1(xvii)  The chief executive officer of the Iowa agribusiness
2association.
   3(b)  Of the governor’s appointees, at least nine must be
4actively engaged in farming. Of those persons actively engaged
5in farming, at least one must be a woman, at least one must
6belong to an ethnic or racial minority group, one must be
7engaged in pasture-based livestock production, and one must
8have received a majority of the person’s annual income from
9agricultural production for less than five years.
   10b.  The ex officio, nonvoting members of the task force shall
11include all of the following:
   12(1)  Two members of the senate. One senator shall be
13appointed by the majority leader of the senate and one senator
14shall be appointed by the minority leader of the senate.
   15(2)  Two members of the house of representatives. One
16member shall be appointed by the speaker of the house of
17representatives and one member shall be appointed by the
18minority leader of the house of representatives.
   193.  A majority of the voting members then appointed
20constitutes a quorum, and the affirmative vote of a majority of
21the voting members present is necessary for any action taken by
22the task force, except that a lesser number of voting members
23may adjourn a meeting.
   244.  A voting member appointed by the governor shall receive
25actual expenses for their services. A member is not eligible
26to receive compensation as provided in section 7E.6.
   275.  The appointments of voting members shall comply with the
28political party affiliation and gender balance requirements of
29sections 69.16 and 69.16A.
   306.  A vacancy in the membership shall not impair the ability
31of the task force to exercise all the powers and perform all
32the duties of the task force.
   337.  The department of agriculture and land stewardship shall
34provide office space, staff assistance, and necessary supplies
35and equipment for the task force. Upon request, the task force
-3-1shall receive assistance from state and local governments and
2other entities, including but not limited to the department
3of agriculture and land stewardship, department of natural
4resources, the university of Iowa, Iowa state university of
5science and technology, and the university of northern Iowa.
   68.  The task force shall meet on a regular basis and at the
7call of the chairperson or upon the written request to the
8chairperson of five or more voting members.
   99.  In order to achieve the objective provided in subsection
101, the task force shall prepare an agriculture climate
11adaptation report. The report must do all of the following:
   12a.  Identify factors and trends attributable to climate
13change that are projected to impact ecosystem processes that
14support agricultural productivity.
   15b.  Identify and evaluate available methods and technologies
16that are proven to assist in mitigating the effects of climate
17change on such processes.
   18c.  Respond in detail to findings regarding the cumulative
19effects of climate change on human activities and natural
20processes regarding agriculture as provided in Volume II of
21the publication entitled “Impacts, Risks, and Adaption in the
22United States Fourth National Climate Assessment” as prepared
23by the U.S. global change research program, and published
24pursuant to the U.S. Global Research Act of 1990, Pub.L. No.
25101-606.
   2610.  The report may address the degree to which actions
27further achieve the objective provided in subsection 1,
28including but not limited to all of the following:
   29a.  Practices that are environmentally sustainable that do
30any of the following:
   31(1)  Promote the health and preservation of soils, including
32but not limited to cover crops, no-till planting, ridge-till
33planting, contouring, and contour strip-cropping.
   34(2)  Reduce and control the use of phosphorus and fertilizers
35or nutrients which may include selection and rotation of crops
-4-1and the planting of perennial plants.
   2(3)  Increase the use of pastures.
   3b.  Practices that modify or manage the landscape, including
4by the installation and maintenance of carbon sinks and carbon
5sequestration systems; the establishment or restoration of
6native prairies, wildlife or riparian habitats, wetlands, and
7forests; and the production of alternative, specialty, and
8perennial crops.
   9c.  Methods to prevent or resist crop damage caused by
10pathogens or pests, which may include the implementation of
11integrated pest management practices or participation in
12organic food production, including as provided in chapter 190C.
   1311.  The report must include recommendations necessary to
14achieve the objective provided in subsection 1, including all
15of the following:
   16a.  Methods to provide technical and financial assistance
17to agricultural producers seeking to improve agricultural
18operations in a profitable, cost-effective, and timely manner.
   19b.  Funding mechanisms that take into account all fiscal
20matters related to implementing the report during the following
21five-year period, including allocations to state agencies
22responsible for administering actions recommended by the task
23force.
   24c.  Any proposed amendments to statutes or administrative
25rules required to meet the objective provided in subsection 1.
   2612.  Not later than December 13, 2022, the task force,
27in cooperation with the department of agriculture and land
28stewardship and the Leopold center, shall submit the report to
29the governor and general assembly.
30EXPLANATION
31The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with
32the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly.
   33This bill provides that it is the objective of this state to
34reduce the impact of factors associated with climatic change
35on ecosystem processes that support agricultural productivity.
-5-1The bill establishes an agriculture climate adaptation advisory
2task force housed within the department of agriculture and
3land stewardship and composed of voting members representing a
4number of state agencies and private organizations interested
5in agriculture and the environment. It also includes four
6ex offico, nonvoting members of the general assembly. The
7task force is charged to achieve the objective by preparing an
8agriculture climate adaptation report (report). The purpose
9of the report is to identify factors and trends attributable
10to climate change that are projected to impact agricultural
11productivity. The report must identify and evaluate available
12methods and technologies to ameliorate the effects of climate
13change on agriculture and include recommendations necessary to
14achieve the objectives. The report must be submitted to the
15governor and general assembly by December 13, 2022.
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