Senate File 385 - Reprinted SENATE FILE 385 BY COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY (SUCCESSOR TO SSB 1110) (As Amended and Passed by the Senate March 17, 2015 ) A BILL FOR An Act relating to the expungement of not-guilty verdicts and 1 dismissed criminal-charge records, and including effective 2 date provisions. 3 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: 4 SF 385 (3) 86 jm/rj/jh
S.F. 385 Section 1. NEW SECTION . 901C.1 Not-guilty verdicts and 1 criminal-charge dismissals —— expungement. 2 1. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise 3 requires: 4 a. “Expunge” and “expungement” mean the same as expunged in 5 section 907.1. 6 b. “Related case” means a separate criminal case that arises 7 from the same transaction or occurrence or from two or more 8 transactions or occurrences constituting parts of a common 9 scheme or plan that form the basis for a criminal case. 10 2. Upon application of a defendant to expunge the 11 record relating to the defendant in a criminal case or upon 12 application by the prosecutor in such a criminal case, or upon 13 the court’s own motion, the court shall expunge the record of 14 a criminal case containing one or more criminal charges in 15 which an acquittal was entered for all criminal charges or 16 all criminal charges were otherwise dismissed in the case, if 17 the court finds that the defendant has established all of the 18 following, as applicable: 19 a. All court costs, fees, and other financial obligations 20 ordered by the court or assessed by the clerk of the district 21 court have been paid. 22 b. The case was dismissed with prejudice or the case is 23 beyond the limitations for the commencement of criminal actions 24 as set forth in chapter 802. 25 c. (1) The defendant has not been charged with a crime in a 26 related case. 27 (2) If the defendant was charged with a crime in one or more 28 related cases, no charges are pending in a related case, the 29 defendant has not been convicted of a crime in a related case, 30 and the dismissal of the case was not part of a plea bargain. 31 d. (1) The case was not dismissed due to the defendant 32 being found not guilty by reason of insanity. 33 (2) The defendant was not found incompetent to stand trial. 34 e. All parties in the case had notice of the proposed 35 -1- SF 385 (3) 86 jm/rj/jh 1/ 2
S.F. 385 expungement and an opportunity to object. 1 3. The record in a criminal case expunged under this 2 section is a confidential record exempt from public access 3 under section 22.7 but shall be made available by the clerk of 4 the district court, upon request and without court order, to 5 the defendant or to an agency or person granted access to the 6 deferred judgment docket under section 907.4, subsection 2. 7 4. This chapter does not apply to dismissals related to a 8 deferred judgment under section 907.9. 9 5. This chapter applies to all public offenses. 10 6. The court shall advise the defendant of the provisions of 11 this chapter upon the acquittal of all criminal charges in a 12 case or upon the dismissal of all criminal charges in a case. 13 7. The supreme court may prescribe rules governing the 14 procedures applicable to the expungement of the record of a 15 criminal case under this chapter. 16 Sec. 2. COURT RULES. The supreme court may prescribe rules 17 to implement this Act to be effective July 1, 2016. 18 Sec. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE. This Act takes effect July 1, 2016. 19 -2- SF 385 (3) 86 jm/rj/jh 2/ 2