Senate File 85 - Introduced SENATE FILE 85 BY SINCLAIR A BILL FOR An Act providing for the protection of rabbits from 1 mistreatment, and making penalties applicable. 2 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: 3 TLSB 1030XS (2) 89 da/ns
S.F. 85 Section 1. Section 717.1, subsection 4, Code 2021, is 1 amended to read as follows: 2 4. a. “Livestock” means an animal belonging to the bovine, 3 caprine, equine, ovine, or porcine species , ; ostriches, rheas, 4 or emus; rabbits; farm deer as defined in section 170.1 ; or 5 poultry. 6 b. “Livestock” does not include game or other wild animals 7 owned by the state as provided in chapter 481A. 8 EXPLANATION 9 The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with 10 the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly. 11 This bill provides that rabbits are considered livestock 12 subject to certain protections from mistreatment, in the same 13 manner as cattle, goats, horses, swine, ratites, farm deer, or 14 poultry. The bill provides that such animals do not include 15 game or other wild animals managed by the department of natural 16 resources such as cottontails (Code section 481A.1). The 17 offenses prohibiting mistreatment include livestock abuse (Code 18 section 717.1A) and livestock neglect (Code section 717.2) and 19 associated criminal penalties, including a simple misdemeanor 20 punishable by confinement for no more than 30 days and a fine 21 of at least $105 but not more than $855; a serious misdemeanor, 22 punishable by confinement for no more than one year and a fine 23 of at least $430 but not more than $2,560; and an aggravated 24 misdemeanor punishable by confinement for no more than two 25 years and a fine of at least $855 but not more than $8,540. In 26 addition, livestock subject to mistreatment may be rescued and 27 disposed of pursuant to a court order (Code sections 717.2A, 28 717.3, and 717.5). 29 Generally, offenses involving animal mistreatment involve 30 either livestock covered under Code chapter 717 or other 31 animals (exempting game or wildlife) covered under Code chapter 32 717B. A number of provisions in other Code chapters refer to 33 livestock as defined in Code section 717.1, by either expressly 34 including or excluding such animals. Those provisions provide 35 -1- LSB 1030XS (2) 89 da/ns 1/ 2
S.F. 85 for financing farming operations (Code chapter 15E), disease 1 control (Code section 159.5(13)), the regulation of pet shops 2 (Code chapter 162), domestic abuse proceedings (Code chapter 3 236), cooperative associations (Code chapter 501A), farm 4 tenancies (Code chapter 562), animal contest events (Code 5 chapter 717D), and an agricultural theft surcharge (Code 6 chapter 911). 7 -2- LSB 1030XS (2) 89 da/ns 2/ 2