House Study Bill 508 - Introduced HOUSE FILE _____ BY (PROPOSED COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RESOURCES BILL BY CHAIRPERSON MEYER) A BILL FOR An Act relating to the performance of an asset test to 1 determine eligibility for supplemental nutrition assistance 2 program benefits. 3 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: 4 TLSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh
H.F. _____ Section 1. NEW SECTION . 239.1 Definitions. 1 As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise 2 requires: 3 1. “Applicant” means an individual who is applying for SNAP 4 benefits in the state. 5 2. “Asset” or “asset test” means all assets of the members 6 of the applicant’s household, including all of the following: 7 a. All bank accounts, excluding retirement accounts of 8 members of the household. 9 b. All cash, excluding the first two thousand dollars of 10 members of the household. 11 c. All lottery and gambling income of the household whether 12 received as a lump sum or installment payments. 13 d. All real estate, excluding the primary household 14 residence and surrounding lot. 15 e. All other personal property excluding personal 16 belongings, household goods, and one vehicle. 17 3. “Department” means the department of human services. 18 4. “Public assistance” means SNAP (the supplemental 19 nutrition assistance program), the Medicaid program, FIP (the 20 family investment program), and CHIP (the children’s health 21 insurance program). 22 5. “Real-time system” means real-time electronic access 23 to a system that allows verification of all applicable public 24 assistance program eligibility information based on the 25 most recent information available to the department through 26 nonmodeled earned and unearned income, such as commercially 27 available wage data. 28 6. “Supplemental nutrition assistance program” or “SNAP” 29 means the supplemental nutrition assistance program as defined 30 in 7 U.S.C. §2012. 31 Sec. 2. NEW SECTION . 239.2 Asset test for supplemental 32 nutrition assistance program —— rules —— report. 33 1. For the purposes of determining eligibility for receipt 34 of SNAP benefits, the department shall conduct an asset test 35 -1- LSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh 1/ 5
H.F. _____ on all members of the applicant’s household. The allowable 1 financial resources to be included in or excluded from a 2 determination of eligibility for SNAP shall be those specified 3 in 7 U.S.C. §2014(g)(1). 4 2. Prior to determining eligibility for SNAP benefits, 5 the department shall access, at a minimum, for every member 6 of the applicant’s household, the following information from 7 the following federal, state, and miscellaneous sources, or 8 successor sources: 9 a. Federal sources and information: 10 (1) Earned and unearned income information maintained by 11 the internal revenue service. 12 (2) The following sources and information maintained by the 13 United States social security administration: 14 (a) Earned income information. 15 (b) Death register information. 16 (c) Prisoner or incarceration status information. 17 (d) Supplemental security income information maintained in 18 the state data exchange database. 19 (e) Beneficiary records and earnings information maintained 20 in the beneficiary and earnings data exchange database. 21 (f) Earnings and pension information maintained in the 22 beneficiary earnings exchange record system database. 23 (3) The following sources and information maintained by the 24 United States department of health and human services: 25 (a) Income and employment information maintained in the 26 national directory of new hires database by the office of child 27 support enforcement of the administration for children and 28 families. 29 (b) Other federal data sources maintained by the office of 30 child support enforcement of the administration for children 31 and families. 32 b. State sources and information: 33 (1) The department’s sources and information including but 34 not limited to all of the following: 35 -2- LSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh 2/ 5
H.F. _____ (a) Income and employment information maintained by the 1 child support recovery unit. 2 (b) Child care assistance information maintained by the 3 division of child and family services. 4 (c) Enrollment status in other public assistance programs. 5 (2) The department of workforce development sources and 6 information including all of the following: 7 (a) Employment information. 8 (b) Employer weekly, monthly, and quarterly reports of 9 income and unemployment insurance payments. 10 (3) The Iowa public employees’ retirement system for 11 earnings and pension information. 12 c. Miscellaneous sources: 13 (1) Any existing real-time system database of persons 14 currently receiving benefits in other states, such as the 15 national accuracy clearinghouse. 16 (2) Any databases maintained by the Iowa lottery 17 commission. 18 (3) Any existing real-time system that includes employment 19 and income information maintained by a consumer reporting 20 agency, as defined by the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, 21 15 U.S.C. §1681a, for the purpose of obtaining real-time 22 employment and income information. 23 3. Prior to determining eligibility for SNAP benefits, the 24 department shall access information for every member of the 25 applicant’s household from the following public records: 26 a. A nationwide public records data source of physical asset 27 ownership. The data source may include but is not limited to 28 real property, automobiles, watercraft, aircraft, and luxury 29 vehicles, or any other vehicle owned by the applicant. 30 b. National and state financial institutions in order 31 to locate undisclosed depository accounts or verify account 32 balances of disclosed accounts. 33 4. The department shall enter into a memorandum of 34 understanding with any department, division, bureau, section, 35 -3- LSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh 3/ 5
H.F. _____ unit, or any other subunit of a department to obtain the 1 information specified in this section. 2 5. The provisions of this section shall not apply if every 3 member of the applicant’s household receives supplemental 4 security income. 5 6. The department shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 17A 6 to administer this chapter. 7 7. The department shall submit a report to the governor 8 and the general assembly by January 15, 2024, and by January 9 15 annually thereafter through January 15, 2029, detailing the 10 impact of the asset test measures taken under this chapter. 11 Sec. 3. IMPLEMENTATION. 12 1. The department of human services shall request federal 13 approval including for any state plan amendment or waiver 14 necessary to administer this Act. 15 2. The provisions of this Act requiring federal approval 16 shall be implemented upon receipt of such federal approval. 17 3. The provisions of this Act not requiring federal approval 18 shall be implemented no later than July 1, 2023. 19 4. The department may contract with multiple third-party 20 vendors to administer this Act. 21 EXPLANATION 22 The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with 23 the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly. 24 This bill relates to the performance of an asset test to 25 determine eligibility for supplemental nutrition assistance 26 program (SNAP) benefits. 27 The bill provides definitions used in the bill. 28 The bill requires the department of human services (DHS) to 29 conduct an asset test on all members of the household of an 30 applicant for SNAP benefits. The bill specifies the minimum 31 information, federal, state, and other data sources, and public 32 records that DHS must access prior to determining eligibility 33 for an applicant’s SNAP benefits. The bill requires DHS to 34 enter into a memorandum of understanding with any department or 35 -4- LSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh 4/ 5
H.F. _____ subunit of a department to obtain the information specified. 1 The bill provisions do not apply if every member of the 2 applicant’s household receives supplemental security income. 3 The bill requires DHS to adopt administrative rules to 4 implement the bill, requires DHS to report annually on the 5 impact of the asset test measures of the bill, and includes 6 implementation provisions. 7 -5- LSB 5532YC (4) 89 pf/rh 5/ 5