House Resolution 3 - Introduced HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 3 BY ANDERSON A Resolution urging Iowa’s congressional delegation to 1 take all necessary measures to limit the authority 2 of any President of the United States to order a 3 preemptive launch of nuclear weapons. 4 WHEREAS, there are over 15,000 nuclear weapons 5 globally, most of which are possessed by the United 6 States and Russia, and most of which are significantly 7 more destructive than those dropped on Hiroshima and 8 Nagasaki, Japan, during World War II; and 9 WHEREAS, use and detonation of even a small number 10 of nuclear weapons would have catastrophic human, 11 environmental, and economic consequences globally, 12 impacting everyone on the planet; and 13 WHEREAS, the first use of nuclear weapons, including 14 by the United States, against any other nuclear-armed 15 nation could result in that nation’s immediate 16 retaliation and invite the near-total destruction of 17 the United States, including the state of Iowa; and 18 WHEREAS, according to projections using blast radius 19 and ambient population data, compiled by Assistant 20 Professor Alex Wellerstein of the Stevens Institute of 21 Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey, a single nuclear 22 detonation in Chicago, Illinois, would cause upwards of 23 2,767,440 fatalities, 2,089,050 injuries, and affect 24 7,687,045 people within range of the detonation in the 25 first 24 hours, including many Iowans; and 26 WHEREAS, the citizens of Iowa deserve to live a life 27 free from the threat of the reckless use of nuclear 28 -1- LSB 1315HH (2) 88 js/rn 1/ 3
H.R. 3 weapons; and 1 WHEREAS, development, maintenance, and storage of 2 nuclear weapons drain precious taxpayer resources 3 while failing to make Iowa and the nation safer 4 from 21st century national security concerns such as 5 cyberattacks, terrorism, and climate change; and 6 WHEREAS, religious and military leaders, nuclear 7 experts, and over 300 former heads of state from around 8 the world have called for urgent action to eliminate 9 all nuclear weapons globally; and 10 WHEREAS, every President of the United States since 11 President Ronald Reagan has worked to reduce global 12 nuclear stockpiles in an effort to ultimately eliminate 13 these weapons of mass destruction; and 14 WHEREAS, according to a Congressional Budget 15 Office report, the United States is expected to spend 16 $1 trillion over the next 30 years to upgrade its 17 nuclear arsenal, money that could be better spent to 18 improve education, health care, job creation, and 19 infrastructure; and 20 WHEREAS, a President of the United States has the 21 sole and unilateral power to launch a nuclear war 22 without any consultation with congressional leaders 23 and without any system of checks and balances to the 24 exercise of this power; NOW THEREFORE, 25 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 26 That the Iowa House of Representatives urges Iowa’s 27 congressional delegation to take all necessary steps 28 to establish a system of checks and balances on the 29 preemptive use of nuclear weapons to ensure that a 30 -2- LSB 1315HH (2) 88 js/rn 2/ 3
H.R. 3 President of the Untied States will not have sole and 1 unchecked authority to launch nuclear weapons, except 2 in circumstances of retaliation for an attack on the 3 United States. 4 -3- LSB 1315HH (2) 88 js/rn 3/ 3