Senate File 75 - Introduced SENATE FILE 75 BY KINNEY A BILL FOR An Act relating to the disclosure of mental health information 1 to law enforcement professionals. 2 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: 3 TLSB 1100XS (2) 87 hb/rh/rj
S.F. 75 Section 1. Section 228.1, Code 2017, is amended by adding 1 the following new subsection: 2 NEW SUBSECTION . 3A. Law enforcement professional” means 3 a law enforcement officer as defined in section 80B.3, county 4 attorney as defined in section 331.101, probation or parole 5 officer, or jailer. 6 Sec. 2. NEW SECTION . 228.7A Disclosures to law enforcement 7 professionals. 8 Mental health information relating to an individual may be 9 disclosed by mental health professionals to a law enforcement 10 professional if and to the extent necessary to prevent a 11 serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of the 12 individual or others. 13 EXPLANATION 14 The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with 15 the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly. 16 This bill relates to the disclosure of mental health 17 information to law enforcement professionals. 18 Under Code chapter 228, a mental health professional, data 19 collector, or employee or agent thereof, is prohibited from 20 disclosing or allowing the disclosure of an individual’s 21 mental health information without the individual’s consent or 22 written authorization. However, disclosure of such mental 23 health information without the individual’s consent or written 24 authorization is allowed under certain circumstances, including 25 for certain administrative disclosures to other mental health 26 providers for administrative and professional services to 27 the individual and to meet certain compulsory disclosure 28 requirements pursuant to state or federal law. In addition, 29 the disclosure of certain limited mental health information is 30 allowed to authorized family members without the individual’s 31 consent or written authorization in some circumstances. 32 The bill allows for the disclosure of mental health 33 information by a mental health professional relating to 34 an individual without the individual’s consent or written 35 -1- LSB 1100XS (2) 87 hb/rh/rj 1/ 2
S.F. 75 permission to a law enforcement professional to the extent 1 necessary to prevent a serious and imminent threat to the 2 health and safety of the individual or others. 3 The bill defines “law enforcement professional” to mean 4 a law enforcement officer as defined in Code section 80B.3 5 (an officer appointed by the director of the department of 6 natural resources, a member of the police force or other 7 agency or department of the state, county, city, or tribal 8 government regularly employed as such and who is responsible 9 for the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement 10 of the criminal laws of this state and all individuals, as 11 determined by the council, who by the nature of their duties 12 may be required to perform the duties of a peace officer), 13 county attorney as defined in Code section 331.101 (the 14 county attorney, a deputy county attorney or an assistant 15 county attorney designated by the county attorney), probation 16 or parole officer, or jailer. “Mental health information” 17 is defined in Code section 228.1 to mean oral, written, 18 or recorded information which indicates the identity of an 19 individual receiving professional services and which relates to 20 the diagnosis, course, or treatment of the individual’s mental 21 or emotional condition. 22 -2- LSB 1100XS (2) 87 hb/rh/rj 2/ 2