Senate File 434 - Introduced SENATE FILE 434 BY COMMITTEE ON JUDICIARY (SUCCESSOR TO SF 292) A BILL FOR An Act relating to the sealing of certain criminal offenders’ 1 juvenile delinquency records. 2 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA: 3 TLSB 1045SV (2) 87 hb/rj
S.F. 434 Section 1. Section 232.150, subsection 1, paragraph b, Code 1 2017, is amended to read as follows: 2 b. If the person was adjudicated delinquent for an 3 offense which if committed by an adult would be an aggravated 4 misdemeanor or a felony, the court shall not order the records 5 in the case sealed unless, upon application of the person or 6 upon the court’s own motion and after hearing, the court finds 7 that any of the following apply: 8 (1) That paragraph “a” , subparagraphs (1) and (2), apply and 9 that the sealing is in the best interests of the person and the 10 public. 11 (2) If the person has been convicted of a felony or 12 an aggravated or serious misdemeanor subsequent to the 13 adjudication, that ten years have elapsed since the conviction. 14 EXPLANATION 15 The inclusion of this explanation does not constitute agreement with 16 the explanation’s substance by the members of the general assembly. 17 This bill relates to the sealing of juvenile delinquency 18 records for certain criminal offenders. 19 Current law provides that a person, who was adjudicated 20 delinquent for an offense which if committed by an adult would 21 be an aggravated misdemeanor or a felony, may have the person’s 22 juvenile delinquency records sealed, if, upon the application 23 of the person or the court’s motion and after a hearing, the 24 court finds that the following conditions have been met: the 25 person is at least 18 years of age and two years have elapsed 26 since the last official action in the person’s case, that the 27 person has not been subsequently convicted of a felony or an 28 aggravated or serious misdemeanor or adjudicated a delinquent 29 child for an act which if committed by an adult would be a 30 felony, an aggravated misdemeanor, or a serious misdemeanor 31 and no proceeding is pending seeking such conviction or 32 adjudication, and that the sealing is in the best interest of 33 the person and the public. 34 The bill amends the current law to allow the sealing of 35 -1- LSB 1045SV (2) 87 hb/rj 1/ 2
S.F. 434 such a person’s juvenile delinquency records, without meeting 1 the conditions set out above, but requiring the following 2 alternative condition of a person who, subsequent to the 3 juvenile adjudication, was convicted of a felony or an 4 aggravated or serious misdemeanor and that 10 years have passed 5 since the person’s conviction for the felony or aggravated or 6 serious misdemeanor. 7 -2- LSB 1045SV (2) 87 hb/rj 2/ 2