Senate Resolution 113 - Introduced SENATE RESOLUTION NO. 113 BY DANIELSON A Resolution urging Congress to enact campaign finance 1 restrictions relating to Citizens United v. Federal 2 Election Commission. 3 WHEREAS, the protections afforded by the First 4 Amendment of the Constitution of the United States 5 to the people of our nation are fundamental to our 6 democracy; and 7 WHEREAS, the First Amendment of the Constitution 8 of the United States was designed to protect the free 9 speech rights of people regardless of wealth, and not 10 corporations; and 11 WHEREAS, corporations are not people who are 12 entitled to constitutional rights of citizenship but 13 instead are entities created by the laws of states and 14 nations; and 15 WHEREAS, the Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens 16 United v. Federal Election Commission overturned 17 long-standing precedent prohibiting corporations 18 from spending their general treasury funds in our 19 elections; and 20 WHEREAS, the opinion of the four dissenting justices 21 in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission 22 noted that corporations have special advantages not 23 enjoyed by natural persons, such as limited liability, 24 perpetual life, and favorable treatment of the 25 accumulation and distribution of assets, that allow 26 them to spend prodigious sums on campaign messages that 27 have little or no correlation with the beliefs held by 28 -1- LSB 6088SS (2) 84 jr/sc 1/ 2
S.R. 113 natural persons; and 1 WHEREAS, the majority opinion of the Supreme Court 2 in Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce, 494 U.S. 3 652 (1990), ruled that the people have a compelling 4 interest in preventing the corrosive and distorting 5 effects of immense aggregations of wealth that are 6 accumulated with the help of the corporate form and 7 that have little or no correlation to the public’s 8 support for the corporation’s political ideas from 9 unduly influencing our political process; and 10 WHEREAS, the general public and political leaders in 11 the United States have recognized, since the founding 12 of our country, that the interests of corporations 13 do not always correspond with the public interest 14 and that, therefore, the political influence of 15 corporations should be limited; and 16 WHEREAS, notwithstanding the decision in Citizens 17 United v. Federal Election Commission, legislators have 18 a duty to protect democracy and our Constitution and 19 defend them from the potentially detrimental effects 20 of corporate spending in local, state, and federal 21 elections; NOW THEREFORE, 22 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE SENATE, That the Senate 23 urges the United States Congress to enact appropriate 24 legislation to regulate and restrict corporate 25 participation in election campaigns; and 26 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the Secretary of the 27 Senate is directed to forward a copy of this resolution 28 to each member of the Iowa Congressional delegation. 29 -2- LSB 6088SS (2) 84 jr/sc 2/ 2