TALENTED AND GIFTED EDUCATION

See GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION

 

TAMA

Indian settlement, see SAC AND FOX INDIAN SETTLEMENT

 

TAMPERING (JURY)

See JURIES AND JURORS

 

TAMPERING (WITNESS)

See WITNESSES

 

TANKS

Licensing, inspection, and regulation of weighing and measuring devices, see WEIGHT AND MEASUREMENT

Motor fuel storage, measuring, and dispensing tanks, pumps, and equipment

See also subhead Petroleum Storage Tanks below

Improvement of infrastructure, state financial incentives for, 15.104(8j), 15G.201–15G.205

Petroleum storage tanks

See also subheads Motor Fuel Storage, Measuring, and Dispensing Tanks, Pumps, and Equipment above; Underground Storage Tanks below

General provisions, ch 455G

Comprehensive petroleum underground storage tank fund and board, see COMPREHENSIVE PETROLEUM UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK FUND AND BOARD

Diminution, environmental protection charge for, see PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, subhead Diminution of Petroleum, Environmental Protection Charge for

Insurance assistance programs, 507D.3(6)

Motor vehicle fuel retail outlets, 101.12

Public storage facilities, 101.5A

Registration and regulation of aboveground tanks, 101.21–101.27

Septic tanks, see SEPTIC TANKS AND SEPTAGE

Underground storage tanks

See also subhead Petroleum Storage Tanks above

General provisions, 455B.471–455B.479

Location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Property transfers, tank location disclosures in, 558.69

Remedial action costs, property tax credit for small businesses, 427B.20–427B.22

 

TANK VEHICLES

See MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TANK WAGONS

Fuel transportation equipment, requirements for, 452A.12

Waste transportation equipment

See also AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, subhead Implements, Equipment, and Machinery

General provisions, 321.1(80A)

Product identification numbers, 321.1(54A), 321.463(4b), 714.8(11)

Tracked implements, 321.1(83B)

Weight restrictions for highway operation, 321.463(4b)

 

TANNING AND TANNING FACILITIES

General provisions, ch 136D

Taxation of sales price of services, 423.2(6)

 

TAPES (AUDIO AND VIDEO RECORDINGS)

See AUDIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Recordings of Audio and Audiovisual Works

See VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Recordings of Video and Audiovisual Works

 

TARGETED SMALL BUSINESSES

See SMALL BUSINESS AND BUSINESSES

 

TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES

Firearms discharge near buildings and feedlots, 481A.123

Nuisance actions against ranges, 657.9

Zoning authority approval requirement for ranges, 657.9

 

TASK FORCES

Meetings open to public, ch 21

 

TATTOOING AND TATTOOING ESTABLISHMENTS

Regulation, 135.37

 

TAVERNS

See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

 

TAXATION

Subheads under this index heading include entries for taxes, entities imposing taxes, functions funded by taxes, and taxable items

Advice between taxpayers and tax practitioners, confidentiality of, 622.10A

Aging persons, see subhead Elderly Persons below

Agricultural assets transferred to beginning farmers, credits for, 2.48, 175.37, 422.11M, 422.33(21)

Agricultural commodity checkoffs, see subhead under this index heading for specific agricultural commodity

Agricultural equipment, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)

Agricultural extension education, levies for, 176A.10

Agricultural institutions and societies, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(8, 14)

Agricultural land, see PROPERTY TAXES

Aircraft

Fees in lieu of taxes, 328.25

Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels below

Sales and use taxes on price of sales, rentals, and services, 328.26, 423.3(7, 73–77), 423.5(1), 423.6(6, 12–15)

Alcoholic beverages

Beer taxes, see subhead Beer Barrel Taxes below

Wine taxes, see subhead Wine below

Alcoholic beverage warehouse project bonds, exemption for, 123.159

Annuities

Income tax withholding, 422.16(1c)

Inheritance taxes, value for, 450.51

Nonresidents of state, income tax exemption for retirement-related income, 422.8(2)

Area hospitals, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Hospitals

Area schools, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Community College Taxes

Armed forces members, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans below

Armories, exemption for, 29A.60

Art and facilities for art, exemptions for

Inheritance taxes, 450.4(3)

Property taxes, 427.1(2, 7)

Sales and use taxes, 423.3(22)

Assessments and assessors, see ASSESSMENTS AND ASSESSORS (PROPERTY TAX)

Automobiles, see subhead Motor Vehicles below

Aviation, see subhead Aircraft above

Back-to-school purchases, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)

Banks

See also subhead Financial Institutions below

Capital stock loss, remission of taxes on, 445.62

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions

Barns, improvements for preservation, property tax exemption for, 427.1(31)

Bee colony and equipment disinfection or destruction costs, collection as taxes, 160.8, 331.512(1d)

Beef cattle, see subhead Cattle below

Beer barrel taxes

General provisions, 123.37, 123.136, 123.137, 123.143

Use of revenues, 15E.117

Benevolent organizations, property tax exemption for, 427.1(8, 14)

Bingo games, see subhead Gambling Taxes below

Bison feed and feed supplements and additives, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(16)

Blind persons, income tax personal exemption credits for, 422.12

Blood testing facilities, sales to, sales and use tax exemptions, 423.3(26A)

Board of tax review, state

General provisions, 421.1

Financial disclosure, 68B.35, 68B.35A

Hearings, contested case procedures, 421.17(19)

Homestead credit claim disallowance appeals, 425.7(3)

Military service tax exemption disallowance appeals, 426A.6

Revenue department tax assessments, appeals to board, ch 429

Boats and vessels

Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels below

Sales and use taxes

General provisions, 462A.55

Exemptions, 423.3(86), 423.6(11)

Bond payment, tax levies for, ch 76

Bovine animals, see subhead Cattle below

Boxing match receipts, 90A.9

Bridges charging tolls, 427.13

Brownfield sites, tax credits for redevelopment of, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.293B, 422.11V, 422.33(26), 422.60(12), 432.12L, 533.329(2k)

Brucellosis eradication in animals, property tax levies for, 165.18

Buildings, see PROPERTY TAXES

Business corporations, see subhead Corporations below

Business investments, tax credits for, 2.48, 15E.41–15E.46, 15E.61–15E.70, 422.11F, 422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C, 432.12I, 533.329(2h–j)

Calves, see subhead Cattle below

Capital funds investments, tax credits for, 2.48, 15E.41–15E.46, 15E.61–15E.70, 422.11F, 422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C, 432.12I, 533.329(2h–j)

Cattle

Brucellosis eradication, property tax levies for, 165.18

Excise tax assessment on cattle

General provisions, ch 181

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Facilities for cattle, special valuation of, 427B.7

Tuberculosis eradication, property tax levies for, 165.18

Cemeteries and cemetery association property, taxation of

Inheritance taxes, 450.10(3)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Charitable organizations and property used for charitable purposes

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)

Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)

Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(8, 14)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(78)

Charitable trusts, ch 634

Checkoffs on agricultural commodities, see subhead under this index heading for specific agricultural commodity

Checkoffs on income taxes, 68A.601–68A.609, 173.22, 422.12D, 422.12E, 422.12H, 422.12J, 422.12L, 456A.16

Chicken eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184

Churches, see subhead Religious Organizations and Property used for Religious Purposes below

Cigarettes

General provisions, ch 453A

Appeal of assessments of taxes, 421.10

Cigars, see subhead Tobacco Products below

City taxes

General provisions, Const Iowa III §38A; 364.3(4)

Garbage can taxes, assessment against property in special charter cities, 420.190

Hotel and motel taxes, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals below

Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION

Sales and services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES, subhead Local Option Taxes

Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS

Waterfront improvement taxes in special charter cities, 384.12(16), 420.155, 420.157

Clothing purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)

Combined recreational facility and water quality districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10

Community action agencies, sales, rentals, and services to, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(79)

Community clusters, tax sharing in, 28E.38, 28E.39

Community colleges, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES

Computers and computer software and services

Information technology facilities in Iowa, sales and use tax refunds for, 423.4(8)

Maintenance and support service contracts for software, sales and use taxes on sales price of, 423.2(1a)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Regents institutions, sales by, 262.54

Sales and use taxes, exemptions from, 423.3(47, 65)

Condemned property

Gains from involuntary conversions, income taxes on, 422.7(49), 422.35(22)

Property tax exemption, 427.2

Condominiums, 427A.1(1), 499B.11

Construction services and equipment

General provisions, ch 423D

Sales and use taxes

Exemptions, 423.3(37, 80, 85)

Refunds, 423.4, 423B.8

Controlled substances, see subhead Drugs below

Conveyances of real estate, taxation of, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes

Corn, excise tax assessment on

General provisions, ch 185C

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Corporations

Income taxes, 422.32–422.41

Liability of officers for taxes due, 421.26

Nonprofit corporations, see subhead Nonprofit Corporations below

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

County mutual insurance associations, 518.18

County road improvement special assessments, ch 311, 331.362(3)

County taxes

General provisions, Const Iowa III §39A; 331.301(7)

Emergency medical services, taxes to support, ch 422D

Hotel and motel taxes, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals below

Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION

Sales and services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES, subhead Local Option Taxes

Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS

Credit unions

See also subhead Financial Institutions below

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Moneys and credits taxes, see MONEYS AND CREDITS TAXES

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Crops

Corn excise taxes, see subhead Corn, Excise Tax Assessment on, above

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Soybeans, see subhead Soybeans, Excise Taxes on, below

Cultural districts, tax credits for rehabilitation projects in, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D, 422.33(10), 422.60(4), 432.12A

Dams, property tax exemption for, 427.1(20)

Data centers, exemptions and refunds for, 423.3(95), 423.4(8), 427.1(37)

Death taxes, see subhead Estates below

Decedents, estates of, see subhead Estates below

Deed taxes, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes

Disabilities, persons with

Assistive devices, income tax credits for, 2.48, 15.119, 422.33(9)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Disaster damage to property, property tax exemptions for revitalization of, ch 404B

Distress warrants for collection by revenue department, 626.29–626.31

Drainage districts

Taxes for drainage districts, see PROPERTY TAXES

Tax exemption for drainage districts, 427.1(2)

Drugs

Dealers in controlled substances, excise taxes on

General provisions, ch 453B

Criminal offenses, offenders, and penalties

Driver's license suspension and revocation for offenders, 232.52(2a), 321.212–321.213A, 901.5(10)

Surcharge penalty, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

Venue of criminal actions, 803.3(7c)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(60)

Economic development incentives, use of public funds, ch 15A

Educational activities and property used for educational purposes

Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(78)

Eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184

Elderly persons

Income taxes

Exemption, 422.5(3B)

Personal exemption credits, 422.12

Property taxes, credits and reimbursements of, see PROPERTY TAXES

Elections for taxes, see ELECTIONS

Electricity and electricity providers, cooperatives, transmission facilities, and utilities

See also subhead Utilities below

Electric power agencies

Electricity replacement taxes, see Replacement Taxes under this subhead below

Property taxes, 427.1(2)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Replacement taxes

General provisions, ch 437A

Appeals of assessments, 421.10

Litigation expenses payment, 441.73

School finance law, treatment under, 257.3

Utility rates, effect of taxes on, 476.6(19)

Sales and use taxes

Agricultural production, electricity used in, sales tax exemption certificates for, 423.45(5)

City services and utilities, sales to public, sales taxation of, 423.2(2)

Exemptions, 423.3(36, 69, 84)

Local option sales and services tax exemption, 423B.5

Water companies, sales of electricity to, sales tax exemption for, 423.3(53)

Solar energy systems, see subhead Solar Energy Facilities and Systems below

Wind energy systems, see subhead Wind Energy Production and Conversion Systems below

Emergency management commissions and agencies, levies for, 331.424(1a), 384.12(22)

Emergency medical services, taxes to support, ch 357F, ch 357G, 357J.18, 384.12(19), ch 422D

Eminent domain, property acquired under, see subhead Condemned Property above

Endow Iowa tax credits, 2.48, 15E.305, 422.11H, 422.33(14), 422.60(6), 432.12D, 533.329(2j)

Energy

Electricity, see subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities above

Fuels, see subhead Fuels below

Natural gas, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities below

Solar energy, see subhead Solar Energy Facilities and Systems below

Enterprise zones, tax credits for businesses, 422.11F, 422.33(12), 422.60(5), 432.12C

Entertainment districts, tax credits for rehabilitation projects in, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D, 422.33(10), 422.60(4), 432.12A

Equipment

Agricultural equipment, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)

Construction equipment, see subhead Construction Services and Equipment above

Industrial and manufacturing equipment, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing Equipment and Machinery below

Erosion control, levies for, 161E.9

Estates

See also PROBATE CODE, subhead Taxes

Generation skipping transfer taxes, see GENERATION SKIPPING TRANSFER TAXES

Income taxes, 422.6

Inheritance taxes, see INHERITANCE TAXES

Iowa estate taxes, see ESTATE TAXES (IOWA)

Principal and income adjustments relating to taxes, 637.506

Ethanol, see subhead Fuels below

Excise taxes, see EXCISE TAXES

Excursion boat gambling, see subhead Gambling Taxes below

Export taxes and duties, prohibition, Const US I §9

Fair society bond payments, standby taxes for, 174.17

Farm deer feed and feed supplements and additives, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(16)

Farms, see PROPERTY TAXES

Federal lands, exemption for, 1.4, 1.8

Federal taxes

For provisions of the United States Constitution relating to federal taxes, see CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, subhead Taxes

Estate taxes, see subhead Estates above

Gasoline taxes, refunds of, joint action agreements, 452A.81

Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES

Liens, recording of, 331.609

Fences, damages and fees collected as taxes, 359A.6

Ferry franchises, 427.13

Fiduciaries, income taxes on

General provisions, 422.3(6), 422.4

Payment, 422.27

Return made, 422.6, 422.14, 422.15

Film production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)

Financial institutions

See also subheads Banks; Credit Unions above; Production Credit Associations; Savings and Loan Associations; Trust Companies below

Computers, sales and use tax exemptions for, 423.3(47)

Franchise taxes, see FRANCHISE TAXES

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Service charges, sales taxation of, 423.2(6), 423.3(83)

Fire protection services, levies by fire districts for, 357B.3, 357B.8

Flood prevention and control

Property tax levies for flood control, 161E.9

Soil and water conservation district subdistrict taxation for flood prevention, 161A.20, 161A.23–161A.41

Footwear purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)

Forest reservations, property tax exemption for, ch 427C, 441.22

Franchise taxes on financial institutions, see FRANCHISE TAXES

Fraternal beneficiary associations, tax exemptions for, 422.34(1), 432.1, 432.6

Fruit-tree reservations, property tax exemption for, ch 427C, 441.22

Fuels

Hydrogen fuel production, tax credits for, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(8), 423.4(4), 432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C

Local sales and services taxes, exemption from, 423B.5

Manufacturers, fuel used by, sales and use tax exemption, 423.3(47)

Renewable fuel promotion income tax credits, 2.48, 422.11N–422.11P, 422.33(11A–11C)

Residential energy fuels, sales and use tax exemptions for, 423.3(84)

Sales and use taxes

Collection, 423.14(1c)

Exemption, 423.3(56)

Exemption certificates, 423.45(5)

State fuel taxes

General provisions, ch 452A

Aircraft fuel tax moneys, deposits and transfers, 422.112

Appeals of assessments, 421.10

Collection, distress warrants for, 626.29–626.31

Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28

Refunds, taking as income tax credits, 2.48, 422.110–422.112

Revenue and proceeds disposition, see ROAD USE TAX FUND

Urban transit companies and systems, exemption for, 321.19(2)

Use of moneys, Const Iowa VII §8

Fund of funds, tax credits for investments in, 2.48, 422.11Q, 422.33(20), 422.60(9), 432.12I, 533.329(2i)

Gambling taxes

Bingo, see Games of Skill and Games of Chance, Prizes and Receipts from, under this subhead below

Excursion boat gambling, receipts and winnings from

Taxation of receipts, 99F.11

Taxation of winnings, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)

Games of skill and games of chance, prizes and receipts from

Taxation of prizes, 99B.21, 422.16(1d)

Taxation of receipts, 423.3(78)

Houses used for gambling, mulct taxes on nuisances, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)

Income withholding taxes on prizes and winnings, 422.16(1d)

Lottery tickets, shares, and winnings (state lottery)

Income taxes on winnings, 422.16(1)

Sales, services, and use taxes, exemptions from, 99G.4(2), 423.3(81), 423B.5

Pari-mutuel wagering, wagered sums and winnings from

Taxation of wagered sums, 99D.15

Taxation of winnings, 99D.16, 422.16(1d)

Racetracks, gambling games at, 99F.4A

Raffles, prizes and receipts from

Taxation of prizes, 99B.21, 422.16(1d)

Taxation of receipts, 423.3(78)

Sales taxes on receipts, 423.2(4), 423.3(78)

Slot machine winnings, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)

Games of skill and games of chance, see subhead Gambling Taxes above

Garbage can taxes in special charter cities, 420.190

Gas and gas providers, pipelines, and utilities, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities below

Gasoline, see subhead Fuels above

General fund of state, levy for, 444.21–444.23

Generation skipping transfer taxes, see GENERATION SKIPPING TRANSFER TAXES

Gifts to municipalities, taxes to maintain, 565.15

Grain handling taxes, 428.35

Grayfield sites, tax credits for redevelopment of, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.293B, 422.11V, 422.33(26), 422.60(12), 432.12L, 533.329(2k)

Hazardous waste, surcharge imposed on, 455B.455

Health insurance and insurance companies, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies below

Health maintenance organizations, 514B.31

Health service corporations, 432.2, 514.15

Healthy and well kids in Iowa program participating insurers, insurance company tax exemption for, 432.13

Higher education loan authority obligations, exemption for, 261A.27

High quality jobs program, tax credits under, 2.48, 15.119, 422.11F, 422.33(12, 19), 422.60(5, 8), 432.12C, 432.12H, 533.329(2d), 533.329(2e)

Highways

Taxes for highways

Account of county treasurer, 331.555

Local or special laws, prohibition, Const Iowa III §30

Road use tax fund, see ROAD USE TAX FUND

Tax exemption for highways, 427.2

Historic property rehabilitation, tax credits and exemptions for, 2.48, ch 404A, 422.11D, 422.33(10), 422.60(4), 427.16, 432.12A

Hogs, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on, below

Homesteads, see PROPERTY TAXES

Horizontal property, 499B.11

Hospice programs, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(28)

Hospitals

Taxes for hospitals, see PROPERTY TAXES

Tax exemptions for hospitals, 347.32, 427.1(14), 450.4(3)

Hotel and motel room rentals

Local option hotel and motel taxes

General provisions, ch 423A

Imposition by counties, 331.402(2f)

Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28

Tax return information for administration purposes, exchange with state and confidentiality of, 422.72(6)

Local option sales and services taxes, exemption from, 423B.5

Housing

Disaster areas, construction and rehabilitation of housing in, tax credits, 2.48, 16.211, 16.212, 422.11X, 422.33(27)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Hydrogen fuel production, tax credits for, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(8), 423.4(4), 432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C

Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES

Indian country, tax collection and distribution or refund by state in, agreements with Indian tribes, 421.47

Indian housing authority property, property tax exemption for, 427.1(14, 33)

Individual development accounts

Closed accounts, 541A.2(7)

Income taxes, deduction from net income, 422.7(28)

Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(6)

Individual retirement accounts and payments from accounts, see subhead Retirement Payments below

Industrial and manufacturing equipment and machinery

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)

Industrial loan companies, see subhead Financial Institutions above

Industrial property, construction and improvement, exemptions for, 427B.1–427B.7

Information technology facilities in Iowa, sales and use tax refunds for, 423.4(8)

Inheritance taxes, see INHERITANCE TAXES

Insurance and insurance companies

General provisions, ch 432

Casualty insurance companies, computation of taxes, 515.24

Computers, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(47)

County mutual insurance associations, 518.18

Credits, 2.48, 15.293A, 15.331C, 15.333A, 15.393, 15E.43, 15E.66, 15E.193B(6), 15E.196(6), 15E.232, 15E.305, ch 404A, ch 476B, ch 476C

Fire insurance companies, computation of taxes, 515.24

Health maintenance organizations, 514B.31

Health service corporations, 432.2, 514.15

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Interinsurance contracts, payment of taxes, 520.19

Life insurance companies, payment of taxes, 511.14

Marine insurance taxes, ch 432A

Organized delivery systems for health care, payment of taxes, 135.120

Property taxes, 432.6, 432.7

Reciprocal contracts, payments of taxes, 520.19

State mutual insurance associations, 518A.35

Trade practices regulation, ch 507B, 508F.7

Unauthorized insurer premiums, taxation of, 507A.9

Workers' compensation insurance self-insurance associations, exemption for, 87.4

Internal Revenue Code, 422.3(5)

Internet access and services, see subhead Computers and Computer Software and Services above

Inventories, valuation for property taxation, 441.21(2)

Job training programs of community colleges, tax increment financing for, 260E.4, 403.21

Judgments against municipal corporation, taxes to pay, 626.24

Lake districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10

Land-leased communities, homes located in, 335.30A, 414.28A

Land recycling program response actions, tax increment financing for, 455H.309

Land use districts, property tax levies for, 303.66

Law enforcement districts, levies for, see PROPERTY TAXES

Laws of state, distinct statement of taxes required, Const Iowa VII §7

Leasehold interests, 427.15

Leases and leased property

Motor vehicles leased, see subhead Motor Vehicles below

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Real estate transfer taxes, exemption from, 428A.2(5)

Sale-leaseback (safe harbor) agreements, income taxation, 422.7(11), 422.35(8)

Levee districts

Taxes for drainage districts, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Drainage and Levee Districts

Tax exemption for drainage districts, 427.1(2)

Libraries

Taxation of libraries

Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(3)

Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(2, 7)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(17)

Taxes for libraries, 256.69, 384.12(21)

Liens, see LIENS, subhead Tax Liens

Life estates

Homestead tax credit, eligibility of property owners for, 425.11(3)

Inheritance taxes, 450.3, 450.27, 450.44–450.46, 450.51

Real property donated to governmental entity, property taxes and special assessments on, 427.2A

Life insurance and insurance companies, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies above

Limited liability companies and members of limited liability companies

Income taxes paid by companies, 422.32–422.41

Income taxes paid by members, franchise tax credit for, 422.11

Liability of members for taxes due, 421.26

Liquor

Beer taxes, see subhead Beer Barrel Taxes above

Wine taxes, see subhead Wine below

Literary institutions and societies, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(8, 14)

Livestock, see subheads Cattle above; Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on; Sheep, Excise Tax Assessment on; Turkeys, Excise Tax Assessment on, below

Local option taxes, see LOCAL OPTION TAXES

Lottery tickets, shares, and winnings (state lottery), see subhead Gambling Taxes above

Low-income persons

Manufactured home and mobile home taxes, reduction of

Computation and claims for tax credit, 435.22

Renters of spaces qualifying for reduced taxes, protections for, 435.33

Property taxes, credits, reimbursements, and reductions, see PROPERTY TAXES

Machinery

Agricultural machinery, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(8)

Industrial and manufacturing machinery, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing Equipment and Machinery above

Manufactured and mobile homes

General provisions, 331.559(1), 331.653(17), 427A.1(1c), ch 435, ch 445

Homestead credit eligibility, 425.17(4)

Land-leased communities, homes located in, 335.30A, 414.28A

Lodging facilities, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals above

Military tax exemption, 426A.11(5)

Records, destruction by county treasurers, 331.552(36)

Travel trailers in storage, exemption from taxes, 321.123(2b)

Use taxes

General provisions, 423.6(9, 10), 423.26A, 423.43(2)

Collection, 331.557(3)

Manufactured home community storm shelters, property tax exemption for, 427.1(30)

Manufacturing equipment and machinery, see subhead Industrial and Manufacturing Equipment and Machinery above

Marijuana dealers, excise taxes on, see subhead Drugs above

Marine insurance taxes, ch 432A

Martial arts match receipts, 90A.9

Medical assistance home and community-based service providers, sales and services to, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(18)

Memorial buildings of cities, levies for, 37.3, 37.8, 384.12(2)

Merchant marine service compensation bonus, exemption for, 35A.8

Merged area hospitals, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Hospitals

Merged area schools, taxes for, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Community College Taxes

Military property, property tax exemption for, 29A.60, 427.1(2)

Military service members and veterans

Advice for deploying members, 35A.5(16)

Income taxes

Exemptions, 422.7(20, 24, 25, 38, 40, 42)

Filing time for returns, 422.21

Forgiveness, 422.5(9)

Property taxes, credits for and exemptions from, see PROPERTY TAXES

Milk, excise tax assessment on, ch 179

Mineral rights, 427A.1(1), 458A.18–458A.20

Mobile home park storm shelters, property tax exemption for, 427.1(30)

Mobile homes, see subhead Manufactured and Mobile Homes above

Modular homes

General provisions, 427A.1(1c), 435.2(3)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(64)

Moneys and credits taxes, see MONEYS AND CREDITS TAXES

Monuments of cities, levies for, 37.3, 37.8, 384.12(2)

Motel room rentals, see subhead Hotel and Motel Room Rentals above

Motor fuel, see subhead Fuels above

Motor vehicles

Fuel taxes, see subhead Fuels above

Local vehicle taxes

General provisions, 321.130, 423B.1–423B.4

Failure to pay, refusal of vehicle registration, 321.40(5)

Liability for payment, 421.26, 421.28

Rental vehicles, excise taxes on, ch 423C

Revenues and proceeds, see ROAD USE TAX FUND

Sales taxes

Exemptions, 423.3(73)

Reports and returns by dealers, deduction of vehicle sales receipts from, 423.28

Use taxes

General provisions, 423.14(2a), 423.16(1), 423.26, 423.43(2)

Collection, 331.557(3)

Mulct taxes on gambling and prostitution houses, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)

National guard

Members, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans above

Property taxes, exemption from, 29A.60, 427.1(2)

Natural gas and natural gas providers, pipelines, and utilities

See also subhead Utilities below

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities

Replacement taxes

General provisions, ch 437A

Appeal of assessments, 421.10

Litigation expenses payment, 441.73

School finance law, treatment under, 257.3

Utility rates, effect of taxes on, 476.6(19)

Sales and use taxes

Agricultural production, electricity used in, sales tax exemption certificates for, 423.45(5)

City services and utilities, sales to public, taxation of sales price, 423.2(2)

Exemptions, 423.3(36, 69, 84)

Local option sales and services tax exemption, 423B.5

Nonprofit corporations

Federal tax liability, ch 504B

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)

Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4

Nonresidents

Corporations, income taxation of, 422.32–422.41

Estate taxes, see subhead Estates above

Individuals, income taxation of, 422.4(10), 422.5, 422.8, 422.13

Nuisances, mulct taxes on gambling and prostitution houses, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)

Oil rights, 427A.1(1), 458A.18–458A.20

Older persons, see subhead Elderly Persons above

Organized delivery systems for health care, 135.120

Ovine animals, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Sheep, Excise Tax Assessment on, below

Pari-mutuel wagering, see subhead Gambling Taxes above

Partnerships

Income tax returns, 422.15(2)

Liability of partner for taxes due, 421.26

Property listing, 428.1

Pensions, see subhead Retirement Payments below

Personal property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Petroleum diminution environmental protection charge, see PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, subhead Diminution of Petroleum, Environmental Protection Charge for

Pigs, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on, below

Pipelines and pipeline companies

Natural gas replacement taxes, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities above

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Platting of land by county auditors, costs assessed to parcels, 354.17

Pollution control equipment and facilities

Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(19)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)

Poor persons, see subhead Low-Income Persons above

Porcine animals, excise tax assessment on

General provisions, ch 183A

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Poultry

Eggs, excise tax assessment on, ch 184

Turkeys, see subhead Turkeys, Excise Tax Assessment on, below

Practitioners in taxes, confidentiality of tax advice given by, 622.10A

Premium taxes, see subhead Insurance and Insurance Companies above

Private foundations, ch 504B, ch 634

Procedures and practices, 421.60

Production credit associations

See also subhead Financial Institutions above

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Prostitution, houses used for, mulct taxes on nuisances, 99.27–99.31, 331.512(1c)

Public property acquisitions, 427.2

Public utilities, see subhead Utilities below

Qualified use inheritance taxes, ch 450B

Racetracks, gambling game receipts from, 99F.4A

Raffles, see subhead Gambling Taxes above

Railroads

Drainage improvements, benefits assessment, 468.42

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS

Telegraph lines owned and operated by railroads, 433.13, 434.2(6)

Real estate

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Transfers of real estate, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes

Real estate improvement districts, taxes for

General provisions, 358C.14

Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS

Real property

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Transfers of real estate, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes

Rebates, see subhead Refunds and Rebates below

Recreational lake districts, property tax levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10

Recycling processes, property used in

Property taxes, exemption from, 427.1(19)

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(47)

Refunds and rebates

Debtors' interest in refunds, exemption from execution, 627.6(10)

Fuel taxes, 2.48, 422.110–422.112

Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES

Inheritance taxes, 450.94–450.96

Property taxes, 445.60

Revenue department procedures and practices, 421.60

Sales and use taxes, 15.331A, 15A.9(6), 422.73, 422.74

Tobacco taxes, 453A.47

Regional transit districts, levies for, 28M.5, 384.12(10)

Religious organizations and property used for religious purposes

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)

Inheritance taxes, exemptions and rates, 450.4(2), 450.10(3)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Sales taxes, exemptions from, 423.3(78)

Taxes for maintaining buildings and ministers, prohibition, Const Iowa I §3

Replacement taxes on utilities

Electricity providers, see subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities above

Natural gas providers, see subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities above

Retirement payments

Income taxes, withheld from periodic payments of income, 422.16(1)

Inheritance taxes, exemption from, 450.4(5)

Nonresidents of state, income tax exemption for retirement-related income, 422.8(2)

Returns

Copying of records, 422.68(4)

Destruction of useless records, 422.68(3)

Income taxes, see INCOME TAXES

Information, exchange with cities and counties and confidentiality of, 422.72(6)

Inheritance taxes, 450.53, 450.94

Preparers, information disclosure restrictions on, ch 421A

Revenue department procedures and practices, 421.60

Revenue department in state government, see REVENUE DEPARTMENT

Review board, state, see subhead Board of Tax Review, State, above

Revitalization area tax exemptions, see URBAN REVITALIZATION

Risk retention groups, insurance company taxes on, 432.5

Roads, see subhead Highways above

Rural improvement zones, taxes for, 357H.8, 357H.9

Sales taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

Sanitary districts, taxes for, 331.512(1i), 358.18

Savings and loan associations

See also subhead Financial Institutions above

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Scavenger sales, see TAX SALES

School corporations, taxes for

Income tax surtaxes

General provisions, 298.14

Educational improvement programs, 257.29

Instructional support programs, 257.18–257.27

Physical plant and equipment levy, 298.2

Infrastructure, construction and repair of, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Infrastructure and Moneys for Infrastructure

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Schoolhouses, one-room, improvements for preservation, property tax exemption for, 427.1(32)

School tuition, income tax credits related to, 2.48, 422.11S, 422.12(2), 422.33(28)

Scientific institutions and societies

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(2)

Property taxes, exemptions from, 427.1(8, 14)

Secondary road funds anticipatory certificates, tax exemption for, 309.51

Secondary road improvements, special assessments for, ch 311, 331.362(3)

Secondary road services districts, levies for, 357I.8, 357I.10, 357I.11

Semitrailers, see subhead Motor Vehicles above

Services taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

Sheep, excise tax assessment on

General provisions, ch 182

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Shoe purchases for back-to-school, sales and use tax exemption for, 423.3(68)

Slot machines, winnings from, 99F.18, 422.16(1d)

Soil and water conservation district subdistrict improvements, taxes for construction and repair of, 161A.20, 161A.23–161A.41

Solar energy facilities and systems

Renewable energy tax credits, 2.48, 15.335, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(7), 423.4(4), 432.12E, 437A.17B, ch 476C

Sales and use taxes, exemption for solar energy equipment, 423.3(90)

Valuation of buildings with solar energy systems, 441.21(8)

Soybeans, excise taxes on

General provisions, ch 185

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Special assessments, see SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS

Special charter cities, see subhead City Taxes above

Special fuels, see subhead Fuels above

State employee benefit premiums, insurance company tax exemption for, 432.13

State mutual insurance associations, 518A.35

State taxes

For provisions relating to specific state taxes, see subhead for taxable item under this index heading

Administration agency, see REVENUE DEPARTMENT

Storm shelters in manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, property tax exemption for, 427.1(30)

Street lighting districts, property tax levies for, 357C.7, 357C.9

Subdivisions

Assessment of platted lots, 441.72

Housing development lots, taxation of, 405.1

Surtaxes, see INCOME TAXES

Swine, excise tax assessment on, see subhead Porcine Animals, Excise Tax Assessment on, above

Tax deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)

Tax increment financing, see TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

Tax liens, see LIENS, subhead Tax Liens

Tax review board, state, see subhead Board of Tax Review, State, above

Tax sales, see TAX SALES

Teachers' pension and annuity retirement systems, termination of, tax levies for payments, 294.14

Telecommunications services and equipment

Sales and use tax exemption for equipment, 423.3(47A)

Sales price of services, taxation of, 423.2(1, 2, 9), 423.3(36)

Telegraph companies and telegraph lines, see PROPERTY TAXES

Telephone companies and telephone lines, see PROPERTY TAXES

Television production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)

Television services and stations

Property tax exemption for public television stations, 427.1(26)

Sales of services, 423.2(2, 6)

Tobacco products

General provisions, ch 453A

Appeal of assessments of taxes, 421.10

Toll bridges, 427.13

Township taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Trailers, see subhead Motor Vehicles above

Transit regional districts, levies for, 28M.5, 384.12(10)

Transportation department equipment sales, exemptions for, 423B.5

Travel trailers, exemptions for, 321.123(2b), 435.23

Treasurer's deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds

Trust companies

See also subhead Financial Institutions above

Income taxes, exemption from, 422.34(1)

Trusts

Income taxes, 422.6, 637.505

Inheritance taxes on property transfers, 450.8

Principal and income adjustments relating to taxes, 637.506

Property tax listing by trustee, 428.1

Tuberculosis eradication in cattle, levies for, 165.18

Turkeys, excise tax assessment on

General provisions, ch 184A

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Unemployment compensation, withholding taxes on, 96.3(10)

United States lands, tax exemption for, 1.4, 1.8

United States taxes, see subhead Federal Taxes above

Urban renewal, tax increment financing for, 2.48, 403.19

Urban revitalization areas, tax exemptions in, see URBAN REVITALIZATION

Use taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

Utilities

See also subheads Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities; Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities above

Annexation to city, 368.23

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Sales, services, and use taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

Veal calves, excise taxes on, see subhead Cattle above

Vehicles, see subhead Motor Vehicles above

Vessels (watercraft), see subhead Boats and Vessels above

Veterans of military service, see subhead Military Service Members and Veterans above

Video production projects in Iowa, incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)

Vineyards, property tax assessment of, 441.21(12)

Violations, venue of criminal actions, 803.3(7)

Voting system purchases, levies for, 52.3

Wagering taxes, see subhead Gambling Taxes above

Warehouses, property tax exemption for, 427B.1–427B.6

Watercraft, see subhead Boats and Vessels above

Water districts, taxes for

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Special assessments, 357.3, 357.19–357.22, 357.28

Waterfront improvement taxes in special charter cities, 384.12(16), 420.155, 420.157

Water quality districts, levies for, 357E.8, 357E.10

Waters and watercourses, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(22)

Watershed protection, taxation by soil and water conservation subdistricts for, 161A.20, 161A.23–161A.41

Water utilities, see subhead Utilities above

Web search portal businesses, exemptions for, 423.3(92, 93), 427.1(35, 36)

Weed destruction costs, assessment against landowner, 317.21

Wheel taxes, see subhead Motor Vehicles above

Wind energy production and conversion systems

Credits for production of electricity, 2.48, 422.11J, 422.33(16), 422.60(7), 432.12E, 476.48(5), ch 476B, ch 476C

Refunds and reimbursements for production systems, 423.4(4), 437A.17B

Replacement taxes on electricity generated by conversion property, exemption from, 437A.6(1c)

Sales and use taxes on conversion property, exemption from, 423.3(54)

Valuation of conversion property, 427B.26, 441.21(8)

Wine

Gallonage taxes

General provisions, 123.37, 123.183, 123.184

Use of revenues, 15E.117

Sales and use taxes, exemption from, 423.3(45)

Wool, excise tax assessment on

General provisions, ch 182

Exemption of refunds from legal process and transfer, 179.5A

Workers' compensation self-insurance associations, insurance company tax exemption for, 87.4

Wrestling match receipts, 90A.9

 

TAX DEEDS

See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)

 

TAXIDERMY AND TAXIDERMISTS

Licensing and regulation, 481A.126, ch 483A

Taxation of services, 423.2(6)

 

TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

Job training programs, 260E.4, 403.21

Land recycling program response actions, 455H.309

Rural improvement zones, 357H.9

Urban renewal projects, financing and funding of, 2.48, 403.19, 437A.15

 

TAXIS AND TAXI SERVICES

Air taxi operators, see AIRCRAFT AND AIR CARRIERS, subhead Air Taxi Operators

Cabs and cab services

Assistance to cab companies by state, 324A.3

Licensing and regulation by local authorities, 321.236(7), 325A.2(2)

Smoking in taxicabs, restrictions on, ch 142D

Study of systems by state, 307.25(2)

 

TAX REDEMPTION

See TAX SALES, subhead Redemption of Property Sold at Tax Sales

 

TAX SALES

General provisions, 331.559(22), ch 446

Certificates of sale, fees for, 331.552(23)

Cities under special charter, sales by, 331.512(2), 420.207, 420.213–420.226

Consultant services for owners of property in foreclosure, regulation of contracts for, ch 714E

Drainage and levee districts, land in, sales for delinquent taxes or assessments owed to districts, 468.158

Legalizing Acts for tax sales, 589.16, 589.16A

Manufactured homes, sales for delinquent taxes and interest owed on, 435.25

Mineral rights and interests sold at tax sale, redemption by land owner, 458A.20

Mobile homes, sales for delinquent taxes and interest owed on, 435.25

Real estate improvement districts, property in, sales for delinquent taxes owed to districts, 358C.14

Reconveyance transactions involving owners of property in foreclosure, regulation of, ch 714F

Records of tax sales, destruction of, 331.552(34)

Redemption of property sold at tax sales

General provisions, 331.559(23), ch 447

Cities under special charter, redemption from sales by, 420.207, 420.227, 420.238–420.240

Evidence to prove redemption, 446.36

Sanitary districts, property in, sales for delinquent taxes owed to districts, 358.18

Special assessment payments, sales of assessed property for delinquent payments owed, 384.69

Titles conveyed by tax sale, see TITLES (PROPERTY), subhead Tax Titles

 

TAX TITLES

See TITLES (PROPERTY)

 

TDD (TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVICES FOR THE DEAF)

See TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

 

TEACHING AND TEACHERS

See also AREA EDUCATION AGENCIES, subhead Employees of Area Education Agencies

See also BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Braille and Sight Saving School

See also COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND MERGED AREAS, subhead Teachers and Instructors

See also DEAFNESS AND DEAF PERSONS, subhead School for Deaf, State

See also EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

See also SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Employees of Schools

General provisions, ch 272, ch 294

Absences of teachers, see subhead Leaves of Absence for Teachers below

Administrators, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Administrators of Schools

Agricultural education teachers, employment by school districts, 280.20

Ambassador to education, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Ambassador to Education

Annuities for teachers, see ANNUITIES, subhead School District Employee Benefits

Assistance for teachers and students in teacher training, see subhead Financial Assistance for Teachers and Students in Teacher Training below

Attendance recordkeeping by teachers, 294.4

Barber school instructors, licenses for, 158.7

Beginning teachers

Contract termination for probationary teachers, 279.19

Mentoring and induction programs for beginning teachers

General provisions, 284.5

Completion, requirement for teacher licensure, 272.2(1b), 272.28

Certifications for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Child abuse reporting by teachers, see CHILD ABUSE, subhead Reporting and Reporters

Coaches of athletics and sports, see ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING

Collective bargaining by teachers

General provisions, ch 20

Agreement, validity, 279.13(3)

Reorganized district, agreement, validity, 275.33

College preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below

College teachers, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Faculty

Compensation for teachers

General provisions, 279.13(1)

Minimums and supplements, 284.7

National board for professional teaching standards certification pilot project awards, 256.44

Contracts for teachers

General provisions, 279.13

Public employee collective bargaining, see subhead Collective Bargaining by Teachers above

Reorganized districts, validity, 275.33(1)

Termination, 279.15–279.19, 279.27

Cosmetology arts and sciences instructors, licenses for, 157.8

Credentials for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Dental hygiene program faculty, permits for, 153.37

Dentistry college faculty, permits for, 153.37

Disabilities education preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16

Discharges of teachers, 279.27

Driver education instructors, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Education of teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below

Elective office service by teachers, replacement teachers for, contract termination, 55.1

Employment of teachers by school districts

Authority, 297.12

Contracts, see subhead Contracts for Teachers above

Endorsements for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Evaluations and evaluators of teachers

General provisions, 256.7(3), 279.14, 284.8, 284.9

Training program for evaluators, 284.10

Exchange program, 256.7(15), 256.9(40), 279.55–279.57

Financial assistance for teachers and students in teacher training

Loans for students, see subhead Loans for Students below

Tuition reimbursement, 279.12

Gifted and talented education, see GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION

Homes for teachers, school district indebtedness and bonds authorized for, ch 296

Induction of teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above

Insurance benefits, 279.12

Kindergarten teachers, license requirement for, 256.11(2)

Leaves of absence for teachers

Educational leaves, 279.12

Sabbaticals, 256.21

Sick leaves, 279.40

Licenses for teachers, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Loans for students

Minority group members, reimbursement payments, 261.48

Science and mathematics teachers, loan repayment by recipient, 261.54

Shortage areas, forgivable loans and loan forgiveness for teachers employed in, 261.2(8), 261.111, 261.112

Mathematics teaching and teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Mathematics Instruction

Mentoring of teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above

Minority persons in teaching, see MINORITY PERSONS, subheads College and University Faculty and Students; School Employees and Students

National board for professional teaching standards certification pilot project awards, 256.44

Nepotism prohibition, exception from, 71.1

New teachers, see subhead Beginning Teachers above

Para-educators, licensing, preparation, and regulation of, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Parent-teacher associations and organizations, see PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS

Parent-teacher conferences, consideration as instructional time, 256.7(19)

Pay for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above

Pensions and pension systems for teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Employees of Schools

Performance improvement program, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

Performance reviews, 284.8

Prekindergarten teachers, license requirement, 256.11(1)

Preparation of teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below

Principals of schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Principals of Schools

Probationary teachers, 279.19

Professional development, 256.7(25), 284.6

Qualifications of teachers, interstate agreement on, ch 272A

Quality of teaching and teachers, state program for, 256.7(25), 256.9(46), ch 284

Reading program preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16

Regents institution faculty, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Teachers at Institutions

Regents institution preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers below

Registers, daily, 294.4

Replacement teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination, 55.1

Reports, 294.5

Residence requirement, 279.22

Resignations of teachers, 279.13(2)

Retirement of and retirement systems for teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Employees of Schools

Sabbaticals, 256.21

Salaries for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above

Science teaching and teachers, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Science Instruction

Sharing of teachers, 256.12, 280.15

Shortage areas, forgivable loans and loan forgiveness for teachers employed in, 261.2(8), 261.111, 261.112

Sick leave for teachers, 279.40

Special education, see SPECIAL EDUCATION

Student achievement and teacher quality program, 256.7(25), 256.9(46), ch 284

Student teaching and teachers

See also subhead Training of Teachers below

General provisions, 272.25

College and university programs, contracts with schools, 272.27

Cooperating teachers, incentives for, 262.75

Loans for students, see subhead Loans for Students above

Substitute teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination, 55.1

Superintendents of schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Superintendents of Schools

Supply agents and dealers, acting as, restrictions, 301.28

Suspensions and readmissions of students, 282.4, 282.5

Temporary replacement teachers for teachers serving in elective office, contract termination, 55.1

Textbook agents and dealers, acting as, restrictions, 301.28

Training of teachers

See also subhead Student Teaching and Teachers above

See also EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Licensing, Preparation, and Regulation of Educators

General provisions, 256.7(3), 256.16

Contracts between school districts and regents institutions, 262.30–262.32

Cooperating teacher incentive program, 262.75

Disabilities education preparation in teacher preparation programs, 256.16

Financial assistance to teachers and students preparing to be teachers, see subhead Financial Assistance for Teachers and Students in Teacher Training above

Gifted and talented education, assistance to teachers, 263.8A

In-service training programs by area education agencies, 273.2(5a)

Iowa state university course, 266.2

Leaves for educational purposes, 279.12

University of Iowa course, 263.1

University of northern Iowa courses, 268.2

Vocational education teacher training, federal and state aid for, 258.5

Tuition assistance, see subhead Financial Assistance for Teachers and Students in Teacher Training above

University preparation and training programs for teachers, see subhead Training of Teachers above

University teachers, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Faculty

Vocational agriculture teachers, employment by school districts, 280.20

Vocational education teacher training, federal and state aid for, 258.5

Wages for teachers, see subhead Compensation for Teachers above

 

TEASEL

Prohibition, 317.25

 

TECHNOLOGY

See also COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE

See also INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Biotechnology, see BIOTECHNOLOGY, BIOSCIENCE, AND BIOLOGY

Commercialization, 15.115–15.117

Educational technology

See also COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE, subhead Schools and School Districts

Agricultural technology, vocational education, 280.20

Instructional use, state assistance, 256.33

High technology apprenticeship programs at community colleges, 260F.6B

Information technology, see INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

 

TEETH

Dental health and care, see DENTAL CARE AND DENTAL CARE PRACTITIONERS

Swine needle teeth, clipping of, 169.3(1)

 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION

General provisions, 8D.3–8D.7

Financial disclosure by members, 68B.35, 68B.35A

Iowa communications network administration, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network (ICN)

 

TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

See also ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS, INFORMATION, AND EQUIPMENT

See also RADIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT

See also TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES

See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

See also TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT

General provisions, ch 476

Broadband services and access, 12.87(1)

City utilities providing services

See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities Providing Services

See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities

General provisions, 388.10

Audits, 11.6(1a)

Cable communications services and systems, operation, 364.3(7)

Commission in state government, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION

Councils, regional, 8D.5

Driving while using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Education telecommunications council, 8D.5(1), 8D.13(8)

Electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B

E-mail, see E-MAIL

Emergency communications, criminal offenses, 727.5–727.7

Emergency communications systems, see EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (911 AND E911 SERVICE)

Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B

Internet and internet services, see INTERNET AND INTERNET SERVICES

Iowa communications network (ICN)

General provisions, ch 8D

Appropriations, 8.57(6c)

Proprietary interests in competition with private enterprise, 23A.2(10n)

School courses delivered via network, 257.11(7), ch 261E

Location and operation in public rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way

Motor vehicle drivers using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Municipal utilities and municipally owned utilities, see subhead City Utilities Providing Services above

Public broadcasting, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Public Broadcasting Division

Railroad right-of-way crossings, 476.27

Real estate improvement districts, authorized improvements, 358C.4

Regional telecommunications councils, 8D.5

Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way

Sales of services and equipment, taxation of, see TAXATION, subhead Telecommunications Services and Equipment

Schools, use of telecommunications in instruction by, 256.7(7–9), 279.47

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities

State services and systems

Cabling services, 8D.3(3k)

Iowa communications network (ICN), see subhead Iowa Communications Network (ICN) above

State interoperable communications system board, 80.28, 80.29

Surveillance by electronic means, 727.8, ch 808B

Taxation of sales of services and equipment, see TAXATION, subhead Telecommunications Services and Equipment

Underground facility location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

 

TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES

See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

General provisions, ch 476

Actions against companies, 616.8, 617.3

Cables, see subhead Lines and Poles below

Construction of facilities

General provisions, 477.1–477.4

Actions against construction contractors, 616.9

Delays in message transmission and delivery, liability, 477.5–477.9

Deregulation and deregulated services, 476.1D, 477.9A

Eavesdropping and electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Harassment by telegraph communication, criminal offense, 708.7

Highway rights-of-way, lines along and crossing, see subhead Lines and Poles below

Impairment of service, criminal offense, 716.3

Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B

Interruption of service, criminal offense, 716.3

Lines and poles

See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Construction of facilities, see subhead Construction of Facilities above

Highway bridges on state boundaries, use by telegraph lines, 314.11

Interstate highway construction projects, relocation or removal of utilities, 306A.10–306A.13

Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Maps, 433.14, 433.15

Mistakes in message transmission and delivery, liability, 477.5–477.9

Poles, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Railroads, telegraph lines owned and operated by, taxation, 433.13, 434.2(6)

Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way

Surveillance of communications, 727.8, ch 808B

Taxation of companies and lines, see PROPERTY TAXES

Transmission systems, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Wires, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

 

TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

General provisions, ch 476

Actions against companies, 616.8, 617.3

Advertisements, pay-per-call services, regulation, ch 714A, 714H.3(2)

Affiliates of companies, regulation, 476.71–476.75

Agricultural areas, telephone company property within, 352.6(1)

Answering services, sales taxes, 423.2(6)

Automatic dialing-announcing devices (ADAD), use limitations, 476.57

Cables, see subhead Lines and Poles below

Calling cards, sales taxes, 423.2(1a)

Changes in telecommunications service

Unauthorized changes in service, prohibition, 476.103

Unfair and deceptive practices, criminal offenses, ch 714D

City utilities providing services

See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities Providing Services

See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities

Property tax exemption, 427.1(2)

Regulation by state, 476.1B(3)

Telephone company taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Telephone Companies and Telephone Lines

Communication-impaired persons, telecommunications service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below

Construction of facilities

General provisions, 477.1–477.4

Actions against construction contractors, 616.9

Cooperative associations, nonprofit, ch 498

Corporations, nonprofit, reorganization as cooperative associations, 499.5(4)

Correctional facility inmate telephone calls, fund for, 904.508A

Deaf and hard-of-hearing persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below

Delays in message transmission and delivery, liability for, 477.5–477.9

Deregulation and deregulated services, 476.1D, 477.9A

Dialing-announcing devices, automatic (ADAD), use limitations, 476.57

Directories and directory assistance

Business listings misrepresenting locations, unlawful practice, 714.16(2n)

Emergency communications obstruction and false claims, notice publication in directories, 727.7

Disconnection, 476.20

Driving while using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Dual party relay service

General provisions, ch 477C, 546.7

Assessment for program paid by local exchange service providers, 476.101(1)

Eavesdropping and electronic surveillance, 727.8, ch 808B

Emergency communications, criminal offenses, 727.5–727.7

Emergency communications systems (911 and E911 service), see EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS (911 AND E911 SERVICE)

Funds transfers, electronic systems for, ch 527

Harassment by telephone communication, criminal offenses, 708.7

Hearing-impaired persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service above; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below

Highways, lines along and crossing, see subhead Lines and Poles below

Impaired persons, telecommunications service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service above; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below

Impairment of service, criminal offense, 716.3

Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419

Interception of communications, 727.8, ch 808B

Interruption of service, criminal offense, 716.3

Lines and poles

See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Construction of facilities, see subhead Construction of Facilities above

Highway bridges on state boundaries, use by telephone lines, 314.11

Interstate highway construction projects, relocation or removal of utilities, 306A.10–306A.13

Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Listings, see subhead Directories and Directory Assistance above

Local exchange services

Certificates of convenience and necessity, 476.29

Long distance connections accessibility, 477.10–477.14

Price regulation and competition, 476.95–476.102

Long distance services

Competitive classification, 476.1D(10)

Local exchange access, 477.10–477.14

Maps, 433.14, 433.15

Mistakes in message transmission and delivery, liability for, 477.5–477.9

Motor vehicle drivers using electronic devices, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Mutual telephone companies, exemption from rate regulation, 476.1

Obscene material, dissemination to minors, prohibition, 728.15

Operator services companies, alternative, regulation of, 476.91

Pay-per-call services, regulation of, ch 714A, 714H.3(2)

Poles, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Prize promotions, fraudulent practices, 714.8(15)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Rates

General provisions, 476.6

Discounts, 476.5

Filing, exemptions, 476.4A

Regulation by utilities board, 476.1, 476.1D

Schedule, 476.6(9)

Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way

Slamming, see subhead Changes in Telecommunications Service above

Speech-impaired persons, telephone service for, see subheads Dual Party Relay Service above; Telecommunications Devices for the Deaf (TDD) below

Surveillance of communications, 727.8, ch 808B

Taxation of companies and lines, see PROPERTY TAXES

Telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDD)

Emergency communications systems (911 and E911), telecommunications devices for impaired persons required, 34.2(4), 34A.9

Equipment distribution program

General provisions, ch 477C, 546.7

Assessment for program, 476.101(1)

Theft of service, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Tolls between companies, 476.11

Transmission systems, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Wires, see subhead Lines and Poles above

Wiretapping, 727.8, ch 808B

 

TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT

See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

Advertising, see ADVERTISING

Cable television services and systems

See also subheads City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities; Pay Television below

General provisions, 477.1–477.4

Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)

Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities

See also subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above

See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Sales taxes on pay services, 423.2(2)

Translator systems owned by cities, rehabilitation and improvement, bond issues, 384.23–384.36

Court testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38

Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)

Educational television, see subhead Public Television and Public Television Stations below

Freedom of the press, Const US Amend 1; Const Iowa I §7

Libel, see LIBEL

Lines, see subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above

Pay television

See also subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above

Taxation of sales of services, 423.2(2, 6)

Productions of television projects in Iowa, tax incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)

Public television and public television stations

Property tax exemption for stations, 427.1(26)

State system and stations, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Public Broadcasting Division

Repair services, taxation of, 423.2(6)

Slander, see SLANDER

Taxation of services and stations, see TAXATION, subhead Television Services and Stations

Testimony of witnesses and victims in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38

Translator systems, city-owned, rehabilitation and improvement bond issues, 384.23–384.36

Victim testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38

Wires, see subhead Cable Television Services and Systems above

Witness testimony in criminal trials, televising to courtroom, 915.38

 

TELLER'S CHECKS

See UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subheads Bank Deposits and Collections; Negotiable Instruments

 

TEMPERATURE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS

Climate, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

Comfort systems, see HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING); HYDRONIC SYSTEMS

Food refrigeration and refrigeration equipment, see REFRIGERATION AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT

Heating and heating equipment, see HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT

Thermostats, mercury-added, regulation of, 455D.16

Weather, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

 

TENANTS AND TENANCIES

See also LANDLORD AND TENANT

Agricultural land tenants and tenancies, ch 562

Attornment to stranger, validity, 562.3

At will, presumption and termination notice, 562.4

Color of title against landlord, tenants not given, 560.2

Common, see subhead Tenants and Tenancies in Common below

Continuation, ch 562

Delivery of possession to stranger, validity, 562.3

Dwelling units, rental agreements, see LANDLORD AND TENANT

Farm tenants and tenancies, ch 562

Forcible entry and detainer actions, see FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER

Holding over, rent liability, 562.2

Housing cooperative members, 499A.11

Housing, public, requirements, 403A.7

Joint tenants and tenancies

Death, simultaneous, property distribution, 633.525

Inheritance tax liability, 450.3(5)

Real property recovery actions, 646.4

Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3

Life estates and life tenants, see subhead Life Tenants and Tenancies below

Life tenants and tenancies

See also LIFE ESTATES

Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3

Manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subhead Landlord and Tenant Law

Occupying claimants, color of title not given, 560.2

Real property recovery actions

Joint tenants, actions by, 646.4

Liability of tenant, 646.22

Tenants in common, actions by, 646.4

Rent, see RENTAL PROPERTY, RENT, AND RENTERS

Residential dwelling units, rental agreements, see LANDLORD AND TENANT

Revitalization areas, displaced tenants relocation expense compensation, 404.6

Tenants and tenancies at will, presumption and termination notice, 562.4

Tenants and tenancies for life, see subhead Life Tenants and Tenancies above

Tenants and tenancies for years, waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3

Tenants and tenancies in common

General provisions, 557.15–557.17

Forcible entry and detainer actions, notice of termination required, 648.4

Owners and occupying claimants, 560.5

Real property recovery actions, 646.4

Redemption from execution sale, 628.24

Walls in common, ch 563

Waste committed on real property, liability of tenant, 658.1A–658.3

Termination

General provisions, ch 562

Forcible entry and detainer actions, notice of termination required, 648.4

Urban revitalization areas, displaced tenants' rent and relocation expense compensation, 404.6

Waste committed on real property, liability, 658.1A–658.3

 

TENDER

General provisions, ch 538

Legal tender, states' power to make, limitation, Const US I §10

Sales, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Sales

 

TERMINAL ILLNESSES AND CONDITIONS

See DISEASES

 

TERMINALS

Computers, see COMPUTERS AND SOFTWARE

Satellite terminals for electronic funds transfers, see SATELLITE TERMINALS

 

TERRACE HILL

General provisions, 8A.326

Operation and maintenance of governor's residence, 8A.321(3)

 

TERRORISM

Bioterrorism disasters, see DISASTERS, subhead Public Health Disasters

Compact for statewide mutual aid, 29C.22

Criminal offenses

General provisions, ch 708A

Murder by participants, 707.2(6)

Emergencies declared by president of United States, students affected by, financial aid program requirement modification or waiver, 261.5

Homeland security and defense, see HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE

Public health disasters, see DISASTERS, subhead Public Health Disasters

Victims of international terrorism, compensation, 915.85

 

TESTIMONY

See WITNESSES

 

TETANUS

Immunizations for children, see IMMUNIZATIONS, subhead Children

Vaccination program for first responders, 135.146

 

TEXTBOOKS

College textbooks, notice listing for students, 261.7

School textbooks, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Books and Textbooks

 

TEXT-MESSAGING

See TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

 

THANKSGIVING DAY

Holidays, 1C.1, 1C.2

 

THEATERS

Explosives for use in theaters, sales of, 727.2(3)

Fire protection, standards for, 100.35

Loading zones, 321.360

Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY

Smoking in theaters, restrictions on, ch 142D

Toilets, standards for, 104B.1

 

THEATRE

Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY

School instruction in theatre, standards for, 256.11(3–5)

 

THEFT

See also BURGLARY

See also LARCENY

See also ROBBERY

See also SHOPLIFTING

General provisions, 702.19, ch 714

Identity theft, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead Theft of Identity, Criminal Offense for (Identity Theft)

Library materials and equipment, see LIBRARIES, subhead Equipment and Materials

Lottery tickets and shares, criminal offense, 99G.36

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Stolen Vehicles and Vehicle Parts

Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

 

THERAPY AND THERAPISTS

Marital and family therapists, see MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPY AND MARITAL AND FAMILY THERAPISTS

Massage therapists, see MASSAGE THERAPY AND MASSAGE THERAPISTS

Occupational therapists, see OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY PRACTITIONERS

Physical therapists, see PHYSICAL THERAPY AND PHYSICAL THERAPY PRACTITIONERS

Respiratory care therapy and therapists, see RESPIRATORY CARE AND RESPIRATORY CARE PRACTITIONERS

Sexual abuse by therapists, actions for damages, statute of limitations, 614.1(12)

Sexual exploitation by therapists, see SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

 

THERMAL ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS

Climate, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

Comfort systems, see HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING); HYDRONIC SYSTEMS

Deaths caused by thermal injuries, inquiries by medical examiners, 144.28(1), 331.802(3)

Food refrigeration and refrigeration equipment, see REFRIGERATION AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT

Heating and heating equipment, see HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT

Weather, see WEATHER AND CLIMATE

 

THERMOSTATS

Regulation of mercury-added thermostats, 455D.16

 

THINGS IN ACTION

See CHOSES IN ACTION

 

THREATENED SPECIES PROTECTION

General provisions, ch 481B

Violations and penalties for violations

General provisions, 481A.134, 481A.135

Damage to threatened species in violation of game laws, payment for, 481A.130–481A.133

 

THREATS

Bomb threats, 712.6–712.8

Harassment, 708.7

Obstruction of justice, 719.3

Witnesses, 719.3

 

THRESHERS AND THRESHING SERVICES

Liens, see LIENS, subhead Harvesters' Liens

 

THRIFT CERTIFICATES

Industrial loan company certificates, regulation of, 536A.22

 

THRIFT INSTITUTIONS

See FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

 

TIF

See TAX INCREMENT FINANCING

 

TIGERS

Regulation of possession, breeding, and importation of tigers, ch 717F

 

TIMBER

See TREES

 

TIME

A.D., 4.1(16)

Commercial transactions, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE

Computation, 4.1(34)

Daylight saving time, ch 1D

Legal actions, time limit for commencement, see LIMITATIONS OF ACTIONS

Month, 4.1(16)

Standard time, ch 1D

Week, 4.1(36)

Year, 4.1(16, 40)

 

TIME-21 (TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT MOVES THE ECONOMY IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY) FUND

General provisions, 312.2(15–17), ch 312A

 

TIME-SHARE PROGRAMS

General provisions, ch 557A

Securities representing time-share intervals, exemption from regulation, 502.201(9D)

 

TIRES

General provisions, 321.440

Chains on tires, use of, 321.236(12), 321.442

Disposal of waste tires, 455D.11–455D.11C, 455D.11G, 455D.11I, 455D.15(3i), 455D.22–455D.25, 455J.3(5)

Haulers of waste tires, registration of, 455D.11I, 455D.22–455D.25

Metal tires

General provisions, 321.1(38)

Prohibition, 321.441

Pneumatic tires, 321.1(53)

Recapping and retreading services, taxation of sales and use of, 423.2(1a), 423.5(1)

Repair services, taxation of sales of, 423.2(6)

Snow tires

Lack of snow tires, violations for, 321.236(12)

Studded tires, use of, 321.442(3)

Solid tires, 321.1(73)

Studded tires, use of, 321.442

Tracked vehicles, operation allowed, 321.443

Unsafe tires, violations for, 321.381

 

TISSUE (BODY PARTS)

See ORGANS AND TISSUE

 

TITHES

Prohibited, Const Iowa I §3

 

TITLE GUARANTY DIVISION

See FINANCE AUTHORITY

 

TITLE INSURANCE

See INSURANCE

 

TITLES (IOWA CODE SECTIONS)

See HEADNOTES (IOWA CODE SECTIONS)

 

TITLES (LEGAL ACTIONS)

Change of title, prohibition, 611.14

 

TITLES (PROFESSIONAL PRACTITIONERS)

See index heading for specific profession

 

TITLES (PROPERTY)

Abstracts of title

Inheritance tax debt, deductible, 450.12

Marketable record title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE

Recovery of real property, pleading, 646.7–646.9

State school fund loans, 262.14

Title guaranties and title guaranty program, see subhead Guaranties and Guaranty Program below

Actions involving titles to real estate, see REAL PROPERTY, subhead Actions

Adverse possession, see ADVERSE POSSESSION

Affidavits explanatory of defects in titles, filing and effect of, 558.8

After-acquired interest, estoppel by deed, 557.4

All-terrain vehicles, certificates of title for, 321I.30–321I.33

Ancient deeds and instruments, limitation of actions on, 614.14–614.23

Art work acquired by state, 304A.14

Bailees, documents of title provisions, see DOCUMENTS OF TITLE

Bank deposits and collections, warranties of titles, 554.4207

Bankruptcy, real estate involved in, title clearance, ch 626C

Bequests, see subhead Gifts, Devises, and Bequests below

Bills of lading, see BILLS OF LADING

Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Titling of Boats and Vessels

Bond to convey real estate, foreclosure, 654.11, 654.12

Boundary disputes, determinations of titles, ch 650

Carriers, bills of lading, see BILLS OF LADING

Cemetery lots, abandoned, right of reversioner, 523I.315(2)

Certificate of entry, assignment carries title, 558.7

Certificates of title and property covered by certificates of title, see CERTIFICATES OF TITLE

Chain of title

Claims to real estate before 1980, 614.17

Defects, affidavits explanatory of, filing and effect, 558.8

Legalizing Acts, see LEGALIZING ACTS

Marketable record title, 614.29–614.38

Record of title kept in land office, 9G.1

Change in title

See also subhead Transfer of Title below

Certification by district court, 602.8102(10), 602.8105(2d)

Entry on transfer books, 558.66

City property, acquisition and disposition of, ch 569

Clear title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE

Color of title, 560.2

Commissioner's conveyances, 624.29–624.35

Condemnation proceedings, evidence of title of condemnor, 6B.38(4)

Conveyances, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)

Corporate stock, title divested by execution, right to vote, 491.55

County property, acquisition and disposition of, ch 569

Court judgments, titles acquired under, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16

Curative Acts, ch 589

Deeds, see CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE)

Devises, see subhead Gifts, Devises, and Bequests below

Documents of title, see DOCUMENTS OF TITLE

Dormitories at regents institutions, 262.37

Easements claimed by adverse possession, evidence establishing adverse possession, 564.1

Eminent domain proceedings, evidence of title of condemnor, 6B.38(4)

Federal lands

Authority to acquire state lands, 1.4

Fish and game refuges, 1.5–1.9

Grants, 9G.9, 9G.11

Land office records, 9G.1, 622.41–622.51

National forests, 1.9

Railroad land grants, recording, 558.9, 558.10

Forcible entry and detainer actions, see FORCIBLE ENTRY AND DETAINER

Forfeiture of real estate contracts, 656.1, 656.6

Forty-year marketable record, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE

Gifts, devises, and bequests

Estate proceedings, see PROBATE CODE, subhead Wills and Codicils

Public bodies, acceptance to pass title, 565.6

State, acceptance to pass title, 565.3

Townships, acceptance required, 359.29

Grantees and grantors

After-acquired interests, inurement to grantees, 557.4

Spouses or heirs, grantors described as, presumption, 558.14

Guaranties and guaranty program

General provisions, 16.91

Loans for real property purchases, title guaranty cost collection by lender, 535.8[2b(1)]

Highways

Natural resources department jurisdiction, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14

Rights-of-way, 306.9

Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Title Insurance and Title Insurance Companies

Inurement of after-acquired interest to grantee, 557.4

Iowa-Missouri boundary compromise, effect on titles, see material at the end of Vol VI

Iowa-Nebraska boundary compromise, effect on titles, see material at the end of Vol VI

Islands in river channels, see subhead River Channels and Bars and Islands in Channels, Disposition by State, below

Judgments, titles acquired under, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16

Land office and patents, ch 9G

Legalizing Acts, ch 589

Life estate terminations, changes of title, 558.41(4)

Lost property, title of finder, 556F.5, 556F.11

Lost records, proceedings and proof, ch 647

Manufactured homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title

Marketable title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE

Merchantable title, see MARKETABLE RECORD TITLE

Mobile homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title

Mortgagors, title to realty, 557.14

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title

Name variations, effect of, 558.6

Notarial seals of nonresidents, 558.15

Occupying claimants, color of title, ch 560

Park lands under natural resources department jurisdiction, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14

Partition actions, see PARTITION

Party walls, ch 563

Plats, see PLATS

Possession claims, ancient deeds, limitation, 614.23

Purchasers, titles acquired under court judgments, effect of reversal of judgments, 625A.16

Quieting title actions, judgments, and decrees

General provisions, ch 649

Legalization of judgments and decrees, 587.7

Limitation of actions to set aside judgments and decrees, 614.1(7)

Property records lost or destroyed, action to restore, quieting title, 647.2

Railroad lands

Dubuque and Pacific railroad company, 9G.12

Record, 558.9, 558.10

Recovery of real property, 646.3

Reversion of titles, see REVERSIONS

River channels and bars and islands in channels, disposition by state

Action to determine title, 568.19

Conveyance of title by state, 568.12

Failure to convey, refund, 568.16, 568.20

Rights of occupants on sale, 568.10

Sales of goods, 554.2403

Snowmobiles, certificates of title for, 321G.29–321G.32

Spouses

Abandoned spouse, property rights, 597.10

Surviving spouse, affidavit to change title, 558.66

State property

General provisions, ch 569

Dormitories at regents institutions, 262.37

Fish and game, title in state, 481A.2, 481A.3

Gifts to state, conditions, acceptance, 461A.12, 565.3

Park lands and highways, 461A.10, 461A.12, 461A.14

River channels and bars and islands in channels, disposition of, see subhead River Channels and Bars and Islands in Channels, Disposition by State, above

Tax titles

See also CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds

Affidavit of holder, 448.15, 448.17

Assessment irregularities, errors, and omissions, effect, 443.19

Assignment of certificate of purchase, effect, 446.31

Claims adverse, filing, 448.16, 448.17

Failure to demand taxes, effect, 420.218

Sale for erroneous taxes, effect, 445.61

Tax sale advertisement irregularities, effect, 420.217, 446.14

Transfer of title

See also subhead Change in Title above

Fee, 331.507(2a)

Taxation, see REAL ESTATE, subhead Transfer Taxes

United States lands, see subhead Federal Lands above

Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Certificates of Title

Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Titles, Titleholders, and Titling of Boats and Vessels

Walls in common, ch 563

Warehouse receipts

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of Title

Agricultural products warehouses, negotiable receipts, restrictions, 203C.17–203C.19

Warranty of title by deed of conveyance, 558.19

 

TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS

General provisions, ch 453A

Age restrictions and violations

General provisions, 453A.2, 453A.3

Citations for violations, 805.6(3)

Identification used in acquiring cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below

Magistrate hearing procedure for violations, 602.6405(2)

Penalties for violations, 805.8C(3)

Buyers and buying of cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below

Diseases caused by exposure to tobacco, time limitation for commencement of actions founded on, 614.1(2A)

Displays of tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below

Distributing agents for cigarettes

General provisions, 453A.1(9)

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

Distributors of cigarettes and tobacco products

General provisions, 453A.1(11), 453A.42(4)

Licenses, 453A.44, 453A.45

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

Fire safety standards for cigarettes, ch 101B

Litigation with tobacco manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement Authority below

Little cigars

General provisions, 453A.42(5)

Stamps, 453A.7–453A.12

Taxation, 453A.43(1)

Manufacturers of cigarettes and tobacco products

General provisions, 453A.1(15)

Litigation against manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement Authority below

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

Purchases and purchasers of cigarettes and tobacco products, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below

Railway cars, sales on, 453A.23

Retailers of tobacco products

See also subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products below

General provisions, 453A.1(21)

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23, 453A.47A

Sales, sellers, and purchases of cigarettes and tobacco products

See also subhead Retailers of Tobacco Products above

Age restrictions and violations, see subhead Age Restrictions and Violations above

Distributors, see subhead Distributors of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products above

Identification used in acquiring cigarettes and tobacco products

Criminal offense, 321.216C

Retention of licenses and cards by tobacco licensees and permittees, 453A.4

Railway cars, sales on, 453A.23

Self-service displays

General provisions, 453A.1(23)

Sales through displays prohibited, 453A.36A

Subjobbers, see subhead Subjobbers of Tobacco Products below

Unfair sales, ch 421B

Vending machines, see subhead Vendors and Vending Machines below

Wholesalers of cigarettes, see subhead Wholesalers of Cigarettes below

Samples, distribution restrictions, 453A.39

School students, use by, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Tobacco Use by Students

Sellers, see subhead Sales, Sellers, and Purchases of Cigarettes and Tobacco Products above

Settlement of litigation with tobacco manufacturers, see subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement Authority below

Smoking of cigarettes and tobacco products, see SMOKING

Stamps for cigarettes, 453A.7–453A.12

Subjobbers of tobacco products

General provisions, 453A.42(14)

Licenses, 453A.44, 453A.45

Taxation, see TAXATION, subheads Cigarettes; Tobacco Products

Tobacco settlement and tobacco settlement authority

General provisions, ch 12E, ch 453C, ch 453D

Bond issues, 12.30

Public funds investment and custody requirements, exceptions, 12B.10(6j), 12B.10A(6i), 12B.10B(3i), 12B.10C(4h)

Sale of state's share to tobacco settlement authority, ch 12E

Underage restrictions and violations, see subhead Age Restrictions and Violations above

Use of cigarettes and tobacco, prevention and control of, ch 142A, ch 142D

Vendors and vending machines

See also VENDING MACHINES

General provisions, 453A.1(4, 5)

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

Requirements, 453A.36(6)

Wholesalers of cigarettes

General provisions, 453A.1(27)

Permits and regulation, 453A.13–453A.23

 

TOES

See FEET (HUMAN LIMBS)

 

TOILETS

See also PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Cleaning and disposal of waste from toilet units, 455B.171(33), 455B.172(6)

Food establishments, 137F.14

Hotels, 137C.17

Installation and removal of facilities, performance of property owner's responsibility by city, costs assessed against property, 364.12–364.13B

Pay toilets, prohibition, 135.21

Public places for assemblies, plumbing facilities of, standards, 104B.1

 

~P MARGINS L *TM;I0-0,4;I1-2,6;I2-4,8;I3-6,10

TOLEDO

Juvenile delinquents unit, see JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State Training School

Juvenile home, state, see JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State Juvenile Home

 

TOLL BRIDGES

See BRIDGES

 

TOMBS AND TOMBSTONES

See CEMETERIES

See DEATHS AND DEAD PERSONS, subhead Burials and Interments of Remains

 

TON

Unit of weight, 210.4

 

TOOLS

Burglar tools in possession, criminal offense, 713.7

Debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(11)

Prison labor, tools furnished for, 356.18, 356.20

 

TOOTH CARE

See TEETH

 

TOPSOIL

See SOIL

 

TORAH

Use in public schools and institutions, 280.6

 

TORNADOES

See also WEATHER AND CLIMATE

Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Weather Insurance

Property destroyed by tornadoes, tax abatement or refund for owners of, 445.62

School drills and warning systems, 100.31

Storm shelters in manufactured home communities and mobile home parks, requirements and tax exemption, 331.301(15), 364.3(8), 427.1(30)

 

TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS

Agricultural products warehouses

Merchandisers for warehouses, liability of, 203C.4(3)

Receivers for warehouses, liability of, 203C.3(8)

Agriculture-related products, adulterated or improperly labeled, claims for wrongful condemnation or seizure of, 189.18

Child abuse information dissemination violations, liability for, 235A.20

Children committing torts, liability of parents for, 613.16

Children given work assignments under juvenile justice law, liability of, 232.13(1)

Commercial tort claims under secured transactions law, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions

Comparative fault, ch 668

Contributory fault, see NEGLECT AND NEGLIGENCE

Correctional institution inmates, tort claims by, payment and appeal of denials, 904.311

Correctional services departments, liability of, 905.2

Corrections department records confidentiality violations, liability for, 904.603

County liability and procedures, see subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims below

Court appointed special advocates, liability of, 232.13(1)

Criminal defendants performing community service, liability of, 907.13(5)

Criminal history and intelligence data confidentiality violations, liability for, 692.6

Dependent adult abuse information dissemination violations, liability for, 235B.11

Disaster debris and wreckage clearance and removal, liability, 29C.6(4)

Early childhood Iowa area boards, liability of, 256I.7(4)

Emergency management local commissions, liability of, 29C.9(4)

Fair authority, state, liability of, 173.1

Farmers legal assistance program, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.22(6)

Farm mediation service, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.13(2)

Foster parents, tort actions against, liability, 234.41

Governmental liability and procedures for tort claims

See also subhead under this index heading for specific governmental entity or function

Comparative fault provisions, 668.10

Limitations of actions, 614.8

Local governmental subdivisions, liability of and procedures for, 331.303(10), ch 670

State, liability of and procedures for

General provisions, ch 669

Interest payment on unpaid claims, exemption for tort claims, 8A.514(3)

Risk management coordinator for executive branch, 8.6(15)

Grain dealers, receivers for, liability, 203.12B(5)

Hazardous chemicals risks right to know Act duties, exemption from tort liability, 89B.6

Hazardous substance and hazardous waste management duties, liability of state for, 455B.432

Hazardous waste facilities, construction, operation, and maintenance of, liability, 455B.448(3)

Health care facilities, receivers for, liability, 135C.30(4)

Health care providers in volunteer health care provider program, liability of, 135.24(3–6)

Human services department

Records confidentiality violations, liability for, 217.31

Volunteers, liability of, 217.13(3)

Legal services for persons in poverty program, exemption from tort claims Act, 13.34(4)

Mental illness advocates for hospitalized persons, liability of, 229.19

Negligence, see NEGLECT AND NEGLIGENCE

Nonresident persons and corporations committing torts in Iowa, commencement of actions against, 617.3

Personal injuries, see INJURIES

Physical exercise club regulation duties, liability of state for, 552.19

Primary road activities, payment of claims arising from, 313.16

Private land or waters used for public recreation, liability of holder of, ch 461C

Railroad inspection activities, liability for, 327C.4

Settlement of claims, structured settlements for, see STRUCTURED SETTLEMENTS

Spouse committing tort, liability of other spouse for, 597.19

State liability and procedures, see subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims above

Student teachers in school districts, liability of, 272.27

Uniform commercial code duties, liability of state for, 554.10105

Volunteers

Human services department volunteers, liability of, 217.13(3)

Volunteer health care provider program service providers, liability of, 135.24(3–6)

Wrongful imprisonment actions, liability for, 663A.1(5)

 

TORTURE

Animal torture, see ANIMALS, subhead Tortured Animals

 

TOURISM

See also SCENIC AREAS

Advertising, 461A.79(3)

Bed and breakfast establishments, see BED AND BREAKFAST HOMES AND INNS

City assistance activities, competition with private enterprise prohibition exemption, 23A.2(10d)

Community attraction and tourism program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

County assistance activities, competition with private enterprise prohibition exemption, 23A.2(10i)

Cultural grants, state program for, 303.3

Grants, 461A.79(2)

Highway signs, 306C.11, 321.1(82, 83), 321.252

Hotels and motels, see HOTELS AND MOTELS

Information centers, improvement projects for, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419

Information dissemination program, 15.273

Promotion, 15.108(5), 461A.79(3)

Recreation activities and facilities, see RECREATION

Vision Iowa program, see VISION IOWA PROGRAM

Welcome centers, 15.271, 15.272

 

TOWNS

See CITIES

 

TOWNSHIPS

General provisions, ch 359

Animal health, boards of, 165.35

Appointments and appointed persons, see subheads Employees of Townships; Officers of Townships below

Attorneys, 359.18, 359.19

Audits by state auditor, 11.6–11.21

Boards of township trustees, see subhead Trustees of Townships, Boards of, below

Bonds, see BONDS

Budgets, 331.502(29), 359.49, 359.50

Buildings, facilities, and grounds of townships

See also subheads Halls; Property of Townships below

See also PUBLIC BUILDINGS

Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES

Construction, improvements, maintenance, and repairs, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities below

Libraries, see LIBRARIES

Memorial buildings, joint acquisition with city, 37.21, 360.4

Parks, improvements, tax levies for, 359.30

Playgrounds, lands condemned for, 359.28

Roads, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16

Unneeded property, reversion, 360.9

Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES

Cities, townships within, duties and funds transferred, 359.24–359.27

Claims against townships

Settlements by insurers, public records, 22.13

State, claims by, settlement, 25.6

Tort claims liability and procedure, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS, subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims

Clerks of townships

See also subhead Officers of Townships below

General provisions, 39.22, 359.11, 359.20–359.23

Abolition of office, 359.24

Affirmations, power to take, 63A.2(4)

Compensation, 331.322(14), 331.324(1), 359.47

Elections, see ELECTIONS, subhead Townships and Township Elections

Oath administration power, 63A.2(4)

Resignations, 69.4

Vacancies, 69.8(5), 69.20

Coal mining, requirements, 207.11

Coal purchase and use, 73.6, 73.9, 73.10

Community centers, land condemned for, 359.28

Community clusters, inclusion, 28E.37

Community commonwealth government form, 331.260–331.263

Condemnation powers, 359.28

Construction and improvement of facilities

See also PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS

General provisions, 359.28–359.40

Bidding procedure, ch 73A

Bond issues, see BONDS, subhead Townships

Contracts, ch 73A

Joint undertakings, see JOINT ENTITIES AND UNDERTAKINGS

Park improvements, tax levy for, 359.30

Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Township Contracts

Contributions by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS

Creation of townships, 359.2

Debt

Bonds, see BONDS

Limit, Const Iowa XI §3; 346.24

Statement showing debt, filing and posting, 331.502(29), 359.21, 359.23

Disaster services, see subhead Emergency Services and Systems below

Dissolution of townships, 359.9

Division of townships, 359.5–359.8

Documents kept by townships, see subhead Records of Townships below

Donations by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS

Election precincts, 49.4

Elections, see ELECTIONS

Emergency services and systems

General provisions, 359.42, 359.43, 359.45

Fire protection services, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION

Medical services, see EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Eminent domain powers, 359.28

Employees of townships

See also subhead Officers of Townships below

For provisions relating generally to public employees, see PUBLIC EMPLOYEES

General provisions, 331.324

Applications for jobs, public notice requirements, 35C.1(3)

Workers' compensation, see WORKERS' COMPENSATION

Expenditures by townships

See also subhead Funds below

Highways, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16

State mandates, see MANDATES IMPOSED ON POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS

Facilities of townships, see subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above

Fence viewer duties, see FENCES, subhead Fence Viewers

Finances, see subhead Funds below

Fire districts, withdrawal of townships from, 357B.18

Fire protection services, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION

Funds

See also subhead Expenditures by Townships above

Accounting, 359.51

Budgets, 331.502(29), 359.49, 359.50

Cemetery funds, 359.21, 359.34, 359.35

Deposits and depositories, see PUBLIC FUNDS, subhead Deposits and Depositories

Investments, 12B.10–12B.10C, 12C.9–12C.11

Receipts and expenditures statement filing and posting, 331.502(29), 359.21, 359.23

Taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Gifts by and to townships, see CONTRIBUTIONS, DONATIONS, AND GIFTS

Grounds of townships, see subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above

Halls

See also subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above

Construction and maintenance, ch 360

Gifts, devises, and bequests for halls, acceptance authorized, 359.29

Highways, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16

Improvement of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above

Indebtedness, see subhead Debt above

Insurance, reciprocal and interinsurance contracts, exchange, ch 520

Investments, 12B.10–12B.10C, 12C.9–12C.11

Jobs and jobholders, see subhead Employees of Townships above

Joint entities and undertakings, see JOINT ENTITIES AND UNDERTAKINGS

Lands, see subhead Property of Townships below

Legal counsel, 359.18, 359.19

Libraries, see LIBRARIES

Maintenance of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above

Memorial buildings, joint acquisition with city, 37.21, 360.4

Missouri river barge compact, powers and duties of townships preserved under, 307C.5

Moneys, see subhead Funds above

Monuments, joint acquisition with city, 37.21

Names of townships, changing, 359.14

New townships, elections, 359.10–359.13

Officers of townships

See also subheads Clerks of Townships; Employees of Townships above; Trustees of Townships, Boards of, below

For provisions relating generally to public officers, see PUBLIC OFFICERS

General provisions, 331.324

Public employees' retirement system coverage for elective officers, 97B.1A[8a(1)], 97B.42A

Surety bonds for officers of townships, see PUBLIC OFFICERS, subhead Bonds for Officers

Park improvements, tax levies for, 359.30

Playgrounds, lands condemned for, 359.28

Population, determination, 9F.6

Property of townships

See also subhead Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds of Townships above

Accounting, 359.51

Disposal procedure, 359.52

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Purchasing by townships, see PURCHASING, subhead Townships

Railroads in townships, laws and regulations applicable to rights-of-way, 327G.8

Real property of townships, see subhead Property of Townships above

Records of townships

See also PUBLIC RECORDS

Preservation requirements, 359.20

Repairs of facilities, see subhead Construction and Improvement of Facilities above

Roads, expenditures by county, publication, 349.16

School land division and appraisement duties, 257B.4

Services by townships, state mandates for, see MANDATES IMPOSED ON POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS

Taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Tort claims liability and procedure, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS, subhead Governmental Liability and Procedures for Tort Claims

Trustees of townships, boards of

See also subhead Officers of Townships above

General provisions, 39.22, 359.11, 359.17

Abolition of office, 359.24

Animal board of health duties, 165.35

Bond requirement for public officers, exception for township trustees, 64.1A

Compensation, 331.322(14), 331.324(1), 359.46

Elections, see ELECTIONS, subhead Townships and Township Elections

Fence viewer duties, see FENCES, subhead Fence Viewers

Legal counsel, 359.18, 359.19

Resignations, 69.4

School land division and appraisement, 257B.4

Surety bond requirement for public officers, exception for township trustees, 64.1A

Vacancies, 69.8(5), 69.20

Volunteers, liability, 670.2

Warning systems for emergencies, 359.42, 359.43, 359.45

Windbreaks, demonstration, trees provided by state, 456A.20

Workers, see subhead Employees of Townships above

 

TOXINS

See POISONS AND POISONINGS

 

TOYS

Purchases for donation by nonprofit organizations, sales tax exemption, 423.3(87)

 

TRACKS (RACING)

See RACING

 

TRACKS (RAILROADS)

See RAILROADS

 

TRACTORS

Farm tractors, see AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, subhead Tractors

Road tractors, see MOTOR VEHICLES

Truck tractors, see MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TRADE

See also BUSINESS AND BUSINESSES

See also COMMERCE

See also SALES

Customs of trade, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Custom and Usage

Fair trade provisions, see FAIR TRADE

Foreign trade offices, appropriations allotments, 8.31(6)

Law merchant, supplementary to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Money, see MONEY

Uniform commercial code, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE

World trade center, ch 15C

 

TRADEMARKS

General provisions, ch 548

Counterfeiting, criminal offenses, 714.26

Financial institution trademarks, misuse of, criminal offense, ch 547A

Food, sale and delivery under false name or mark, prohibited, 190.10

Insurer trademarks, misuse of, criminal offense, ch 547A

Invention development services, ch 523G

Iowa logo, 15.108(2b)

Labeling, inclusion of trademark, 189.9

Theft of identity, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead Theft of Identity, Criminal Offense for (Identity Theft)

 

TRADE NAMES

General provisions, ch 547

Commercial feed, label requirements, 198.5

Counterfeiting, criminal offenses, 714.26

Farm names registered, 557.22–557.26

Food, sale and delivery under false name, prohibited, 190.10

 

TRADE SCHOOLS

See VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

 

TRADE SECRETS

General provisions, ch 550

Computer data, unauthorized access, criminal offense, 716.6B

Public records, confidentiality, 22.7(3)

 

TRADE UNIONS

See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Unions, Associations, and Organizations of Employees

 

TRAFFIC

See HIGHWAYS

See MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TRAFFIC SAFETY BUREAU

Drunk driving public education campaign, 321J.1A

Trauma system advisory council membership, 147A.24

 

TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS

See MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Violations and Violators

 

TRAILERS

Manufactured homes and mobile homes, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES

Motorcycle trailers, registration plates for, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Registration and Registration Plates

Motor vehicle trailers and semitrailers, see MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TRAILS

General provisions, ch 465B

All-terrain vehicle trails, mowing, signing, and maintenance on, 321.234A(1e)

Bicycle trails and paths, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING

Brushy creek recreation area, see BRUSHY CREEK RECREATION AREA

Donations of property for public use, recognition by state, 1C.15

Funding for recreational facilities, ch 461

Pedestrian trails and paths, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Walkways for Pedestrians

River and lake facilities, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Snowmobile trails, see SNOWMOBILES

Trailblazing, tourist-oriented directional signs, 321.252(4e)

Water trails, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft

 

TRAINING (ATHLETIC)

See ATHLETICS, ATHLETES, AND ATHLETIC TRAINING

 

TRAINING (JOBS)

See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT

 

TRAINING SCHOOL, STATE

See JUVENILE FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead State Training School

 

TRAINS

See RAILROADS

 

TRANSCRIPTS

Appellate courts, transmission to, 625A.7

Bankruptcy transcripts, filing in state courts, 626C.1–626C.6

Circuit court transcripts, issuance of, 602.6701

Criminal actions prosecuted by cities and counties, payment of costs of transcripts for, 602.1303(7), 815.13

Criminal appeals, indigent defendant's right to district court transcript, 814.9, 814.10

Destruction of records, 602.8103(4)

Evidence, admissibility as, 622.97–622.101

Fees for transcripts

Shorthand reporter's compensation, 602.3202

Taxation as court costs, 625.9

 

TRANSFER COMPANIES

See CARRIERS

 

TRANSFER ON DEATH SECURITY REGISTRATION

General provisions, 633.10(5), ch 633D

 

TRANSFERS TO MINORS

General provisions, ch 565B

Bank common trust funds, 633.126–633.129

Conservatorship termination, payment to custodian, 633.681

Procedure in lieu of conservatorship, 633.108, 633.574

Trust company common trust funds, 633.126–633.129

 

TRANSIENT PERSONS

See also MIGRANT PERSONS

Door-to-door sales, see DOOR-TO-DOOR SALES

Homeless persons, see HOMELESS PERSONS

Hotel and motel guests, see HOTELS AND MOTELS

Indigent and poor persons

Burial assistance for nonresident indigent persons by counties, 252.27

Removal of poor persons from state or county, 252.18

Merchants, licenses, ch 9C

 

TRANSIT SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

See PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

 

TRANSLATING AND TRANSLATORS

See INTERPRETING AND INTERPRETERS

See TRANSLITERATING AND TRANSLITERATORS

 

TRANSLITERATING AND TRANSLITERATORS

See also PROFESSIONS

General provisions, 135.11A, ch 147, ch 154E

 

TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHIES (TSE)

See CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

 

TRANSMISSION LINES

Cable television, see TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT

Electric lines, see UTILITIES, subhead Electric Utilities

Gas lines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Telegraph lines, see TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES

Telephone lines, see TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

Water lines, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Supplies and Supply Systems

 

TRANSMITTING UTILITIES

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities

 

TRANSPLANTS OF ORGANS AND TISSUE

See ORGANS AND TISSUE

 

TRANSPORTATION

Aircraft, see AIRCRAFT AND AIR CARRIERS

Airports, see AIRPORTS

All-terrain vehicles, see ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES

Bicycles, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING

Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Buses, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

Carriers, see CARRIERS

Highways, see HIGHWAYS

Motor carriers, see MOTOR CARRIERS

Motorcycles, see MOTORCYCLES

Motorized bicycles, see MOTORIZED BICYCLES

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES

Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Public transit, see PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

Railroads, see RAILROADS

School transportation services and vehicles, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS

Services, state funding for eligible persons, 234.6(6)

Snowmobiles, see SNOWMOBILES

Street railways, see STREET RAILWAYS

Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS

 

~P MARGINS L *TM;I0-0,4;I1-2,6;I2-4,8;I3-6,10

TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT

See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS

General provisions, 7E.5(1r), ch 307, ch 307A

Aircraft and airport regulation, ch 328

Audits by state auditor, expenses reimbursed, 11.5B

Brownfield redevelopment advisory council membership and duties, 15.294

Carrier regulation, ch 325A, ch 326, ch 327B–ch 327G

Competition with private enterprise prohibition, exemption for department, 23A.2(9)

Condemnation powers, ch 6B, 306.19, 589.27

Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Transportation Department Contracts

Council Bluffs property, use as green space, 314.25

Driver education instructor certification, 321.178(1)

Driver's license issuance, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Emergency response commission membership and duties, 29.1, ch 30

Eminent domain powers, ch 6B, 306.19, 589.27

Employees of department

See also subhead Peace Officer Employees of Department below

For provisions relating generally to state employees, see STATE EMPLOYEES

Expenses, 307.8, 307.12(2)

Longevity pay, 307.48

Oath administration by employees, 321.9

Reassignment, 307.13

Sales or leases of goods and services by employees, restrictions, 68B.4

Transfer, 307.13

Energy center advisory council membership and duties, 266.39C

Equipment

See also MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Transportation Department Vehicles

Federal donations, acceptance, 307.43

Sales by department, local tax exemptions, 423B.5

Fuel tax law administration and enforcement, 452A.57, 452A.76

Highways administration, see HIGHWAYS

Keep Iowa beautiful fund administration, 314.28

Law enforcement officers of department, see subhead Peace Officer Employees of Department below

Licenses for drivers, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Drivers of Motor Vehicles

Manufactured home distributor, manufacturer, and retailer licensing and regulation, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subheads Distributors of Homes; Manufacturers and Manufacturing of Homes; Retailers of Homes

Map of state, see MAPS

Mississippi river partnership council appointment and support, ch 28N

Missouri river authority membership and duties, 28L.1

Missouri river barge compact, jurisdiction and duties, 307C.2, 307C.3

Mobile home distributor, manufacturer, and retailer licensing and regulation, see MANUFACTURED AND MOBILE HOMES, subheads Distributors of Homes; Manufacturers and Manufacturing of Homes; Retailers of Homes

Motor vehicle dealer, distributor, and manufacturer licensing and regulation, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subheads Dealers of Vehicles and Licensing and Regulation of Dealers; Distributors, Distributor Branches, and Distributor Representatives for Vehicles; Manufacturers of Vehicles

Motor vehicle division, commercial motor vehicle violation citations, fines and fees from, deposit in road use tax fund, 602.8108(8), 602.8108A(1)

Motor vehicle law administration, see MOTOR VEHICLES

Motor vehicles of department, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Transportation Department Vehicles

Natural resources and outdoor recreation trust fund administration, ch 461

Nonoperator's identification card issuance, see IDENTITY AND IDENTIFICATION, subhead Nonoperator's Identification Cards

Peace officer employees of department

See also subhead Employees of Department above

See also PEACE OFFICERS

General provisions, 321.476–321.481

Age limit, 321.477

Public employees' retirement system benefits, 97B.49B, 97B.49D, 97B.49G(10), 97B.50A, 97B.52(2)

Primary road system administration, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Primary Roads and Road System

Private enterprise, prohibited competition with, exemption, 23A.2(9)

Public transit assistance, 307.25, ch 324A

Purchasing by department, see PURCHASING, subhead Transportation Department

Railroad regulation, see RAILROADS

Records, 305.15, 321.10–321.12, 321.31

Report, 7A.9

Roadside vegetation management, 314.22

Sales tax exemptions and refunds, 423.3(31), 423.4(1, 2)

Seal, 321.7

Secondary road administration, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Secondary Roads and Road System

Secondary road fund distribution advisory committee appointment, 312.3C

Statewide interoperable communications system board, 80.28, 80.29

Tax exemptions and refunds, 423.3(31), 423.4(1, 2)

Trail administration, see TRAILS

Transportation commission

General provisions, ch 307, ch 307A

Compensation, 7E.6(4)

Financial disclosure, 68B.35, 68B.35A

Retirement system for public employees, coverage of commission members, 97B.1A[8a(8)], 97B.42A

Travel trailer dealer, distributor, and manufacturer licensing and regulation, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Travel Trailers

Use tax refunds, 423.4(1, 2)

Vegetation on roadsides, management plan, 314.22

Vehicles of department, see MOTOR VEHICLES

Voter registration at driver's license stations, 48A.18, 48A.21

Weed control on highways, 317.11

Weighing vehicles, authority, 321.476–321.481

 

TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT MOVES THE ECONOMY IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY (TIME-21) FUND

General provisions, 312.2(15–17), ch 312A

 

TRAP AND TRACE DEVICES

General provisions, ch 808B

 

TRAPPING AND TRAPS

Bird trapping, restrictions on, 481A.58

Fish trapping, restrictions on, 481A.76, 481A.145

Funding for programs and projects for recreational purposes, ch 461

Fur-bearing animal trapping and traps

See also FUR-BEARING ANIMALS, subhead Harvesting, Hunting, and Trapping of Fur-Bearing Animals

General provisions, 481A.51, 481A.87–481A.93

Violations, see subhead Violations and Penalties for Violations below

Game trapping

See also subheads Rabbit Trapping; Squirrel Trapping below

Restrictions, 481A.48–481A.58

Interference with activities, prohibition, 481A.125

License revenue, expenditure restriction, Const Iowa VII §9

Minnow trapping, restrictions on traps, 481A.145

Open seasons

General provisions, 481A.1(25)

Established, 481A.48

Fur-bearing animals, 481A.87

Persons, traps set for, criminal offense, 708.9

Private property, trapping on, liability of property owners, ch 461C

Rabbit trapping

See also subhead Game Trapping above

Box trapping, license requirement, 481A.92

Squirrel trapping

See also subhead Game Trapping above

Box trapping, license requirement, 481A.92

Trespassing by trappers, 716.7(2)

Violations and penalties for violations

General provisions, 481A.32–481A.37

Damage to animals in violation of game laws, payment for, 481A.130–481A.133

Fines, 805.8B(3)

 

TRASH AND TRASH DISPOSAL

See WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste

 

TRAUMA INJURIES AND TRAUMA CARE SERVICES

See also EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Deaths caused by trauma, inquiries by medical examiners, 144.28(1)

Delivery system for services, 147A.20–147A.28

 

TRAVEL

Employees, compensation for travel to and from worksite, 91A.13

Public employees, expenses for travel of, see PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, subhead Compensation for Public Employees

State employees, expenses for travel of, see STATE EMPLOYEES, subhead Compensation for State Employees

Tourism, see TOURISM

Travel agencies, registration and regulation of, ch 9D

 

TRAVELER'S CHECKS

See also MONEY

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Negotiable Instruments

Financial transaction reporting, ch 529

Payable sums, abandonment and disposition of abandoned property, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY

Sales by money transmission businesses, licensing and regulation of, see MONEY, subhead Services for Transmission of Money and Exchange of Currency

 

TRAVEL TRAILERS

See MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TREASON

General provisions, Const US III §3; Const Iowa I §16

Charged persons fleeing to another state, removal to state of jurisdiction, Const US IV §2

Convicted persons, suspensions of sentence, pardons, commutations of sentence, executions of sentence, and reprieves for, Const Iowa IV §16

 

TREASURER OF STATE

See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS

General provisions, Const Iowa IV §22; 12.1–12.30

Abandoned property disposition by treasurer, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY

Accounts and accounting

General provisions, 12.1–12.15

Accounting methods prescribed, 8.6(1)

Audits and examinations, ch 11, 12B.11–12B.14, 70A.8

Agricultural land tax credit fund, 425A.1, 426.1

Agricultural marketing fund, 159.23

Appeal board membership and duties, see APPEAL BOARD (STATE)

Bonds, debt obligations, state and local activities, 12.1, 12.30

Bonds required of treasurer

Employment security funds, 96.13(1, 3)

Liability for losses, 12.7, 12B.15, 12C.8

Cigarette sale proceeds from seizure, 453A.32

Collections from departments, deposit of, 8.32, 476.51

College savings plan trust administration, ch 12D

Compensation

See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS

General provisions, 12.18

County treasurer, funds remitted, 12B.1A, 12B.10–12B.18, 331.555(1–3)

Credit card receipt processing for state agencies, 12.21

Credit card sponsored by state, selection of issuer, 12.61

Cultural trust administration duties, ch 303A

Deposits and depositories, see PUBLIC FUNDS

Educational savings plan trust administration, ch 12D

Election, Const Iowa IV §22; 39.8, 39.9

Election candidate nominations, hearing of objections to, 44.6

Employees

For provisions relating generally to state employees, see STATE EMPLOYEES

Collective bargaining exclusion, 12.9

Merit system applicability exception, 8A.412(11)

Energy-efficient state building project, bonds and finances, 12.91

Executive council membership and duties, see EXECUTIVE COUNCIL

Financial literacy program, ch 12G

Fine payment to treasurer, 602.8108, 666.3

Forfeitures, payment to treasurer, 602.8108, 666.3

Funds, see PUBLIC FUNDS

Grain indemnity fund board membership, 203D.4

Higher education loan authority records, 261A.15(2)

Interest on bonds, funds for payment, 12.7, 12B.2

Interest rates paid for public obligations and assessments, committee to establish, duties, ch 74A

Interest rates paid for state public funds deposits, committee to establish, duties, 12C.6

Investments, see PUBLIC FUNDS

Iowa jobs program bonds and finances, 12.87–12.90

Island sales, 568.24

Judicial retirement investment, 602.9111

Linked investments programs, see LINKED INVESTMENTS

Lost property, proceeds of sale, 556F.15

Merit system for state employees, applicability to treasurer's employees, exception, 8A.412(11)

Oath administration power, 63A.2(1)

Pari-mutuel wagering taxes distributed, 99D.15

Pay, see subhead Compensation above

Prison infrastructure bonds and finances, 12.79, 12.80

Property purchases by state agencies, financing agreements for, 12.28

Public employees' health insurance funds, 514.16

Public employees' retirement fund custodian duties, 97B.7

Public employees' retirement system investment board duties, 97B.8A

Public funds, see PUBLIC FUNDS

Public safety peace officers' retirement, accident, and disability system trustees board membership, 97A.5(1)

Purchases by state agencies, financing agreements for, 12.28

Receipts, record and account of, 12.1–12.5

Records commission membership and duties, ch 305

Report, 7A.3, 12.17

Revenue anticipation notes, 12.26

Riot reinsurance fund, federal, 518B.2, 518B.5

River channel sales, 568.24

Road use tax fund administration, see ROAD USE TAX FUND

Salary, see subhead Compensation above

School funds, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Funds

School infrastructure program bonds and finances, 12.81–12.86

Second injury fund administration, 85.66, 85.67

Security of revenue, ch 12B

Settlement with auditor, 11.2, 12B.11–12B.14

Swampland indemnity money, payment to counties, 12.16

Targeted small business, waiver of bond requirement for, 12.44

Tax anticipation notes, 12.26

Term of office, Const Iowa IV §22; 39.8, 39.9

Tobacco settlement duties, see TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS, subhead Tobacco Settlement and Tobacco Settlement Authority

Unclaimed property disposition by treasurer, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY

Vision Iowa board membership and duties, 15F.102

Vision Iowa program bonds and finances, 12.71–12.77

Warehouse, bond fees, remitted, 203C.33

Warrants, see STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS, subhead Warrants

Workers' compensation second injury fund administration, 85.66, 85.67

 

TREASURERS (CITIES)

See CITIES

 

TREASURERS (COUNTIES)

See COUNTIES

 

TREASURER'S DEEDS

See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Tax Deeds

 

TREASURERS (SCHOOL DISTRICTS)

See SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS

 

TREATIES

General provisions, Const US II §2

State entering treaties, prohibited, Const US I §10

Supremacy as law of land, Const US VI

 

TREES

See also FORESTS AND FORESTRY

See also PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

See also WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS

Arbor celebrations, 1C.10

Buyers of timber, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36

Cities

Injury to trees in cities, liability for damages, 658.4

Nuisance abatement, ch 657

Removal and replacement of trees by cities, see subhead Removal and Replacement of Trees below

Streets and adjacent areas, vegetation projects, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Vegetation on Roadsides

Counties, removal by, responsibilities of property owners and counties, 331.384

Cutting, damage, and destruction of trees, see subheads Injury to Trees; Removal and Replacement of Trees below

Diseases

Dutch elm disease infected trees, nuisance abatement, ch 657

Treatment and eradication, ch 177A

Drainage obstructions, removal and destruction of, 468.138, 468.139

Dutch elm disease infected trees, nuisance abatement, ch 657

Execution sales, land sold at, occupants taking timber, liability to purchaser, 658.7

Forest covers, tax exemption for, 427.1(22)

Forest reservations, see FORESTS AND FORESTRY, subhead Reservations

Fruit-tree reservations, see FRUIT

Groves, see FORESTS AND FORESTRY, subhead Reservations

Highways, see HIGHWAYS

Horticulture society, affiliation with forestry societies, 186.3

Injury to trees

Damage payment, 658.4

Execution sales, land sold at, occupants taking timber, liability to purchaser, 658.7

Occupying claimants cutting, set off against claims by, 560.6

State lands

Prohibition, 461A.35

Settlers taking and using timber, liability of, 658.8

Wild animals, damage and depredation by, management, 481A.10A, ch 481C

Insect pests, control and eradication of, ch 177A

Lost property, rights and duties of finders of, see LOST PROPERTY

Nuisances, ch 657

Nurseries and nursery stock, see NURSERIES AND NURSERY STOCK

Occupying claimants cutting trees, set off against claims by, 560.6

Orchards, see ORCHARDS

Parks, see PARKS

Pests, control and eradication of, ch 177A

Preserves, see PRESERVES

Removal and replacement of trees

Cities, powers of

General provisions, 331.384, 364.12, 364.13, 364.13A, 364.13B

Bond issues, 384.23–384.36

Special assessments, 384.37–384.79

Counties, powers of, 331.384

Property owners, responsibility of, 331.384, 364.12, 364.13, 364.13A, 364.13B

State lands, natural resource commission jurisdiction, 461A.52, 461A.53

Taxation of removal services, 423.2(6), 423.31(7)

Sales

Capital gain, income tax deduction, 422.7(21)

Timber buyers, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36

Uniform commercial code sales law applicability, 554.2107

Secured transactions, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions, thereunder Timber and Uncut Timber

Shade provided by trees, see SHADE

State lands

Injuries to trees, liability for damages, 658.4

Nursery stock, distribution, 456A.20

Settlers taking and using timber, liability, 658.8

Wood removal, natural resource commission jurisdiction, 461A.52, 461A.53

Timber buyers, surety bond requirement for, 456A.36

Trimming services, taxation of, 423.2(6), 423.31(7)

Uncut timber

Sales law under uniform commercial code, applicability of, 554.2107

Secured transactions law under uniform commercial code, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions, thereunder Timber and Uncut Timber

Waste, see subhead Injury to Trees above

Windbreaks, see WINDBREAKS

 

TRESPASS

General provisions, ch 716

Actions for trespass

Accrual of cause of action, 614.4

Damages recovered by tax certificate holders, disposition, 331.502(42)

Legal remedies available, 648.17

Fishers trespassing while fishing, criminal offense, 716.7(2)

Hate crimes, see HATE CRIMES

Hunters trespassing while hunting

Criminal offense, 716.7(2)

License revocation or suspension for convicted offenders, 483A.21

Land sold for taxes, recovery for damages done by trespassers, 658.9, 658.10

Livestock, trespassing by, ch 169C, 359A.22A

Military facilities, trespassing upon, punishment, 29A.42

Penalties surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

Railroad property, trespassing on

General provisions, 716.7, 716.8

Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

Roads in area service system (county secondary roads), trespassing upon, 309.57(4)

Settlers on state public lands, nonliability, 658.8

Trappers trespassing while trapping, criminal offense, 716.7(2)

 

TRIAL COURTS AND PROCEDURE

See COURTS AND JUDICIAL ADMINISTRATION, subhead Trials, Trial Courts, and Trial Procedure

 

TRIAL INFORMATIONS

See INFORMATIONS

 

TRIBES

See AMERICAN INDIANS AND INDIAN TRIBES

 

TRISTATE GRADUATE CENTER

Creation of center, assistance by state, 262.9(22)

 

TROLLEY BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

See BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

 

TROLLEY CARS

See STREET RAILWAYS

 

TROOPERS (IOWA STATE PATROL)

See PUBLIC SAFETY DEPARTMENT, subhead State Patrol and Division of State Patrol

 

TROOPS

See MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS

 

TROUT

See FISH

 

TROY WEIGHT

General provisions, 210.4

 

TRUANCY

See SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Attendance

 

TRUCKING COMPANIES

See MOTOR CARRIERS

 

TRUCKS

See MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TRUCK STOPS

See also FUELS, subhead Dealers of Motor Fuel or Special Fuel

Fuel permits for interstate operators, availability of, 452A.53(4c)

Trip permit issuance, 326.23(2)

 

TRUCK TRACTORS

See MOTOR VEHICLES

 

TRUST CODE

See TRUSTS AND TRUSTEES

 

TRUST COMPANIES

See also FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

See also PROBATE CODE

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Banks and Banking Organizations

General provisions, 524.103(43), 524.1005

Custodian banks, see CUSTODIAN BANKS

Deposits and collections, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Bank Deposits and Collections

Employees of trust companies, restrictions on who may serve as, 524.707(2)

Examinations, 524.217

Existing companies, continuation of, 524.1005

Fiduciary capacity, see PROBATE CODE, subhead Fiduciaries

Franchise taxes, see FRANCHISE TAXES

Funds transfers, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Funds Transfers

Income taxes, see TAXATION, subhead Trust Companies

Investments, 12.28(8)

Motor vehicle registration renewal application and fee receipt authorized, 321.105

Officers, restrictions on who may serve as, 524.606(2), 524.707(2)

Property held by trust companies, unclaimed by owner, abandonment and disposition of, see UNCLAIMED PROPERTY

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Financial Institutions

Receivers and receiverships, claims payment priority applicability, 680.8, 680.9

Safe deposit boxes, see SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES

Taxation, see TAXATION

 

TRUST DEEDS

See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Deeds of Trust

 

TRUSTEES (GOVERNMENTAL BODIES)

Area hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and Hospital Trustees

Cemeteries, see CEMETERIES

City health care facilities, see HEALTH CARE FACILITIES, subhead City Facilities and Trustees of Facilities

City hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and Hospital Trustees

City utilities, ch 388

Combined recreational facility and water quality districts, ch 357E

County hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and Hospital Trustees

Drainage districts, 468.500–468.537

Emergency medical services benefited districts, ch 357F

Emergency medical services city districts, ch 357G

Fire and police retirement system, ch 411

Fire districts, ch 357B

Fire fighters' pension and retirement fund, ch 410, ch 411

Health care facilities, see HEALTH CARE FACILITIES, subhead City Facilities and Trustees of Facilities

Historical society of state, see CULTURAL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT, subhead Historical Society, State

Hospitals, see HOSPITALS AND HOSPITAL SERVICES, subhead Public Hospitals and Hospital Trustees

Lake districts, ch 357E

Land use districts, 303.41–303.68

Law enforcement districts, ch 357D

Levee districts, 468.500–468.537

Libraries of cities, see LIBRARIES, subhead City Libraries and Boards of Trustees

Library districts, see LIBRARIES, subhead Districts and Boards of Trustees of Districts

Library service areas, see LIBRARIES, subhead Service Areas and Boards of Trustees of Service Areas

Mental health centers, ch 230A

Real estate improvement districts, ch 358C

Recreational lake districts, ch 357E

Rural improvement zones, ch 357H

Sanitary districts, ch 358

Secondary road services districts, ch 357I

Soil and water conservation district subdistricts, 161A.19

Street lighting districts, ch 357C

Townships, see TOWNSHIPS

Water districts, ch 357

Water quality districts, ch 357E

 

TRUSTS AND TRUSTEES

See also FIDUCIARIES

See also PROBATE CODE

General provisions, ch 633A

Agricultural landholdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND

Agricultural operations, requirements and restrictions, ch 202B, 331.756(33)

Bank deposits, see subhead Deposits below

Bankruptcy trustees, see BANKRUPTCY, subhead Trustees

Beneficiaries, income taxes, 422.6

Cemetery merchandise sales under agreements for prepayment, ch 523A

Child support payments to trustee, 600B.27, 600B.28

Conveyances of real estate

See also subhead Real Property Transfers below

Authorization, 557.10

Legalization, 589.11, 589.13, 589.24

Corporations, quo warranto proceedings, ch 660

Death of trustee

Bank deposits, payment on trustee's death, 524.807

Successor in interest substituted, 611.20, 611.22

Deposits

See also subhead Investments below

General provisions, 602.8104(2i), 602.8104(2j), 636.29–636.38

Bank deposits, 524.805, 524.807

Disabilities, persons with, supplemental needs trusts, ch 634A

Disbursements, allocation to or between principal and income, ch 637

Discharge of trustee, deposit of trust funds, 636.32–636.34

Distribution

Impossible, deposit of property, 636.31

Income taxes, 422.6

Trustee's death, 524.807

Execution levy against trustee, 626.13

Farming operations, requirements and restrictions, ch 202B, 331.756(33)

Farmland holdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND

Finance authority, ch 16

Foreign trustees, acts affecting realty legalized, 589.8, 589.11, 589.18, 589.24

Forfeiture proceedings, trustee's duties, 809A.10

Funeral services and merchandise sales under agreements for prepayment, ch 523A

Gifts to governmental bodies for institutions, appointment of trustees, 565.7

Gifts to minors, see TRANSFERS TO MINORS

Higher education loan authority obligations and moneys, 261A.44, 261A.47, 261A.48

Income determination and distribution, ch 637

Income taxes, 422.6

Inheritance taxes, liability for payment, 450.8

Investments

See also subhead Deposits above

General provisions, 636.23–636.28

Deposits in banks, 524.805, 524.807

Landholdings, see AGRICULTURAL LAND

Life insurance proceeds, 508.32

Mandamus proceedings, 661.1, 661.6

Medical assistance income and special needs trusts, see MEDICAL ASSISTANCE, subhead Trusts for Assets of Recipients of Assistance

Principal determination and distribution, ch 637

Private foundations, see CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS AND GIFTS

Public broadcasting division, acceptance and administration of trusts, 256.88

Quo warranto proceedings, ch 660

Real estate broker trust accounts, 543B.46

Real property transfers

See also subhead Conveyances of Real Estate above

Warranty to purchaser and adverse claims, limitation of actions, 614.14

Realty trusts, creation, 557.10

Receipts, allocation to or between principal and income, ch 637

Regents board, acceptance and administration of trusts, 262.9(9)

Safe deposit boxes of decedents, access by trustees, 524.812, 533.318

Savings and loan associations, trust powers, 534.103(6)

Supplemental needs trusts for persons with disabilities, ch 634A

Taxation, see TAXATION

Transfers to minors, see TRANSFERS TO MINORS

Workers' compensation payments to mentally incompetent dependents and minors, 85.49–85.52

 

TSE (TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHIES)

See CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE

 

TUBERCULOSIS

Animals, control and eradication of tuberculosis in

General provisions, 159.5(12), 159.6(2, 3), ch 163, ch 165

Expenses, payment fund for, 165.18

Quarantine or destruction of exposed or infected cattle, 163.10

Deceased persons who suffered from tuberculosis, notification of persons handling bodies of, 141A.2(3)

Exposure of emergency medical care providers to tuberculosis, notification of, 139A.19

 

TUITION

Colleges and universities, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Costs of College Education

Community colleges, 260C.14(2)

Proprietary schools, payment and refunds, 714.17, 714.23

School districts, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS

State universities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS

Student financial assistance, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid, Grants, Loans, and Scholarships

 

TUNNELS

Mine tunnels, see MINES AND MINING

Pedestrian tunnels, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Tunnels and Underpasses for Pedestrians

Vehicle tunnels

Obstructing vehicle in tunnel, removal of, 321.357

Parking of vehicle in tunnel, prohibition, 321.358(12)

Passing of vehicle on approach to tunnel, restrictions on, 321.304

 

TURKEYS

See BIRDS

 

TURPENTINE

Regulation, 189.1(1)

 

TURTLES

See also REPTILES

General provisions, 481A.1(34)

Catching of, fishing for, and harvesting of turtles

See also FISHING, subhead Turtle Fishing

General provisions, ch 482

Fuel tax refunds, 452A.17–452A.19

Limits on catching of turtles, 481A.67, 481A.121

Violations, penalties for, 481A.134, 481A.135

Pets, see PETS

 

UNCLAIMED PROPERTY

See also ABANDONED PROPERTY

See also LOST PROPERTY

General provisions, ch 556

Claims for property, false information provided for, criminal offense, 714.8(16)

Correctional institution inmates, property of, disposition upon death, 904.508(3)

Deer venison, abandonment and disposition of, 556H.1

District court, fees possessed by, disposition of, 602.8105(3)

Dry cleaning, abandonment and disposition of, 556G.1

Electric cooperative patronage dividends, disposition of, 216A.102(2b)

Gambling prizes, disposition of, 99D.13, 99G.31(2)

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Abandonment of Vehicles and Abandoned Vehicles

Records of property, confidentiality of, 22.7(32, 59)

Recovery agreements, false information prior to entering into, criminal offense, 714.8(16)

Safe deposit box contents, abandonment and disposition of

Bank boxes, 524.812, 524.1305(6)

Credit union boxes, 533.320

 

UNDERGROUND FACILITIES

Excavations in area of underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Gas facilities, regulation of, ch 479, ch 479A

Hazardous liquid facilities, regulation of, ch 479B

Landfills, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Landfills

Mines, see MINES AND MINING

Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Railroad crossings, see RAILROADS, subhead Crossings

Sewers, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Tanks, see TANKS

Tunnels, see TUNNELS

Underpasses and underground crossings, see UNDERPASSES AND UNDERGROUND CROSSINGS

Wells, see WELLS

 

UNDERINSURED MOTORISTS

Insurance coverage in liability policies, see INSURANCE, subhead Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Operators

 

UNDERPASSES AND UNDERGROUND CROSSINGS

Cities

Construction and repair, special assessments, 384.37–384.79

Maintenance responsibility, 364.12

Railroad underpasses, 364.8

Damage caused by vehicles, responsibility for, 321.456

Pedestrian underpasses, see PEDESTRIANS, subhead Tunnels and Underpasses for Pedestrians

Railroad underpasses and underground crossings, see RAILROADS, subhead Crossings

Snowmobile crossings, use of interstate highway and freeway underpasses, 321G.9(1)

Tunnels, see TUNNELS

Viaducts, see VIADUCTS

 

UNDERTAKERS

See FUNERALS, subhead Directing and Directors of Funerals

 

UNDULANT FEVER

See BRUCELLOSIS

 

UNEMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYED PERSONS

See also LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Layoffs of and Laid-off Employees

Compensation for unemployed persons, see UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION

Consumer credit insurance providing coverage for unemployment, regulation of, 537.2501(2)

Jobs program, see CONSERVATION CORPS

 

UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION

General provisions, 84A.5(3), ch 96

Child support debt withholding from compensation, 252B.5(6)

Conservation corps employees, ineligibility of, 84A.7(5)

Contested cases, 10A.601

Contributions by employers

Garnishment under distress warrants for contributions, 626.29

Liens for contributions, 331.602(8), 331.607(2)

Correctional institution inmates in private industry, ineligibility of, 904.809(1)

County employees, benefits for, payment by tax levy, 331.424(1a)

Education program for employers, 15.108(7e)

School district employees, benefits for, payment by tax levy, 298.4

Veterans, benefits for, 35A.13(6), 422.7(46A)

 

UNFAIR DISCRIMINATION

See DISCRIMINATION

 

UNGULATES

Hunting preserves for ungulates, see HUNTING, subhead Preserves for Hunting

 

UNICYCLING

Tort liability immunity of municipalities for unicycling activities in public facilities and on public property, 670.4(14, 15)

 

UNIFORM ACTS

Adult guardianship and protective proceedings jurisdiction, 633.700–633.722

Anatomical gift, ch 142C

Certification of questions of law, ch 684A

Child-custody jurisdiction and enforcement, ch 598B

Commission on uniform state laws, ch 5

Consumer credit code, ch 537

Controlled substances, ch 124

Criminal extradition, ch 820

Disclaimer of property interest, ch 633E

Disposition of unclaimed property, ch 556

Electronic transactions, 554D.101–554D.124

Enforcement of foreign judgments, ch 626A

Environmental covenants, ch 455I

Federal lien registration, 331.609

Foreign-country money judgments recognition, ch 626B

Fraudulent transfer, ch 684

Fresh pursuit, ch 806

Individual accident and health insurance minimum standards, ch 514D

Individual accident and sickness, ch 514A

Interstate family support, ch 252K

Limited liability companies, ch 489

Limited partnership, ch 488

Mediation, ch 679C

Money services, ch 533C

Partnership, ch 486A

Postconviction procedure, ch 822

Premarital agreement, ch 596

Principal and income, ch 637

Prudent investor, 633A.4301–633A.4309

Prudent management of institutional funds, ch 540A

Rendition of prisoners as witnesses in criminal proceedings, ch 819A

Residential landlord and tenant, ch 562A

Sales and use tax administration, 423.7–423.12

Secure witnesses from without the state, ch 819

Securities, ch 502

Simultaneous death, 633.523–633.528

Testamentary additions to trust, 633.275, 633.276

Trade secrets, ch 550

Transfer on death security registration, ch 633D

Transfers to minors, ch 565B

Unincorporated nonprofit association, ch 501B

 

UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE

General provisions, ch 554

Acceleration of payment or performance, options in agreements, 554.1309

Acceptance

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4101

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Sales, 554.2606

Accessions

Leases, lessors' and lessees' rights, 554.13310

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Accommodation, nonconforming goods offered buyer, 554.2206

Accounts

Bank deposit accounts, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections below

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Actions

Bank deposits and collections, conflict of laws, 554.4102

Defined, 554.1201

Enforcement of remedies, 554.1305

Investment securities, evidentiary rules, 554.8115

Limitation of actions, see subhead Limitation of Actions below

Replevin under sales, buyer's rights, 554.2711, 554.2716

Administration, remedies, liberal administration, 554.1305

Affirmations, warranties, express warranty by seller, 554.2313

Afternoon defined, bank deposits and collections, 554.4104

Afternoon hour, bank deposits and collections, cutoff time, 554.4108

Age, checks, bank deposits and collections, 554.4404

Agents

See also subhead Principal and Agent below

Bank deposits and collections, collecting bank status as agent, 554.4201

Seller, person in position of, inclusion in definition, 554.2707

Aggrieved party, defined, 554.1201

Agreements

See also subhead Contracts below

Bank deposits and collections, variation, 554.4103

Defined, 554.1201, 554.2106

Law governing agreements, 554.1301

Agricultural commodities and products

See also subhead Farm Commodities and Products below

Sales, see subhead Sales below, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Farm Products

Warehouse receipts for agricultural commodities, 554.7201

Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Alcoholic beverages, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201

Allocation

Risk, under sales contract, 554.2303

Sales, performance, 554.2615, 554.2616

Alteration of instruments

Bank items, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections below

Documents of title, 554.7208, 554.7306

Investment securities, 554.8206

Ancillary obligation or promise, sale contract, remedies for breach, 554.2701

Animals

Agricultural liens on farm products, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Agricultural Liens

Leases, see subhead Leases below

Livestock, see subhead Farm Commodities and Products below

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Anticipatory repudiation, sales, see subhead Sales below

Appearance, sales, notice to seller to defend action for breach of warranty against buyer, 554.2607

Apportionment, sales, delivery of goods, 554.2307

Approval sales, 554.2326, 554.2327

As-extracted collateral in secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Assignments

See also ASSIGNMENTS

Damages, breach of sales contract, 554.2210

Letters of credit, 554.5114

Sales contract, 554.2210

Assortment of goods, sales, buyer's option, 554.2311

At will, acceleration of option at will, 554.1309

Auctions and auctioneers

See also AUCTIONS AND AUCTIONEERS

Completion of sale, 554.2328

Forced sales, 554.2328

Lots, 554.2328

Reopen bidding, 554.2328

Resale by bidder, 554.2706

Reserve, 554.2328

Without reserve, 554.2328

Bailments, bailees, and bailors

See also BAILMENTS

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title below

Financial asset dealt with by bailee, liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115

Risk of loss under leases, 554.13219

Risk of loss under sales, 554.2509

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Stoppage of delivery by lessor, 554.13523, 554.13526

Stoppage of delivery by seller, 554.2703, 554.2705

Tender of delivery under sales, 554.2503

Bank deposits and collections

See also BANKS AND BANKING, subhead Deposits

See also CREDIT UNIONS, subhead Deposits

See also SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS, subhead Deposits

General provisions, 554.4101–554.4504

Acceptance

Death of customer, 554.4405

Defined, 554.4104

Incompetency of customer, 554.4405

Notice of holding, 554.4210

Warranties, 554.4207

Accounts, defined, 554.4104

Actions, conflict of laws, 554.4102

Afternoon, defined, 554.4104

Afternoon hour, cutoff time, 554.4108

Agency relationship, 554.4201

Age of check, 554.4404

Agreements, variations, 554.4103

Alterations of items

Duty of customer, 554.4406

Warranty, customer or collecting bank, 554.4207

Arrest, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Banking day, defined, 554.4104

Banks, defined, 554.4105

Branch banks, 554.4107

Breach of warranties, damages, 554.4207

Burden of proof

Damages, payment after stop payment order, 554.4403

Reasonable time, 554.4202

Cashier's checks

See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Settlement of item, 554.4213

Certified checks

See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Time for presenting, 554.4404

Charge back, 554.4212

Charging items against accounts, 554.4401

Checks

See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Cashier's checks, see Cashier's Checks under this subhead above

Certified checks, see Certified Checks under this subhead above

Payment of checks more than six months old, 554.4404

Settlement, 554.4213

Teller's checks, see Teller's Checks under this subhead below

Clearing houses

Defined, 554.4104

Provisional settlement for item through, 554.4213

Return, item received through, 554.4301

Rules varied by agreement, 554.4103

Closing time, item or deposit received after, 554.4108

Collecting banks

Care required, 554.4202

Charge back, 554.4212

Death of customer, 554.4405

Defined, 554.4105

Delay, 554.4108

Final payment, 554.4213

Holder in due course, 554.4211

Incompetence of customer, 554.4405

Insolvency and preference, 554.4216

Instructions, 554.4203, 554.4204

Methods of sending and presenting, 554.4204

Modification of time limits, 554.4108

Nonpayment, 554.4202

Notice of dishonor, 554.4202, 554.4212

Ordinary care required, 554.4202

Payments suspended, 554.4214

Presentment, 554.4202

Presumption and duration of agency status, 554.4201

Refund, 554.4212

Seasonable action, 554.4202

Security interests of collecting banks, 554.4210, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322

Sending direct to payor bank, 554.4204

Warranties, 554.4207, 554.7508

Communication facilities, delay caused by interruption, 554.4108

Conflict of laws, 554.4102

Conversion, 554.4203

Credits

Charge back or refund, 554.4212

Provisional status, 554.4201

Withdrawal, availability for, 554.4213

Customers

General provisions, 554.4401–554.4406

Defined, 554.4104

Warranties, 554.4207

Damages

General provisions, 554.4103

Breach of warranties, 554.4207

Payment after stop payment order, 554.4403

Wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Death of customer, 554.4405

Default, 554.4202

Deferred posting, 554.4301

Definitions, 554.4104, 554.4105

Delays, 554.4109

Demand drafts, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208

Depositary banks

Charge back, 554.4214

Defined, 554.4105

Final payment, 554.4215

Holder of unendorsed item, 554.4205

Discharge, damages for breach of warranty, 554.4207

Dishonor

Documentary draft, 554.4504

Items not payable at bank, 554.4212

Notices of dishonor, see Notices of Dishonor under this subhead below

Presenting bank, collections, 554.4503

Sending notice, 554.4202

Time, 554.4301

Warranties, 554.4207

Wrongful, damages, 554.4402

Documentary drafts

General provisions, 554.4501–554.4504

Defined, 554.4104

Handling, 554.4501

Presentment, see Presentment under this subhead below

Privilege of presenting bank to deal with goods, 554.4504

Referee, 554.4503

Report of reasons for dishonor, 554.4503

Security interests of presenting banks, 554.4504

Drafts

Defined, 554.4104

Demand drafts, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208

Documentary drafts, see Documentary Drafts under this subhead above

Emergencies, collection of items, delays, 554.4108

Endorsements, 554.4201–554.4205

Expenses, 554.4503, 554.4504

Extension, time limits, 554.4108

Federal reserve regulations, 554.4103

Final payment, 554.4215

Foreign currency, charge back or refund, 554.4214

Holder, acquisition of rights, 554.4201

Holder in due course

General provisions, 554.4211

Subrogation of bank, 554.4407

Identity, transferor bank, 554.4206

Incompetence of customer, rights of bank, 554.4405

Insolvency

General provisions, 554.4202

Collecting or payor bank, 554.4216

Warranties of transferor, 554.4207

Instructions

Documentary drafts, presentment, 554.4503

Method of sending and presenting instruments, 554.4203, 554.4204

Intermediary banks

Charge back or refund, 554.4214

Defined, 554.4105

Investments, securities, application, 554.4102

Items, defined, 554.4104

Late return of item, 554.4302

Liens of presenting banks, 554.4504

Limitation of damages, agreement, 554.4103

Lost or destroyed property, notice to transferor, 554.4202

Methods, sending and presenting, 554.4204

Midnight deadline

Defined, 554.4104

Late return of item, 554.4302

Return of items, 554.4301

Seasonable action, 554.4202

Misconduct, 554.4202

Mistakes

General provisions, 554.4202

Wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Modification, time limit, 554.4108

Neglect, liability, 554.4202

Negligence, other banks, 554.4202

Nonaction, liability, 554.4102

Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202

Notice, 554.4205, 554.4212

Notices of dishonor

General provisions, 554.4301

Collecting bank, 554.4202

Documentary draft, 554.4501, 554.4503

Warranties, 554.4207

"On arrival" drafts, presentment, 554.4502

Oral stop payment order, 554.4403

Order, charge or certification of items, 554.4303

Orders, stop payment, 554.4107, 554.4303, 554.4403

Overdraft, charging against account, 554.4401

Payable through or payable at bank, 554.4106

Payments

Charging against accounts, 554.4401

Check, time limit for presenting, 554.4404

Death of customer, 554.4405

Final payment, 554.4215

Incompetence of customer, 554.4405

Nonaction, 554.4102

Nonbank as payment place, 554.4212

Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202

Notice of holding, 554.4212

Revocation, 554.4301

Suspended, 554.4216

Warranties, 554.4207

Payor banks

Death of customer, 554.4405

Defined, 554.4105

Delayed beyond time limits, 554.4108

Excuse for delay, 554.4108

Final payment, 554.4215

Incompetence of customer, 554.4405

Insolvency, 554.4216

Late return of item, 554.4302

Notice, items subject to, 554.4303

Payments suspended, 554.4216

Reimbursement, 554.4214

Revocation of payment, 554.4301

Sending direct to banks, 554.4204

Stop orders, 554.4303

Subrogation, 554.4407

Preferences and preferred claims, 554.4216

Presenting banks

Defined, 554.4105

Documentary drafts, see Documentary Drafts under this subhead above

Security interests and liens of presenting banks, 554.4504

Presenting items, methods, 554.4204

Presentment

Collecting bank, 554.4202

Direct to payor bank, 554.4204

Documentary drafts, 554.4501–554.4504

Electronic, 554.4110

Nonaction, 554.4102

Time limit, check, 554.4404

Presumptions, agency status of collecting bank, 554.4201

Process, items subject to, time, 554.4303

Prosecution, wrongful dishonor, damages, 554.4402

Provisional settlement, 554.4214–554.4216

Proximate cause, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Questions of fact, damages caused by wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Recovery of payment by return of items, 554.4301

Refunds, 554.4214

Reimbursement, payor bank, 554.4214

Restrictive endorsements, 554.4203

Revocation of payment, 554.4301

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Sending item, method, 554.4204

Setoff

General provisions, 554.4201

Payor bank, 554.4303

Settle, defined, 554.4104

Settlement, agency, 554.4201

Settlement of item, 554.4213, 554.4214

Signatures, unauthorized, duty of customer, 554.4406

Standard of care, 554.4103

Stop payment orders, 554.4107, 554.4303, 554.4403

Subrogation, payor bank, 554.4407

Suspends payments, defined, 554.4104

Suspension of payments by collecting or payor bank, 554.4216

Teller's checks

See also subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Settlement, 554.4213

Time

General provisions, 554.4108

Claims, 554.4207

Damages for breach of warranty, 554.4207

Dishonor, 554.4301

Limit for presenting check, 554.4404

Modification, 554.4108

Receipt of items, 554.4108

Seasonable action for collection, 554.4202

Stop payment orders, 554.4403

Title, warranties, customer and collecting bank, 554.4207

Transfer between banks, 554.4206

Unauthorized signatures, duty of customer, 554.4406

Value, determination of status as holder in due course, 554.4211

Variation, agreement, 554.4103

Waiver, time limits, 554.4108

War, delay caused by, 554.4108

Warranties

General provisions, 554.4207

Encoding and retention, 554.4209

Presentment, 554.4208

Withdrawal, 554.4215

Wrongful dishonor, damages, 554.4402

Bank deposits and deposit accounts

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Deposit Accounts

Banker's credit, defined, 554.2325

Banking day, defined, 554.4104

Bankruptcy, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Banks and banking organizations

See also BANKS AND BANKING

See also CREDIT UNIONS

See also SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS

See also TRUST COMPANIES

Branch, defined, 554.1201

Defined, 554.1201

Deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Documents of title, delivery, 554.2308

Funds transfers, see subhead Funds Transfers below

Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets below

Bearer, defined, 554.1201

Between merchants, defined, 554.2104

Beverage, merchantable warranty, 554.2314

Bids, see subhead Auctions and Auctioneers above

Bills of lading and goods covered by bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below

Boats covered by certificates of title

Leases of boats, see subhead Leases below

Secured transactions and security interests in boats, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Boats, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods below

Bona fide purchasers

Holders in due course, 554.3302

Resale by seller, 554.2706

Seller, right to reclaim goods, 554.2702

Title to goods, 554.2403

Bonds, see subhead Investment Securities below

Brands and labels, merchantability requirements, 554.2314

Breach, claim or right from, discharge, 554.1306

Breach of contract, see subhead Sales below

Breach of warranty

Bank deposits and collections, damages, 554.4207

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Brokers, securities, see subhead Investment Securities below

Burden of establishing a fact, defined, 554.1201

Burden of proof

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Lack of good faith, 554.1309

Nonconformance of goods, 554.2607

Option to accelerate at will, lack of good faith, 554.1309

Reasonable time, bank collections, 554.4202

Bus operators, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Buyers and buying

See also subhead Sales below

Buyer in ordinary course of business, defined, 554.1201

C. & F. (cost and freight), see subhead Sales below

Cancellation of sales, see subhead Sales below

Captions of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107

Carriers of goods

Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

F.O.B. (free on board), 554.2319, 554.2323

Liens, 554.7307, 554.7308

Transmitting utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Cashier's checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments below

Cash sale, title to goods, 554.2403

Catchwords of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107

Certainty, sale contract, 554.2204

Certificated securities, see subhead Investment Securities below

Certificates of deposit, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments below

Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title

Leases of goods, see subhead Leases below

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Certified checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments below

Charge back, bank deposits and collections, 554.4214

Charges, see subhead Rates and Charges below

Chattel mortgages, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Chattel paper, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections above; Negotiable Instruments below

Children and minors

Irrevocable offer, 554.2205

Price settlement, 554.2321

Choice of law

General provisions, 554.1301

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4102

Investment securities, 554.8110

Letters of credit, 554.5116

Negotiable instruments, 554.3102

Secured transactions, 554.9301–554.9306

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see subhead Sales below

Clearing corporations

See also CLEARING CORPORATIONS

Defined, 554.8102

Obligations issued to participants, 554.8103

Rules, effectiveness, 554.8111

Clearing houses, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513

Coercion, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Collateral

See also subhead Secured Transactions below

Requirement, option in agreements, 554.1309

Collecting banks, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Commercial paper, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Commercial unit

Acceptance of part, 554.2606

Defined, 554.2105

Commingled goods

Security interests in commingled goods, 554.9336

Warehouse-stored goods, 554.7207

Commission, merchant buyer after rejection of goods, 554.2603

Commodity contracts and accounts, see subhead Investment Property below

Communication facilities, bank deposits and collections, delay caused by interruption, 554.4109

Communications utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Computer software, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Software

Conditional sales contracts, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Conduct of parties, contract for sale of goods, existence recognized, 554.2204, 554.2207

Confirmation

Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below

Sales contract, additional terms, 554.2207

Confirmed credit, defined, 554.2325

Conflict of laws, see subhead Choice of Law above

Conforming, defined, 554.2106

Consequential damages, 554.1305

Consideration

Failure as defense, 537A.3

Firm offers, 554.2205

Letters of credit, 554.5105

Sales contract, agreement modifying, 554.2209

Waiver or relinquishment of claim or right, 554.1306

Consignments, consignees, and consignors

See also CONSIGNMENTS, CONSIGNEES, AND CONSIGNORS

Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title below

Goods for sale on consignment, claims by creditors of sellers, 554.2326

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Conspicuous, defined, 554.1201

Construction mortgages, see subhead Mortgages below

Consular invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Consumer, defined, 554.1201

Consumer goods and consumer-goods transactions, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Consumer laws

Leases, applicability to, 554.13104

Secured transactions, applicability to, 554.9201

Consumer leases, see subhead Leases below

Consumer transactions, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Containers, sale warranty, 554.2314

Contracts

See also subhead Agreements above

See also CONTRACTS

Defined, 554.1201

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Conversion

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4203

Sales, merchant buyer, rejected goods, 554.2603, 554.2604

Counterclaims, see subhead Setoff and Counterclaim below

Course of dealing, 554.1303

Course of performance, 554.1303, 554.2202

Cover, defined, 554.2712

Credit

See also CREDIT

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below

Sales

Beginning of period, 554.2310

Reclaiming goods upon insolvency of buyer, 554.2702

Creditors, see subhead Debtors and Creditors below

Credit unions, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above

Crimes and offenses

Forgery, see subhead Forgery below

Fraud, see subhead Fraud below

Crops, see subheads Agricultural Commodities and Products above; Farm Commodities and Products below

Custom and usage

Notice, offer of evidence of usage, 554.1303

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Usage of trade, 554.1303

Customers, bank deposits, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Damages

Arrest, wrongful dishonor of bank item, 554.4402

Assignment, breach of sales contract, 554.2210

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Breach of warranty, 554.2316

Consequential damages, 554.1305

Incidental damages, sales, 554.2710

Penal damages, 554.1305

Proximate cause, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Special damages, 554.1305

Wrongful dishonor of bank item, 554.4402

Death, bank customer, authority of bank, 554.4405

Debtors and creditors

Definition of creditor, 554.1201

Insolvency, seller's remedies, 554.2702

Sale on approval or return, 554.2326

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Unsecured creditors, rights against buyer, 554.2402

Deceit, see subhead Fraud below

Default

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4202

Secured transactions, 554.9601–554.9624

Defects in sales, see subhead Sales below

Defendant, defined, 554.1201

Definitions

General provisions, 554.1201

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4104, 554.4105

Documents of title, 554.7102

Funds transfers, 554.12103–554.12105

Investment securities, 554.8102

Letters of credit, 554.5102

Negotiable instruments, 554.3102

Sales, 554.2103–554.2106

Secured transactions, 554.9102

Delays

Bank collections, 554.4109

Sales, excuse, 554.2311, 554.2615, 554.2616

Delegation, sales, performance, 554.2210

Delivered weights, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, basis of price, 554.2321

Delivery, defined, 554.1201

Demand drafts

Bank deposits and collections, warranties, 554.4207, 554.4208

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Depositary banks, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Deposits and deposit accounts in banks

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Deposits, sales, see subhead Sales below

Destroyed property, see subhead Lost or Destroyed Property below

Deterioration of goods

Buyer's option, 554.2613

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, risk on seller, 554.2321

"No arrival, no sale" term, goods no longer conforming to contract, 554.2324

Warehouse-stored goods, right to sell, 554.7206

Diplomatic and consular officers, invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Discharge

Bank deposits and collections, damages, breach of warranty, 554.4207

Claim or right arising out of breach, 554.1306

Dishonor

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Checks, payment of instrument, 554.2511

Letters of credit, see subhead Letters of Credit below

Negotiable instruments, 554.3501–554.3513

Disputes, evidence of goods, preservation, 554.2515

Distilled spirits, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201

Dock receipts, see subhead Documents of Title below

Dock warrants, see subhead Documents of Title below

Documentary drafts, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Documents of title

See also DOCUMENTS OF TITLE

See also TITLES (PROPERTY), subhead Warehouse Receipts

General provisions, 554.7101–554.7603

Alterations of warehouse receipts and bills of lading, effect of, 554.7208, 554.7306

Claims to goods, multiple, response by bailees, 554.7603

Defeat of documents, 554.7205, 554.7503

Defined, 554.1201

Deliveries of documents, 554.7501–554.7509

Deliveries of goods

Bailees, obligations of, 554.7403, 554.7404

Carriers, deliveries by, 554.7303

Diversions, effect of, 554.7504

Good-faith deliveries, 554.7404

Stoppages, 554.7504

Descriptions of goods in documents, 554.7203

Destination bills, 554.7305

Destroyed documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A

Duplicate documents, 554.7402

Electronic documents

Control, 554.7106

Issuance, 554.7105

Endorsements and endorsers, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below

Financial assets, status of documents as, 554.8103(7)

Form of warehouse receipt, 554.7202

Holders of documents, rights of, 554.7502

Indorsements and indorsers

Compelling indorsement, 554.7506

Delivery without indorsement, 554.7506

Liability of indorsers, 554.7505

Negotiation, 554.7501

Issuance and issuers

Obligations on issuers, 554.7401

Overissues, see Overissues of Documents under this subhead below

Warehouse receipts, 554.7201

Lease contracts, adequacy of documents as, 554.7509

Legal interest before issuance of document, 554.7503

Letters of credit, adequacy of document as, 554.7509

Liability of warehouses and carriers, 554.7204

Liens on goods covered by documents

Attachment of liens, 554.7602

Bailees, liens of, satisfaction, 554.7403

Carriers, liens of, 554.7307, 554.7308

Warehouses, liens of, 554.7209, 554.7210

Lost documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A

Misdescriptions of goods, liability of issuers of documents, 554.7203, 554.7301

Negotiability, 554.7104

Negotiation, 554.7501–554.7509

Nonreceipt of goods, liability of issuers of documents, 554.7203, 554.7301

Overissues of documents

Fungible goods, liability of warehouses, 554.7207

Liability of issuers for overissue, 554.7402

Sales contracts, adequacy of documents as, 554.7509

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Separation of goods kept by warehouses, 554.7207

Stolen documents, 554.7601, 554.7601A

Stoppage of delivery

Exercise of right, 554.7403

Seller, 554.7504

Tangible bills of lading, 554.7304

Terminations of warehouse storage, 554.7206

Through bills of lading, 554.7302

Titles to goods under warehouse receipts, defeat of, 554.7205

Transfers of documents, 554.7501–554.7509

Warranties

Intermediaries holding documents, warranties by, 554.7508

Transferors of documents, warranties by, 554.7507

Drafts

See also DRAFTS

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Delivery of documents, 554.2514

Demand drafts, see subhead Demand Drafts above

Documentary drafts, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Purchases, rights of financing agency, 554.2506

Duress, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Effective date, 554.10101

Electricity producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Encumbrances

Liens, see subhead Liens below

Mortgages, see subhead Mortgages below

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Endorsements and endorsers

See also subhead Signatures below

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4201–554.4205

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Indorsements and Indorsers

Investment securities, see subhead Investment Securities below, thereunder Indorsements and Indorsers

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Entrusting, defined, 554.2403

Equipment, see subhead Goods below

Equity, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Estoppel, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Evidence

Burden of proof, see subhead Burden of Proof above

Consular invoice, 554.1307

Custom and usage, admissibility, 554.1303

Market price, sales, 554.2723

Parol evidence, see subhead Parol Evidence below

Presumption, defined, 554.1201

Prevailing prices, sales, 554.2724

Prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302

Usage of trade, 554.1303

Examination of goods

See also subhead Inspections and Inspectors below

Buyers, implied warranties, 554.2316

Exclusive dealings, sale agreement, obligations, 554.2306

Excuse, bank deposits and collections, delay by collecting or payor bank, 554.4109

Express warranties, see subhead Warranties below

Ex-ship, goods, delivery, 554.2322

Family, warranties of seller, extension of members, 554.2318

Farm commodities and products

See also subhead Agricultural Commodities and Products above

Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Definition of farm products, 554.9102

Sales, see subhead Sales below, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

Fault, defined, 554.1201

Federal reserve regulations, bank deposits and collections, 554.4103

Filing rules, 554.1110

Filings, recording, 331.606B(4)

Financial assets

See also subhead Investment Securities below

Acquisition, 554.8104

Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above

Control, 554.8106

Defined, 554.8102

Determination rules, 554.8103

Entitlement orders

Effectiveness, 554.8107

Securities intermediary compliance duty, 554.8507

Warranties to securities intermediary by originator, 554.8109

Priority of claims between entitlement holders and creditors of securities intermediaries, 554.8511

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Securities accounts

Defined, 554.8501

Investment property, see subhead Investment Property below

Securities intermediaries

General provisions, 554.8501–554.8511

Changing holder's position, duty, 554.8508

Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above

Defined, 554.8102

Duties, 554.8504–554.8509

Entitlement orders, compliance duty, 554.8507

Exercise of rights as directed, duty, 554.8506

Financial asset maintenance duties, 554.8504

Liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115

Payments and distributions by issuer, duties, 554.8505

Purchaser for value, 554.8116

Transfers of accounts to other intermediaries, duty, 554.8508

Security entitlements and entitlement holders

General provisions, 554.8501–554.8511

Acquisition, 554.8501

Adverse claims asserted against holders, prohibition, 554.8502

Control of security entitlements, 554.8106

Debtor's interest, creditor's reach, 554.8112

Defined, 554.8102

Entitlement orders, see Entitlement Orders under this subhead above

Investment property, see subhead Investment Property below

Priority of claims, 554.8511

Property interests in financial assets, 554.8503

Purchasers from entitlement holders, rights, 554.8510

Financial institutions, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above

Financing agency, defined, 554.2104

Financing statements, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Firm offers, sales, 554.2205

Fitness, warranties, 554.2314–554.2317

Fixtures

Leases law, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

F.O.B. (free on board), see subhead Sales below

Food, warranty sales, 554.2314

Forced sales, auctions, 554.2328

Foreclosure of security interests and agricultural liens, 554.9601–554.9627

Foreign currency, collecting bank, charge back or refund, 554.4214

Foreign nations, transactions bearing relation to, choice of law, 554.1301

Forgery

Letters of credit, 554.5109

Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201

Fraud

Letters of credit, 554.5109

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Statute of frauds, see subhead Statute of Frauds below

Supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Freight, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight), definition, 554.2320

Funds transfers

General provisions, 554.12101–554.12507

Amendment, see Payment Orders under this subhead below

Banks

Beneficiary's bank, defined, 554.12103

Defined, 554.12105

Originator's bank, defined, 554.12104

Receiving bank, defined, 554.12103

Beneficiaries

Defined, 554.12103

Misdescription in payment order, 554.12207

Beneficiary's banks

Defined, 554.12103

Misdescription in payment order, 554.12208

Cancellation, see Payment Orders under this subhead below

Consumer transactions excluded, 554.12108

Creditor process, 554.12502

Customers, defined, 554.12105

Defined, 554.12104

Definitions, 554.12103–554.12105

Errors, 554.12205

Federal reserve system regulations, 554.12107

Governing law, 554.12507

Interest, 554.12506

Intermediary banks

Defined, 554.12104

Misdescription in payment order, 554.12208

Originator's banks, defined, 554.12104

Originators, defined, 554.12104

Payment orders

Acceptance, 554.12209

Amendment

General provisions, 554.12211

Receipt, time of, 554.12106

Security procedures, 554.12201

Authorized orders, 554.12202

Cancellation

General provisions, 554.12211

Receipt, time of, 554.12106

Security procedures, 554.12201

Defined, 554.12103

Errors, 554.12205

Execution, 554.12301–554.12305

Issuance, 554.12201–554.12212

Payment, 554.12401–554.12406

Receipt, time, 554.12106

Rejection, 554.12210

Security procedures, 554.12201

Transmission, 554.12206

Unaccepted orders, liability of receiving bank, 554.12212

Verified orders

General provisions, 554.12202

Unenforceability, 554.12203

Receiving banks

Defined, 554.12103

Execution of payment orders, 554.12301–554.12303

Senders

Defined, 554.12103

Payment obligation, 554.12402, 554.12403

Fungible goods

Commingling, effect of, 554.7202

Defined, 554.1201

Implied warranties, 554.2314

Merchantability, 554.2314

Undivided shares, identification, 554.2105

Fungible securities, defined, 554.1201

Future goods

Defined, 554.2105

Insurable interest, time of acquisition, 554.2501

Gas

Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Gas producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Gender words, reference to other gender, 554.1106

General intangibles, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Give notice, defined, 554.1201

Good faith

Accelerate payments or performance, 554.1309

Bailees, receipt and delivery by, liability, 554.7404

Defined, 554.1201

Duties, obligation of, 554.1304

Obligation, 554.1304

Purchasers, voidable title, 554.2403

Rejected goods, duties of buyer, 554.2603

Sales, specifications for performance, 554.2311

Goods

See also GOODS

Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title above

Defined, 554.2105, 554.7102, 554.9102

Documentary drafts, bank presenting, 554.4503, 554.4504

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Leases, see subhead Leases below

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Warehouse receipts, see subhead Documents of Title above

Growing crops, see subheads Agricultural Commodities and Products; Farm Commodities and Products above

Guests, seller's warranty extending to, 554.2318

Headnotes of sections, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107

Holders, defined, 554.1201

Holders in due course, 554.3302

Household, seller's warranties, extensions to members of household, 554.2318

Identification

Defined, 554.2501

Purchaser, rights of transferor, 554.2403

Implied repeal, construction, 554.1104

Implied warranties, see subhead Warranties below

Indefiniteness, sale contracts, validity, 554.2204

Indorsements and indorsers

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Investment securities, see subhead Investment Securities below

Signatures, see subhead Signatures below

Infants, see subhead Children and Minors above

Infringement, claims, duties, of buyer, 554.2607

Insolvency proceedings, defined, 554.1201

Insolvent, defined, 554.1201

Inspections and inspectors

See also subhead Examination of Goods above

Certificates, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Resale of goods, right of inspection, 554.2706

Installment contract, defined, 554.2612

Insurable interest, sales, buyer, 554.2501

Insurance

Buyer under sales, 554.2501

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), sales, 554.2320

Documents evidencing insurance, authenticity and genuineness, 554.1307

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Intangibles, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder General Intangibles

Intermediary banks

Bank deposits and collections, defined, 554.4105

Restrictive endorsements, transfer, effect, 554.4205

Unpaid items, charge back, 554.4214

Intoxicating liquors, warehouse receipts for, 554.7201

Inventory, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Investment property

See also subhead Investment Securities below

Defined, 554.9102

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Investment securities

See also subheads Financial Assets; Investment Property above

See also SECURITIES

General provisions, 554.8101–554.8511

Accounts, see subhead Financial Assets above

Acquisition, 554.8104

Actions, evidentiary rules, 554.8114

Bank deposits and collections, applicability of investment securities law, 554.4102

Bearer form, defined, 554.8102

Brokers

Defined, 554.8102

Liability to adverse claimant, 554.8115

Certificated securities

Control, 554.8106

Debtor's interest, reach by creditor's legal process, 554.8112

Defined, 554.8102

Endorsement, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below

Evidentiary rules, 554.8114

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property

Certificates, defined, 554.8102

Choice of law, 554.8110

Claims

Adverse, notice of, 554.8105

Liability of securities intermediary, 554.8115

Clearing corporations, see subhead Clearing Corporations above

Conflict of laws, 554.1301

Contracts for sales, statute of frauds inapplicability, 554.8113

Control, 554.8106

Debtor's property, reach by creditor's legal process, 554.8112

Definitions, 554.8102

Delivery of securities, 554.8301

Destroyed certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406

Determination, 554.8103

Endorsements and endorsers, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead below

Entitlements, entitlement holders, and entitlement orders, see subhead Financial Assets above

Indorsements and indorsers

General provisions, 554.8304

Defined, 554.8102

Effectiveness of indorsement, 554.8107

Guarantee, effect, 554.8306

Warranties by indorsers, 554.8108

Instructions

General provisions, 554.8305

Defined, 554.8102

Effectiveness, 554.8107

Guarantee, effect, 554.8306

Warranties to purchaser, 554.8108

Intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above, thereunder Securities Intermediaries

Investment company securities, 554.8103

Issue and issuers of securities

General provisions, 554.8201–554.8210

Agents, obligations, 554.8407

Defined, 554.8201

Overissue, 554.8210

Registration duties, see Registration of Securities under this subhead below

Law applicable, 554.1301

Liens by issuers, validity, 554.8209

Lost certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406

Overissue, 554.8210

Protected purchasers of securities, see Purchases and Purchasers of Securities under this subhead below

Purchases and purchasers of securities

See also Sales of Securities; Transfers and Transferors of Securities under this subhead below

Delivery, 554.8301

Protected purchasers

Defined and rights, 554.8303

Priority over security interests, 554.9331

Requisites for registration, purchaser's right, 554.8307

Rights acquired, 554.8302

Securities entitlement purchasers, rights, 554.8510

Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above

Warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below

Registered form, defined, 554.8102

Registration of securities

General provisions, 554.8401–554.8407

Agents for issuers, obligations, 554.8407

Demand to not register transfer, 554.8403

Indorsements and instructions, assurances of effectiveness, 554.8402

Issuer's duty, 554.8401

Wrongful, issuer's liability, 554.8404

Sales of securities

See also Purchases and Purchasers of Securities under this subhead above; Transfers and Transferors of Securities under this subhead below

Statute of frauds applicability, 554.8113

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property

Securities accounts, see subhead Financial Assets above

Securities intermediaries, see subhead Financial Assets above

Security entitlements and entitlement holders, see subhead Financial Assets above

Signature, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead above

Statute of frauds, applicability, 554.8113

Stolen certificates, notification and replacement, 554.8405, 554.8406

Transfers and transferors of securities

See also Purchases and Purchasers of Securities; Sales of Securities under this subhead above

Indorsements, see Indorsements and Indorsers under this subhead above

Instructions, see Instructions under this subhead above

Registration of securities, see Registration of Securities under this subhead above

Requisites for registration, purchaser's rights, 554.8307

Restriction by issuer, effectiveness, 554.8204

Warranties to purchaser, 554.8108

Uncertificated securities

Control, 554.8106

Debtor's interest, reach by creditor, 554.8112

Defined, 554.8102

Instructions, see Instructions under this subhead above

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Financial Assets; Investment Property

Warranties

In direct holding, 554.8108

In indirect holding, 554.8109

Signers, 554.8208

Invoices

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, preparation by seller, 554.2320

Consular invoice, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Labels, 554.2314

Laches, investment securities, 554.8203

Land, see subhead Real Property below

Law merchant, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Leases

See also LEASES

General provisions, 554.13101–554.13532

Acceptance of goods

General provisions, 554.13515

Effect, 554.13516

Revocation of acceptance

General provisions, 554.13517

Damages, measure of, 554.13519

Lessees' rights on revocation, 554.13508

Wrongful, lessor's remedies, 554.13523

Accessions, lessors' and lessees' rights, 554.13310

Alteration, 554.13208, 554.13406

Animals and unborn animals

Goods definition, 554.13103

Identification of goods covered by lease, 554.13217

Attachment, liens of creditors of lessees under, priority, 554.13307

Boats and vessels covered by certificates of title

Applicable law, 554.13105

Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104

Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305

Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304

Cancellation

Default, rights and remedies of lessees and lessors, see Default under this subhead below

Defined, 554.13103

Effect, 554.13505

Casualty to goods, effect on lease contract, 554.13221

Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title

See also CERTIFICATES OF TITLE

Applicable law, 554.13105

Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104

Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305

Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304

Construction mortgages, priority over lessor's interest in fixtures, 554.13309

Consumer leases

See also CONSUMER CREDIT CODE

Defined, 554.13103

Law applicable and judicial forum, 554.13106

Unconscionability, 554.13108

Contracts

General provisions, 554.13101–554.13311

Default, see Default under this subhead below

Enforceability, 554.13201, 554.13301

Formation, 554.13204

Installment lease contracts, 554.13103

Modification, 554.13208

Offers, 554.13205, 554.13206

Performance, see Performance under this subhead below

Recision, 554.13208

Repudiation, 554.13401–554.13403

Seals inoperative, 554.13203

Statute of frauds, 554.13201

Unconscionability, 554.13108

Waiver, 554.13208

Creditors

Enforceability of lease contracts, 554.13301

Liens held by creditors, priority, 554.13307

Special rights, 554.13308

Damages

Lessee's damages, measure of, 554.13519

Lessee's incidental and consequential damages, 554.13520

Lessor's damages, measure of, 554.13528

Lessor's incidental damages, 554.13520

Liquidation, 554.13504

Default

General provisions, 554.13501–554.13532

Cancellation of lease contract, 554.13103

Claims and rights arising under default, discharge, 554.13107

Cover by lessee, 554.13518

Damages, see Damages under this subhead above

Limitation of actions, 554.13506

Rights and remedies

General provisions, 554.13503

Lessee's default, lessor's remedies, 554.13523–554.13530, 554.13532

Lessor's default, lessee's remedies, 554.13508–554.13522

Risk of loss, effect on, 554.13220

Statute of limitations, 554.13506

Substitute goods, 554.13518

Third parties, damage to goods, lessor's and lessee's rights of action, 554.13531

Definitions, 554.13103

Delivery of goods

Stoppage, 554.13526

Substituted performance, 554.13404

Encumbrances, fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309

Finance leases

Defined, 554.13103

Promises of lessee, irrevocable and independent, 554.13407

Risk of loss, passage to lessee, 554.13219

Supply contracts, benefits extension to lessee, 554.13209

Fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13309

Goods

Acceptance, see Acceptance of Goods under this subhead above

Accessions, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13310

Defined, 554.13103

Disposal by lessor after lessee's default, 554.13527

Fixtures, rights of lessors and lessees, 554.13310

Identification, see Identification of Goods under this subhead below

Possession, 554.13302

Recovery when lessor insolvent, 554.13522

Rejection, see Rejection of Goods under this subhead below

Title, 554.13302

Identification of goods

General provisions, 554.13217

Lessee's default, lessor's right, 554.13524

Insolvent lessee, lessor's right to possession of goods, 554.13525

Insolvent lessor, recovery of goods by lessee, 554.13522

Insurable interests and insurance, 554.13218

Leasehold interest, defined, 554.13103

Lessees

Default, see Default under this subhead above

Defined, 554.13103

Lessors

Default, see Default under this subhead above

Defined, 554.13103

Liens

Creditors' liens, priority, 554.13307

Priority over lessor's or lessee's interest, 554.13306

Lots

Defined, 554.13103

Revocation of acceptance by lessees, 554.13517

Manufactured and mobile homes covered by certificates of title

Applicable law, 554.13105

Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104

Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305

Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304

Modification, 554.13208, 554.13406

Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title

Applicable law, 554.13105

Leases subject to certificate of title statutes, 554.13104

Subleases, rights of lessee, 554.13305

Subsequent leases, rights of lessee, 554.13304

Nondelivery, measure of damages, 554.13519

Offers, 554.13205

Payment

Acceleration at will, option, 554.13109

Substituted performance, 554.13404

Performance

Acceleration at will, option, 554.13109

Excused, 554.13405, 554.13406

Specific performance, lessee's right, 554.13521

Substituted, 554.13404

Purchase money leases of fixtures, priority over other interests, 554.13309

Recision

General provisions, 554.13208

Effect, 554.13505

Rejection of goods

Damages, measure of, 554.13519

Lessees' rights on rejection, 554.13508

Preclusion, 554.13516

Wrongful, lessor's remedies, 554.13523

Remedies, see Default under this subhead above

Rent

Lessor's action for rent, 554.13529

Payment for accepted goods, 554.13516

Replevin, lessee's right, 554.13521

Repudiation, damages, measure of, 554.13519

Residual interest in goods

Defined, 554.13103

Lessor's rights, 554.13532

Revocation of acceptance of goods, see Acceptance of Goods under this subhead above

Risk of loss, 554.13219, 554.13220

Secured transactions and security interests in goods

See also subhead Secured Transactions below

Lessees' security interests after rejection or revocation of acceptance of goods, 554.13508

Priority of security interests, 554.13307

Specific performance, lessee's right, 554.13521

Statute of frauds, 554.13201

Subleases

General provisions, 554.13305

Defined, 554.13103

Supply contracts

Benefits to lessee, 554.13209

Defined, 554.13103

Termination

Default, rights and remedies of lessees and lessors, see Default under this subhead above

Defined, 554.13103

Effect, 554.13505

Unborn animals, see Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above

Unconscionability, finding and relief, 554.13108

Vehicles covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title under this subhead above

Vessels covered by certificates of title, see Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title under this subhead above

Waiver, 554.13208

Warranties

General provisions, 554.13210–554.13216

Breaches of warranty

Claims and right arising from breaches, discharge of, 554.13107

Damages from breaches, measure of, 554.13519

Cumulation and conflict, resolution, 554.13215

Exclusion, requirements, 554.13214

Express warranties by lessor, 554.13210

Fitness, 554.13213

Interference and infringement, 554.13211

Merchantability, 554.13212

Modification, requirements, 554.13214

Third-party beneficiaries, 554.13216

Lessees and lessors, see subhead Leases above

Letters of credit

See also LETTERS OF CREDIT

General provisions, 554.5101–554.5118

Actions to enforce, 554.5115, 554.5116

Advice and advisers

Defined, 554.5102

Requirements, 554.5104

Rights and obligations of advisers, 554.5107

Amendment

Effect of amendment, 554.5106

Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105

Applicants, subrogation rights, 554.5117

Assignment of proceeds, 554.5114

Beneficiaries, defined, 554.5102

Cancellation

Effect of cancellation, 554.5106

Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105

Collateral, security interests in, see Documents Presented under Letters of Credit, Security Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons; Proceeds and Rights to Proceeds under this subhead below

Confirmation and confirmers

Defined, 554.5102

Requirements, 554.5104

Rights and obligations of confirmers, 554.5107

Consideration, not required, 554.5105

Definitions, 554.5102

Dishonor

Defined, 554.5102

Sales contract term, 554.2325

Wrongful, remedies, 554.5111

Documents of title, adequacy as letters of credit, 554.7509

Documents presented under letters of credit, security interests of issuers or nominated persons

General provisions, 554.5118

Secured transactions, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322

Duration, 554.5106

Expiration, 554.5106

Honor, defined, 554.5102

Issuance and issuers

Effect of issuance, 554.5106

Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105

Rights and obligations of issuers, 554.5108, 554.5118

Subrogation rights, 554.5117

Letter-of-credit rights, security interests, see Documents Presented under Letters of Credit, Security Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons, under this subhead above; Proceeds and Rights to Proceeds under this subhead below

Nominated persons

Defined, 554.5102

Rights and obligations, 554.5107, 554.5118

Subrogation rights, 554.5117

Proceeds and rights to proceeds

Assignments, 554.5114

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Requirements, 554.5104

Sales contract term, 554.2325

Secured transactions and security interests in letters of credit, see Documents Presented under Letters of Credit, Security Interests of Issuers or Nominated Persons; Proceeds and Rights to Proceeds under this subhead above

Subrogation, 554.5117

Transfer

General provisions, 554.5112

Operation of law, 554.5113

Requirements, 554.5104, 554.5105

Warranties, 554.5110

Liens

Agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Bailees, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered by Documents

Bank deposits and collections, liens of presenting banks, 554.4504

Carriers, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered by Documents

Documents of title, goods covered by, see subhead Documents of Title above

Investment securities issuers, liens of, validity, 554.8209

Leases, see subhead Leases above

Sales, see subhead Sales below

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Warehouses, liens of, see subhead Documents of Title above, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered by Documents

Limitation of actions

Bank deposits and collections, unauthorized signature or alteration, 554.4406

Sales, 554.2725

Livestock, see subhead Farm Commodities and Products above

Lost or destroyed property

Bank deposits and collections, notice to transferor, 554.4202

Documents of title, 554.7601, 554.7601A

Investment securities, replacement, 554.8405

Risk of loss, see subhead Risk of Loss below

Sales, payment, time, 554.2321

Lots, see subheads Leases above; Sales below

Manufactured homes

Leases of homes covered by certificates of title, see subhead Leases above

Secured transactions and security interests in homes, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Market price, 554.2713, 554.2723

Market quotations, evidence, admissibility, 554.2724

Memorandum, sales, contract for sale, 554.2201

Merchantability, sales, implied warranty, 554.2314

Merchant, defined, 554.2104

Minerals

Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Minors, see subhead Children and Minors above

Misconduct, bank deposits and collections, 554.4202

Misrepresentation, see subhead Fraud above

Mistakes, supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Mobile homes covered by certificates of title

Leases of homes, see subhead Leases above, thereunder Manufactured and Mobile Homes Covered by Certificates of Title

Secured transactions and security interests in homes, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-Home Transactions, and Mobile Homes

Models, see subhead Sales below

Money

See also MONEY

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Defined, 554.1201

Funds transfers, see subhead Funds Transfers above

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments below

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Mortgages

See also MORTGAGES

Construction mortgages

Priority over lessor's interest in fixtures, 554.13309

Priority over security interests, 554.9334

Defined, 554.9102

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title

Leases of vehicles, see subhead Leases above

Secured transactions and security interests in vehicles, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Motor vehicles, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Negligence, bank deposits and collections, other banks, 554.4202

Negotiable instruments

See also NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

General provisions, 554.3101–554.3605

Acceptance and acceptors

Cause of action against acceptor, 554.3118

Defined, 554.3103, 554.3409

Mistake, 554.3418

Obligation of acceptor, 554.3413

Varying from terms, 554.3410

Accommodation parties, obligation, 554.3419

Accord and satisfaction, 554.3311

Alteration

Defined, 554.3407

Negligence contributing to alteration, allocation of loss, 554.3406

Antedating, 554.3113

Bearer, payable to, 554.3109

Breach, notice of action to third parties, 554.3119

Cancellation, discharge by, 554.3604

Cashier's checks

See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Defined, 554.3104

Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312

Issuer's obligations, 554.3412

Payment, refusal, 554.3411

Certificates of deposit

Cause of action against obligor, 554.3118

Defined, 554.3104

Certified checks

See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Acceptance, 554.3409

Defined, 554.3409

Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312

Payment, refusal, 554.3411

Checks

See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Cashier's checks, see Cashier's Checks under this subhead above

Certified checks, see Certified Checks under this subhead above

Defined, 554.3104

Teller's checks, see Teller's Checks under this subhead below

Traveler's checks, defined, 554.3104

Contradictory terms, 554.3114

Conversion, 554.3420

Date, 554.3113

Defined, 554.3104

Demand drafts

Defined, 554.3104

Warranties, 554.3416, 554.3417

Destroyed instruments

Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312

Enforcement, 554.3309

Discharge and payment, 554.3601–554.3605

Dishonor, 554.3501–554.3513

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Drafts

Acceptance and acceptors, see Acceptance and Acceptors under this subhead above

Defined, 554.3104

Drawees, see Drawees under this subhead below

Drawers, see Drawers under this subhead below

Drawees

Acceptance, see Acceptance and Acceptors under this subhead above

Defined, 554.3103

Liability on unaccepted draft, 554.3408

Drawers

Cause of action against, 554.3118

Defined, 554.3103

Obligation, 554.3414

Employees, fraudulent endorsements by, employer's responsibility, 554.3405

Endorsements and endorsers

General provisions, 554.3204–554.3206

Cause of action against, 554.3118

Employees, fraudulent endorsements by, employer's responsibility, 554.3405

Obligation, 554.3415

Enforcement, 554.3301–554.3312

Fiduciaries, breach of duty, notice to takers of instruments, 554.3307

Holders in due course

General provisions, 554.3302

Priority over security interests, 554.9331

Identification, 554.3110

Incomplete instruments, definition, alteration, and enforcement, 554.3115

Indorsements and indorsers, see Endorsements and Endorsers under this subhead above

Interest, provision in instrument, 554.3112

Issue and issuers

Defined, 554.3105

Obligation, 554.3412

Liability of parties

General provisions, 554.3401–554.3420

Joint and several liability, 554.3116

Lost instruments

Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312

Enforcement, 554.3309

Makers

Cause of action against, 554.3118

Defined, 554.3103

Negotiation

Defined, 554.3201

Recision, 554.3202

Notes

Defined, 554.3104

Issue and issuers, see Issue and Issuers under this subhead above

Orders

Defined, 554.3103

Unconditional, 554.3106

Overdue, 554.3304

Parties

Defined, 554.3103

Liability, see Liability of Parties under this subhead above

Payable at definite time, 554.3108

Payable in foreign money, 554.3107

Payable on demand, 554.3108

Payable to bearer, 554.3109

Payable to order, 554.3109

Payees

Identification, 554.3110

Imposters and fictitious persons, 554.3404

Payment

General provisions, 554.3602

Mistake, 554.3418

Place, 554.3111

Tender of payment, 554.3603

Postdating, 554.3113

Presentment

General provisions, 554.3501

Warranties to drawees, 554.3417

Promises

Defined, 554.3103

Unconditional, 554.3106

Reacquisition, 554.3207

Remitters, defined, 554.3103

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Signatures

General provisions, 554.3401

Endorsements, see Endorsements and Endorsers under this subhead above

Forged, negligence contributing to, allocation of loss, 554.3406

Proof, 554.3308

Representatives, 554.3402

Unauthorized, 554.3403

Stolen instruments

Cashier's checks, certified checks, and teller's checks, claim for amount, 554.3312

Enforcement, 554.3309

Teller's checks

See also subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Defined, 554.3104

Destroyed, lost, or stolen, claims for amount, 554.3312

Transfers

General provisions, 554.3203

Warranties to transferees, 554.3416

Traveler's checks

See also TRAVELER'S CHECKS

Defined, 554.3104

Unconditional promises and orders, 554.3106

Warranties

Presentment warranties, 554.3417

Transfer warranties, 554.3416

Negotiation

Documents of title, 554.7501–554.7509

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Net landed weight, sales, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, payment, 554.2321

Nonconforming goods, see subhead Sales below

Nonpayment, collecting bank, 554.4202

Notes, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Notices of dishonor

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Negotiable instruments, 554.3503

Notifies, defined, 554.1201

Oaths, warranties, express warranty by seller, 554.2313

Objections, sales, waiver of buyer's objections to defects, 554.2605

Offers, 554.2203–554.2207

Oil

Sales and sellers, 554.1201(2i), 554.2107

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Opinion, express warranties, creation, 554.2313

Orders

Bank deposits and collections, charge or certification of items, 554.4303

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Stop payment

Bank deposits and collections, 554.4303, 554.4403

Branch banks, 554.4107

Organization, defined, 554.1201

Output, sales, measure of quantity, 554.2306

Overdraft, bank deposits and collections, 554.4401

Overissue

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Investment securities, 554.8210

Overseas, defined, 554.2323

Overseas shipments, bill of lading required, 554.2323

Parol evidence

Contract for sale, 554.2202

Sale or return, 554.2326

Partial performance, usage of trade, interpretation of agreement, 554.1303

Part interest, sales, 554.2105

Party, defined, 554.1201

Pawnbrokers, buyer in the ordinary course of business, defined, 554.1201

Payment orders, see subhead Funds Transfers above

Payor bank, defined, 554.4105

Penal damages, restrictions, 554.1305

Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Performance, 554.1308, 554.1309

Petroleum, see subhead Oil above

Pipelines, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Plural words, inclusion of singular, 554.1106

Preferred claims, bank deposits and collections, 554.4216

Presentation and presenter, letters of credit, defined, 554.5102

Presenting bank, defined, bank deposits and collections, 554.4105

Presentment

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Present sale, defined, 554.2106

Present value, defined, 554.1201

Presumption of and presumed fact, 554.1206

Price, see subhead Sales below

Prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Principal and agent

See also subhead Agents above

See also PRINCIPALS AND AGENTS

Supplemental principles of law to uniform commercial code, 554.1103

Priority of security interests and agricultural liens, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Proceedings, see subhead Actions above

Promissory notes, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Prosecution, bank deposits and collections, damages for wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Protests, reservation of rights by use of words, 554.1308

Provisional settlement, 554.4214–554.4216

Proximate cause, damages, wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Public-finance transactions, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Purchase, defined, 554.1201

Purchase money leases of fixtures, priority over other interests, 554.13309

Purchase-money security interests, secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Purchaser, defined, 554.1201

Questions of fact

Course of dealing, 554.1303

Damages caused by wrongful dishonor, 554.4402

Usage of trade, 554.1303

Quota, sales, 554.2615, 554.2616

Railroad operators, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Railroads, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Rates and charges

Collecting bank, charge back, 554.4214

Payor bank, charge of customer's account, 554.4401

Ratification, sales, acceptance of goods, 554.2606

Real estate, see subhead Real Property below

Real property

Fixtures, see subhead Fixtures above

Goods severed from realty, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Sales price of goods, payable in realty, 554.2304

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Receipt of goods

Defined, 554.2103

Delivery under C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, 554.2320

Delivery under F.A.S. (free alongside) terms, 554.2319

Receivers, creditors, defined, 554.1201

Receives notice, defined, 554.1201

Reclamation, goods, seller's remedy on discovery of buyer's insolvency, 554.2702

Records

Definition of record, 554.1201

Filing and indexing rules, 554.1110

Recoupment, actions, defined, 554.1201

Redemption of collateral, rights of debtor under secured transactions law, 554.9623

Referees, bank deposits and collections, dishonor, 554.4503

Refunds, bank deposits and collections, 554.4214

Remedy

Defined, 554.1201

Liberal administration, 554.1305

Replevin under sales, buyer's right, 554.2711, 554.2716

Representative, defined, 554.1201

Requirements, sales, output measured by requirements of buyer, 554.2306

Reserve, auctions, 554.2328

Residence, goods, place of delivery, 554.2308

Rights, defined, 554.1201

Risk of loss

Leases, 554.13219

Sales, 554.2509

Sales

See also subhead Buyers and Buying above

See also SALES

General provisions, 554.2101–554.2725

Acceptance

General provisions, 554.2206, 554.2606

Additional terms, 554.2207

Assurance of future performance, 554.2609

Conditional, 554.2207

Damages

Nonacceptance, 554.2708

Nonconformity of tender, 554.2714

Defined, 554.2606

Draft, documents delivered, 554.2514

Improper delivery, 554.2601

Inspection of goods, 554.2513

Nonconforming goods, 554.2206

Nonconformity of tender, 554.2714

Obligation of buyer, 554.2301

Part of unit, 554.2606

Payment

General provisions, 554.2607

Before inspection, 554.2512

Rejection precluded, 554.2607

Sale on approval, 554.2327

Substituted performance, 554.2614

Written confirmation, 554.2207

Actions

Good faith conduct, buyer, 554.2603

Limitation of actions, 554.2725

Price, 554.2709

Replevin, 554.2716

Specific performance

General provisions, 554.2711, 554.2716

Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302

Third party actions, 554.2722

Admissions, oral contract, 554.2201

Affirmation of fact, express warranty, 554.2313

Agent, position of seller, 554.2707

Agreement

Defined, 554.2106

Limitations of actions, 554.2725

Agricultural commodities and products, see Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and Growing Crops; Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below

Allocation

Delay in performance, 554.2616

Performance, 554.2615

Risk, shifting, 554.2303

Ancillary promises, breach, 554.2701

Animals and unborn animals

See also Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below

Goods definition, 554.2105

Insurable interest, 554.2501

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Anticipatory repudiation

Market price, 554.2723

Performance not due, 554.2610

Retraction, 554.2611

Appearance, notice to seller to defend action for breach of warranty against buyer, 554.2607

Application of law, 554.2102

Apportionment of price, lots, 554.2307

Approval, sales on, 554.2326, 554.2327

Assignment of rights, 554.2210

Assortment of goods, option, 554.2311

Assurance of due performance, 554.2609

Auctions, see subhead Auctions and Auctioneers above

Bailee in possession

Acknowledgment goods held for buyer, 554.2705

Risk of loss, 554.2509

Tender of delivery, 554.2503

Banker's credit, defined, 554.2325

Between merchants

Assurance of performance, 554.2609

Contract for sale, 554.2201

Defined, 554.2104

Modification of contract, 554.2209

Recision of contract, see Recision under this subhead below

Beverage, merchantable warranty, 554.2314

Bills of lading, see subhead Documents of Title above

Bona fide purchaser

Resale by seller, 554.2706

Seller's right to reclaim goods, 554.2702

Title, 554.2403

Brands and labels, merchantability, requirements, 554.2314

Breach of contract

Collateral contract, 554.2701

Damages, assignment, 554.2210

Deduction of damages from price, 554.2717

Delegation of duty, 554.2210

Letter of credit, 554.2325

Limitation of actions, 554.2725

Breach of warranty

Consequential damages, 554.2715

Damages, 554.2316, 554.2714

Incidental damages, 554.2715

Notice to seller, 554.2607

Personal injury, 554.2318

Burden of proof, conformance, 554.2607

Buyers

Acceptance, 554.2301

Acceptance of goods, 554.2606

Assignment of rights, 554.2210

Cover, 554.2711

Defined, 554.2103

Deterioration of goods, option, 554.2613

Insolvency of seller, 554.2502

Insolvency, remedy of seller, 554.2702

Inspection, 554.2513

Insurable interest, 554.2501

Limited interest, 554.2403

Merchant buyer, rejection, duties, 554.2603

Objections, waiver, 554.2605

Obligations, exclusive dealings, 554.2301, 554.2306

Perishable goods rejected, 554.2604

Rejection of goods, 554.2401

Rejection, time, 554.2602

Replevin, 554.2716

Resale, 554.2711

Rights on improper delivery, 554.2601

Risk of loss, 554.2509

Special property, identification of goods, 554.2401

Specific performance, 554.2716

Third party actions, 554.2722

Title acquired, 554.2403

C. & F. (cost and freight)

General provisions, 554.2320, 554.2321

Overseas shipments, 554.2323

Cancellation

Buyer's remedy, 554.2711

Defined, 554.2106

Effect on claims for antecedent breach, 554.2720

Seller's remedy, 554.2703

Cash sales, 554.2403

Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613

Certainty of contract, 554.2204

Checks

General provisions, 554.2403, 554.2514

Dishonored, 554.2403

Tender of payment, 554.2511

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight)

General provisions, 554.2320, 554.2321

Inspection of goods, 554.2513

Overseas shipments, 554.2323

Claims, adjustment, 554.2515

C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513

Collateral promises, breach, 554.2701

Commercial unit, 554.2105, 554.2106

Commission, 554.2603

Conditional sales contracts, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Confirmed credit, defined, 554.2325

Conflict of laws, 554.1301

Conformance to description, warranty, 554.2313

Conforming, defined, 554.2106

Conforming goods

Identity to contract, 554.2704

"No arrival, no sale", 554.2324

Consequential damages

Breach of warranty, 554.2715

Limitation, 554.2719

Consideration, 554.2205, 554.2209

Consignment sales, creditors' claims, 554.2326

Consumers' sales, application, 554.2102

Containers, warranty, 554.2314

Contract, defined, 554.2106

Contract for sale

Conduct of parties, 554.2207

Confirmation, additional terms, 554.2207

Course of dealing, 554.2202

Course of performance, 554.2202

Defined, 554.2106

Explained or supplemented, 554.2202

Extension, statute of limitations, actions of, 554.2725

Form, 554.2204

Growing crops, 554.2107

Indefiniteness, 554.2204

Interest in land, 554.2107

Minerals, 554.2107

Open terms, 554.2204

Price, 554.2305

Requirements, 554.2201

Seal, 554.2203

Single delivery, 554.2307

Specially manufactured, 554.2201

Structures on realty, 554.2107

Termination, notice, 554.2309

Timber, 554.2107

Usage of trade, 554.2202

Written agreement, 554.2201

Conversion, merchant buyer, 554.2603, 554.2604

Cooperation between parties, 554.2311, 554.2319

Cover by buyer, 554.2711, 554.2712

Creditors of seller, rights, 554.2402

Creditors, sale or return, 554.2326

Credit period, duration, 554.2310

Credit, reclaiming goods upon insolvency of buyer, 554.2702

Crops and growing crops

Goods definition, 554.2105

Insurable interest, 554.2501

Sales law applicability, 554.2107

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Custom and usage

Implied warranty

General provisions, 554.2314

Exclusion, 554.2316

Shipment by seller, 554.2504

Usage of trade, 554.2202

Damages

Action for price, 554.2709

Assignment, breach of contract, 554.2210

Breach of warranty, consequential damages, 554.2316, 554.2714, 554.2715

Cancellation construed, 554.2720

Consequential damages, limitation, 554.2715, 554.2719

Cover, 554.2711, 554.2712

Deduction from price, 554.2717

Fraud, 554.2721

Incidental damages

General provisions, 554.2710

Action for price, 554.2709

Breach of warranty, 554.2715

Limitation, 554.2718

Liquidated, 554.2718

Market price, determination, 554.2713, 554.2723

Modification, 554.2719

Nonacceptance, 554.2703, 554.2708, 554.2709

Nonconforming goods, 554.2714

Nondelivery, 554.2713

Person in position of seller, 554.2707

Prevailing price, evidence, 554.2724

Recision, see Recision under this subhead below

Replevin, 554.2716

Repudiation, 554.2708

Repudiation by seller, 554.2713

Resale, 554.2706

Specific performance, 554.2716

Third party actions, 554.2722

Defects

Documents, reimbursement of financing agency, 554.2506

Waiver by buyer, 554.2605

Definitions, 554.2103–554.2106

Delay in delivery

Breach of duty, 554.2615

Excuse, 554.2311

Notice of excuse, 554.2616

Delay, repudiation of contract, 554.2611

Delegation of performance, 554.2210

Delivery

Apportionment, 554.2307

C.O.D. (collect on delivery), inspection of goods, 554.2513

Delay, 554.2615, 554.2616

Documents on acceptance, 554.2514

Entrusting as including delivery, 554.2403

Ex-ship, 554.2322

Failure, buyer's right to cancel, 554.2711

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

Financing agency, right to stoppage, 554.2506

F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead below

Improper

Acceptance, 554.2609

Buyer's rights, 554.2601

Insolvent buyer, 554.2702

Inspection, 554.2513

Installment contract, 554.2612

Letter of credit, 554.2325

Nonconformance, risk of loss, 554.2510

Nondelivery, 554.2711, 554.2713

Obligation of seller, 554.2301

Option, 554.2311

Place, 554.2308

Rejection

General provisions, 554.2508

Seller's remedy, 554.2703

Risk of loss, shipment by seller, 554.2509

Shipment by seller, 554.2504

Single delivery, 554.2307

Stoppage, financing agency's rights, 554.2506, 554.2705

Substitute, 554.2614

Time, 554.2309

Deposits

Buyer's right to return on breach, 554.2718

Restitution on buyer's breach, 554.2718

Descriptions

Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317

Warranty of conformance, 554.2313

Deterioration, 554.2321, 554.2324

Dishonor

Checks, payment of instruments, 554.2511

Letter of credit, 554.2325

Sale of goods for dishonored check, 554.2403

Disputes, evidence of goods, preservation, 554.2515

Division of risk, 554.2303

Document, draft drawn, 554.2514

Draft

Delivery of document, 554.2514

Purchases, rights of financing agency, 554.2506

Drinks, merchantable warranty, 554.2314

Duration, contract calling for successive performances, 554.2309

Encumbrances, warranties, 554.2312

Enforcement

Contract for sale, 554.2201

Unconscionable contract, 554.2302

Entrusting, defined, 554.2403

Evidence

Market price, 554.2723

Preservation, goods in dispute, 554.2515

Prevailing price, 554.2724

Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302

Examination of goods, implied warranties, 554.2316

Exclusion, warranty of merchantability, 554.2316

Exclusive dealing, 554.2306

Excuse

Delayed performance, 554.2311, 554.2615, 554.2616

Failure of presupposed conditions, 554.2615

Performance of agreements, 554.2311

Substituted performance, 554.2614

Exemptions, 554.2102

Expenses

Inspection of goods, liabilities, 554.2513

Rejected goods, buyer's security interest, 554.2711

Rights of buyer, 554.2603

Seller's incidental damages after breach, definition, 554.2710

Express warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below

Ex-ship, delivery, 554.2322

Extension, contracts, limitations, 554.2725

Farm commodities and products, see Animals and Unborn Animals; Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above; Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

Financing agency

Defined, 554.2104

Letter of credit, 554.2325

Rights, 554.2506

Firm offers, 554.2205

F.O.B. (free on board)

General provisions, 554.2319

Overseas shipments, 554.2323

Food, warranty, 554.2314

Forced sales, auctions, 554.2328

Foreign shipment, letter of credit, 554.2325

Form, contract for sale, 554.2204

Fraud

Buyer's misrepresentation of solvency, 554.2702

Remedies, 554.2721

Rights of creditor, 554.2402

Freight, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight), definitions, 554.2320

Fungible goods

Implied warranties, 554.2314

Undivided share, 554.2105

Future goods

Defined, 554.2105

Insurable interest, time of acquisition, 554.2501

Future performance, assurance, 554.2609

Future sales, identification of goods, 554.2501

Gas, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Gifts, extension of seller's warranties, 554.2318

Good faith

Defined, 554.2103

Rejected goods, duties of buyer, 554.2603

Specification for performance, 554.2311

Good faith purchaser, voidable title, 554.2403

Goods, defined, 554.2105

Governmental regulations, 554.2614, 554.2615

Growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above

Guest in home, seller's warranty extending to, 554.2318

Household, seller's warranties, extension to members, 554.2318

Identification, defined, 554.2501

Identification of goods

General provisions, 554.2501

Action for price, 554.2709

Purchaser, rights of transferor, 554.2403

Resale of goods by seller, 554.2706

Identified goods to contract

General provisions, 554.2704

Casualty, 554.2613

Place of delivery, 554.2308

Identity of goods, passing title, 554.2401

Implied warranties, see Warranties under this subhead below

Improper delivery, buyer's rights, 554.2601

Indefiniteness, contracts, validity, 554.2204

Infringement

Burden of proof, 554.2607

Buyer's warranties, 554.2312

Claims, duties of buyer, 554.2607

Insolvency of buyer, 554.2702, 554.2705

Insolvency of seller, 554.2502

Inspection of goods

General provisions, 554.2310

Buyer, 554.2513

Conformance of goods, 554.2515

Payment, 554.2321, 554.2512

Resale of goods, right of inspection, 554.2706

Installment contracts, 554.2612, 554.2616

Instructions

Delivery instructions, 554.2319

Rejected goods, 554.2603

Insurable interest, buyer, 554.2501

Intention of parties, warranties, 554.2317

Interest in land, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Invoice, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320

Irrevocable offers, period of irrevocability, 554.2205

Lack of consideration, revocation of offer, 554.2205

Letter of credit, 554.2325

Liens

Delivery of goods "ex-ship", liens discharged by sellers, 554.2322

Freedom from liens, warranty of sellers, 554.2312

Limitation of actions, 554.2725

Limitation of damages, 554.2718, 554.2719

Limitation of warranty, 554.2316

Limited interest, 554.2403

Liquidated damages, 554.2718

Livestock and unborn livestock

See also Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above

Implied warranties in sales, exemption, 554A.1

Lost or destroyed property

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, payment, time, 554.2321

"No arrival, no sale", 554.2324

Lots

Auctions, 554.2328

Defined, 554.2105

Delivery and payment, 554.2307

Installment contracts, 554.2612

Revocation of acceptance by buyer, 554.2608

Market price, 554.2713, 554.2723

Market quotations, evidence, admissibility, 554.2724

Memoranda, contract for sale, 554.2201

Merchantability, warranty, 554.2314

Merchant buyer, rejection, duties, 554.2603

Merchant, defined, 554.2104

Minerals, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Models

Examination, implied warranty, 554.2316

Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317

Warranty of conformance, 554.2313

Modification

Contract, 554.2209

Damages, 554.2719

Warranty of merchantability, 554.2316

Money, payment of price, 554.2304

Negation of warranty, 554.2316

Net landed weights, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) or C. & F. (cost and freight) contracts, payment, 554.2321

"No arrival, no sale"

Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613

Conforming goods, 554.2324

Nonacceptance, damages, 554.2708, 554.2709

Nonconforming goods

Acceptance, effect, 554.2206, 554.2607

Damages, 554.2714

Identification, rights of buyer, 554.2501

Installment contracts, 554.2612

Payment before inspection, 554.2512

Rejection, 554.2508

Revocation of acceptance, 554.2608

Risk of loss, 554.2510

Nonconforming tender, 554.2508, 554.2510

Nondelivery, damages, 554.2713

Notice

Allocation of performance, 554.2616

Buyer's rights in realty, 554.2107

Delay in performance, 554.2616

Rejection, 554.2602

Stopped delivery, 554.2705

Tender of delivery, 554.2503

Objections, waiver of buyer's objections to defects, 554.2605

Obligations, 554.2301, 554.2306

Offers, 554.2203–554.2207

Oil, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Open price term

General provisions, 554.2204

Contracts, cure, 554.2305

Operation of law, rejection, revesting title in seller, 554.2401

Opinions, 554.2313

Option, 554.2311

Oral agreements, contract for sale, 554.2202

Output, requirements, 554.2306

Overseas, defined, 554.2323

Overseas shipment, bill of lading, form, 554.2323

Parol evidence

Contract, 554.2202

Sale or return, 554.2326

Part interest, 554.2105

Passing of title, 554.2401

Payment

Acceptance of goods, 554.2607

Arrival of goods, 554.2321

Before inspection, 554.2512

C. & F. (cost and freight), see C. & F. (Cost and Freight) under this subhead above

Check, 554.2511

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see C.I.F. (Cost, Insurance, Freight) under this subhead above

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead above

Insolvent buyer, 554.2702

Inspection of goods, 554.2321, 554.2513

Obligation of buyer, 554.2301

Price, 554.2304

Substituted performance, 554.2614

Tender, 554.2511

Tender of delivery, 554.2507

Time and place, 554.2310

Performance

Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2610, 554.2611

Assurance, 554.2609

Course of performance, 554.2202

Delegation of duty, 554.2210

Specified by parties, 554.2311

Substitute, 554.2614

Perishable goods rejected, 554.2603, 554.2604

Person in position of seller, defined, 554.2707

Place, 554.2308, 554.2310

Pleading, contracts, statute of frauds, 554.2201

Possession, 554.2602, 554.2603

Postdating invoice, credit period, beginning, 554.2310

Present sale, defined, 554.2106

Prevailing price, evidence, 554.2724

Price

Action to recover, 554.2709

C. & F. (cost and freight), see C. & F. (Cost and Freight) under this subhead above

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), see C.I.F. (Cost, Insurance, Freight) under this subhead above

Contract for sale, 554.2305

Deduction of damages, 554.2717

F.A.S. (free alongside), 554.2319

F.O.B. (free on board), see F.O.B. (Free on Board) under this subhead above

Lots, 554.2307

Payment, 554.2304

Promises, express warranties, creation by seller, 554.2313

Quantity, 554.2306

Quota, 554.2615, 554.2616

Ratification, acceptance of goods, 554.2606

Real estate, price payable in, 554.2304

Reasonable time, firm offers, revocability, 554.2205

Receipt

Delivery under C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight) and C. & F. (cost and freight) terms, 554.2320

Delivery under F.A.S. (free alongside) terms, 554.2319

Receipt of goods, defined, 554.2103

Recision

General provisions, 554.2209

Effect on claims for antecedent breach, 554.2720

Effect on remedies for fraud, 554.2721

Reclamation, seller's remedies on discovery of buyer's insolvency, 554.2702

Rejection of goods

Buyer, 554.2401

Improper delivery, 554.2601

Installment, 554.2612

Merchant buyer, duties, 554.2603

Nonconformance, 554.2508

Option by buyer to salvage, 554.2604

Perishable goods, 554.2604

Precluded by acceptance, 554.2607

Remedies of buyer, 554.2711

Remedies of seller, 554.2703

Time, 554.2602

Waiver, 554.2605

Remedies

General provisions, 554.2701–554.2725

Action for price, 554.2709

Breach of collateral contract, 554.2701

Breach of warranty, 554.2714

Consequential damages, 554.2715, 554.2719

Cover, 554.2711, 554.2712

Delivery not made, 554.2711

Fraud, 554.2721

Identified goods to contract, 554.2704

Incidental damages, breach of warranty, 554.2710, 554.2715

Insolvency of buyer, 554.2702

Limitation, 554.2719

Misrepresentation, 554.2721

Nonacceptance, 554.2708, 554.2709

Nonconforming goods, 554.2714

Nondelivery, 554.2713

Person in seller's position, 554.2707

Rejection of goods, 554.2703

Replevin, buyer, 554.2716

Repudiation, seller, 554.2708, 554.2713

Resale, see Resale under this subhead below

Revocation of acceptance, 554.2703

Seller, 554.2703

Specific performance, 554.2716

Stoppage in transit, 554.2705

Substitution, 554.2719

Unfinished goods, 554.2704

Replevin, buyer's right, 554.2711, 554.2716

Repudiation

Damages, 554.2708

Performance not due, 554.2610

Remedy of buyer, 554.2711

Seller, 554.2713

Requirements of buyer, quantity, 554.2306

Resale

General provisions, 554.2706

Buyer, 554.2711

Damages, 554.2703

Liquidated damages, 554.2718

Unfinished goods, 554.2704

Reservation, shipments under, rights of seller, 554.2310

Residence, place of delivery, 554.2308

Retraction

Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2611

Waiver of executory portion of contract, 554.2209

Return, 554.2326, 554.2327

Revocation, 554.2205

Revocation of acceptance

General provisions, 554.2608, 554.2703

Remedies of seller, 554.2401, 554.2703, 554.2704

Remedy of buyer, 554.2711

Risk of loss

General provisions, 554.2509

Assignment of rights, 554.2210

Breach, effect, 554.2510

Casualty, identified goods, 554.2613

C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320

Deterioration, 554.2321

Division, 554.2303

Ex-ship, delivery, 554.2322

F.O.B. (free on board), 554.2319

"No arrival, no sale" terms, 554.2324

Nonconforming tender, 554.2510

Return, sale on approval, 554.2327

Sale on approval, 554.2327

Sale or return, 554.2327

Shifting allocation, 554.2303

Shrinkage, 554.2321

Sale on approval or return, 554.2326, 554.2327

Salvage

Buyer's options, rejected goods, 554.2604

Unfinished goods, 554.2704

Samples

Examination, implied warranties, 554.2316

Inconsistent specifications, 554.2317

Warranty of conformance, 554.2313

Seal, contract for sale, 554.2203

Secured transactions and security interests

See also subhead Secured Transactions below, thereunder Goods

Security interests in goods

Buyers' security interests in rejected goods, 554.2711

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Sellers' reservations of security interests, 554.2401, 554.2505

Sellers

Action for price, 554.2709

Assignments of rights, 554.2210

Cancellation of contract, 554.2703

Creditors, rights, 554.2402

Cure of nonconformance, 554.2508

Defined, 554.2103

Identified goods to contract, 554.2704

Incidental damages, 554.2710

Insolvency, rights of buyer, 554.2502

Insurable interest, 554.2501

Nondelivery, 554.2713

Obligations, exclusive dealing, 554.2301, 554.2306

Persons included, 554.2707

Repudiation, damages, 554.2713

Resale, 554.2706

Risk of loss, nonconforming goods, 554.2509, 554.2510

Security interests, 554.2401, 554.2505

Shipment, 554.2504

Stop delivery, 554.2703

Stoppage in transit, 554.2705

Tender of delivery, 554.2503, 554.2507

Third party actions, 554.2722

Shipment by seller, reservation, 554.2310, 554.2504, 554.2505

Shrinkage risk, 554.2321

Signs, creditor's claims on sale or return, sign of consignor's interest, 554.2326

Specially manufactured, 554.2201

Specification of performance, 554.2311

Specifications, 554.2312, 554.2317

Specific performance

General provisions, 554.2711, 554.2716

Unconscionable contract or clause, 554.2302

Statute of frauds

General provisions, 554.2201

Modification, sales contract, 554.2209

Sale or return, 554.2326

Stop delivery, insolvent buyer, 554.2702

Stoppage in transit

General provisions, 554.2705

Damages, expenses, 554.2710

Person in position of seller, 554.2707

Stopping delivery, person in position of seller, 554.2707

Structure to be moved from realty, 554.2107

Substituted performance, delay in delivery, 554.2614, 554.2615

Substitute goods, buyer's procurement, cover, 554.2712

Successive performances, termination, 554.2309

Tender

Delivery

Manner, 554.2503

Rejection, 554.2508

Risk of loss, 554.2509, 554.2510

Payment, 554.2511

Substituted performance, 554.2614

Termination

Defined, 554.2106

Notice requirements, 554.2309

Third parties

Inspection of goods, 554.2515

Notice of buyer's right, 554.2107

Third party actions, 554.2722

Timber, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Time

Anticipatory repudiation, 554.2610

Assurance of due performance, 554.2609

Delivery, 554.2309

Payment, 554.2310

Rejection, 554.2602

Revocation of acceptance, 554.2608

Tender of delivery, 554.2503

Title

General provisions, 554.2403

Passing, 554.2401

Sale on approval, 554.2327

Seller's creditors, rights against sold goods, 554.2402

Warranty, 554.2312

Transfer

Interest in realty, price, 554.2304

Obligation of seller, 554.2301

Trees, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Unborn animals, see Animals and Unborn Animals under this subhead above

Unborn livestock, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead above

Unconscionable contract, enforcement, 554.2302

Undivided share in identified bulk, 554.2105

Unfinished goods, 554.2704

Unit of goods, defined, 554.2105

Unsecured creditors, rights against buyer, 554.2402

Value, opinion, 554.2313

Voidable title, good faith purchaser, 554.2403

Waiver

General provisions, 554.2209

Rejection, 554.2605

Warranties

General provisions, 554.2312–554.2318

Livestock sales, exemption from implied warranties, 554A.1

War risk insurance, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), 554.2320

Wood, sales law applicability, 554.2107

Written instruments

Confirmation of acceptance, 554.2207

Contract for sale, 554.2201

Modification, 554.2209

Offers, 554.2205

Recision, see Recision under this subhead above

Seal, 554.2203

Salvage

Buyer's options, rejected goods, 554.2604

Unfinished goods, sales, 554.2704

Samples, see subhead Sales above

Savings and loan associations, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above

Savings banks, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above

Seals, contract for sale, 554.2203

Seasonableness, 554.1205

Section captions, part of uniform commercial code, 554.1107

Secured parties, see subhead Secured Transactions below

Secured transactions

General provisions, 554.9101–554.9710

Accessions

General provisions, 554.9335

Attachment of security interests in accessions, 554.9203

Defined, 554.9102

Enforcement of security interests in accessions, 554.9601–554.9624

Account debtors

Defined, 554.9102

Discharge, 554.9406

Accounts

Assignments of accounts, perfection as security interests, 554.9309

Defined, 554.9102

Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above

Perfection of security interests in accounts, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in accounts, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

After-acquired property, 554.9204

Agricultural commodities and products, see Farm Products under this subhead below

Agricultural liens

Collateral, see Collateral under this subhead below

Default, 554.9601–554.9624

Defined, 554.9102

Enforcement, 554.9601–554.9624

Financing statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead below

Perfection of agricultural liens, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of agricultural liens, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Amendments of financing statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead below

Animals and unborn animals, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below

Aquatic goods from aquacultural operations, see Farm Products under this subhead below

As-extracted collateral

Defined, 554.9102

Enforceability of security interests in timber, 554.9203

Financing statements

Contents, 554.9502

Fees for filing and indexing, 554.9525

Filing and indexing, 554.9519

Filing office, 554.9501

Mortgage of real property, effectiveness as financing statement, 554.9502

Perfection of security interests in as-extracted collateral, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in as-extracted collateral, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Attachment of security interests, 554.9203, 554.9315, 554.9336

Bailments, bailees, and bailors

Financing statement filing by bailors, 554.9505

Goods in possession of bailees, perfection of security interests in, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Bank deposits and collections

Security interests of collecting banks, 554.4210, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309

Security interests of presenting banks, 554.4504

Bank deposits and deposit accounts, see Deposit Accounts under this subhead below

Boats and vessels covered by certificates of title

Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Certificated securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead below

Certificates of title and goods covered by certificates of title

See also CERTIFICATES OF TITLE

Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Chattel paper

Control by secured party, 554.9105

Defined, 554.9102

Electronic chattel paper, 554.9102

Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above

Perfection of security interests in chattel paper, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in chattel paper, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Purchaser's priority over security interests in chattel paper, 554.9330

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Tangible chattel paper, 554.9102

Collateral

See also subhead Collateral above

As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above

Defined, 554.9102

Description, 554.9108

Disposition of collateral after default, 554.9205, 554.9610–554.9624

Commercial tort claims

Defined, 554.9102

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Commingled goods, security interests in, 554.9336

Commodity accounts, see Investment Property under this subhead below

Commodity contracts, see Investment Property under this subhead below

Communications transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Computer software, see Software under this subhead below

Consignments, consignees, and consignors

Financing statement filing by consignors, 554.9505

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Consumer transactions

Consumer debtor, 554.9102

Consumer goods, 554.9102

Consumer-goods transaction, 554.9102

Consumer obligor, 554.9102

Defined, 554.9102

Description of collateral, 554.9108

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Continuation statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead below

Crops and growing crops

See also Farm Products under this subhead below

Enforcement of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, 554.9601–554.9624

Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests and agricultural liens in crops, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Debtors

Account debtors, see Account Debtors under this subhead above

Consumer debtor, 554.9102

Location, 554.9307

New debtors, 554.9102, 554.9203, 554.9326

Transfers of debtors' rights, effectiveness, 554.9401

Default, 554.9601–554.9624

Definitions, 554.9102

Deposit accounts

Banks' rights relating to deposit accounts, 554.9340–554.9342

Control by secured party, 554.9104

Defined, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in deposit accounts, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in deposit accounts, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Documents of title

General provisions, 554.9331

Perfection of security interests in documents and covered goods, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in negotiable documents, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Electricity producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Enforceability of security interests, 554.9203

Enforcement of security interests and agricultural liens, 554.9601–554.9624

Equipment

Defined, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in equipment, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in equipment, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Farm products

See also Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above; Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead below

Defined, 554.9102

Liens on farm products, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Filing, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead below

Financial assets

Perfection of security interests in financial assets, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in financial assets, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Security interests arising in purchase or delivery, 554.9206

Financing statements and amendments

General provisions, 554.9501–554.9527, 554.9705–554.9708

Continuation statements, 554.9102

Defined, 554.9102

Filing and filing offices, 331.606B(4), 554.9310–554.9312

Termination statements, 554.9102

Fixtures

Defined, 554.9102

Fixture filings, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead above

Perfection of security interests in fixtures, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in fixtures, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Security agreements covering fixtures, enforcement, 554.9604

Future advances, 554.9204, 554.9323

Gas

As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above

Buyers' rights, 554.9320

Gas producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

General intangibles

See also Software under this subhead below

Defined, 554.9102

Obligated persons, see Account Debtors under this subhead above

Payment intangibles, 554.9102

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Goods

See also subhead Sales above, thereunder Secured Transactions and Security Interests

Accessions, see Accessions under this subhead above

Attachment of security interests in goods, 554.9203, 554.9315, 554.9336

Commingled goods, security interests in, 554.9336

Consumer goods, see Consumer Transactions under this subhead above

Crops and growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above

Defined, 554.9102

Enforcement of security interests in goods, 554.9601–554.9624

Equipment, see Equipment under this subhead above

Farm products, see Farm Products under this subhead above

Fixtures, see Fixtures under this subhead above

Inventory, see Inventory under this subhead below

Liens on farm products, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Liens on goods, see Liens under this subhead below

Manufactured and mobile homes, see Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-Home Transactions, and Mobile Homes under this subhead below

Perfection of security interests in goods, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in goods, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this subhead below

Timber, see Timber under this subhead below

Growing crops, see Crops and Growing Crops under this subhead above

Insurance policies and interests in and claims under policies

Health care insurance receivables

Assignments of health care insurance receivables, perfection as security interests, 554.9309

Defined, 554.9102

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Intangibles, see General Intangibles under this subhead above

Inventory

Defined, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in inventory, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in inventory, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Investment property

Attachment of security interests, 554.9203

Control by secured party, 554.9106

Defined, 554.9102

Description of collateral, 554.9108

Perfection of security interests in investment property, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in investment property, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Secured parties having control, duties, 554.9208

Investment securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead above

Leases and leased goods

See also subhead Leases above

Lessees' security interests after rejection or revocation of acceptance of goods, 554.9109, 554.9110, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322, 554.9325

Letters of credit and letter-of-credit rights

Assignment restrictions on letter-of-credit rights, effectiveness, 554.9409

Control of letter-of-credit rights by secured party, 554.9107

Definition of letter-of-credit right, 554.9102

Documents presented under letters of credit, security interests of issuers or nominated persons, 554.5118, 554.9109, 554.9203, 554.9309, 554.9322

Perfection of security interests in letter-of-credit rights, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in letter-of-credit rights, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Proceeds and rights to proceeds, 554.9107, 554.9109

Liens

Farm products, liens on, see Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Possessory liens, priority over security interests, 554.9333

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Livestock and unborn livestock

See also Farm Products under this subhead above

Enforcement of security interests in livestock, 554.9601–554.9624

Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens in livestock, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests and agricultural liens in livestock, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Manufactured homes, manufactured-home transactions, and mobile homes

Certificates of title and homes covered by certificates of title

Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Defined, 554.9102

Financing statements for transactions, effectiveness of, 554.9515

Minerals

As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above

Buyers' rights, 554.9320

Mobile homes covered by certificates of title, see Manufactured Homes, Manufactured-Home Transactions, and Mobile Homes under this subhead above

Money

Perfection of security interests in money, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in money, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Transfers, security interests in money, 554.9332

Mortgages

Defined, 554.9102

Effectiveness as financing statements, 554.9502

Motor vehicles covered by certificates of title

Definition of certificate of title, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificates of title, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Negotiable instruments

Holders in due course, rights and priority over security interests, 554.9331

Perfection of security interests in instruments, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Priority of security interests in instruments, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead below

Noncompliance with law, remedies and liabilities, 554.9625–554.9628

Obligors, 554.9102

Oil

As-extracted collateral, see As-Extracted Collateral under this subhead above

Buyers' rights, 554.9320

Payment intangibles, see General Intangibles under this subhead above

Perfection of security interests and agricultural liens

General provisions, 554.9301–554.9316

Accessions, 554.9335

Bailments, 554.9312

Commingled goods, 554.9336

Future advances, 554.9323

Negotiable documents (documents of title), 554.9312

Pipelines, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Priority of security interests and agricultural liens

General provisions, 554.9301–554.9307, 554.9317–554.9339

Transition provisions for 2001, 554.9709

Promissory notes

Assignment restrictions, effectiveness, 554.9406, 554.9408

Default, 554.9601–554.9624

Defined, 554.9102

Discharge of account debtor, effectiveness, 554.9406

Financing statements, 554.9505

Sales of notes, 554.9318

Secured transactions law applicability, 554.9109

Security interest perfection in sales of notes, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Public-finance transactions

Defined, 554.9102

Financing statements for transactions, effectiveness of, 554.9515

Purchase-money security interests

General provisions, 554.9103

Perfection, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Priority, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Railroad operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Real property

Fixtures, see Fixtures under this subhead above

Mortgages, see Mortgages under this subhead above

Security agreements covering real property, enforcement, 554.9604

Records, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead above

Secured parties

Defined, 554.9102

Rights and duties, 554.9207–554.9209, 554.9601–554.9628

Securities, securities accounts, and securities entitlements, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead above

Security agreements

Defined, 554.9102

Effectiveness, 554.9201–554.9206

Parties, see Debtors; Secured Parties under this subhead above

Security interests

Attachment and enforceability, 554.9201–554.9206

Enforcement, 554.9601–554.9624

Perfection, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Priority, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this subhead above

Sewer utilities, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Software

See also General Intangibles under this subhead above

Defined, 554.9102

Perfection of security interests in software, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Priority of security interests in software, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Purchase-money security interests, see Purchase-Money Security Interests under this subhead above

Steam producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Street railway operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Subway operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Telecommunications transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead below

Termination statements, see Financing Statements and Amendments under this subhead above

Third party rights, 554.9401–554.9409

Timber and uncut timber

Enforceability of security interests in timber, 554.9203

Fees for filing and indexing financing statements, 554.9525

Financing statements

Contents, 554.9502

Fees for filing and indexing, 554.9525

Filing and indexing, 554.9519

Filing office, 554.9501

Mortgage of real property, effectiveness as financing statement, 554.9502

Perfection of security interests in timber, see Perfection of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Priority of security interests in timber, see Priority of Security Interests and Agricultural Liens under this subhead above

Tort claims, see Commercial Tort Claims under this subhead above

Trailers covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title under this subhead above

Transition to 1974 amendments, 554.11101–554.11104, 554.11106–554.11109

Transition to 2001 law, 554.9701–554.9710

Transmitting utilities

See also UTILITIES, subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities

Defined, 554.9102

Effectiveness of financing statements, 554.9515, 554.9705

Filing office for financing statements relating to collateral of utilities, 554.9501

Trees, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above

Trolley bus operators, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead above

Unborn animals, see Livestock and Unborn Livestock under this subhead above

Uncertificated securities, see Financial Assets; Investment Property under this subhead above

Uncut timber, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above

Utilities, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead above

Vehicles covered by certificates of title, see Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title under this subhead above

Vessels covered by certificates of title, see Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title under this subhead above

Water producing and transmitting businesses, see Transmitting Utilities under this subhead above

Wood, see Timber and Uncut Timber under this subhead above

Securities, see subhead Investment Securities above

Securities accounts, see subheads Investment Property; Investment Securities above

Security agreements, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Security interests

See also SECURITY INTERESTS

Bank deposits and collections, security interests of collecting banks, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Defined, 554.1201

Goods covered by certificates of title, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Leases, security interests under, see subhead Leases above

Letters of credit, security interests under, see subhead Letters of Credit above

Sales, security interests under, see subhead Sales above

Secured transactions, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Sellers, see subhead Sales above

Send, defined, 554.1201

Setoff and counterclaim

See also COUNTERCLAIMS

Action, defined, 554.1201

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Settle, defined, 554.4104

Severability of provisions, 554.1105

Sewers, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Shippers and shipping of goods, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Shrinkage, sales, risk of loss, 554.2321

Signatures

See also subheads Endorsements and Endorsers; Indorsements and Indorsers above

Bank deposits and collections, unauthorized signature, 554.4406

Letters of credit, 554.5104

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201

Waiver or renunciation of claim or right after breach, 554.1306

Signed, defined, 554.1201

Signs, sales, creditor's claims against goods on sale or return, sign of consignor's interest, 554.2326

Singular words, inclusion of plural, 554.1106

Software, secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Special damages, restriction, 554.1305

Specially manufactured goods, sales, exception, 554.2201

Specifications

Inconsistent sample or model, 554.2317

Warranties, sales, 554.2312

Specific performance, sales contracts, 554.2711, 554.2716

Statute of frauds

Investment securities sales, 554.8113

Sales contracts, 554.2201

Statute of limitations

Bank deposits and collections, forgery, 554.4406

Sales, 554.2725

Steam producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Stocks, see subhead Investment Securities above

Stolen property

Documents of title, 554.7601, 554.7601A

Investment securities, replacement, 554.8405

Stoppage in transit, see subhead Sales above

Stop payment, order, bank deposits and collections, 554.4303, 554.4403

Storage of goods, documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Suits, see subhead Actions above

Surety, defined, 554.1201

Suspends payments, defined, 554.4104

Suspension of payments by collecting or payor bank, bank deposits and collections, 554.4216

Teller's checks, see subheads Bank Deposits and Collections; Negotiable Instruments above

Tender, see subhead Sales above

Termination

Defined, 554.2106

Sales contract, notice, 554.2309

Term of agreement, defined, 554.1201

Terms defined, see subhead Definitions above

Territorial application of law, 554.1301

Third parties

Action for injury to goods, 554.2722

Documents, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Inspection of goods, 554.2515

Warranties, sales, 554.2318

Timber

Sales, 554.2107

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Title

Bank deposits and collections, warranty of title, customer and collecting bank, 554.4207

Unaccepted delivery order, title of goods based on, 554.7503

Trailers covered by certificates of title

Leases of trailers, see subhead Leases above

Secured transactions and security interests in trailers, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Transmitting utilities, security interests in collateral of, see subhead Secured Transactions above

Transportation and transporters of goods, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Traveler's checks, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Trees, see subhead Timber above

Trust companies, see subhead Banks and Banking Organizations above

Unauthorized signature, defined, 554.1201

Unborn animals

Agricultural liens on farm products, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Leases, see subhead Leases above, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals

Sales, see subhead Sales above, thereunder Animals and Unborn Animals

Secured transactions and security interests, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Livestock and Unborn Livestock

Unconscionable sales contract or clause, enforcement, 554.2302

Uncut timber, see subhead Timber above

Under protest, reservation of rights by use of words, 554.1308

Unit of goods, defined, 554.2105

Usage of trade, 554.1303

Utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Value, 554.1204

Variance of uniform commercial code by agreement, 554.1302

Vehicles covered by certificates of title

Leases of vehicles, see subhead Leases above

Secured transactions and security interests in vehicles, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Motor Vehicles Covered by Certificates of Title

Vehicles, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Vessels covered by certificates of title

Leases of vessels, see subhead Leases above

Secured transactions and security interests in vessels, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Boats and Vessels Covered by Certificates of Title

Vessels, shipping by, see subhead Carriers of Goods above

Voidable title, 554.2403

Warehouse receipts and goods covered by warehouse receipts, see subhead Documents of Title above

Warranties

Bank deposits and collections, see subhead Bank Deposits and Collections above

Documents of title, see subhead Documents of Title above

Leases, see subhead Leases above

Letters of credit, 554.5110

Negotiable instruments, see subhead Negotiable Instruments above

Sales, see subhead Sales above

War risk insurance, C.I.F. (cost, insurance, freight), sales, 554.2320

Water producing and transmitting businesses, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Secured Transactions above, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Weighers and measurers, certificate, prima facie evidence, 554.1307

Wood, see subhead Timber above

Writing and written, defined, 554.1201

 

UNIFORMS

Bail enforcement agents, 80A.9

Civic, social, or benevolent organizations, uniform wearing allowed under military code, 29A.31

County sheriffs, 331.322(9), 331.657

National guard, see NATIONAL GUARD

Private investigation and private security businesses, 80A.1(9), 80A.9

Public safety department members, 80.18

 

UNINCORPORATED NONPROFIT ASSOCIATIONS

General provisions, ch 501B

Agricultural landholdings by associations, restrictions on, ch 9H

 

UNINSURED MOTORISTS

Insurance coverage in liability policies, see INSURANCE

 

 

UNIONS (LABOR)

See LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT, subhead Unions, Associations, and Organizations of Employees

 

UNITED KINGDOM AND U.K. GOVERNMENT

Investments by insurance companies, 511.8, 515.35(4)

 

UNITED STATES AND U.S. GOVERNMENT

See FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

 

UNIVERSAL PRODUCT CODES (UPC)

Fraudulent universal product code labels, creation or use of, 714.8(18)

 

UNIVERSITIES

See COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

 

UNIVERSITY OF IOWA

See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS

General provisions, Const Iowa XI §8; 262.7, ch 263

Advanced placement summer program, 263.8C

Agricultural health and safety, center for, see AGRICULTURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, subhead Center for Agricultural Health and Safety

Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Appropriations to Board and Institutions

Archaeologist, state, appointment from faculty, 263B.1

Buildings, see subhead Property of University below

Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 263.8B

Child behavior and development institute, 263.5, 263.6

Child development coordinating council membership and duties, 256A.2

Clinics, see subhead Hospitals and Clinics below

Communications network, state, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network (ICN)

Construction of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Costs, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees

Courses, 263.1

Dental hygiene program, head of, certification of faculty, 153.37

Dentistry college and dean of college

See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Dentistry Colleges and Schools

Faculty certification, 153.37

Disabilities and development center, see DISABILITIES AND DISABLED PERSONS, subhead Center for Disabilities and Development (University of Iowa)

Dormitories, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Dormitories

Economic development board membership, 15.103

Employees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Employees of Board and Institutions

Enrollees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at Institutions

Environmental contamination health center, see HEALTH EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION, CENTER FOR

Environmental safety deficiencies, identification and correction of, 262.33A

Facilities, see subhead Property of University below

Faculty

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Teachers at Institutions

Election and compensation, 262.9(2)

Leaves of absence, 262.9(14)

Minority persons and women, recruitment to university, 262.81, 262.82, 262.93

Family development and self-sufficiency council membership and duties, 216A.107

Fees

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees

Student fee committee, 262.34B

Fire protection and safety, 262.33, 262.33A

Flood center, 466C.1

Funds

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Funds of Board and Institutions

Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Appropriations to Board and Institutions

Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 263.8B

Motor vehicle collegiate registration plate fees, 321.34(7)

Permanent fund, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Funds, thereunder State Funds

Gifted and talented education, international center for, see GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION, subhead Center for Talented and Gifted Education

Grounds, see subhead Property of University below

Health effects of environmental contamination, center for, see HEALTH EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION, CENTER FOR

High school student enrollment, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Students

Homeopathic hospital, 263.4

Hospitals and clinics

See also subhead Medical College and Dean of College below

General provisions, 262.7(1), 263.18–263.23, ch 263A

Autism assistance program, 256.35

Center for disabilities and development, see DISABILITIES AND DISABLED PERSONS, subhead Center for Disabilities and Development (University of Iowa)

Homeopathic hospital, 263.4

Low-income persons, services to, ch 249J

Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital

Hygienic laboratory, see HYGIENIC LABORATORY

Improvement of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Injury prevention research center, trauma system advisory council membership, 147A.24

Innovation council membership and duties, 15.117A

Instructors, see subhead Faculty above

Laboratory schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Laboratory Schools

Lands, see subhead Property of University below

Law college

General provisions, 263.1

Prosecutor intern program, 13.2(1m)

Liberal arts college, 263.1

Maintenance of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Medical assistance advisory council membership and duties, 249A.4B

Medical college and dean of college

See also subhead Hospitals and Clinics above

See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Medical Colleges and Schools

General provisions, 263.1

Dead bodies, use for scientific purposes, ch 142

Governor's disability, conference for examination of governor, membership and duties, 7.14

Homeopathic materia medica and therapeutics department, 263.4

Medical assistance advisory council membership, 249A.4B

Occupational disease investigation, designation and duties, 85A.20

Pesticides advisory committee membership and duties, 206.23

Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital

Residency program for family practice physicians, ch 148D

Moneys, see subhead Funds above

Motor vehicle collegiate plates designed for university, 321.34(7)

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles

Natural history cabinet, 263.3

Oakdale campus, see OAKDALE CAMPUS

Parking regulations, 262.69

Pesticides advisory committee membership and duties, 206.23

President of university

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Presidents of Universities

Child behavior and development institute advisory board appointment by president, 263.8

Professors, see subhead Faculty above

Property of university

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Control, management, and proceeds, Const Iowa IX (2nd)

Hospital buildings and facilities, ch 263A

Tax sales of university lands, rights and interests of purchasers and state, 446.34

Psychiatric hospital, see PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESSES, subhead State Psychiatric Hospital

Purchasing by university, see PURCHASING, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institutions

Real property of university, see subhead Property of University above

Records of extinct educational institutions, depository for, ch 264

Renewable fuels and coproducts research, 159A.6A, 159A.7

Repair of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Research activities, commercialization of, ch 262B

Residence halls, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Dormitories

Scholarships for students, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid, Grants, Loans, and Scholarships

Secretarial officer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Secretarial Officers of Institutions

Security officers, 262.13, 801.4(11)

Speed limits, 262.68

Students, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at Institutions

Talented and gifted education, international center for, see GIFTED AND TALENTED EDUCATION, subhead Center for Talented and Gifted Education

Teachers, see subhead Faculty above

Teacher training, see TEACHING AND TEACHERS, subhead Training of Teachers

Traffic control, 262.68, 262.69

Treasurer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Treasurers of Institutions

Tuition, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Tuition at Universities

Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles

Work-study programs, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Work-Study Programs

 

UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN IOWA

See also COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS

General provisions, 262.7, ch 268

Agriculture energy efficiency education program, 268.6

Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Appropriations to Board and Institutions

Buildings, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 268.3

Child development coordinating council membership and duties, 256A.2

Communications network, state, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead Iowa Communications Network (ICN)

Construction of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Costs, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees

Courses, 268.2

Dormitories, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Dormitories

Economic development board membership, 15.103

Employees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Employees of Board and Institutions

Enrollees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at Institutions

Environmental safety deficiencies, identification and correction of, 262.33A

Facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Faculty

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Teachers at Institutions

Election and compensation, 262.9(2)

Leaves of absence, 262.9(14)

Minority persons and women, recruitment to university, 262.81, 262.82, 262.93

Family development and self-sufficiency council membership and duties, 216A.107

Fees, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Fees

Fire protection and safety, 262.33, 262.33A

Funds

See also REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Funds of Board and Institutions

Appropriations, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Appropriations to Board and Institutions

Campus organizations moneys, interest earned, expenditure, 268.3

Motor vehicle collegiate registration plate fees, 321.34(7)

Grounds, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

High school student enrollment, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Students

Improvement of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Innovation council membership and duties, 15.117A

Instructors, see subhead Faculty above

Laboratory schools, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Laboratory Schools

Lands, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Maintenance of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Moneys, see subhead Funds above

Motor vehicle collegiate plates designed for university, 321.34(7)

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles

Parking regulations, 262.69

President of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Presidents of Universities

Professors, see subhead Faculty above

Property of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Purchasing by university, see PURCHASING, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institutions

Reading recovery and literacy programs of school districts, funds for, 257B.1B(1)

Real estate education program, 543B.54

Real property of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Property of Board and Institutions

Renewable fuels and coproducts research, 159A.6A, 159A.7

Repair of buildings and facilities, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Construction and Improvement of Buildings, Facilities, and Grounds

Research activities, commercialization of, ch 262B

Residence halls, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Dormitories

Scholarships for students, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Student Aid, Grants, Loans, and Scholarships

Science academy appropriations, use restrictions, 268.5

Secretarial officer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Secretarial Officers of Institutions

Security officers, 262.13, 801.4(11)

Speed limits, 262.68

Student fee committee, 262.34B

Students, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Students at Institutions

Teachers, see subhead Faculty above

Teacher training, see TEACHING AND TEACHERS, subhead Training of Teachers

Traffic control, 262.68, 262.69

Treasurer of university, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Treasurers of Institutions

Tuition, see REGENTS, BOARD OF, AND REGENTS INSTITUTIONS, subhead Tuition at Universities

Vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Regents Board and Regents Institution Vehicles

Waste reduction center for the safe and economic management of solid waste and hazardous substances, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Reduction Center (University of Northern Iowa)

Work-study programs, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Work-Study Programs

 

UNIVERSITY OF OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE (DES MOINES UNIVERSITY)

See DES MOINES UNIVERSITY—OSTEOPATHIC MEDICAL CENTER

 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

See IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY

See ASSEMBLIES

 

UNSOLICITED GOODS

Goods received by mail, acceptance as gift, 556A.1

 

UNSOUND MIND, PERSONS OF

See also INSANITY

See also MENTAL HEALTH AND DISABILITIES

Judgment vacation and modification proceedings, time limit for commencement by persons of unsound mind, 624A.1

Poison sales to persons of unsound mind, prohibition, 205.9

Property sold at tax sale, redemption period for persons of unsound mind, 447.7

Wards, conservator or guardian appointment for, effect as adjudication as persons of unsound mind, 633.636

 

UNUSED PROPERTY MARKETS

General provisions, ch 546A

 

UPC (UNIVERSAL PRODUCT CODES)

Fraudulent UPC labels, creation or use of, 714.8(18)

 

URBAN RENEWAL

General provisions, ch 403

Bond issues, 331.441–331.449, 384.23–384.36, 419.17

Economic development financial assistance to persons and businesses in blighted areas, 15A.1(5)

Eminent domain, power of and acquisitions by, 6A.22(2a)

Financing and funding, 2.48, 423B.1(6c), 423B.7(1b, 6), 423B.10, 437A.15

 

URBAN REVITALIZATION

General provisions, ch 404

Bond issues by cities for projects in revitalization areas, 419.17

Services to tax exempt property, 364.19

 

URBAN TRANSIT SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

See PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

 

URINE AND URINE TESTING

Alcohol and drug intoxication and testing

Boat and vessel operators, intoxication testing of, 462A.14–462A.14F

Employees and prospective employees, testing by private sector employers, 730.5

Motor vehicle drivers, intoxication testing of, ch 321J

Public intoxication offenders, 123.46

Animal waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL

Sewage, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Toilets and urinals, see TOILETS

 

USAGE OF TRADE

Uniform commercial code, 554.1303

 

USE TAXES

See SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

 

USURY

General provisions, 535.4, 535.5

Assignees of usurious contracts, recovery from usurer, 535.7

Claim or defense of usury, limitation on use, 535.2(2)

Loans, contracts, and mortgages, construction as usurious, 589.22

 

UTILITIES

See also ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS

General provisions, ch 476

Accounting methods, 422.93

Actions against utilities, 616.8, 617.3

Advertising costs included in rates, prohibition, 476.18(3)

All-terrain vehicle operation by utilities, 321.234A(1c), 321I.14(1h)

Antitrust complaints, 476.55

Board for utilities in state commerce department, see COMMERCE DEPARTMENT, subhead Utilities Division

Boards of city utilities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities below

Bridges, location and operation of utilities on, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Buses and bus services, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

Charges

See also subhead Rates below

Energy assistance, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Assistance for Low-Income and Indigent Persons

Impermissible, 476.18

Late payment, 476.54

City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities

See also subhead Water Utilities and Waterworks below

See also GASES, subhead Lines used for Transmission of Gases

See also SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Cities

See also TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities providing Services

See also TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES, subhead City Utilities providing Services

See also TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities

See also WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

General provisions, 362.2(6), 364.3(10), ch 388, 476.1B

Annexation, consolidation, or incorporation actions by city

Electric utility's rights, 476.26

Fees and taxes imposed, 368.23

Notification to utility, 368.24

Boards of city utilities

Investment of funds, 384.21

Joint action, 364.5

Budgets, approval, 384.2

Charges, billing and collection of, 384.84

Coal mining by publicly owned utilities, 207.11

Coal purchase and use, 73.6, 73.9, 73.10

Connections

Fees for water and sewer connections, 384.38(3)

Public improvements, inclusion of underground connections, 384.40

Special assessments for connections, 384.37–384.79

Consolidation into city, see Annexation, Consolidation, or Incorporation Actions by City under this subhead above

Contracts for utilities, city officers' and employees' interest prohibition, exception, 362.5(3 'l')

Discontinuance of services, 384.84(3)

Employees of city utilities, retirement systems for, see Retirement Systems for Employees of City Utilities under this subhead below

Existing utilities, condemnation of, 6B.46–6B.51

Financing

Bonds, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94

Joint facilities and financing, ch 28F, ch 389, ch 390

Fiscal year of municipal utilities, 384.2

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Funds

Deposit in financial institutions, ch 12C

Investment, 384.21

Surplus, transfer of, 384.89

Improvements, special assessments for, 384.37–384.79

Incorporation into city, see Annexation, Consolidation, or Incorporation Actions by City under this subhead above

National guard, use granted to, 29A.60

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities

Rates, billing and collection of, 384.84

Records of municipal utilities

Computer data, unauthorized access, criminal offense, 716.6B

Discussions in governmental body meetings, closed sessions, 21.5(1k)

Retirement systems for employees of city utilities

General provisions, ch 412

Election for coverage under systems, 97B.42A(5)

Merger with and into public employees' retirement system, 97B.42C

Public employees' retirement system coverage of water utility and waterworks employees, 97B.1A[8a(11)]

Public funds investment and custody requirements, exceptions, 12B.10(6k), 12B.10B(3j), 12B.10C(4i)

Taxation

Property of utilities, see TAXATION, subhead Utilities

Sales by and to utilities, 423.2(2), 423.3(31a)

Cogeneration facilities, see subhead Electric Utilities below

Collateral of transmitting utilities subject to security interests, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below

Communications utilities, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

Complaints, 476.3

Computer data of utilities, unauthorized access to, criminal offense, 716.6B

Condemnation power and acquisitions by condemnation, see EMINENT DOMAIN, subhead Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain

Consumer advocate division and consumer advocate, see ATTORNEY GENERAL, subhead Consumer Advocate Division and Consumer Advocate

Costs for utility services, disclosure for property receiving services, 476.56

County utilities

Bond issues, 331.441–331.449

Financing by public agencies, ch 28F

Use by national guard, 29A.60

Criminal mischief against utilities, 716.3

Deposits for services, debtor's exemption from execution, 627.6(15)

Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20

Displaced persons from property acquired by utilities, relocation assistance for, 6B.42

Division for utilities in state commerce department, see COMMERCE DEPARTMENT, subhead Utilities Division

Easements, see EASEMENTS

Electric utilities

See also HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES

General provisions, ch 476, ch 476A, ch 478

Actions against utilities, 616.8

Alternate energy production facilities, regulation and development of, 476.41–476.48

Alternate energy purchase programs, 476.1A(1f), 476.1B(1n), 476.47

Antitrust complaints, 476.55

Bridges on state boundaries, use by electric transmission lines, 314.11

City utilities and utilities in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above

Coal-fueled generation facilities, emissions management, 476.6(21)

Condemnation power and acquisitions by condemnation, see EMINENT DOMAIN, subhead Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain

Construction of generation and transmission facilities, 476.53, 476A.1–476A.15

Cooperative associations, nonprofit, ch 498

Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20

Electric cooperatives

General provisions, 476.1A

Membership classes, 499.14A

Patronage dividends, unclaimed by owner, disposition of, 216A.102(2b)

Replacement taxes on electricity providers, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities

Transmission lines taxation, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Electricity Providers and Electrical Systems

Electric power agencies

Facilities for electric generation and transmission, financing of, 390.9–390.25

Funds, deposits in financial institutions, ch 12C

Taxation of agencies, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities

Transmission reliability requirements, 476.1B(1m)

Eminent domain power and acquisitions by eminent domain, see EMINENT DOMAIN, subhead Utilities, Power of and Acquisitions by Eminent Domain

Energy costs for property receiving services, disclosure of, 476.56

Energy management program, 476.6(14)

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Franchises from state for transmission lines, ch 478

Fuel, costs review, 476.6(13)

Highway rights-of-way, utility systems on and along, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419

Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3

Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Nuisance actions against utilities, defenses against, 657.1(2)

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Electricity Providers and Electrical Systems

Railroad rights-of-way, lines located along and crossing, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities Located along and Crossing Rights-of-Way

Ratemaking principles, 476.53, 476A.4(5)

Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4

Rights-of-way in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Rural subdivisions, filing and approval of plans for, 306.21

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below

Service areas, establishment of, 476.22–476.26

Substation construction, protection of homesteads from condemnation for, 478.15

Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities

Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Eminent domain power and acquisitions by eminent domain, see EMINENT DOMAIN

Energy center, state, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Center for Energy (Iowa Energy Center)

Fees imposed upon utilities as result of annexation to city, effective, 368.23

Foreign companies, ch 495

Franchises

Bridges, interstate, use by utilities, 313A.27

City franchises, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Electric transmission lines, construction and operation franchises, ch 478

Gas utilities and gasworks

General provisions, ch 476

City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above

Costs for property receiving services, disclosure of, 476.56

Disconnection and discontinuance of services, 476.20

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3

Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Mains, laying in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29

Natural gas supply and cost review, 476.6(12)

Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities

Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4

Rights-of-way in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities below

Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities

Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Underground storage and transportation facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Generation facilities for electricity, see subhead Electric Utilities above

Global and regional environmental research center, funding for, 476.1A(1e), 476.1B(1k), 476.1C(1), 476.10A

Heat services and heating plants in cities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above

Highways and highway rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Hydroelectric utilities, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES

Interruption of services, criminal offense, 716.3

Lighting, utility-owned, energy efficiency required, 474.5(2), 476.62

Light plants, see subhead Electric Utilities above

Location of utilities

Information on underground facilities for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way below

Low-income persons, energy assistance for, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Assistance for Low-Income and Indigent Persons

Maintenance vehicles, stationary, operation of approaching vehicles, 321.323A

Manufactured home utility connections, installation of, 103A.52(4)

Meters, tampering with, prohibition, 714.1(7)

Mobile home utility connections, installation of, 103A.52(4)

Motor vehicles, see subhead Vehicles below

Municipal utilities and municipally owned utilities, see subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above

Natural gas utilities, see subhead Gas Utilities and Gasworks above

Peak-load management, 476.17

Pipelines, see PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS

Poor persons, energy assistance for, see ENERGY AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, subhead Assistance for Low-Income and Indigent Persons

Property acquired by condemnation, displaced persons relocation assistance, 6B.42

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES

Publicly owned utilities, see subheads City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities; County Utilities above

Railroad rights-of-way, use by utilities, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities Located along and Crossing Rights-of-Way

Railroads, see RAILROADS

Rates

See also subhead Charges above

General provisions, 476.4–476.8

City services, billing and collection, 384.84

Electric generation and transmission facilities, 476.53, 476A.4(5)

Judicial review, 17A.19

Real estate improvement districts, improvements authorized, 358C.4

Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Replacement taxes, see TAXATION, subheads Electricity and Electricity Providers, Cooperatives, Transmission Facilities, and Utilities; Natural Gas and Natural Gas Providers, Pipelines, and Utilities

Rights-of-way

See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Bridges, interstate, franchises for use by utilities, 313A.27

Management cost charge by local governments

General provisions, ch 480A

Recovery by utilities, 476.6(20)

Railroad rights-of-way, use by utilities, see RAILROADS, subhead Utilities Located along and Crossing Rights-of-Way

Structures required by utilities, location in highway rights-of-way, 318.9

Roads and road rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Sales taxes, see SALES, SERVICES, AND USE TAXES

Sanitary districts, see SANITARY DISTRICTS

Sanitation utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Secured Transactions, thereunder Transmitting Utilities

Filing, perfection, and recordation, 554.1110, ch 554B

Sewage disposal and sewer utilities and services, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Sidewalks, location and operation of utilities in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above

Snowmobile operation by utilities on railroad rights-of-way, 321G.13(1h)

Solar energy and solar energy systems, see SOLAR ENERGY AND SUNLIGHT

Solid waste disposal utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste

State buildings, 8A.322

Steam production and transmission, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above

Storm sewers and storm water drainage, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Storm Sewers and Storm Water Drainage

Streetcars, see STREET RAILWAYS

Street railways, see STREET RAILWAYS

Streets and street rights-of-way, use by utilities, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Subways, see SUBWAYS

Tariffs, filing of, 476.4, 476.4A

Taxation, see TAXATION

Telecommunications service, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

Telegraph service, see TELEGRAPH SERVICE AND TELEGRAPH COMPANIES

Telephone service, see TELEPHONE SERVICE AND TELEPHONE COMPANIES

Television, see TELEVISION AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT

Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Transmission facilities for electricity, see subhead Electric Utilities above

Transmitting utilities, security interests in transmitting utility collateral, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above

Transportation utilities, see CARRIERS

Trolley buses and bus services, see BUSES AND BUS SERVICES

Trolley cars, see STREET RAILWAYS

Underground facilities

Information on underground facilities for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Relocation due to highway construction, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above

Vehicles

All-terrain vehicle operation by utilities, 321.234A(1c), 321I.14(1h)

Maintenance vehicles, stationary, operation of approaching vehicles, 321.323A

Snowmobile operation by utilities on railroad rights-of-way, 321G.13(1h)

Waste disposal utilities, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

Water districts and water associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Districts and Associations

Water utilities and waterworks

See also WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Supplies and Supply Systems

General provisions, ch 476

City services, city utilities, and utilities in cities

See also subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities above

Annexed territory, failure to provide to, 368.25

Construction and improvement

Bond issues, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94

Special assessments, 384.37–384.79

Employees, civil service, 400.31

Establishment and operation, legalizing Act, 592.9

Fees for connections, 384.38(3)

Franchises from cities, see CITIES, subhead Franchises and Franchise Elections

Joint facilities and financing

General provisions, ch 389

Property taxes, exemption, 427.1(28)

Sales tax on sales, 423.2(2)

Services within two miles of city limits, 357.1A, 357A.2

Special assessments for connections, 384.37–384.79

Street paving projects, notice to water utility, 384.55

Cooperative associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Districts and Associations

Counties, bond issues, 331.441–331.449

Disconnection and discontinuation of services, 476.20

Electricity sold to water companies, sales tax exemption, 423.3(53)

Federated associations, membership authorized, 499.5A

Interruptions of services, criminal offense, 716.3

Location in public rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above

Mains, laying in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29

Property taxes, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Utilities

Real estate improvement districts, 358C.4

Rights-of-way, see subhead Rights-of-Way above

Security interests in collateral of transmitting utilities, see subhead Security Interests in Collateral of Transmitting Utilities above

Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Utilities

Theft of services, criminal offense, 714.1(7)

Treatment facilities operation, 455B.211–455B.224

Underground facilities, location information for excavators, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Water districts and water associations, see WATER AND WATERCOURSES, subhead Districts and Associations

Wind energy, see WIND, subhead Energy and Power from Wind

 

UTILITIES DIVISION

See COMMERCE DEPARTMENT

 

UTILITY EQUIPMENT

Dealership agreements

Franchise law exclusion, 523H.1(3c), 537A.10[1c(3)]

Termination and repurchase of dealer's inventory, ch 322F

 

VACANT PROPERTY

Abandoned property, see ABANDONED PROPERTY

Industrial and commercial property, redevelopment of, see GRAYFIELD SITES

School buildings, lease of, availability and authorization, 7.20, 297.4, 331.361(7), 364.21

 

VACATION LEAVE

State employees, 70A.1(2, 7)

Wage payments to employees, ch 91A

 

VACCINES AND VACCINATIONS

See also IMMUNIZATIONS

Brucellosis vaccinations for animals, 164.3

First responders, vaccination program for, 135.146

Hepatitis vaccinations, see HEPATITIS

Hog-cholera serums and viruses, distribution of, 159.6(4), ch 166

Pseudorabies vaccinations for swine, 166D.11

Rabies vaccinations for dogs, 351.33–351.43

State purchase, storage, and distribution of vaccines, 7D.29(3), 135.11(5), 139A.8A

 

VALUES PROGRAM

See GROW IOWA VALUES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

 

VALVES

Backflow prevention assembly testers, registration, ch 135K

 

VANDALISM

See also CRIMINAL MISCHIEF

See also MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

Insurance for vandalism, 515.48(1, 5e, 9), 515F.30–515F.38

Railroad vandalism

General provisions, 716.10

Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

 

VAN POOLS

General provisions, 325A.12(6)

Exemption from motor carrier regulation, 325A.13(4)

Resource and referral source, 307.10(10)

 

VANS

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Multipurpose Vehicles

 

VAPORS

See GASES

 

VARICELLA

Immunizations for children, see IMMUNIZATIONS, subhead Children

 

VAULTS

Funeral merchandise, see FUNERALS, subhead Services and Merchandise Sales and Sellers

Hotels and steamboats, keepers' and owners' liability for guests' property, ch 671

Public funds, treasurers to keep in safes and vaults, 12B.10

Safe deposit boxes, see SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES

 

VEGETABLES

See also PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

Corn, see CORN AND CORN PRODUCTS

Farmers markets, see FARMERS MARKETS

Oil from vegetables, use as fuel, see FUELS, subhead Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blended Fuel

Potatoes, see POTATOES

Sales of vegetables, measurements and containers for sold commodities, 210.10–210.12

Seeds, see SEEDS

Soybeans, see SOYBEANS AND SOY PRODUCTS

Transportation of vegetables, preference in time by carrier, 327D.8

Vinegar, see VINEGAR

 

VEGETATION

See PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

 

VEHICLES

All-terrain vehicles, see ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES

Animal-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals

Bicycles, see BICYCLES AND BICYCLING

Horse-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals

Motorcycles, see MOTORCYCLES

Motorized bicycles, see MOTORIZED BICYCLES

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES

Mule-drawn vehicles, see ANIMALS, subhead Vehicles Drawn by Animals

Snowmobiles, see SNOWMOBILES

 

VEHICULAR HOMICIDE

See HOMICIDE, subhead Motor Vehicle Operation Causing Homicides

 

VENDING MACHINES

See also FOOD, subhead Vending Machines

See also TOBACCO AND TOBACCO PRODUCTS, subhead Vendors and Vending Machines

Coin-operated devices, tokens and devices used in, fraudulent practices, 714.8(7)

Lottery ticket (touchplay) machines, prohibition, 99G.30A

 

VENDORS AND VENDEES

See also SALES

Execution sales, purchasers at, waste and trespass rights, 658.7

Foreclosure of title bond, 654.11, 654.12

Forfeiture under realty contract, ch 656

Fraudulent conveyance, by vendee, 557.19

Fraudulent practice, 714.8

Liens by vendors, enforcement, 557.18, 557.19

Lis pendens, see LIS PENDENS

Real estate actions, constructive notice, 617.10–617.15

Real property sales, see REAL PROPERTY

Tax certificate holders, damages for waste or trespass, 658.9, 658.10

Tax liens, see LIENS

Title under judgment, effect of appellate court reversal, 625A.16

 

VENEREAL DISEASES

See also SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES

Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of venereal disease, self-medication for, false advertising, 126.16

Migrant labor camp food handlers with venereal disease, restrictions on, 138.13(9g)

Prophylactics for venereal disease, see CONTRACEPTIVE DRUGS, DEVICES, AND SERVICES

Sexual assault crime victims, treatment for prevention of venereal disease, cost payment for, 13.31(5), 915.41, 915.94

 

VENISON

See DEER

 

VENTILATION AND VENTILATION EQUIPMENT

See HVAC SYSTEMS (HEATING, VENTILATION, AIR CONDITIONING)

 

VENTURE CAPITAL

See CAPITAL FUNDS AND INVESTMENTS

 

VENUE

Civil actions

General provisions, ch 616

Changes of venue, bonds filed for, approval by district court clerks, 602.8102(150)

Criminal actions

General provisions, ch 803

Changes of venue

Appearance by county attorneys, 331.756(2)

Delivery of defendants by county sheriffs, fees for, 815.8

Discretionary review by appellate courts, 814.5, 814.6

District court proceedings, duties of clerks, 602.8102(139)

Federal lands, crimes committed on, 1.9, 1.10

Fines, recovery actions, 616.3

Scheduled violations, 805.13

Traffic violations, 805.13

 

VESICULAR EXANTHEMA

Control of vesicular exanthema in animals, 159.6(2), ch 163

 

VESSELS (STEAM PRESSURE CONTAINMENT)

See STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Pressure Vessels for Steam

 

VESSELS (WATERCRAFT)

See BOATS AND VESSELS

 

VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT

See also STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS

General provisions, 7E.5(1v), ch 35A

Chemical exposure of Vietnam Conflict veterans, information collection and investigations, 36.1–36.9

Counseling program for veterans, 35.12

High school diploma award program for veterans, 256.9(44)

Home for veterans, state, see VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS, subhead Homes for Veterans

Homelessness council membership and duties, 16.100A

Information furnished by county commissions, 35B.11

Records of military personnel recorded by counties, confidentiality requirements for department, 331.608(6e)

War orphans educational assistance fund administration, 35.8–35.11

 

VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS

See also MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS

General provisions, ch 35–ch 36

Agent Orange exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans

Alcohol abuse and dependency, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12

Assistance for veterans

General provisions, 35A.13, 99G.9A, 422.7(46A), 422.12G

Bonus compensation for veterans, see subhead Bonus Compensation for Veterans from State below

Burial and funeral expenses, payment by county, 35B.13–35B.15, 331.381(6)

Counseling program for veterans, 35.12

County services for veterans, see subhead County Services for Veterans below

Education services, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education of

Employment, see subhead Employment below

Fraudulent practices to obtain assistance for veterans, 714.8(12)

Health and medical care services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care Services for Veterans below

Home for veterans, state, see subhead Homes for Veterans below, thereunder State Veterans Home

Home ownership assistance program, 16.54

Injured veterans grant program, 35A.14, 422.7(46, 47)

Preferences in public employment, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below

Prisoners in jails and holding facilities, assistance for, 356.6A

Small businesses, assistance for, 15.108(7g)

Tax advice for deploying members, 35A.5(16)

Associations of veterans, see subhead Organizations and Associations of Veterans below

Benefits for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Bingo game operation by veterans associations, effect on property tax exemption of association, 427.1(5)

Bonus compensation for veterans from state

Merchant marine bonus, 35A.8(4)

Vietnam Conflict bonuses, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)

Burials, see subhead Deaths and Dead Persons below

Card game tournaments conducted by veterans organizations, 99B.7B, 99B.8(6), 423.2(4)

Cemeteries and cemetery lots, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military Service, Cemeteries and Cemetery Lots for and Graves of

Ceremonies for veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans below

Chemical exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans

Children of veterans

See also subhead Families of Veterans below

See also MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Children of Military Forces Members

Assistance and benefits, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Property tax exemption, 426A.12

City civil service employment, preference for veterans, 400.10

Commemorations for veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans below

Commission of veterans affairs in state government, see VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT

Commissions of veteran affairs, county

See also subhead County Services for Veterans below

General provisions, 35A.5(3, 6, 9, 14), 35A.16, 35A.17, ch 35B

Appointment of members, 331.321(1g)

Combination of duties with other county officers, 331.323(1)

Removal of members, 331.321(3)

Surety bonds for members, approval of, 331.502(14)

Commitment to facility under court order from another state, force and effect in Iowa, 229.30

Compensation from state, see subhead Bonus Compensation for Veterans from State above

Conservatorships for veterans, administration of, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617, 633.622

Corporations of veterans, see subhead Organizations and Associations of Veterans below

Counseling program for veterans, 35.12

County services for veterans

See also subhead Commissions of Veteran Affairs, County, above

General provisions, 331.381(6), 331.427(3h), 331.502(15), 331.508(5)

Day for honoring of veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY

Deaths and dead persons

Burial and funeral expenses, payment by county, 35B.13–35B.15, 331.381(6)

Cemeteries, cemetery lots, and graves, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military Service, Cemeteries and Cemetery Lots for and Graves of

Flag presentation to spouse and family by governor, 35A.18

Recording by counties, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608

Defoliant exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans

Department of veterans affairs in state government, see VETERANS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT

Disabled and injured veterans

Assistance, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Fishing licenses, 483A.24(14)

Grant program for injured veterans, 35A.14, 422.7(46, 47)

Homes for disabled veterans, property tax exemption for, 427.1(10)

Homesteads of disabled veterans, property tax credit for, 425.15

Hunting licenses, 483A.24(14)

Motor vehicles, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and Veterans, Vehicles of

Public employment, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below

Discharges from service, recording by counties, 22.7(46), 331.606A, 331.607(1), 331.608

Drug abuse and dependency, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12

Educational assistance and benefits, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education of

Employment

Public employees, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below

Time off on Veterans Day for veterans, 91A.5A

Facilities for veterans, see subhead Homes for Veterans below

Families of veterans

See also subheads Children of Veterans above; Spouses of Veterans below

Educational assistance and benefits, see EDUCATION, EDUCATORS, AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, subhead Military Persons and Families, Education of

Flag presentation to family by governor, 35A.18

Fire fighter retirement system, military service credits for veterans, 410.7, 411.9

Fishing licenses for persons with disabilities and prisoners of war, 483A.24(14)

Funerals, see subhead Deaths and Dead Persons above

Gambling game operation by veterans associations

Bingo game operation by associations, effect on property tax exemption of association, 427.1(5)

Card game tournaments conducted by organizations, 99B.7B, 99B.8(6), 423.2(4)

Graves of veterans, see CEMETERIES, subhead Veterans of Military Service, Cemeteries and Cemetery Lots for and Graves of

Health and medical care services for veterans

Advance directive documents, validity and enforceability, 144A.3(4), 144B.3(4)

Assisted living program tenants, federal benefits eligibility identification, 231C.5A

Health care facility residents, federal benefits eligibility identification, 135C.31A

Knoxville veterans hospital, jurisdiction of state, 1.11

State and political subdivision facilities, contracts with federal government, 35.6

Herbicide exposure during Vietnam Conflict, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans

High school diploma award program for veterans, 256.9(49)

Holiday for honoring veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY

Homes and homesteads owned by veterans

Home ownership assistance program, 16.54

Manufactured homes and mobile homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for, 426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)

Tax credit for homesteads of veterans with disabilities, 425.15

Homes for veterans

State veterans home

See also STATE INSTITUTIONS

General provisions, ch 35D

Audits by state auditor, expenses reimbursement, 11.5B

Construction, repair, and improvement program, 35A.10

Contracts, see PUBLIC CONTRACTS, subhead Veterans Home Contracts

Discharge of residents, rules for, 135C.14(8f)

Smoking prohibitions, exemption from, 142D.4(11)

Transporters of patients and residents, 321.1(8h)

Tax exemption for soldiers homes, 427.1(10)

Homesteads owned by veterans, see subhead Homes and Homesteads Owned by Veterans above

Honoring of veterans

Day for honoring of veterans (Veterans Day), see VETERANS DAY

Honor guard services performance, 35A.12

Memorials and monuments, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS; MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)

Trailers for flags in parades and ceremonies, exemption from vehicle registration, 321.18(10)

Hospitalization under court order from another state, force and effect in Iowa, 229.30

Hospitals and hospital services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care Services for Veterans above

Hunting licenses for persons with disabilities and prisoners of war, 483A.24(14)

Husbands of veterans, see subhead Spouses of Veterans below

Incompetency, persons under, conservatorship administration for, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617, 633.622

Indigent veterans, assistance for, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Injured veterans, see subhead Disabled and Injured Veterans above

Institutions for veterans, see subhead Homes for Veterans above

Knoxville veterans hospital, jurisdiction of state, 1.11

Manufactured homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for, 426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)

Married persons, see subhead Spouses of Veterans below

Marshalltown state veterans home, see subhead Homes for Veterans above, thereunder State Veterans Home

Medal recipients for military service, motor vehicle registration plates for, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Registration and Registration Plates, thereunder Military Forces Members and Veterans, Plates and Fees for

Medical services for veterans, see subhead Health and Medical Care Services for Veterans above

Memorials to veterans, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS

Mental illness treatment, insurance coverage of, 514C.27

Merchant marine service, see MERCHANT MARINE

Mobile homes of veterans, tax credits and exemptions for, 426A.11(5), 435.26(1a)

Monuments to veterans, see MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)

Motor vehicles of veterans, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and Veterans, Vehicles of

Organizations and associations of veterans

Commemorative property, protection of, 35A.5(11), 37A.1

Gambling game operation, see subhead Gambling Game Operation by Veterans Associations above

Honor guard services performance, 35A.12

Misrepresentation of membership for solicitation purposes, criminal offense, 714.8(6)

Property tax exemption, 427.1(5, 14)

Orphan children of veterans, educational assistance for, 35.8–35.11, 35A.5(4)

Pearl Harbor veterans, motor vehicle special registration plates for, 321.34(17)

Personnel records, recording by county, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608

Police officer retirement system military service credits for veterans, 410.7, 411.9

Preferences in public employment for veterans, see subhead Public Employment and Employees below

Prisoners in jails and holding facilities, assistance for, 356.6A

Property tax credits and exemptions for veterans, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Military Service Members and Veterans, Credits and Exemptions for

Public employment and employees

Preferences in public employment

General provisions, ch 35C

City civil service positions, 400.10

State personnel rules, 8A.413(22)

Retirement benefits, credit for service, 97A.10A, 97B.80

State government employment, 8A.402(2f)

Records, recording by county, 22.7(46), 331.607(1), 331.608

Relief for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Remembrances of veterans, see subhead Honoring of Veterans above

Reserves of United States armed forces, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS

Retired United States armed forces members, motor vehicle registration plates for, 321.34(19)

Services for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Small businesses owned and operated by veterans, assistance for, 15.108(7g)

Solicitations by veterans, misrepresentation in, criminal offense, 714.8(6)

Spouses of veterans

See also subhead Families of Veterans above

Assistance and benefits, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Flag presentation to spouse by governor, 35A.18

Property tax exemption, 426A.12

Veterans home admission, 35D.4, 35D.5

State services for veterans, see subhead Assistance for Veterans above

Substance abuse and dependency in veterans, see SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Suicides by veterans, reduction of, state assistance, 35.12

Taxation, see TAXATION, subhead Military Service Members and Veterans

Vehicles of veterans, see MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Military Forces Members and Veterans, Vehicles of

Vietnam Conflict veterans

Bonuses, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)

Exposure to chemicals, see VIETNAM CONFLICT, subhead Chemical Exposure of Vietnam Conflict Veterans

Wards, conservatorship administration for, 633.614, 633.615, 633.617, 633.622

Wives of veterans, see subhead Spouses of Veterans above

Wounded veterans, see subhead Disabled and Injured Veterans above

 

VETERANS DAY

Designation and recognition, 1C.6

Employee time off for veterans, 91A.5A

High school diploma award ceremonies for veterans, 256.9(44)

Holidays, 1C.1, 1C.2, 1C.6

 

VETERINARY MEDICINE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE PRACTITIONERS

General provisions, 159.6(6), ch 169, ch 272C

Abandoned animals, destruction by veterinarians, 162.19

Agriculture and land stewardship department veterinarians, see AGRICULTURE AND LAND STEWARDSHIP DEPARTMENT

Brucellosis vaccination and testing, ch 163A, ch 164

Cattle health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care below

Cholera eradication in hogs, see subhead Hog-Cholera Eradication below

Colleges of veterinary medicine, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Veterinary Medicine Colleges and Schools

Controlled substance dispensing and prescription, see CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES, subheads Dispensing and Distribution of Controlled Substances; Prescriptions of Controlled Substances and Prescriber Authority

Corporations for practice of veterinary medicine, see PROFESSIONAL CORPORATIONS

Drug dispensing and prescription, see DRUGS AND DRUG CONTROL, subheads Dispensing and Distribution of Drugs and Devices; Prescription Drugs and Devices, Prescriptions, and Prescriber Authority

Facilities for veterinary practice, see ANIMALS, subhead Facilities used for Animals

Hog-cholera eradication

Destruction of infected and exposed swine, ch 166B

Serum and viruses, compensation for, 166.38

Hog health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care below

Hospitals for animals, regulation of, 162.11(2)

Insurance coverage for veterinary services, see INSURANCE

Liens of veterinarians for treatment of livestock, see LIENS, subhead Veterinarians' Liens

Limited liability companies for practice of veterinary medicine, see LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES

Livestock health regulation and care

See also LIVESTOCK, subhead Health Regulation and Care for Livestock

Brucellosis vaccination and testing, ch 163A, ch 164

Hog-cholera eradication, see subhead Hog-Cholera Eradication above

Liens for treatment of livestock, see LIENS, subhead Veterinarians' Liens

Pseudorabies control, see PSEUDORABIES

Scabies control in sheep, ch 166A

Tuberculosis testing for cattle, ch 165

Poison purchases, 205.2

Prescription drug prescription and dispensing, see DRUGS AND DRUG CONTROL, subhead Prescription Drugs and Devices, Prescriptions, and Prescriber Authority

Pseudorabies control, see PSEUDORABIES

Rabies vaccinations by veterinarians, 351.33, 351.35, 351.36

Racing and gaming commission veterinarians, 99D.23(2)

Radiation machines, use of, ch 136C

Scabies control in sheep, ch 166A

Schools of veterinary medicine, see COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, subhead Veterinary Medicine Colleges and Schools

Sheep health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care above

State veterinarian

Hog-cholera eradication duties, 166B.2

Pork producers council membership and duties, 183A.2

Veterinary medicine board secretary duties, 169.5(4)

Swine health regulation and care, see subhead Livestock Health Regulation and Care above

Tuberculosis testing for cattle, ch 165

Violations of veterinary practice regulations, prosecution of, 331.756(31)

 

VETOES

Administrative rules, nullification of, Const Iowa III §40

Congressional bills, vetoes by president of United States, Const US I §7

General assembly bills, vetoes by governor, Const Iowa III §16; 3.4

 

VIADUCTS

Cities

Construction and improvement, financing of, 384.23–384.36

Primary road extensions, construction and maintenance of, 313.27

Mechanics' liens, attachment of, 572.7

Passing vehicles on approaches to viaducts, restrictions on, 321.304

Railroad viaducts, vandalism of, see VANDALISM, subhead Railroad Vandalism

 

VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS AND SETTLEMENT INVESTMENT CONTRACTS

Regulation of viatical settlement investment contracts

General provisions, 502.102(28f, 31A)

Exemption from securities registration, 502.201(9E)

Issuer, 502.102(17d)

Regulation of viatical settlements

General provisions, ch 508E

Violations of insurance trade practices regulatory law, 507B.3(1)

 

VICE

General provisions, ch 725

Penalty surcharge for offenses, see LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIATIVE SURCHARGE

 

VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

For provisions of the United States Constitution relating to the vice president, see CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

For provisions of state law relating to the election of the vice president, see ELECTIONS, subhead President and Vice President of the United States

 

VICTIMS AND VICTIM RIGHTS

General provisions, ch 915

Adult abuse victims, ch 235B

Assistance program, 13.31

Children, protection of, see CHILDREN, subhead Protection Services

Communications with counselors, confidentiality of, 915.20A

Compensation for victims

See also RESTITUTION, subheads Criminal Offenders, Restitution by; Juveniles Committing Delinquent Acts, Restitution by

General provisions, 13.31(2), 602.8108(3), 915.80–915.94

Correctional facilities inmates, witness fees paid to, application to compensation, 622.69

Seized property disposition proceeds, use for compensation, 809.17

Tax exemption for recipients of payments, 422.7(50)

Counseling and counselors for victims

Communications to counselors, confidentiality and disclosure of, 915.20A

Crime victim counseling services, compensation for, 915.86

Presence of counselors at proceedings related to public offenses, 915.20

Court testimony from victims, see subhead Testimony from Victims below

Crime proceeds received by convicted felons, distribution to victims, 910.15, 915.100(2h)

Dependent adult abuse victims, ch 235B

Developmental disabilities, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38

Disaster victims, housing in public housing projects, 403A.8

Domestic abuse victims, see DOMESTIC ABUSE AND VIOLENCE

Forcible felony victims, liability of perpetrator to, ch 670A

Holocaust (World War II) victims, see WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES, subhead Victims Persecuted by World War II Axis Regimes

Juvenile delinquency victims, see JUVENILE JUSTICE, subhead Juvenile Delinquency

Mental illness, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38

Mental retardation, persons with, method of taking court testimony from, 915.38

Minors testifying in court, protection of, 915.38

No-contact and protective orders, ch 664A

Restitution for victims of criminal activities, see RESTITUTION, subheads Criminal Offenders, Restitution by; Juveniles Committing Delinquent Acts, Restitution by

Sexual abuse and assault victims, see SEXUAL ABUSE

Sexual harassment victims, past sexual behavior of, use as evidence in civil actions, 668.15

Sexual predation and violence victims, notification of discharge of offender, 915.45

Testimony from victims

Protection of victims, 915.38

Sexual abuse victims, jury instructions regarding, 709.6

War victims persecuted by World War II Axis regimes, see WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES

Witness testimony in court, see subhead Testimony from Victims above

 

VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT

Franchises for video services provider network construction and operation, ch 477A

Productions of video projects in Iowa, tax incentives for, 2.48, 15.119, 15.391–15.393, 422.7(52), 422.11T, 422.11U, 422.33(23, 24), 422.35(23), 422.60(10, 11), 432.12J, 432.12K, 533.329(2f), 533.329(2g)

Recordings of video and audiovisual works

Invasion of privacy, see PRIVACY

Minors engaged in sexual acts, depictions of, reporting by film and photographic processors, 728.14

Obscenity regulation, see OBSCENITY

Playing machines, debtor's property, exemption from execution, 627.6(5)

Rental and rental property

General provisions, 702.20A

Information on individual use of items, confidentiality and disclosure of, 727.11

Sales tax exemption for rental, 423.3(41)

Theft of video rental property, 714.1(9), 714.6A

School textbook adoption and purchase, 301.1

Telecommunications services and service providers, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

 

VIETNAM CONFLICT

See also WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES

Bonus compensation for Vietnam Conflict veterans, 35A.8(5), 35A.8A, 422.7(51)

Chemical exposure of Vietnam Conflict veterans

Damages received pursuant to judgments, exclusion from assets and taxation, 36.10, 422.7(20)

Information collection and investigations by veterans affairs department, 36.1–36.9

 

VILLAGES

Fire departments, federal flood control projects affecting, receipts allocation, 161E.15

Schoolhouse sites, location and size limit of, 297.1, 297.3

Telephone exchanges, 477.10–477.14

 

VINEGAR

Coloring, 190.8

Labeling requirements, 191.8

Standards for foods, 190.1(12)

 

VINES

See PLANTS AND PLANT LIFE

 

VINEYARDS AND VINTNERS

See ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL

 

VINTON

Braille and sight saving school, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Braille and Sight Saving School

 

VINYL

Plastic container labeling, 455D.12

 

VIRAL DISEASES AND VIRUSES

See DISEASES

 

VISION

See also EYES

Blindness, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS

Children, vision and vision impairments of

Education of blind children, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS, subhead Education of Blind Persons

School programs for student eye care, 280.7A

Treatment of eyes of newborns, 139A.38

Contact lenses, prescription and dispensing of, 147.108, 148C.9, 154.1(4b)

Disabilities, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS

Eyeglasses and lenses for eyeglasses

Prescription and dispensing of lenses, 147.109, 148C.9

Sellers of glasses, applicability of optometry law to, 154.2

Impairments and impaired persons, see BLINDNESS AND BLIND PERSONS

Optometry, see OPTOMETRY AND OPTOMETRISTS

 

VISION IOWA BOARD

Community attraction and tourism program, administration of, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Vision Iowa program, administration of, see VISION IOWA PROGRAM

 

VISION IOWA PROGRAM

General provisions, 15F.301–15F.304

Employees of projects funded by program, medical insurance provision for, 15F.106

Finance, 12.71–12.77

School districts receiving vision Iowa program assistance, ineligibility for school infrastructure program assistance, 292.2(9)

 

VISITATION (OF CHILDREN)

See CHILDREN

 

VITAL STATISTICS AND RECORDS

See also ADOPTIONS, subhead Records and Statistics of Adoptions

See also ANNULMENTS OF MARRIAGE, subhead Records and Statistics of Annulments

See also BIRTHS, subhead Records and Statistics of Births

See also DEATHS AND DEAD PERSONS, subhead Records and Statistics of Deaths

See also DISSOLUTIONS OF MARRIAGE, subhead Records and Statistics of Dissolutions

See also MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES, subhead Records and Statistics of Marriages

See also NAMES, subhead Changing of Names

See also PATERNITY AND FATHERHOOD, subhead Records Relating to Paternity

See also PUBLIC RECORDS

General provisions, 135.11(9), ch 144, 331.601(4), 331.605(1f), 331.611

 

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

General provisions, 256.7(2), ch 258

Agricultural technology programs of school districts, 280.20

Child labor law applicability, 92.9

Community colleges, see COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND MERGED AREAS

Courses of instruction, advertising and sales of, regulation, 714.17–714.23

Job training programs, 84A.6

Nonpublic schools, 256.11B

School-to-work programs, see SCHOOL-TO-WORK PROGRAMS

School-to-work transition system, 256.38

Tuition grants, 261.17

 

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION

General provisions, 256.1(1d), ch 259

Division for vocational rehabilitation services in state education department, see EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, subhead Vocational Rehabilitation Services Division

Job placement and training program for persons with disabilities, 84A.6(3)

Workers' compensation recipients, additional payment for vocational rehabilitation, 85.70

 

VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES DIVISION

See EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

 

VOICE

See also SPEECH

Electronic communications, see TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES

Identification of voice samples in criminal investigations, nontestimonial identification procedures, ch 810

Recordings of voice, see AUDIO COMMUNICATIONS AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Recordings of Audio and Audiovisual Works

 

VOLUNTEERS AND VOLUNTEERISM

See also COMMUNITY SERVICE (PUBLIC SERVICE)

Ambulance drivers, workers' compensation for, 85.36(9), 85.61(11)

Commission on volunteer service

General provisions, ch 15H

Youth development council membership and duties, 216A.140

Conservators, state program for, 217.13

Cooperative associations, volunteers for, liability and indemnification, 497.33, 497.34, 498.35, 498.36, 499.59, 499.59A

Corporations, nonprofit, volunteers for, personal liability, 504.901

Cultural affairs department, 303.1(2)

Emergency medical care providers, see EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Emergency vehicle operators, liability of volunteer operators, 613.17

Fire fighters, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION, subhead Fire Fighters and Fire Fighting

Guardians, state program for, 217.13

Health care providers, state program for, 135.24

Human services department

Service area office volunteers, record checks of, 217.44

Services, 217.13

Local government, liability of volunteers for, 670.2

Medical care providers, state program for, 135.24

Nonprofit organizations, liability of volunteers for, 613.19

Peace officers, see PEACE OFFICERS, subhead Reserve Peace Officers

Ski patrol, national, liability for acts and omissions in emergency assistance, 613.17

State government, liability of volunteers for, 669.24

Tort liability, see TORTS AND TORT CLAIMS

Voter registration drives, 48A.22

 

VOTERS AND VOTING

See ELECTIONS

 

VOUCHERS

Claims payable by state, voucher required, 8A.514

Official misconduct, 721.2

State vouchers open to investigation, 70A.8

 

WAGERING

See GAMBLING

 

WAGES

See SALARIES AND WAGES

 

WAGONS

See MOTOR VEHICLES, subhead Trailers and Semitrailers

 

WALKING AND WALKWAYS

Hiking, see HIKING

Moving walks, see MOVING WALKS

Pedestrians, see PEDESTRIANS

Sidewalks, see SIDEWALKS

Trails, see TRAILS

 

WALLS

Construction on state lands and waters, restrictions on, 461A.4–461A.6

Walls in common, ch 563

 

WARDENS (ANIMAL LAW ENFORCEMENT)

See ANIMALS, subhead Wardens for Enforcement of Animal Laws

 

WARDENS (CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS)

See CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES AND INSTITUTIONS, subhead Superintendents of Facilities and Institutions

 

WARDS (CITY DIVISIONS)

See CITIES

 

WARDS (PERSONS)

See also CONSERVATORS AND CONSERVATORSHIPS

See also GUARDIANS AND GUARDIANSHIPS

See also PROBATE CODE, subheads Conservators and Conservatorships; Guardians and Guardianships

Lawsuits by wards against conservators and guardians, insurance for defendant's costs and damages, 237.13

Marriages and annulments of marriage, capacity of wards to contract and obtain, 595.3(5), 598.29(4), 633.635(4)

Nonsupport of wards, see SUPPORT OF PERSONS, subhead Nonsupport of Children or Wards

 

WARDS (SCHOOL CORPORATION DIVISIONS)

General provisions, 279.11

 

WAREHOUSES AND WAREHOUSE OPERATORS

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE

Agricultural products, warehouses for

See also GRAIN, subhead Storage and Facilities for Storage of Grain

Crop operation property, criminal offenses against, ch 717A

Grain handling taxes, 428.35

Licensing and regulation by state

General provisions, 159.6(12), ch 203C

Financial regulation by state, state tort claims immunity, 669.14(11)

Financial statements for licenses, confidentiality, 22.7(12)

Loss claims against warehouse operators, indemnification for, see GRAIN, subhead Depositors of Grain, Indemnification for Losses in Warehouses

Taxation of services, 423.2(6)

Alcoholic beverages, warehouses for, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead Warehouses for Liquor

Crops, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above

Feed, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above

Fraudulent practices, 714.8

Grain, warehouses for, see subhead Agricultural Products, Warehouses for, above

Improvement projects, financial support by cities and counties, ch 419

Liens of warehouse operators, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of Title, thereunder Liens on Goods Covered by Documents

Liquor, warehouses for, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead Warehouses for Liquor

Railroad access construction, eminent domain power, 6A.9

Receipts issued for stored goods

See also DOCUMENTS OF TITLE

See also UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Warehouse Receipts and Goods Covered by Warehouse Receipts

Fraudulent practices relating to warehouse receipts, 714.8(1)

Speculative shell buildings, see SPECULATIVE SHELL BUILDINGS

State warehouses for alcoholic beverages, see ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND ALCOHOL, subhead Warehouses for Liquor

Tax exemptions for new warehouse construction, 427B.1–427B.6

 

WARMTH AND WARMING EQUIPMENT

See HEAT ENERGY AND HEATING EQUIPMENT

 

WARNING SYSTEMS

See ALARM SYSTEMS

See EMERGENCIES, EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT, AND EMERGENCY RESPONSES

 

WARRANTIES

Art buyers, protection of, ch 715B

Bank deposits and collections, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Bank Deposits and Collections

Computer software maintenance and support service contracts, sales taxes on, 423.2(1a)

Disabilities, persons with, assistive devices, ch 216E

Documents of title, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Documents of Title

Leases, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Leases

Letters of credit, 554.5110

Livestock sales, exemption from implied warranties under uniform commercial code, 554A.1

Motor vehicles, lemon law for, see LEMON LAW (MOTOR VEHICLES)

Negotiable instruments, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Negotiable Instruments

Sales, see UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE, subhead Sales

 

WARRANTS

Administrative inspections, 124.502

Anticipatory warrants

County limestone quarries, 353.6, 353.7

School districts, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Warrants

Self-supported municipal improvement districts, 386.12

State, 7D.8

Arrest warrants, ch 804

Arson inspection warrants, 100.51–100.54

Bench warrants, judgment debtors, 630.11, 630.14

Boats or rafts, seizure, 667.1–667.5

Cigarettes and conveyances seized, 453A.32

Condemnation damages paid, 6B.31

Confidential information, 804.29, 808.13

Contempt, commitment, 665.7, 665.10

Conveyance under interstate extradition compact, 818.9

County warrants, see COUNTIES

Distress warrants, see DISTRESS WARRANTS

Fees for service by sheriffs, 331.655(1)

Interest on state warrants, 12B.2

Interest rates for public obligations and assessments, ch 74A

Public obligations unpaid for lack of funds, ch 74

School district warrants, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS

Search warrants, see SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

State warrants, see STATE OFFICERS AND DEPARTMENTS

Strip searches, 804.30

Supplementary assistance, 249.6, 249.8

 

WARRANTY DEEDS

See CONVEYANCES (REAL ESTATE), subhead Deeds

 

WARS, CONFLICTS, AND BATTLES

See also CIVIL WAR; NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY; VIETNAM CONFLICT

Commemorations of wars and conflicts, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS; MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)

Debts of war, contracting by Iowa, Const Iowa VII §4

Declaration of war by United States Congress, Const US I §8

Engagement in war by states, prohibition, Const US I §10

Flag collection of Iowa, 303.2(2k)

Japanese persons, restitution for, see JAPANESE PERSONS

Looting during battle, criminal offense, 714.2(1)

Memorials of wars and conflicts, see MEMORIALS AND MEMORIAL BUILDINGS

Mental health institutes, emergency provisions for, 226.40–226.42

Military forces, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS

Missing persons and persons missing in action, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Missing Military Persons and Persons Missing in Action (MIA)

Monuments to wars and conflicts, see MONUMENTS (COMMEMORATIVE AND MEMORIAL)

National guard, federal service by, 29A.53

Prisoners of war, see MILITARY FORCES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS, subhead Prisoners of War (POW)

Theft during battle, criminal offense, 714.2(1)

Treason, see TREASON

Veterans of wars and conflicts, see VETERANS AND VETERANS AFFAIRS

Victims persecuted by World War II Axis regimes

Debt recoupment exemption for payments and income, 217.39

Government benefit and entitlement eligibility, effect of payments and income on, 217.39

Income tax exemption for payments, 422.7(35)

Lien enforcement against payments and income, 217.39

 

WASHINGTON, GEORGE

Holiday for Washington's birthday, 1C.1

 

WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

See also UTILITIES, subhead City Services, City Utilities, and Utilities in Cities

General provisions, ch 455B

Air pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL

Animal waste and disposal of animal waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL

Composting, see COMPOSTING AND COMPOSTED MATERIALS

County solid waste facilities and services, bond issues for, 331.441–331.449, 331.461–331.471

Dumps and dumping grounds, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below

Excrement and disposal of excrement, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Garbage and disposal of garbage, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below

Gas, waste of, prohibition, ch 458A

Hazardous waste and disposal of hazardous waste

General provisions, 455B.411–455B.432, 455B.441–455B.455, 455B.461–455B.468, 455B.480–455B.488

Cleanup costs, liability for, 455B.392

Contaminated property, liabilities and responsibilities of owners, 455B.751–455B.754

Household products disposal, 455B.488, 455E.11(2a), ch 455F, 455J.3(2)

Incinerators, see subhead Incinerators below

Infectious waste, see subhead Infectious Waste and Disposal of Infectious Waste below

Radioactive waste and disposal of radioactive waste, 455B.315, 455B.331–455B.340, 455B.486, 455B.487, 457B.1

Sellers of property, reporting required, 558.69

Spills, 455B.381–455B.399

State property, disposal from, 8A.321(5)

Storage of hazardous waste, unlawful, 716B.4

Transportation of hazardous waste, see HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND MATERIALS, subhead Transportation of Hazardous Substances and Materials

Treatment of hazardous waste, unlawful, 716B.4

Waste reduction center, see subhead Reduction Center (University of Northern Iowa) below

Household waste and disposal of household waste, 455B.488, 455E.11(2a), ch 455F

Illegal discarding and dumping of solid waste, see subhead Litter and Littering below

Incinerators

General provisions, 455B.301(10)

Open burning prohibition, exception from, 100.40(3)

Siting, local approval of, 455B.305A

Infectious waste and disposal of infectious waste

General provisions, 455B.501, 455B.503–455B.505

Emission standards for treatment or disposal facilities, 455B.133(4)

Incinerators for waste, local approval procedure, 455B.305A

Pathological radioactive waste incinerators, emission requirements, 455B.335A

Junkyard beautification, 306C.1–306C.9

Keep Iowa beautiful fund, 314.28

Landfills

See also subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below

General provisions, 455B.301(22)

Closure and postclosure care by cities and counties, liens for costs, 455B.302

Junkyard beautification, 306C.1–306C.9

Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)

Vehicles transporting waste to landfills, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below, thereunder Transportation of Solid Waste

Litter and littering

General provisions, 455B.307A, 455B.307B, 455B.361–455B.364

County beautification program, 350.12

Highways and roads, see HIGHWAYS, subhead Debris Thrown or Left on Highways

Parks, 461A.43

Prevention plan funding, 314.28

Public property, 462A.12(3)

Violation penalties, revenue from, disposition, 602.8108(9)

Livestock waste and disposal of livestock waste, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL

Manure and disposal of manure, see MANURE AND MANURE DISPOSAL

Medical waste and disposal of medical waste, see subhead Infectious Waste and Disposal of Infectious Waste above

Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)

Oil, waste of, prohibition, ch 458A

Paper recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS

Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Radioactive waste and disposal of radioactive waste, 455B.315, 455B.331–455B.340, 455B.486, 455B.487, 457B.1

Recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS

Reduction center (university of northern Iowa)

General provisions, 268.4

Appropriations, 455E.11(2a)

Confidentiality of assistance information held by center, 455B.484A

Environmental auditor training program, 455K.10

Refuse and disposal of refuse, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below

Rubbish and disposal of rubbish, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below

Sanitary disposal projects, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste below, thereunder Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services

Sewage and sewage disposal, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Solid waste and disposal of solid waste

See also subhead Landfills above

See also GARBAGE AND GARBAGE DISPOSAL

Baled solid waste, disposal at landfill, prohibition, 455D.9A

Collection and disposal facilities and services

See also Transportation of Solid Waste under this subhead below

General provisions, 455B.301–455B.316, ch 455J

City facilities and services

Expansion, 455B.306A

Financing, 384.23–384.36, 384.80–384.94

Garbage can taxes in special charter cities, assessment against property, 420.190

Garbage disposal plants, bond issues legalized, 592.1

Closure and postclosure care

Appropriations from counties, 331.427(3m)

Costs of care provided by cities and counties, liens for, 455B.302

County facilities and service, financing of, 331.441–331.449, 331.461–331.471

Financing by public agencies, ch 28F

Intergovernmental services, ch 28G

Sales taxes on services, 423.2(7)

Sellers of property, reporting required, 558.69

Illegal discarding of solid waste, see subhead Litter and Littering above

Litter and littering, see subhead Litter and Littering above

Methane gas conversion property, tax exemption for, 427.1(29)

Pick-up services, see Transportation of Solid Waste under this subhead below

Recycling, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS

Reduction of volume, ch 455D

Sanitary disposal projects, see Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services under this subhead above

Transportation of solid waste

See also Collection and Disposal Facilities and Services under this subhead above

Overweight vehicles, unloading of excess weight, 321.465

Permits for operation of compacted rubbish vehicles, 321.236(8), 321.473

Slow vehicle identification devices for garbage collection vehicles, 321.383(3)

Waste reduction center, see subhead Reduction Center (University of Northern Iowa) above

Storm water, drainage and sewers for, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Storm Sewers and Storm Water Drainage

Tank wagons, see TANK WAGONS

Tires, disposal of, 455D.11–455D.11C, 455D.11G, 455D.11I, 455D.15(3i), 455D.22–455D.25, 455J.3(5)

Toilets, see TOILETS

Trash and disposal of trash, see subhead Solid Waste and Disposal of Solid Waste above

Trees, waste of, see TREES, subhead Injury to Trees

Wastepaper, recycling of, see RECYCLING AND RECYCLED PRODUCTS

Wastewater

See also SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

On-site systems of homeowners, improvements of, financing program, 466.8, 466.9

Rural water district facilities and services, 357A.11(11, 13)

Treatment and facilities for treatment, 16.134, 16.135, 455B.211–455B.224

Water pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL

Yard waste, disposal of, 455D.9, 455D.15(3h), 455J.3(1)

 

WASTE OF PROPERTY

General provisions, ch 658

Conservators, volunteer, liability for waste, 217.13(3)

Damages recovered by tax certificate holders, disposition, 331.502(42)

Guardians, volunteer, liability for waste, 217.13(3)

 

WATCHES

See also JEWELRY

Gold fineness standard for watchcases, 556E.1

Repair services, taxation of, 423.2(6)

 

WATCHPERSONS

Cemetery officers of townships, oath and police powers, 359.38, 359.39

Levee watchpersons in counties, employment, duties, and compensation, 468.169

 

WATER AND WATERCOURSES

Accretion, land formed by, jurisdiction and ownership, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20

Agricultural areas, water use priority, 352.11(2)

Agricultural production, water used in, sales tax exemptions, 423.3(6), 423.45(5)

Aircraft using lakes, restrictions, 462A.30

Allocation of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

Aquaculture and aquatic products, see AQUACULTURE AND AQUATIC PRODUCTS

Aquifers, see subhead Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use below

Artesian waters, geological survey study, 456.3

Associations, see subhead Districts and Associations below

Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Avulsion, land formed by, jurisdiction and ownership, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20

Backflow prevention assembly testers, registration of, ch 135K

Bars in stream channels, sale by state, ch 568

Bathing facilities, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Bathrooms, see TOILETS

Benefited districts, see subhead Districts and Associations below

Beverages, see subhead Drinking Water below

Big Sioux river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Boats and boating, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Boundaries in watercourses

County boundaries, concurrent jurisdiction over watercourses, 331.361(1)

State boundaries, see STATE BOUNDARIES

Bridges, see BRIDGES

Canals, see CANALS

Canoes and canoeing, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Cedar river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Channels of water, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Cities

Flood control, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL

Recreational areas, 461A.59–461A.78

Services and utilities, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Cleanliness of water, see subhead Quality of Water below

Conditioning services, taxation of sales of, 423.2(6)

Conservation and control of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

Coordinator, appointment and duties, 455B.105(10)

County boundaries in watercourses, concurrent jurisdiction of watercourses, 331.361(1)

Craft, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Creeks, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Crops, moisture content of, measuring devices, ch 215A

Culverts, see CULVERTS

Damage caused by water, insurance for, 515.48(1, 5c)

Dams, see DAMS

Deficiencies of water, see DROUGHTS

Des Moines river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Distribution systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Districts and associations

General provisions, 331.382(8), ch 357, ch 357A, 499.5(3)

Annexation by cities, costs apportioned to annexed area, 384.84(8)

Computer data of rural water districts, unauthorized access of, criminal offense, 716.6B

Conservation districts, see SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICTS

Construction materials sold to rural water districts, sales tax exemption, 423.3(38)

Cooperative associations, rural water districts organization as, 499.5(3)

Federated association membership authorized, 499.5A

Investments of funds of rural water districts, 331.555(6), 384.21, 905.6(4)

Planning commissions, creation by water districts, ch 28I

Public utility rate and service regulation applicability, 476.1

Records of rural water districts

Computer data, unauthorized access of, criminal offense, 716.6B

Discussions in governmental bodies, closed sessions, 21.5(1k)

Recreational lake districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E

Rights-of-way, see UTILITIES, subhead Rights-of-Way

Taxes for districts, see PROPERTY TAXES, subhead Water Districts, Taxes for

Water quality districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E

Ditches

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Drainage ditches, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE DISTRICTS

Highway ditches, reseeding of, 314.19

Manure disposal proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Diversion of water, state jurisdiction of, 455B.261–455B.282

Docks, see DOCKS

Drainage, see DRAINAGE AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS

Dredging, see DREDGING

Drinking water

See also subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

See also BEVERAGES

Emergencies, plan for providing water, 455B.173(7)

Financing program for drinking water facilities, 16.131–16.133A, 455B.291–455B.299

Standards, 455B.173(5)

Droughts, see DROUGHTS

Electricity generation, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES

Erosion and control of erosion by water, see EROSION AND EROSION CONTROL

Eurasian water milfoil, prevention, control, and eradication of, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)

Falls of water, water power rights from, acquisition and utilization, 464B.25

Farm ponds

General provisions, 462A.2(15)

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Manure disposal proximity, 459.313, 459.314

Faucets, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Federal water resources projects, easements for, 306.39, 306.40

Fire protection, water supplies for, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION

Fish, see FISH

Fishing, see FISHING

Floodplains

Animal feeding operation structure construction, 459.310(3)

State jurisdiction, 455B.261–455B.282

Zoning regulations, applicability of, 335.2

Floods and control of floods, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL

Fords

Motor vehicle use, 462A.34A(2)

Snowmobile use, 321G.13(1g)

Geology, see GEOLOGY AND GEOLOGISTS

Grain moisture content, measuring devices for, ch 215A

Groundwater conservation, protection, and use

See also subhead Quality of Water below

General provisions, 159.6(10), ch 161C, 455B.261–455B.282, ch 455E

Agricultural drainage well regulation, see DRAINAGE AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS, subhead Agricultural Drainage Wells and Well Areas

Fertilizer and pesticide regulation, 206.24

Sinkholes, contamination through, prevention program, 460.305

Groundwater professionals, certification of, 455B.474(9)

Harbors, see HARBORS

Hazardous substances, accidents reported, 321.266

Heaters, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Highway obstructions caused by alteration of water breaks, prohibition, ch 318

Hydroelectric power, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES

Hydrology and hydrologists, certification as groundwater professionals, 455B.474(9)

Hygienic laboratory, see HYGIENIC LABORATORY

Ice, see ICE

Impoundments and impoundment structures, property tax exemptions for, 427.1(20)

Improvement of water quality, see subhead Quality of Water below

Invasive species of animals and plants, prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)

Irrigation, see IRRIGATION

Islands in stream channels, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568

Kayaks and kayaking, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Lagoons

Animal feeding operation anaerobic lagoons, siting requirements, 455B.134(3f)

Industrial anaerobic lagoon facilities, sulfate content rules, applicability, 455B.133(7)

Sewage treatment, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Lakes

See also subhead Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

Aircraft using lakes, restrictions, 462A.30

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Artificial lakes

Construction, soil conservation requirements for, 456B.10

Motorboat restrictions, 462A.31

Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Buoys, 462A.32

Dams, see DAMS

Districts, 331.382(8), ch 357E

Docks, see DOCKS

Dredging, see DREDGING

Enhancement projects for attractions and tourism, 15F.201–15F.206, 15G.111(2b)

Fish, see FISH

Fishers and fishing, see FISHING

Ice, see ICE

Improvement, 461A.3

Islands, sale by state, 461A.31

Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Motorboat operation, 462A.31

Natural materials, removal of, restrictions, 461A.35, 461A.52–461A.57

Parks, state, lakes established into, 461A.18

Piers, see PIERS

Recreation, see subhead Recreational Facilities and Uses below

Renovation and restoration, 452A.79A, 456A.33B

Rural improvement zones, 331.382(8), ch 357H

State jurisdiction, 461A.18

State waters, see STATE PROPERTY

Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Wharves, see WHARVES

Wildlife conservation, ch 481A

Levee districts, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE DISTRICTS

Levees, see LEVEES

Lines, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Littering, prohibition, 462A.12(3)

Littoral lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights below

Losses caused by water, insurance for, 515.48(1, 5c)

Mains, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Meandered streams, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Milfoil prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)

Mississippi river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Missouri river, see subhead Rivers and Streams below

Motorboats, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Motor vehicle operation in and on water

Ice on lakes and streams, 462A.33

Rivers and streams, 462A.34A

Mussels, see MUSSELS

Natural river areas, ch 462B

Navigable waters

Impairment of navigability, 455B.267(3)

Public use, 462A.69

Soil conservation law protection, 161A.2

Navigation by boats and vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Nuisances and abatement of nuisances

General provisions, 455B.275(1, 2), ch 657

Dams without fishways, 481A.14

Obstructions by and in water

Flooding, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL

Highway obstructions caused by alteration of water breaks, prohibition, ch 318

Nuisances, see subhead Nuisances and Abatement of Nuisances above

State waters, removal of obstructions in, 461A.4–461A.6

Permits for use of water, 455B.261–455B.282

Pesticide application to water, prohibition, 455B.186

Piers, see PIERS

Pipes and pipe systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Pollution and control of pollution, see POLLUTION AND POLLUTION CONTROL

Ponds

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Corruption or diversion, nuisance abatement, ch 657

Farm ponds, see subhead Farm Ponds above

Impoundments, property tax exemption, 427.1(20)

Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Wildlife, state ownership, 481A.2

Pools for swimming, see SWIMMING

Ports, see PORTS

Power from water

Falls, acquisition and utilization for power, 464B.25

Hydroelectric, see HYDROELECTRIC POWER AND FACILITIES

Precipitation, see ICE; RAIN; SNOW

Private property

Improvements by state, authority, 456B.7–456B.9

Public use, ch 461C

Private supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Processing, water used in, sales tax exemption certificates, 423.45(5)

Property tax exemptions, 427.1(22)

Protection of water quality, see subhead Quality of Water below

Public property, see STATE PROPERTY

Public supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Purple loosestrife prevention, control, and eradication, 456A.37, 805.8B(5)

Quality of water

See also subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use above; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

General provisions, 455B.171–455B.299

Districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above

Improvement initiatives and grants, ch 466, ch 466A

Races and raceways for water

Banks, protection by mills and machineries, 464B.23, 464B.24

Improvements, effect on water power rights, 464B.25

Rafts and rafting, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Railroad facilities and uses

Changes in streams and watercourses by railroads, 6A.13, 6A.14

Crossings by railroads, requirements, 327F.1–327F.3

Engine water supplies, condemnation of land for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12

Rain, see RAIN

Recreational facilities and uses

Attraction and tourism promotion and enhancement, financial assistance for, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Districts contiguous to recreational lakes, 331.382(8), ch 357E

Establishment and use of recreational areas, 331.382(1b), 461A.59–461A.78

Funding, ch 461

Hazards from low head dams, warning and elimination of, 464A.11

State and federal projects, 456A.29–456A.33

Tax exemption for recreational lakes, 427.1(22)

Trails for watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft

Reservoirs

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Condemnation of land for reservoirs

Configuration of land set aside, 6A.11

Rights of landowners, 6A.12

Construction on land taken under eminent domain, limitation, 6B.26(2)

Impoundments, property tax exemption, 427.1(20)

Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Railroad engine water supplies, land condemnation for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12

Riparian lands and rights

Access to water by owners after condemnation, 6A.12

Boundary rivers

Cities under special charter, state lands granted, riparian rights, 420.165

Railroads on riparian land, requirements for construction and operation, 327F.5

Rights of owners, 327F.4, 420.165

Coal mining operations, effect on water rights and replacement of supply, 207.24

Conservation easements, ch 457A

Falls of streams, water power rights, 464B.25

Rivers and streams

See also subhead Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

See also BIG SIOUX RIVER

See also CEDAR RIVER

See also DES MOINES RIVER

See also MISSISSIPPI RIVER

See also MISSOURI RIVER

Abandoned channels, sale by state, ch 568

Accretion and avulsion, land formed by, ownership and jurisdiction, 456B.9, 568.18–568.20

Animal feeding operation structure location, separation distance from water sources, 459.310

Attractions, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance for, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Boats, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Boundary waters, see STATE BOUNDARIES

Bridges, see BRIDGES

Cable system construction across rivers, ch 477

Cities under special charter, improvements to waterfront, 420.155

Craft, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Dams, see DAMS

Enhancement projects for attractions and tourism, 15F.201–15F.206, 15G.111(2b)

Fish, see FISH

Fishers and fishing, see FISHING

Floods and flood control, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL

Fords, see subhead Fords above

Ice, see ICE

Islands, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568

Manure application proximity to water sources, 459.313, 459.314

Meandered streams

Islands, sale of, restrictions, 461A.31

State jurisdiction, 461A.18

Motor vehicle operation in rivers and streams, 462A.34A

Natural river areas, ch 462B

Obstructions, see subhead Obstructions by and in Water above

Railroads, changing streams and watercourses, powers, 6A.13, 6A.14

Recreation, see subhead Recreational Facilities and Uses above

Riparian lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights above

Sand bars, sale by state, 461A.31, ch 568

Scenic rivers in protected water area systems, 462B.15

Snowmobile operation in rivers and streams, 321G.13(1g)

State waters, see STATE PROPERTY

Telegraph and telephone line construction across rivers, ch 477

Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance for, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Rural areas and services

Corporations for distribution and sales of water, property tax exemption, 427.1(17)

Districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above

Sailing, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Sand bars, state property, sale authorized, ch 568

Saving of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use above; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use below

Scenic rivers in protected water area systems, 462B.15

Sewage and sewage disposal, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL

Shores and shore lands

Obstructions to pedestrians along state waters, prohibition, 461A.4(1)

Riparian lands and rights, see subhead Riparian Lands and Rights above

Showers, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Sinks, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Skiing, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Water Ski Operation

Snow, see SNOW

Snowmobile operation in rivers and streams, 321G.13(1g)

Softening services, sales taxation, 423.2(6)

Spas, see SPAS

Spillways, see SPILLWAYS

State waters, see STATE PROPERTY

Steam, see STEAM ENERGY AND EQUIPMENT

Storage of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems below

Storm water

Discharge, permits, 455B.103A

Drainage and sewers, see SEWAGE AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL, subhead Storm Sewers and Storm Water Drainage

Streams, see subhead Rivers and Streams above

Supplies and supply systems

See also subhead Drinking Water above

See also HIGHWAYS, subhead Utility Systems on and along Highway Rights-of-Way

See also PIPELINES AND PIPE SYSTEMS, subhead Water Lines and Water Mains

See also UTILITIES, subhead Water Utilities and Waterworks

General provisions, 455B.171–455B.199C

Districts and associations, see subhead Districts and Associations above

Financing by public agencies, ch 28F

Fire protection, supplies for, see FIRES AND FIRE PROTECTION, subhead Water Supplies used for Fire Protection

Hazardous conditions affecting water supplies, report to operator, 455B.386

Highway rights-of-way, ch 320, 331.362(8)

Location of underground facilities, information for excavators planning excavations in area, see EXCAVATION WORK AND EQUIPMENT, subhead Planned Excavations, Notification to Operators of Underground Facilities in Area

Mains, laying permitted in highways, 320.4–320.8, 331.362(8), 589.29

Plumbing systems, see PLUMBING AND PLUMBERS

Railroad water supplies, condemnation of land for, rights of landowners, 6A.11, 6A.12

Treatment, see subhead Treatment of Water below

Wells, see WELLS

Surface water conservation, protection, and use

See also subheads Lakes; Quality of Water; Rivers and Streams above

General provisions, 159.6(10), ch 161C, 455B.261–455B.282, 456A.33, 456A.33A, 456A.34, ch 466B

Protected water area system, ch 462B

Swamplands, see SWAMPLANDS

Swimming, see SWIMMING

Tax exemptions, 427.1(22)

Tillage of land around water, prohibition, 455B.275(7)

Toilets, see TOILETS

Tourism, promotion and enhancement of, financial assistance state program, see COMMUNITY ATTRACTION AND TOURISM PROGRAM

Trails for watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS, subhead Trails for Watercraft

Transmission of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above

Transportation of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above

Treatment of water

Certification of operators, ch 272C, 455B.211–455B.224

Sales of treatment systems, consumer fraud protection, 714.16(2h–j)

Wastewater treatment, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL, subhead Wastewater

Underground water

Conservation, protection, and use of groundwater, see subhead Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use above

Supplies and supply systems, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above

Wells, see WELLS

Use of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use above

Utilities for provision of water, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above

Vessels, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Wastewater, see WASTE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

Watercraft, see BOATS AND VESSELS

Water districts, see subhead Districts and Associations above

Watershed conservation, protection, and use, see subhead Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use above

Waterworks, see subhead Supplies and Supply Systems above

Wells, see WELLS

Wetlands, see WETLANDS

Wharves, see WHARVES

Wildlife, see WILDLIFE

Withdrawal of water, see subheads Groundwater Conservation, Protection, and Use; Surface Water Conservation, Protection, and Use above

 

WATER CLOSETS

See TOILETS

 

WATERCRAFT AND WATERBORNE VESSELS

See BOATS AND VESSELS

 

WATERFOWL

Hunting, see HUNTING, subhead Game Hunting and Hunters

 

WEAPONS

See also EXPLOSIVE DEVICES AND MATERIALS

Acquisition of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons below

Age restrictions for possession of weapons, 724.22

Airport fire fighters, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)

Ammunition

Forfeited property, disposition, 809.21, 809A.17

Offensive weapons, 724.1

Antique firearms, 724.1(9a), 724.25

Armed forces members, see subhead Military Forces Members below

Arrows, see ARCHERY AND ARCHERY EQUIPMENT

Assault, ch 708

Bearing of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2

Bows, see ARCHERY AND ARCHERY EQUIPMENT

Brandishing of weapons, criminal offenses by street gangs, ch 723A

Bullets, see subhead Ammunition above

Burglary offenses, ch 713

Carrying of weapons

General provisions, 724.2, 724.3, 724.4

Age restrictions for possession of weapons, 724.22

All-terrain vehicles, restrictions on firearms carried on, 321I.14(2)

Bearing of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2

Felons, restoration of firearm rights to, 724.27, 914.7

Highways, restrictions on vehicles carrying weapons on, 483A.36

Permits to carry weapons, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons below

Rights of citizenship, restoration of, prohibition, 914.7

School grounds, carrying of weapons on, criminal offense, 724.4B

Snowmobiles, restrictions on firearms carried on, 321G.13(2)

Concealed weapons, prohibition, 724.4

Controlled substance violations, weapon possession, penalties, 124.401(1f)

Conveyance of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Correctional officers

Permits, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons below

Possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(4), 724.4(4)

Criminal offenders, see subhead Felons below

Criminal offenses, ch 724

Daggers, see subhead Dangerous Weapons below

Dangerous weapons

See also subhead Knives below

General provisions, 702.7

Assault with dangerous weapon, 708.1

Brandishing of weapons by criminal street gangs, ch 723A

Carrying of dangerous weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Going armed with intent to use weapon, criminal offenses, 708.8

Intimidation with dangerous weapon, criminal offenses, 708.6, 723A.1(1c)

Peace officers, disarming of, criminal offenses, 708.13

Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)

Discharging of weapons

Discharge near buildings and feedlots, prohibition, 481A.123

Hunting activities, see HUNTING

Reckless discharge of firearms, criminal offenses, 724.30

Target shooting and shooting ranges, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES

Emergency medical care providers, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)

Emergency rescue technicians, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)

Felons

Eligibility for weapons permits, 724.8, 724.15, 724.25, 724.27

Forcible felonies, firearm possession, minimum sentence for, 902.7

Rights to firearms, restoration of, 724.27, 914.7

Firearms

See also subheads Guns; Muskets; Pistols; Revolvers; Rifles; Shotguns below

All-terrain vehicles, firearms carried on, restrictions, 321I.14(2)

Antique firearms, 724.1(9a), 724.25

Assault with firearms, 708.1

Discharging of firearms, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above

Forcible felony conviction, minimum sentence for, 902.7

Hunting use, see HUNTING, subhead Weapons used in Hunting

Nonambulatory persons, carrying of weapons on all-terrain vehicles and snowmobiles, 321G.13(2), 321I.14(2)

Parks, firearms use in, prohibition, 461A.42

Political subdivision ordinances regulating firearms, prohibition, 724.28

Powder used in firearms, exemptions from explosive materials regulation, 101A.11

Repair services, sales taxation of, 423.2(6)

Snowmobiles, firearms carried on, restrictions, 321G.13(2)

Training program, 724.9

Trigger activating devices, sales of, criminal offense, 724.29

Fire fighters, acquisition of weapons permit as condition of employment, 724.6(2)

Firing of weapons, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above

Forfeited property, disposition of, 809.21, 809A.17

Gang activities involving weapons, criminal offenses, ch 723A

Gifts of weapons, age restrictions for recipients, 724.22

Guns

See also subhead Firearms above

Spring guns, prohibition, 708.9

Vehicles on highways, restrictions on guns transported, 483A.36

Hotel guests bringing in weapons, denial of services to and ejection of guests, 137C.25, 137C.25C

Hunting use, see HUNTING, subhead Weapons used in Hunting

Injuries by weapons, see WOUNDS

Intimidation with dangerous weapon, criminal offenses, 708.6, 723A.1(1)

Investigation division investigators, carrying of weapons by, prohibition, 10A.403

Investigative agencies, private, weapons permits for, 724.6

Keeping of arms, right of, Const US Amend 2

Knives

See also subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Carrying of knives, criminal offenses, 724.4

Law enforcement officers, see subhead Peace Officers below

Loans of weapons, age restrictions for recipients, 724.22

Military forces members

Possession authorized, 724.2(2), 724.4(4)

Right to bear arms, Const US Amend 2

Muskets

See also subhead Firearms above

Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)

National guard members, possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(2), 724.4(4)

Offensive weapons

General provisions, 724.1

Controlled substance violations, possession of weapon, penalties for, 124.401(1f)

Felons, possession and transportation of weapons by, prohibition, 724.26

Possession of weapons, prohibition, 724.2, 724.3

Parks, use of weapons in, see PARKS, subhead Weapons Use in Parks

Peace officers

Disarming of peace officer, criminal offenses, 708.13

Possession and carrying of weapons authorized, 724.2(1), 724.4(4)

Reserve officers, carrying of weapons by, 80D.7, 724.2A

Permits to carry weapons

General provisions, 724.2A, 724.5–724.13, 724.15–724.21

Felons, eligibility for permits, 724.25, 724.27

Records of permits and revocations of permits, 724.23

Pistols

See also subhead Firearms above

Acquisition of pistols, permits for, 724.15–724.21

Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Police officers, see subhead Peace Officers above

Possession of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Preserves, use of weapons in, restrictions, 461A.42

Professional persons, weapons permits for, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above

Purchases of weapons, see subhead Sales of Weapons below

Ranges for shooting, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES

Razors, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Receipt of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Reckless discharge of firearms, criminal offenses, 724.30

Registration records, disposal by county recorders, 331.606(3)

Revolvers

See also subhead Firearms above

Acquisition of revolvers, permits for, 724.15–724.21

Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Rifles

See also subhead Firearms above

Dangerous weapons, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)

Robbery offenses, ch 711

Sales of weapons

Age restrictions for buyers, 724.22

Forfeited property, sales of, 809.21

Permits, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above

Records of sales, disposal by county recorders, 331.606(3)

Schools and nearby areas, possession of weapons in, see SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS, subhead Weapons Possession on and near School Property

Security agencies

College security officers, requirements for, 80A.13

Private security officers, weapons permits for, see subhead Permits to Carry Weapons above

Shells, see subhead Ammunition above

Shooting of weapons, see subhead Discharging of Weapons above

Shotguns

See also subhead Firearms above

Debtor's property, exemption from execution on, 627.6(2)

Spring guns, prohibition, 708.9

Stilettos, see subhead Dangerous Weapons above

Stolen weapons, trafficking in, criminal offenses, 724.16A

Switchblade knives, see subhead Knives above

Target shooting and shooting ranges, see TARGET SHOOTING AND SHOOTING RANGES

Terrorism, see TERRORISM

Training program for firearms, 724.9

Transportation of weapons, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Trigger activating devices for firearms, sales of, criminal offense, 724.29

Vehicles, guns carried in or on, see subhead Carrying of Weapons above

Weapons free zones, criminal offenses in, penalties, 724.4A

Wounds by weapons, see WOUNDS

 

WEARING APPAREL

See CLOTHING

 

WEASELS

See FUR-BEARING ANIMALS

 

WEATHER AND CLIMATE

See also FOG

See also RAIN

See also TORNADOES

Data on weather, collection and dissemination of, 159.5(4–6)

Disasters, see DISASTERS

Division of weather in state agriculture and land stewardship department, 159.5(4)

Droughts, see DROUGHTS

Floods, see FLOODS AND FLOOD CONTROL

Greenhouse gas emissions, see GREENHOUSE GASES

Insurance, see INSURANCE, subhead Weather Insurance

Research center, see GLOBAL AND REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, CENTER FOR

School bus loading and unloading in bad weather, 279.8, 321.372

Shelters for protection from weather, see STORM SHELTERS

State climatologist, appointment and duties of, 159.5(4)

Study of climate change by state, 455B.851, 473.7(12)

 

WEATHERIZATION

Delivery of community action programs, 216A.93

Funding for low-income weatherization, 216A.99, 476.51(5), 476.66(1)

Heads of household, qualification for weatherization assistance, 476.20

 

WEB AND WEBSITES

See INTERNET AND INTERNET SERVICES

 

WEDDINGS

See MARRIAGE AND SPOUSES

 

WEEDS AND WEED CONTROL

General provisions, ch 317, 331.321(1j, 3), 331.323(1), 331.362(6), 331.428(2a), 331.756(56)

Highways, weed control on, 331.362(6)

Marijuana, see MARIJUANA

Nuisance abatement, ch 657

Open prairies, tax exempt, weed control requirements, 427.1